Richmond (Yorks) (UK Parliament constituency): Wikis

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Coordinates: 54°24′18″N 1°39′11″W / 54.405°N 1.653°W / 54.405; -1.653

Richmond (Yorks)
County constituency
RichmondConstituency.svg
EnglandNorthYorkshire.svg
Richmond (Yorks) shown within North Yorkshire, and North Yorkshire shown within England
Created: 1585
MP: William Hague
Party: Conservative
Type: House of Commons
County: North Yorkshire
EP constituency: Yorkshire and the Humber

Richmond (Yorks) is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It has the largest percentage Conservative majority in the country although the numerical majority is surpassed by the larger seat of Buckingham.

Contents

Boundaries

The Richmond constituency covers the Richmondshire district and the northern part of the Hambleton district. It is an affluent rural area with a significant commuter population, covering parts of the North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales National Parks, including Wensleydale and Swaledale. It contains the market towns of Northallerton, Richmond, Stokesley and Great Ayton as well as surrounding villages. It also includes the large army base, Catterick Garrison.

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Boundary review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in York and North Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England has recommended minor changes to the Richmond constituency, which will come into effect (subject to Parliamentary Approval)at the 2010 general election.

The revised constituency comprises the following:

History

Richmond was one of the seats in the Unreformed House of Commons, first being represented in 1585. In modern times it has been an ultra-safe seat for the Conservative Party, with them having held it continually since at least 1929.

From 1983, the seat was represented by the Conservative cabinet minister Leon Brittan, after boundary changes saw his Cleveland and Whitby seat abolished. He resigned his seat in December 1988 in order to take up the position of Vice-President of the European Commission. The ensuing by-election, held in February 1989, was won by William Hague, this would be the last by-election won by the Conservative Government of 1979-1997. The decision by the remnants of the Social Democratic Party and their former colleagues in the newly-merged Social and Liberal Democrats (who later renamed themselves the Liberal Democrats) to both contest the seat split their vote. The SDP candidate, local farmer Mike Potter, came second, and Hague's majority of 2,634 was considerably smaller than the number of votes for the Social and Liberal Democrat candidate Barbara Peace combined (11,589 votes in third place). Hague has retained the seat at every general election since then and significantly built up the Conservative majority to 17,807.

In 1992 the Labour candidate, David Abrahams was deselected after a series of rows within the local Labour party over his personal life and business interests. It emerged that he used the name David Martin when dealing with tenants in his various rental properties in the Newcastle area;[1] and that he had claimed that he lived with his wife and son, though he had never been married. Divorcee Anthea Bailey later told a local newspaper she and her 11-year old son had posed as Mr Abrahams' family as part of a business arrangement so that Abrahams could create "the right impression".[2][3] The Daily Mail suggested that this was done because the constituency in North Yorkshire would be averse to "a confirmed bachelor who enjoys musical theatre".[4]

At the 2001 general election, Richmond became the Conservatives' safest seat in the UK, both in terms of the actual numerical majority and by percentage. Although the numerical majority was surpassed by Buckingham at the 2005 election, Richmond has a smaller electorate and consequently was able to retain its position of having the second largest percentage majority. With the abolition of Kensington and Chelsea, based on notional 2005 results Richmond is the safest Conservative seat in the country.

Members of Parliament

1585-1640

  • 1585: Marmaduke Wyvill
  • 1597-1598: Marmaduke Wyvill
  • 1604-1611: Sir John Savile
  • 1604-1611: Sir Richard Gargrave
  • 1621-1622: Sir Talbot Bowes
  • 1621-1622: William Bowes

1640-1868

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Sir William Pennyman, Bt. Royalist  ?
November 1640 Sir Thomas Danby Royalist
August 1642 Pennyman disabled to sit - seat vacant
(Pennyman died August 1643)
September 1642 Danby disabled to sit - seat vacant
1645 Thomas Chaloner Francis Thorpe
1653 Richmond was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 John Wastal Richmond had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 John Bathurst
January 1659 Sir Christopher Wyvill, Bt. John Bathurst
May 1659 Thomas Chaloner Francis Thorpe
April 1660 James Darcy Sir Christopher Wyvill, Bt.
1661 Sir John Yorke Joseph Cradock
1662 John Wandesford
1664 Sir William Killigrew
1665 Marmaduke Darcy
1679 Humphrey Wharton Thomas Cradock
1681 John Darcy, Lord Conyers
1685 Thomas Cradock
January 1689 Thomas Yorke
February 1689 Philip Darcy
1690 Sir Mark Milbanke, Bt Theodore Bathurst
1695 Thomas Yorke Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, Bt.
1698 James Darcy
1701 John Hutton
1702 James Darcy
May 1705 Wharton Dunch
December 1705 William Walsh
1708 Harry Mordaunt
1710 John Yorke
1713 Thomas Yorke
1717 John Yorke
1720 Richard Abell
1722 Conyers Darcy
1727 Charles Bathurst Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, Bt.
1728[5] John Yorke Sir Conyers Darcy [6]
1747 Earl of Ancram
1757 Thomas Yorke
1761 Sir Ralph Milbanke
1763 Thomas Dundas
March 1768 Alexander Wedderburn Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bt[7]
November 1768 William Norton
1769 Charles John Crowle
1774 Thomas Dundas[8] Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bt [7]
January 1775 Charles Dundas
December 1775 William Norton
1780 Marquess of Graham Sir Lawrence Dundas, Bt
1781 George Fitzwilliam
1784 The Earl of Inchiquin Charles Dundas
1786 Sir Grey Cooper
1790 Lawrence Dundas Whig
1796 Charles George Beauclerk
1798 Arthur Shakespeare Whig
1802 George Heneage Lawrence Dundas Whig
1806 Charles Lawrence Dundas Whig
1808 Lawrence Dundas Whig
1810 Robert Chaloner Whig
January 1812 George Heneage Lawrence Dundas Whig
October 1812 Dudley Long North Whig
1818 Thomas Dundas Whig Viscount Maitland Whig
1820 Samuel Barrett Moulton Barrett Whig
1828 Hon. Sir Robert Dundas Whig
1830 Hon. John Dundas Whig
1835 Alexander Speirs Whig Hon. Thomas Dundas[9] Whig
1839 Hon. Sir Robert Dundas Whig
February 1841 Hon. George Wentworth-FitzWilliam Whig
June 1841 Hon. John Dundas Whig Hon. William Colborne Whig
1846 Henry Rich Whig, later Liberal
1847 Marmaduke Wyvill Whig, later Liberal
1861 Sir Roundell Palmer Liberal
1865 Hon. John Dundas Liberal
1866 Marmaduke Wyvill Liberal

1868-present

The seat has been represented since a by-election in 1989 by William Hague, former Leader of the Opposition and current Shadow Foreign Secretary.

Election Member Party
1868 Sir Roundell Palmer Liberal
1872 Lawrence Dundas Liberal
1873 Hon. John Dundas Liberal
1885 Sir Frederick Milbank, Bt Liberal
1886 George Elliot[10] Conservative
1895 John Hutton Conservative
1906 Francis Dyke Acland Liberal
Jan 1910 Hon. William Orde-Powlett Conservative
1918 Sir Murrough John Wilson Unionist
1929 Thomas Dugdale Conservative
1959 Timothy Kitson Conservative
1983 Leon Brittan Conservative
1989 by-election Rt Hon William Hague Conservative

Notes

  1. ^ Profile: reclusive Labour donor David Abrahams The Times - 26 November, 2007
  2. ^ Colin Patterson (2 December 2007). "How Sunday Sun broke first David Abrahams story". Sunday Sun. http://icnewcastle.icnetwork.co.uk/sundaysun/news/tm_headline=how-sunday-sun-broke-first-david-abrahams-story&method=full&objectid=20190644&siteid=50081-name_page.html. Retrieved 2007-12-02.  
  3. ^ Profile of David Abrahams BBC News - 27 November, 2007
  4. ^ The fantasy world of Labour's dodgy donor, by Richard Pendlebury, Daily Mail, 27th November 2007
  5. ^ At the general election of 1727, Wyvill and Bathurst were returned as elected, but on petition they were unseated in favour of Yorke and Darcy, the dispute turning on who had the right to vote
  6. ^ Sir Conyers Darcy was re-elected in 1747 but had also been elected for Yorkshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Richmond
  7. ^ a b Sir Lawrence Dundas was also elected for Edinburgh, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Richmond
  8. ^ Thomas Dundas was also elected for Stirlingshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Richmond in this parliament
  9. ^ Styled Lord Dundas after his father was created an Earl in 1838
  10. ^ Later Sir George Elliott

Election results

General Election 2005: Richmond (Yorks)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Hague 26,722 59.1 +0.2
Labour Neil Foster 8,915 19.7 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Jacquie Bell 7,982 17.7 -0.2
Green Leslie Rowe 1,581 3.5 N/A
Majority 17,807 39.4
Turnout 45,200 65.0 -2.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2001: Richmond (Yorks)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Hague 25,951 58.9 +10.1
Labour Co-op Fay Tinnion 9,632 21.9 -5.9
Liberal Democrat Edward Forth 7,890 17.9 -0.5
Monster Raving Loony Boney Maronie Steniforth 561 1.3 N/A
Majority 16,319 37.0
Turnout 44,034 67.4 -6.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1997: Richmond (Yorks)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Hague 23,326 48.86 -13.00
Labour Co-op Steven Merritt 13,275 27.81 +16.23
Liberal Democrat Jane Harvey 8,773 18.38 -7.31
Referendum Party Alex Bentley 2,367 4.96 N/A
Majority 10,051 21.05 -15.11
Turnout 47,741 73.38 -5.04
Conservative hold Swing -13.90
1906 General Election: Richmond (Yorks)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Francis Dyke Acland 4,470 50.58 +10.05
Conservative Lord Ronaldshay 4,368 49.42 -10.05
Majority 102 1.16
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing 5.02
Turnout

Notes

References

  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • The Constitutional Yearbook for 1913 (London: National Unionist Association, 1913)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

See also

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Huntingdon
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
1997 – 2001
Succeeded by
Chingford and Woodford Green

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