Rickmansworth: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 51°38′18″N 0°27′57″W / 51.6383°N 0.4659°W / 51.6383; -0.4659

Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth in 2005.jpg
Rickmansworth is located in Hertfordshire
Rickmansworth

 Rickmansworth shown within Hertfordshire
Population 14,571 
OS grid reference TQ061944
District Three Rivers
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town RICKMANSWORTH
Postcode district WD3
Dialling code 01923
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Hertfordshire
List of places: UK • England • Hertfordshire

Rickmansworth is a town which is in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire, England, 4¼ miles (7 km) west of Watford.

The town has a population of around 15,000 people and lies on the Grand Union Canal and the River Colne, at the northern end of the Colne Valley regional park.

Rickmansworth is a small town in a leafy shire suburb with a wide range of leisure activities, amenities and good quality schools. Indeed Rickmansworth is in Top 10 neighbourhoods with the highest quality of life according to Government statistics.[1] Nearby there is a wide and diverse range of leisure activities and amenities for example Cassiobury Park, cycling along one of the most picturesque sections of the Grand Union Canal, the River Chess valley, walks in the Chiltern Hills and Chorleywood Common to name a few. The High Street also hosts a range of restaurants covering almost all areas of cuisine.

It began to grow in the 1920s and 1930s as part of the Metro-land area, due to Rickmansworth station on the Metropolitan line of the London Underground. As such, it is largely a commuter town and transport links are excellent with fast trains direct to London taking about 30 minutes either via the Chiltern Turbo to Marylebone or fast Metropolitan line trains to Baker Street. It is contained within the M25 J17-J18 with good transport links to Luton and Heathrow Airports as well as the M1 and M40.

Colloquially Rickmansworth is often shortened to "Ricky" as used in the town's annual "Ricky Week" celebrations which occur in May. There is also an annual "Victorian Evening" held in the town centre every November.

The town's canal history is remembered every year at the end of Ricky Week with the Rickmansworth Festival, organised by Rickmansworth Waterways Trust.

Rickmansworth also has a famous frost hollow. This is caused by the local geography, notably a railway embankment which prevents the natural drainage of cold air from a specific part of the valley. Rickmansworth recorded the largest daily temperature range in England when, on 29 August 1936, the temperature climbed from 1.1°C at dawn to 24.9°C within 9 hours due to this unique geographic feature.

Some pictures of Rickmansworth and the surrounding district can be found here [1]

Contents

Etymology

The name Rickmansworth comes from the Saxon name "Ryckmer", the local magnate, and "worth" meaning farm or stockade. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it is known as The Manor of Prichemaresworde. Later spellings are Rykemarwurthe (1119-46), Richemaresworthe (1180), Rykemerewrthe (1248), Richemereworthe (1259), Rikesmareswrth (1287) and Rikmansworth (1382).

In literature

Famous residents

Sport

The town has a public golf course called Rickmansworth Golf Course which is adjacent to the two courses that make up the famous golf Moor Park golf course which includes a mansion that has been preserved as the club house.

Rickmansworth Cricket Club was founded in 1787 and is one of the oldest recorded clubs in England. The present clubhouse was built in 1921 by Sir William Francis Reckitt - a member of the Reckitt and Colman Mustard dynasty.

At the east end of Rickmansworth High Street at the bottom of Scots Hill is situated the Rickmansworth Sports Club. Initially this was the home of Rickmansworth Cricket Club [2]who currently run 4 sides on a Saturday in the Saracens Hertfordshire Cricket League. But over the years other sports have moved into the grounds, including Chess Valley Rugby Football Club [3] and the Rickmansworth & Chess Valley Hockey Clubs [4].

William Penn Leisure Centre in Mill End is named after the former school at the same site, using the original school swimming pool.

The Aquadrome is home to a number of watersports including sailing, canoeing and wind sailing.

There are public tennis Courts on the edge of Rickmansworth by Chorleywood House as well as Rickmansworth Lawn Tennis Club which also hosts Rickmansworth Table Tennis Club matches.

Aquadrome

Rickmansworth Aquadrome 002.jpg

Rickmansworth contains a large public park called the Aquadrome. Covering 41 hectares, the Aquadrome Local Nature Reserve consists of lakes, grassland and woodland and is an ideal place for walks. In July 2009, the reserve recevied a Green Flag award, which is only given to parks and open spaces with meet certain high standards. The park includes several large lakes, grass and woodland areas and a children's play area (renovated in 2008). A new Cafe and associated amenities opened up in the Aquadrome in early 2009 (http://www.thecafeinthepark.com). The Cafe building also hosts a range of community activities e.g. children's musical workshops etc and provides a welcome focal point for park users.

From East to West the lakes are named Batchworth, Bury and Stockers and are bounded to the South by the Grand Union Canal and to the East and North by the River Colne.

Batchworth Lake is popular for Water Sking events and hosts the Rickmansworth Water Ski Club.

The lakes are suitable for canoeing, sailing and fishing. Bury Lake is home to BLYM (Bury Lake Young Mariners) which a sailing club and also an RYA recognized teaching establishment. The lakes are artificial, being former quarries that have been filled with water and fish, there are also ducks, geese and swans. Some of the stone from the site was used in the building of the original Wembley Stadium.

Schools

Advertisements

Primary schools

Secondary schools

Arenas, culture and clubs

Watersmeet Theatre and Cinema is a 481 seat venue complex owned by Three Rivers District Council, situated in the centre of the Rickmansworth High Street. The auditorium can transform from a raked theatre to a flat floor for performances "in the round" or dinner dances, cabarets, weddings, indoor markets and craft fairs.

The Rickmansworth Players (affiliated to NODA) are a well-established amateur dramatics society based in Rickmansworth that perform musicals and plays on a regular basis.

Rickmansworth also hosts a Sub-Aqua Club

Rickmansworth Historical Society meets at 8pm on the second Thursday of the month from September to June in the Cloisters Hall.

There is an annual Ricky Road Run with more than 500 runners taking to the streets of Rickmansworth in 2009 for the 26th year in a row

Film and television

The town has been used in a number of films, including:

Commerce, industry and agriculture

Historic Industry

There was a mill at Rickmansworth at the time of the Domesday Survey. The water-mill, called West Mill, belonged to the abbot and convent of St. Albans, and was leased by them to Ralph Bukberd for a term of years ending in 1539. In 1533 they leased it from the end of this term for twenty-six years to Richard Wilson of Watford. He was to keep in repair the mill and also two millstones, 10 in. in thickness, and 4 ft. 8 in. in breadth. (fn. 57) The mill was leased in 1544 to William Hutchinson, yeoman of the spicery, and Janet his wife for their lives. (fn. 57a) It afterwards came to John Wilson, and was granted in 1576–7 to Richard Master. (fn. 58) There was also a water-mill called Batchworth Mill, and a fishery called Blacketts Mill in Rickmansworth. (fn. 59) Batchworth Mill was later used as a cotton mill, but was bought in 1820 by Messrs. John Dickinson & Co., and converted into paper mills. (fn. 60) It is now being pulled down and the site used by the Rickmansworth and Uxbridge Valley Water Company.

Watercress beds abound on the banks of all three of the rivers in Rickmansworth, and the cultivation of this plant is an important industry of the townspeople. Strawplaiting was also largely carried on in the parish. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries many of the principal inhabitants were described as 'clothiers,' from which it may be inferred that the manufacture of cloth was at one time carried on in the parish, but this industry has long since ceased. There were also silk and flock mills here, described in 1808 as recently built.

Present day

Firms with a local presence include:

History

Rickmansworth was never large, as it served the many scattered hamlets in the surrounding area. The rivers Colne, Chess and Gade, the 'Three Rivers' that give its name to the local government District, provided the water for the famous watercress trade and motive power for corn milling, silk weaving, paper making and brewing, all long gone. Now there are commercial offices and the homes of a commuting population, and the rivers, canal and flooded gravel pits provide for recreation. Cardinal Wolsey, in his capacity as Abbot of St Albans, held the Manor of le More in the valley, now vanished but superseded by the hill-top mansion of Moor Park, once the residence of Admiral Lord Anson and the Barons Ebury, and now the Golf Club House. The wider area, including Croxley Green, Moor Park, Batchworth, Mill End, West Hyde and Chorleywood, formed the original parish of Rickmansworth. In 1851, this had a population of only 4,800, but even that represented great growth necessitating division of the parish. So St Mary's Church today serves a parish area concentrated around the town and extending over Batchworth and parts of Moor Park. Today the town has an ever-growing number of residents in many new apartments and houses. Around the time of the Domesday Book, that great Norman survey of 1086, there may have been as few as 200 people in the vicinity; then it was called Prichemareworth, one of the five local manors with which the great Abbey of St Albans had been endowed when founded in 793 by King Offa. Local tithes supported the abbey, which in turn provided clergy to serve local people until the Dissolution of 1539.

See also

References

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

RICKMANSWORTH, an urban district in the Watford parliamentary division of Hertfordshire, England; 172 m. W.N.W. of London by the Metropolitan & Great Central joint railway; served also by a branch of the London & North Western railway from Watford. Pop. (1901) 5627. It lies in a pleasant valley at the junction of the Chess with the Colne, and on the Grand Junction canal. The church of St Mary, with the exception of the tower a modern reconstruction, contains some French stained glass of the 16th century. The chief industries are brewing and art-printing. The Colne here holds large trout, which are carefully preserved. The grounds of Moor Park to the south-east are finely wooded, and the mansion, belonging to Lord Ebury, is a good example of the period of George I. The estate counts among its former owners such famous names as the Botelers; George Neville, archbishop of York; John de Vere, earl of Oxford in Henry VII.'s time; Wolsey in the next reign; Robert Carey, earl of Monmouth, and the duke of Monmouth.


<< Thomas Rickman

Ricochet >>


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message