River Forth: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Forth
River
The River Forth meanders over fertile farmlands near Stirling
Country Scotland
Councils Stirling
City Stirling
Source Loch Ard
 - elevation 33 m (108 ft)
 - coordinates 56°11′00″N 4°28′00″W / 56.1833333°N 4.4666667°W / 56.1833333; -4.4666667
Mouth Firth of Forth, North Sea
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Length 94 km (58 mi)
Course of River Forth

The River Forth (Gaelic: Uisge For or Abhainn Dhubh, meaning "black river"), 47 km (29 miles) long, is the major river draining the eastern part of the central belt of Scotland.

The Forth rises in Loch Ard in the Trossachs, a mountainous area some 30 km (19 miles) west of Stirling. It flows roughly eastward, through Aberfoyle, joining with the Duchray Water and Kelty Water, and out over the flat expanse of the Flanders Moss. It is then joined by the River Teith (which itself drains Loch Venachar, Loch Lubnaig, Loch Katrine, and Loch Voil) and the River Allan, before meandering through the ancient city of Stirling. At Stirling the river widens and becomes tidal, and it is here that the last (seasonal) ford of the river exists. From Stirling, the Forth flows east over the Carse of Stirling and past the towns of Cambus (where it is joined by the river Devon), Alloa and Airth. Upon reaching Kincardine the river begins to widen into an estuary, the Firth of Forth.

Contents

Settlements on the Forth

There are a number of towns which line the shores, as well as the petrochemical complexes at Grangemouth, the commercial docks at Leith, oilrig construction yards at Methil, the ship-breaking facility at Inverkeithing and the naval dockyard at Rosyth, with numerous other industrial areas including the Forth Bridgehead area, Burntisland, Kirkcaldy, Bo'ness and Leven.

Navigation on the Forth

Meandering viewed from the Wallace Monument. The river flows from right to left, and the former limit of navigation was in the left distance.

In medieval times the Forth was navigable at least as far as Stirling, but silting and the increase in ship sizes now mean that traffic upstream of Kincardine is rare.

Bridges over the Forth

Upstream of Stirling, the river is rather small and is crossed in numerous places (although prior to modern drainage works, the ground was often treacherously marshy near the riverbank). After its confluence with the Teith and Allan, the river is sufficiently wide that a significant bridge is required. A bridge has existed at Stirling since at least the 13th century, and until the opening of the road crossing at Kincardine in 1936, Stirling remained the easternmost road crossing. The Clackmannanshire Bridge just upstream of the Kincardine Bridge opened on Wednesday, 19th November 2008. Much further downstream at Queensferry the famous Forth bridge (a railway bridge) opened in 1890 and a modern road bridge in 1964. A swinging railway bridge between Alloa on the north shore and Throsk on the south opened in 1885 and was closed (and largely demolished) in 1970.

Plans to construct a new road bridge slightly to the West of the existing Forth road Bridge have been announced by the Scottish Government. It is planned to open in 2016.

See also

External links

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Simple English

The River Forth is a river in Scotland. It flows through the city of Edinburgh, and it flows into the sea.


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