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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Connemara 

In office
23 February 1874 – 21 April 1880
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded by Viscount Enfield
Succeeded by Sir Charles Dilke, Bt
In office
25 June 1885 – 28 January 1886
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice
Succeeded by James Bryce

In office
8 December 1886 – 1 December 1890
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by M. E. Grant Duff
Succeeded by John Henry Garstin

Born 11 June 1827 (1827-06-11)
Died 3 September 1902 (1902-09-04)
London, England
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Susan Ramsay
(d. 1898)
(2) Gertrude
(d. 1898)
Alma mater Trinity College, Dublin

Robert Bourke, 1st Baron Connemara GCIE, PC (11 June 1827 – 3 September 1902) was a British Conservative politician. He served as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1874 and 1880 and 1885 and 1886 and was Governor of Madras between 1886 and 1890.


Background and education

Bourke was born at Hayes, County Meath,[1] the third son of the Robert Bourke, 5th Earl of Mayo, and Anne Charlotte, daughter of the Hon. John Jocelyn. Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo, was his elder brother (see Earl of Mayo for earlier history of the Bourke family). He was educated at Hall Place School, Bexley, Kent, and Trinity College, Dublin, and was called to the Bar, Inner Temple, in 1852.[2]

Political career

Bourke practised as a barrister for a number of years before being elected Conservative Member of Parliament for King's Lynn in 1868.[2][3][4] In 1874 he became Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in Benjamin Disraeli's second administration, a post he held until 1880,[2] when he was also sworn of the Privy Council.[5] He held the same post from 1885 to 1886 in Lord Salisbury's first administration.[2]

In 1886, Bourke was appointed Governor of Madras.[6] The following year appointed a Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire[2] and raised to the peerage as Baron Connemara, of Connemara in the County of Galway.[7] In 1890 he laid the foundations stone of the Connemara Public Library in Madras, which was named after him and opened six years later.[8] He remained as governor until 1890.[2] He contributed occasionally in the House of Lords, mostly on matters dealing with foreign affairs, making his last speech in June 1898.[9] He also published the work Parliamentary Precedents.[1]


Lord Connemara was twice married. He married firstly Lady Susan Georgiana, daughter of the James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, in 1863. They divorced in 1890. In 1894 he married Gertrude, former wife of Edward Coleman, in 1894. Both marriages were childless. His second wife died in November 1898. Lord Connemara died in London in September 1902, aged 75,[2] and was buried in the city's Kensal Green Cemetery.[10] His barony became extinct at his death.

External links


External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Buxton, Bt
Lord Stanley
Member of Parliament for King's Lynn
With: Lord Stanley 1868–1869
Lord Claud Hamilton 1869–1880
Sir William Ffolkes 1880–1885
(representation reduced to one member 1885)
Succeeded by
Alexander Weston Jarvis
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Enfield
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Dilke, Bt
Preceded by
Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
James Bryce
Government offices
Preceded by
M. E. Grant Duff
Governor of Madras
Succeeded by
John Henry Garstin
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Connemara
1887 – 1902


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