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Sir Robert Brownrigg
1759 – 27 April 1873
Robert Brownrigg 1855.jpg
Robert Brownrigg in 1855, wet plate by Roger Fenton
Place of birth County Wicklow, Ireland
Place of death Monmouth, Wales
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held Ceylon
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Robert Brownrigg, 1st Baronet GCB (1759 –27 April 1833) was a British statesman and soldier.

Military career

Brownrigg was commissioned as an ensign in 1775.[1] After service with the 9th Foot, he was appointed Military Secretary to the Duke of York in 1795, and accompanied him to The Helder in Holland in 1799.[1]

In 1803 he was appointed Quartermaster-General to the Forces.[2] In July 1809, he joined the expedition to the Schelt.[1]

He left his post as Quartermaster-General to the Forces in 1811, and then, in 1813, he was appointed Governor of Ceylon.[1] In 1815, he conquered the kingdom of Kandy, in the interior of the island, and annexed it to the British crown.[1] In recognition of his conquest, Brownrigg was created a baronet in 1816.[1] There was a major rebellion in October 1817 but Brownrigg also managed to put this down.[1] He attained the rank of full General in 1819 and left Ceylon the following year.[1] He died near Monmouth in 1833.[1]


In 1789 Brownrigg married Elizabeth Catharine Lewis and together they went on to have six sons and a daughter.[1] Then in 1810 he married Sophia Bissett.[1]


Military offices
Preceded by
Sir David Dundas
Quartermaster-General to the Forces
Succeeded by
Sir James Gordon
Government offices
Preceded by
John Wilson, acting
Governor of Ceylon
Succeeded by
Edward Barnes, acting
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Succeeded by
Robert Brownrigg


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