The Full Wiki

Robert I, Duke of Burgundy: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

French Monarchy
Direct Capetians
Hugh Capet
   Robert II
Robert II
   Henry I
   Robert I, Duke of Burgundy
Henry I
   Philip I
   Hugh, Count of Vermandois
Philip I
   Louis VI
Louis VI
   Louis VII
   Robert I of Dreux
Louis VII
   Mary, Countess of Champagne
   Alix, Countess of Blois
   Marguerite, Queen of Hungary
   Alys, Countess of the Vexin
   Philip II
   Agnes, Empress of Constantinople
Philip II
   Louis VIII
Louis VIII
   Louis IX
   Robert I, Count of Artois
   Alphonse, Count of Poitou and Toulouse
   Saint Isabel of France
   Charles I of Anjou and Sicily
Louis IX
   Philip III
   Robert, Count of Clermont
  Agnes, Duchess of Burgundy
Philip III
   Philip IV
   Charles III, Count of Valois
   Louis d'Evreux
   Margaret, Queen of England
Philip IV
   Louis X
   Philip V
   Isabella, Queen of England
   Charles IV
Grandchildren
    Joan II of Navarre
    John I
    Joan III, Countess and Duchess of Burgundy
    Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy
    Isabella, Dauphine of Viennois
    Edward III of England
    Mary of France
    Blanche, Duchess of Orléans
Louis X
   Joan II of Navarre
   John I
John I
Philip V
Charles IV

Robert I Capet or Robert I of Burgundy, known as Robert the Old (ne: Robert le Vieux, 1011 – March 21, 1076) was duke of Burgundy between 1032 to his death. Robert was son of King Robert II of France and brother of Henry I of France.

In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Queen Constance d'Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032).

Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke."

His first son, Hugh, died in battle at a young age and his second son, Henry, also predeceased him. He was succeeded by Henry's eldest son, his grandson, Hugh I.

Contents

Family

He married his first wife, Helie of Semur, about 1033, and repudiated her in 1046. Robert and Helie had five children:

  1. Hugh (1034–1059), killed in battle
  2. Henry (1035–ca.1074). He died shortly before his father, thus making his son Robert's heir. The name of his wife is unknown (that it was Sybil has been discredited) as is her origin, although a connection to the Counts of Barcelona has been hypothesized. Their children were:Hugh I, Duke of Burgundy (1057-1093); Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (1058-1103); Robert, bishop of Langres (1059-1111); Helie, a nun (b. 1061); Beatrice (b. 1063), married Guy I, count of Vignory; Reginald, abbot of St Pierre (1065-1092); Henry, Count of Portugal (1066-1112), who became a vassal of León and ruler of the county of Portugal in 1093 - his son would be Afonso Henriques, first king of Portugal
  3. Robert (1040–1113), poisoned; married Violante of Sicily, daughter of Roger I of Sicily
  4. Simon (1045–1087)
  5. Constance (1046–1093), married Alfonso VI of León and Castile
  • From his second wife, Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Fulk III of Anjou, he had one daughter:
  1. Hildegard (c.1056–1104), married Duke William VIII of Aquitaine

See also

Sources

Ancestry

Preceded by
Henry
Duke of Burgundy
1032 – 1076
Succeeded by
Hugh I
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message