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Robert Ivanovich Rozhdestvensky (Russian: Роберт Иванович Рождественский; 20 June 1932 - 19 August 1994) was a Russian poet who in the broke with the Social Realism in 1950s–1960s and, along with such poets as Andrey Voznesensky, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, and Bella Akhmadulina, pioneered a newer, fresher, and freer poetry in the Soviet Union.


Robert Rozhdestvensky was born to a military family in the village of Kosikha in Altai Krai. Following the outbreak of World War II, with both parents in the army, he found himself in the orphanage. After graduating high school, he attended Petrozavodsk University, where he began writing poetry (the first ones were published in 1950). He quit the University in order to attend Maxim Gorky Literature Institute, which he finished in 1956.

In the time of the Khrushchev Thaw he worked alongside Voznesensky, Yevtushenko, and Akhmadulina. They broke with the Social Realism, and wrote emotional, lyric poems. Despite this, Rozhdestvenski was always careful not to criticize the government, and thus remained in official favor through the 60's and 70's, even being awarded the Lenin Prize in 1979.

Rozhdestvensky died on 19 August 1994 in Peredelkino.


  • Flags of Spring (Флаги весны), 1955
  • To My Contemporary (Ровеснику), 1962
  • Dedication (Посвящение), 1970
  • In Twenty Years (За двадцать лет), 1973
  • Insomnia (Бессонница), 1991
  • Alyoshka's Thoughts (Алёшкины мысли), poems for children, 1991
  • Last poems of Robert Rozhdestvensky was published after his death.

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