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Robert Stitchill: Wikis

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Robert Stitchill
Denomination Catholic
Senior posting
See Diocese of Durham
Title Bishop of Durham
Period in office 1260–1274
Predecessor Walter of Kirkham
Successor Robert of Holy Island
Personal
Date of death 4 August 1274

Robert Stitchill (sometimes Robert Stichel) was a medieval Bishop of Durham in England.

Life

Stitchill probably came from the village of Stitchill in Roxburghshire. His father was a priest, and may have been the William Scot who was elected to the see of Durham in 1226. William Scot was never confirmed as bishop, for his election was quashed by Pope Gregory IX in 1227.[1] Stitchill was a monk at Durham Cathedral and prior of a monastic cell at Finchale[2] before he was elected to the see of Durham on 30 September 1260.[3] His dispensation for his illegitimate birth had already been obtained from the pope.[1] He was consecrated bishop on 13 February 1261[3] at Southwell by Godfrey Ludham, Archbishop of York.[1]

While bishop, he gave 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) of land to the monks of his cathedral chapter for their support, as well as books and other gifts. However, there were disputes with the monks over the retirement of their prior, and also over the right of the bishop to oversee the affairs of the chapter. He also founded a hospital at Greatham that survived into the modern age. He defended the rights of the bishop to the palatinate of Durham, securing a number of court decisions that upheld the palatinate rights of the bishop.[1]

Stitchill attended the Second Council of Lyon in 1274, where he obtained the permission of Pope Gregory X to resign his see.[1] He died on 4 August 1274[3] near Lyons, before he was able to return to Durham to resign. He was buried at Savigny Abbey, although his heart was sent to Durham to be buried there.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Piper "Stichill, Robert of (d. 1274)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ British History Online Bishops of Durham accessed on 25 October 2007
  3. ^ a b c Fryde Handbook of British Chronology p. 242

References

  • British History Online Bishops of Durham accessed on 25 October 2007
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third Edition, revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.  
  • Piper, A. J. "Stichill, Robert of (d. 1274)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004 Online Edition accessed 2 February 2008
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Walter of Kirkham
Bishop of Durham
1260–1274
Succeeded by
Robert of Holy Island

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