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Roberto Carlos

Roberto Carlos in the early 1970s
Background information
Birth name Roberto Carlos Braga
Also known as O Rei (The King), Rei Roberto, Zunga
Born April 19, 1941 (1941-04-19) (age 68)
Origin Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, Brazil
Genres MPB, Brazilian rock
Occupations Singer, songwriter, actor
Instruments Singer
Years active 1959-present
Associated acts Jovem Guarda, Erasmo Carlos

Roberto Carlos Braga (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁoˈbeɾtu ˈkaɾluʃ]; born April 19, 1941 in Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, Brazil) is a Grammy Award-winning [1] Brazilian singer, who has achieved a great deal of success and recognition in his 50 year career.[2]

Most of his songs are written in partnership with his friends,Manuel Morais singer and songwriter Erasmo Carlos. Roberto Carlos has sold over 120 million albums around the world. He is considered one of the most influential artists in Brazil during the 1960s, being cited as a source of inspiration by many artists and bands up to the 1980s.



Influenced by his idol Elvis Presley and the 1950s rock revolution, he rose to stardom as the main figure of the 1960s musical movement known as Jovem Guarda (Young Guard) (in opposition to the 'Old Guard' of Brazilian music). Although the phrase "Jovem Guarda" came from Russian leader Vladimir Lenin, who was talking about the youths of the Russian Revolution, the Brazilian phrase was created by Paulo Machado de Carvalho. "Jovem Guarda" was the first manifestation of the Brazilian pop rock movement. Since then, Roberto Carlos has been called 'O Rei' (the King), as well as Elvis and Pelé.

When his first single and first LP (Louco por você, 1961) were commercial failures, Roberto Carlos was in danger of being fired from CBS in favor of Sérgio Murilo, the first successful rock singer in Brazil. Nevertheless, Murilo was fired instead for colliding with musical director Evandro Ribeiro over repertoire and payment, opening up space for Roberto Carlos.[3]

During the 1960s, Roberto Carlos also starred in a few motion pictures directed by Roberto Farias, many of them heavily inspired by the Beatles movies. Later, he moved towards a more serious, adult contemporary approach to singing, whilst consistently continuing to score hits throughout the 1970s and 1980s, in his country, throughout Latin America, Portugal, Spain and Italy. He remained active through the 1990s and beyond, focusing on romantic songs. Every year, Roberto Carlos hosts a special TV show singing his greatest hits along with special guests. The show has become a tradition in Brazilian television.

In the 1980s, Roberto Carlos also started to record in English and French (he had already recorded albums in Spanish, Italian, and, naturally, Portuguese). He has won the Globo de Cristal trophy, awarded by CBS to Brazilian artists who sell more than five million copies outside Brazil. At the same time, his albums continued to break records in his country. "Caminhoneiro" (1984) was aired 3,000 times in a single day, another record soon beaten by his own "Verde e Amarelo" (1985), with 3,500 spins. In 1986, he had success at Radio City Music Hall (New York, NY) and, two years later, won the Grammy as the Best Latin American Pop singer.

In 1989, Roberto Carlos became one of the only Brazilians ever to win a Grammy Award in the category of Best Latin Pop Album with Roberto Carlos / Tolo.

In the mid 1990s, with the retro Jovem Guarda wave, Roberto Carlos, who was worn out among the younger generations who had only known his romantic and sentimental hits directed at a middleaged audience, had his importance retrieved by younger musicians such as Cássia Eller, Adriana Calcanhotto, Chico Science e Nação Zumbi, Barão Vermelho and Skank. Skank also recorded Rei, a tribute to Roberto Carlos with his ancient "Jovem Guarda" hits.

In 1998, his second wife, Maria Rita, discovered she had cancer (she would die in 1999), which shattered his peace of mind.[citation needed] After one year of reclusion, Roberto Carlos returned to recording and performing. In 2001, he broke his contract with Sony (ex-CBS), the recording company through which he had released a vast majority of his albums, due to commercial reasons[citation needed] related to his wife's death. However, in a 2008 interview, Roberto Carlos stated that he had no intention of retiring from the music industry anytime soon. By the time, he was working on an album that was released in 2008.

The house where he was born turned into a museum dedicated to him.

Celebrations for his 50th career anniversary

On July 11, 2009, to celebrate his 50th career anniversary, Roberto Carlos performed a major show at Maracanã Stadium. It was his first presentation in the stadium. The estimated audience was about 70,000 people.[1]

Roberto Carlos's 50th career anniversary was also celebrated with a major exhibition in the Lucas Nogueira Garcez Pavilion, located in Ibirapuera Park, São Paulo. The interactive expo, inaugurated on March 4, 2010, depicts both Roberto Carlos's life and career. [2]


Mostly in Portuguese; some songs in Spanish, English and Italian. As the vast majority of Roberto Carlos' albums are simply self-titled, the most significant hit of each album (usually the first airplay single) is also indicated.

  • 1961 - Louco Por Você
  • 1963 - Splish Splash
  • 1964 - É Proibido Fumar
  • 1964 - Canta à la Juventud
  • 1965 - Canta Para a Juventude
  • 1965 - Jovem Guarda
  • 1966 - Roberto Carlos
  • 1967 - Roberto Carlos em Ritmo de Aventura
  • 1968 - O Inimitável
  • 1969 - Roberto Carlos ("As Flores do Jardim da Nossa casa")
  • 1970 - Roberto Carlos ("Ana")
  • 1971 - Roberto Carlos ("Detalhes")
  • 1972 - Roberto Carlos ("A Janela")
  • 1973 - Roberto Carlos ("A Cigana")
  • 1974 - Roberto Carlos ("Eu Quero Apenas")
  • 1975 - Roberto Carlos ("Quero Que Vá Tudo Pro Inferno")
  • 1976 - Roberto Carlos ("Ilegal, Imoral ou Engorda")
  • 1976 - San Remo 1968
  • 1977 - Roberto Carlos ("Amigo")
  • 1978 - Roberto Carlos ("Fé")
  • 1979 - Roberto Carlos ("Na Paz do Seu Sorriso)
  • 1980 - Roberto Carlos ("A Guerra dos Meninos")
  • 1981 - Roberto Carlos ("As Baleias")
  • 1981 - Roberto Carlos ("In English")
  • 1982 - Roberto Carlos ("Amiga")
  • 1983 - Roberto Carlos ("O Amor é a Moda")
  • 1984 - Roberto Carlos ("Coração")
  • 1985 - Roberto Carlos ("Verde e Amarelo")
  • 1986 - Roberto Carlos ("Apocalipse")
  • 1987 - Roberto Carlos ("Águia Dourada")
  • 1988 - Roberto Carlos ("Se Diverte e Já Não Pensa em Mim")
  • 1988 - Ao Vivo (live recording)
  • 1989 - Roberto Carlos ("Na Paz do seu Sorriso")
  • 1989 - Roberto Carlos ("Amazônia")
  • 1990 - Roberto Carlos ("Super Herói")
  • 1991 - Roberto Carlos ("Todas as Manhãs")
  • 1992 - Roberto Carlos ("Mulher Pequena")
  • 1992 - Roberto Carlos ("Emoções")
  • 1993 - Inolvidables
  • 1993 - Roberto Carlos ("Obsessão")
  • 1994 - Roberto Carlos ("Alô")
  • 1995 - Roberto Carlos ("Amigo Não Chore Por Ela")
  • 1996 - Roberto Carlos ("Mulher de 40")
  • 1997 - Roberto Carlos ("Canciones que Amo")
  • 1998 - Roberto Carlos ("Eu Te Amo Tanto")
  • 1999 - Mensagens (songs of faith)
  • 1999 - Grandes Sucessos (Greatest Hits)
  • 2000 - Amor Sem Limites
  • 2000 - Grandes Canciones (2 CDs)
  • 2001 - Acústico (Unpluged)
  • 2002 - Ao Vivo (Live)
  • 2003 - Pra Sempre
  • 2004 - Pra Sempre Ao Vivo No Pacaembu (live)
  • 2005 - Roberto Carlos ("Arrasta uma Cadeira")
  • 2006 - Duetos (Duets)
  • 2008 - En Vivo (In Spanish)
  • 2008 - Roberto Carlos e Caetano Veloso e a música de Tom Jobim


  • 1968 - Em Ritmo de Aventura
  • 1970 - O Diamante Cor De Rosa
  • 1971 - A 300 km Por Hora
  • 2000 - Em Ritmo de Aventura
  • 2000 - O Diamante Cor De Rosa
  • 2000 - A 300 km Por Hora
  • 2001 - Acústico MTV
  • 2001 - Acústico Gold Serie Limitada
  • 2004 - Pra Sempre Ao Vivo no Pacaembu
  • 2006 - Antologia (CD + DVD)
  • 2006 - Duetos
  • 2008 - Roberto Carlos ao Vivo (CD + DVD)

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ (Spanish)
  3. ^ Araújo, Paulo César de (2006). Roberto Carlos em detalhes. São Paulo: Editora Planeta do Brasil. ISBN 85-7665-225-5. 

External links



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