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Robin Olds
July 14, 1922(1922-07-14) – June 14, 2007 (aged 84)
Robin Olds during vietnam war.jpg
Col. Robin Olds with trademark mustache, Ubon RTAFB, Thailand. The missile is an AIM-9 Sidewinder with its seeker head covered.
Place of birth Honolulu, Hawaii
Place of death Steamboat Springs, Colorado
Place of burial United States Air Force Academy
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
Years of service 1943–1973
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General
Commands held 8th Fighter Wing.png 8th Tactical Fighter Wing
434th Fighter Squadron
No. 1 Squadron RAF
Battles/wars World War II
Vietnam War
*Operation Bolo
Awards Air Force Cross
Air Force Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star (4)
Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross (6)
Air Medal(40)
British Distinguished Flying Cross
Croix de Guerre with Palm (France)

Robin Olds[1] (July 14, 1922 – June 14, 2007) was an American fighter pilot and general officer in the U.S. Air Force. He was a "triple ace", with a combined total of 16 victories in World War II and the Vietnam War.[2] He retired in 1973 as a brigadier general.

The son of regular Army Capt. Robert Olds, educated at West Point, and the product of an upbringing in the early years of the U.S. Army Air Corps, Olds epitomized the youthful World War II fighter pilot. He remained in the service as it became the United States Air Force, despite often being at odds with its leadership, and was one of its pioneer jet pilots. Rising to command of two fighter wings, Olds is regarded among aviation historians and his peers as the best wing commander of the Vietnam War, both for his air-fighting skills and his reputation as a combat leader.[3]

Olds was promoted to brigadier general after returning from Vietnam but did not hold another major command. The remainder of his career was spent in non-operational positions, as Commandant of Cadets at the United States Air Force Academy and as a bureaucrat in the Air Force Inspector General's Office. His inability to rise higher as a general officer is attributed to both his maverick views and his penchant for drinking.[4]

Olds had a highly-publicized career and life, including marriage to Hollywood actress Ella Raines. As a young man he was also recognized for his athletic prowess in both high school and college, being named an All American for his play as a lineman in American football. Olds expressed his philosophy regarding fighter pilots in the quote: "There are pilots and there are pilots; with the good ones, it is inborn. You can't teach it. If you are a fighter pilot, you have to be willing to take risks."[5]


Early life

Olds was born in Honolulu into an Army family and spent much of his boyhood in Hampton, Virginia, where he attended elementary and high school. His father was Captain (later Major General) Robert Olds,[1] an instructor pilot in France during World War I, former aide to Billy Mitchell from 1922 to 1925,[6] and a leading advocate of strategic bombing in the U.S. Army Air Corps. His mother, Eloise Wichman Nott Olds, died when Robin was four and he was raised by his father.[7] Olds was the eldest of four brothers, followed by Steven (1924), Sterling (1935), and Frederick (1936).[8]

Growing up primarily at Langley Field, Virginia,[9] Olds came in almost daily contact with the small group of officers who would lead the US Army Air Forces in World War II (one neighbor was Major Carl Spaatz, destined to become the first Chief of Staff of the USAF),[10] and as a result was imbued with an unusually strong dedication to the air service, and conversely, with a low tolerance for officers who did not exhibit the same.[11] On November 10, 1925, his father appeared as a witness on behalf of Billy Mitchell during his court-martial in Washington, D.C.. He brought three-year-old Robin with him to court, dressed in an Air Service uniform, and posed with him for newspaper photographers before testifying.[12]

Olds first flew at the age of eight, in an open cockpit biplane operated by his father. At the age of 12, Olds made attending the U.S. Military Academy at West Point an objective to accomplish his goals of becoming an officer, a military aviator, and playing football.[13]

His father was made commander of the pioneer B-17 Flying Fortress 2nd Bombardment Group at Langley Field on March 1, 1937, and promoted to lieutenant colonel on March 7. Olds attended Hampton High School where he played high school football on a team that won the state championship of Virginia in 1937. Olds was aggressive, even mean, as a player, and received offers to attend Virginia Military Institute and Dartmouth College on football scholarships.[13]

Instead of entering college after graduating in 1939, Olds enrolled at Millard Preparatory School in Washington, D.C., a school established to prepare men for the entrance examinations to the military academies. When Germany invaded Poland, Olds attempted to join the Royal Canadian Air Force but was thwarted by his father's refusal to approve his enlistment papers.[14] Olds completed Millard Prep and applied for admission to West Point. After he received a conditional commitment for nomination from a Pennsylvania congressman, Olds moved to Uniontown, Pennsylvania, where he lived in the YMCA and supported himself working odd jobs. He also took and passed the entrance examination. Olds was accepted into the Class of 1944 on June 1, 1940, and entered the academy a month later.[14]


West Point and football

As a plebe, Olds played football on a freshman squad that began the season with three losses but finished 3-4-1 while the varsity won only one game in its second consecutive losing season. As a result, the new academy superintendent, Maj. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, replaced the head coach (an Army officer) with Earl "Red" Blaik, a 1920 graduate and head coach at Dartmouth, who had recruited Olds in 1939.[15]

Olds played on the varsity college football team in both 1941 and 1942. At 6 foot 2 inches in height and weighing 205 pounds, he played tackle on both offense and defense, lettering both seasons. Army's record in 1941 was 5-3-1, with wins over The Citadel, VMI, Yale, Columbia, and West Virginia, a scoreless tie with Notre Dame, and losses to Harvard, Penn and Navy. The loss to the midshipmen was followed eight days later by the attack on Pearl Harbor.[16]

In 1942 he was named by Collier's Weekly as its "Lineman of the Year" and by Grantland Rice as "Player of the Year." Olds was also selected as an All-America as the cadets compiled a 6-3 record, beating Lafayette College, Cornell, Columbia, Harvard, VMI, and Princeton, and falling to Notre Dame, Penn, and Navy.[17] In the Army–Navy Game of 1942, which was played at Annapolis instead of Philadelphia, Olds had both upper front teeth knocked out when he received a forearm blow to the mouth while making a tackle. Olds returned to the game and reportedly was cheered by the Navy Third and Fourth Classes, which were assigned as the Army cheering section when wartime travel restrictions prevented the Corps of Cadets from attending.[18] In 1985 Olds was enshrined in the College Football Hall of Fame.[17]

Olds developed ambivalent feelings about West Point, admiring its dedication to "Duty, Honor, Country", but disturbed by the tendency of many tactical officers to distort the purpose of its Honor Code. In March 1943, Olds was braced by an officer upon returning from leave in New York City, and compelled on penalty of an honor violation to admit he had consumed alcohol. The infraction reduced him in rank from cadet captain and he walked punishment tours until graduation in June. The incident left its mark on Olds such that when he became Commandant of Cadets at the Air Force Academy, use of the Honor Code as an instrument for integrity rather than as a tool for petty enforcement of discipline became a point of emphasis in his administration.[19] During his Academy years Olds also acquired a strong contempt for alumni networking, commonly called "ring knocking",[20] to the degree that he went out of his way to conceal his West Point background.[21]

In the middle of Olds' Third Class year, the academy began an accelerated program for those entering in 1940 that shortened the course of study to three years. For those cadets applying to the Air Corps, the new curriculum also provided flying training at nearby Stewart Field, of which 206 cadets completed the course. Olds graduated on June 1, 1943, as a member of the Class of June 1943[22] and received his pilot's wings personally from Gen. Henry H. Arnold.[23]

World War II fighter pilot

P-38 Lightning missions

Lieutenant Olds completed fighter pilot training with the 329th Fighter Group, based at Grand Central Air Terminal in Glendale, California. In early 1944 he became part of the cadre assigned to build up the newly activated 434th Fighter Squadron and its parent 479th Fighter Group, based at Lomita, California. Olds logged 650 hours of flying time during training, including 250 hours in the P-38 Lightning, as the 479th built its proficiency as a combat group. It departed the Los Angeles area on April 15 for Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, and shipped aboard the USS Argentina for Europe on May 3. The 479th arrived in Scotland on May 14, 1944, and entrained for RAF Wattisham, England, where it arrived the next day.[24]

The 479th began combat on May 26, flying bomber escort missions and attacking transportation targets in occupied France in advance of the invasion of Normandy.[25] Olds flew an older P-38J Lightning he nicknamed Scat, the first of many fighters bearing the name. His crew chief, T/Sgt. Glen A. Wold, said that Olds showed an immediate interest in aircraft maintenance and learned emergency servicing under Wold. He also insisted his aircraft be waxed to reduce air resistance and helped his maintenance crew carry out their tasks.[26] On July 24 Olds was promoted to captain and became a flight and later squadron leader.

In Scat III, Olds shot down two Focke-Wulf Fw 190s following a low-level bridge-bombing mission to Montmirail, France, on August 14. Eleven days later he and his wingman became separated from the group on an escort mission to Wismar, and attacked a formation of some 40 Messerschmitt Bf 109s. Despite battle damage to his own plane, including loss of a side window of its canopy, Olds shot down two during the dogfight and another on the way home to become the first ace of the 479th FG.[27][28] His combat report for that date concluded:

Still in a shallow dive, I observed another P-38 and an Me 109 going round and round. It seemed that the 38 needed help so I started down. At about 4000 feet, the Jerry, still way out of my range, turned under me and slightly to the right. I rolled over on my back, following him and gave him an ineffective burst at long range. By this time I was traveling in excess of 500 mph. My left window blew out, scaring the hell out of me. I thought I had been hit by some of the ground fire I had observed in the vicinity. I regained control of the aircraft and pulled out above a wheat field. I tried to contact the flight to get myself recognized, but observed an Me 109 making a pass at me from about seven o'clock high. I broke left as well as my plane could and the Jerry overshot. I straightened out and gave him a burst. He chandelled steeply to the left and I shot some more. He passed right over me and I slipped over in an Immelman. As I straightened out at the top, I saw the pilot bail out.[29]

He made eight claims while flying the P-38 (five of which are sustained by the Air Force Historical Research Agency) and was originally credited as the top-scoring P-38 pilot of the ETO.[30].

P-51 Mustang pilot

The 479th FG converted to the P-51 Mustang in mid-September and Olds scored his first kill in his new Scat V on October 6. Promoted to major on February 9, 1945, he claimed his seventh victory southeast of Magdeburg, Germany the same day, downing another Bf 109. On February 14, he claimed three victories, two Bf 109s and an FW 190, but the latter was later changed to a "probable".[31]

His final WWII aerial kill occurred on April 7, 1945, when Olds in Scat VI led the 479th Fighter Group on a mission escorting B-24s bombing an ammunition dump in Lüneburg, Germany. The engagement marked the only combat appearance of Sonderkommando Elbe, a German Air Force Squadron formed to ram Allied bombers.[32][33] South of Bremen, Olds noticed contrails popping up above a bank of cirrus clouds, of aircraft flying above and to the left of the bombers. For five minutes these bogies paralleled the bomber stream while the 479th held station. Turning to investigate, Olds saw pairs of Me 262s turn towards and dive on the Liberators. After damaging one of the jets in a chase meant to lure the fighter escort away from the bombers, the Mustangs returned to the bomber stream. Olds observed an Me 109 of Sonderkommando Elbe attack the bombers and shoot down a B-24. Olds pursued the Me 109 through the formation, and shot it down.[34]

Olds achieved the bulk of his strafing credits the following week in attacks on Lübeck Blankensee and Tarnewitz airdromes on April 13, and Reichersburg airfield in Austria on April 16, when he destroyed six German planes on the ground. He later reflected on the hazards of such missions:

I was hit by flak as I was pulling out of a dive-strafing pass on an airfield called Tarnewitz, up on the Baltic. Five P-51s made a pass on the airdrome that April day. I was the only one to return home...When I tested the stall characteristics of my wounded bird over our home airfield, I found it quit flying at a little over 175 mph indicated and rolled violently into the dead wing (note: the right flap had been blown away and two large holes knocked in the same wing). What to do? Bailout seemed the logical response, but here's where sentiment got in the way of reason. That airplane (note: "Scat VI") had taken me through a lot and I was damned if I was going to give up on her...why the bird and I survived the careening, bouncing and juttering ride down the length of the field, I guess I'll never know.[35]

Olds had not only risen in rank to field grade but was given command of his squadron on March 25, less than two years out of West Point and at only 22 years of age. By the end of his combat tour he was officially credited with 12 German planes shot down and 11.5 others destroyed on the ground.[28]

Career highlights and assignments

Returning to the United States after the war, Olds was assigned at West Point as an assistant football coach for Red Blaik. Apparently resented by many on the staff for his rapid rise in rank and plethora of combat decorations,[36] Olds transferred in February 1946 to the 412th Fighter Group at March Field, California, to fly the P-80 Shooting Star, which began a career-long professional struggle with superiors he viewed as more promotion- than warrior-minded.[37]

In April 1946, he and Lieutenant Colonel John C. "Pappy" Herbst (WWII ace in the CBI) formed what may have been the Air Force's first jet aerobatic demonstration team (forerunners to the Thunderbirds). In late May, the 412th was ordered to undertake PROJECT COMET, a nine-city transcontinental mass formation flight. Olds and Herbst performed a two-ship acro routine that thrilled the crowds at every stop, the highlight being a three-day layover in Washington, D.C.. In June, Olds was one of four pilots who participated in the first one-day, dawn-to-dusk, transcontinental roundtrip jet flight from March Field to Washington, D.C. That same year he took second place in the Thompson Trophy Race (Jet Division) of the Cleveland National Air Races at Brook Park, Ohio. In this first "closed course" jet race, six P-80's competed against each other on a three pylon course 30 miles in length.[38]

badge, No. 1 Squadron RAF

In October 1948, he went to England under the U.S. Air Force/Royal Air Force Exchange Program. Flying the Gloster Meteor jet fighter, he eventually served as commander of No. 1 Squadron at Royal Air Force Station Tangmere,[36] the first foreigner to command an RAF unit in peacetime.

Olds was assigned to command the 71st Fighter Squadron, then an Air Defense Command unit stationed at Greater Pittsburgh Airport, Pennsylvania, and as a result missed service in the Korean War, despite repeated applications for a combat assignment. Discouraged and at odds with the Air Force, in which he was seen as an iconoclast, Olds reportedly was in the process of resigning when he was talked out of it by a mentor, Maj Gen Frederic H. Smith, Jr., who brought him to work at Eastern Air Defense Command headquarters at Stewart AFB.[39]

Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on February 20, 1951, and Colonel April 15, 1953, Olds served unenthusiastically in several staff assignments until returning to flying in 1955 in F-86 Sabres. At first on the command staff of the 86th Fighter-Interceptor Wing at Landstuhl Air Base, Germany, Olds then commanded its 86th Fighter-Interceptor Group from October 8, 1955, to August 10, 1956.[40]

Olds had administrative and staff duty assignments at the Pentagon between 1958 and 1962. In his assignment to the Air Defense Office of the Operations Division, Joint Chiefs of Staff, he prepared a number of papers, iconoclastic at the time, which soon became prophetic, including identifying the need for upgraded conventional munitions (foretelling the "bomb shortage" of the Vietnam War), and the dearth of any serious tactical air training in conventional warfare.[41] Following his Pentagon assignment, Olds attended the National War College, graduating in 1963.

Olds next became commander of the 81st Tactical Fighter Wing at RAF Bentwaters, England, an F-101 Voodoo fighter-bomber wing, on September 8, 1963. The 81st TFW was a major combat unit in United States Air Forces Europe, having both a tactical nuclear and conventional bombing role supporting NATO. Olds commanded the wing until July 26, 1965.[40] As his Deputy Commander of Operations Olds brought with him Colonel Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr., whom he had met during his Pentagon assignment and who would go on to become the first African-American 4-star Air Force general.[42] James and Olds worked closely together for a year as a command team and developed both a professional and social relationship which was later renewed in combat.[43]

Olds formed a demonstration team for the F-101 using pilots of his wing, apparently without command authorization, and performed at locales in Europe. He asserted that his superior at Third Air Force attempted to have him court-martialed, but the commander of USAFE, General Gabriel P. Disosway, instead removed him from command of the 81st TFW, canceled a recommendation for a Legion of Merit award, and had him transferred to Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina.[37]

In 1966, Olds was assigned to the 4453rd Combat Crew Training Wing, Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, (where Col. James was now Deputy Commander of Operations) for replacement training in the F-4C Phantom fighter. His instructor was Major William L. Kirk, the 4453rd CCTW's Standardization and Evaluation officer, who had been one of Olds' pilots at RAF Bentwaters, and who later commanded the United States Air Forces Europe as a full general. Kirk also accompanied Olds to George Air Force Base, California, for training in the use of the AIM-7 Sparrow missile, duties which Olds later rewarded by having Kirk transferred to his command in Thailand in March 1967.[44]


On September 30, 1966, Olds took command of the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing, based at Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base.[40] A lack of aggressiveness and sense of purpose in the wing had led to the change in command (Olds' predecessor had flown only 12 missions during the 10 months the wing had been in combat).[45] The 44-year-old colonel also set the tone for his command stint by immediately placing himself on the flight schedule as a rookie pilot under officers junior to himself, then challenging them to train him properly because he would soon be leading them.[46] In December Olds was re-united with Col. Chappie James, and they again became an effective command team (popularly nicknamed "Blackman and Robin").[47] Olds took to the air war over North Vietnam in an F-4C Phantom he nicknamed, in keeping with his previous aircraft, Scat XXVII.

MiG killer

After suggesting the idea to Seventh Air Force commander Major General William Momyer, himself a former commander of the 8th TFW, Olds was directed to plan a mission designed to draw the North Vietnamese Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21s into an aerial trap, and "Operation Bolo" resulted.

Robin Olds beside F-4C Phantom Scat XXVII (1966-1967)

In October 1966, strike force F-105 Thunderchiefs were equipped with QRC-160 radar jamming pods whose effectiveness virtually ended their losses to surface-to-air missiles. As a result, SAM attacks shifted to the Phantoms, unprotected because of a shortage of pods. To protect the F-4s, rules of engagement that allowed the MiGCAP to escort the strike force in and out of the target area were revised in December to restrict MiGCAP penetration to the edge of SAM coverage. MiG interceptions increased as a result, primarily by MiG-21s using high speed hit-and-run tactics against bomb-laden F-105 formations, and although only two bombers had been lost, the threat to the force was perceived as serious.[48]

The Bolo plan reasoned that by equipping F-4s with jamming pods, using the call signs and communications codewords of the F-105 wings, and flying their flight profiles through northwest Vietnam, the F-4s could effectively simulate an F-105 bombing mission and entice the MiG-21s into intercepting not bomb-laden Thunderchiefs, but Phantoms configured for air-to-air combat.[49]

After an intensive planning, maintenance, and briefing period, the mission was scheduled for January 1, 1967. Poor weather caused a 24-hour delay, but even then, a solid overcast covered the North Vietnamese airbases at Phuc Yen, Gia Lam, Kep, and Cat Bai when the bogus strike force began arriving over the target area, five minute intervals separating the flights of F-4s. Leading the first flight, Olds overflew the primary MiG-21 base at Phuc Yen and was on a second pass when MiGs finally began popping up through the cloud base. Although at first seemingly random in nature, it quickly became apparent that the MiGs were ground-controlled intercepts designed to place the supposed F-105s in a vise between enemies to their front and rear.[49]

The F-4s and their crews, however, proved equal to the situation and claimed seven MiG-21s destroyed, almost half of the 16 then in service with the VPAF without loss to USAF aircraft. Olds himself shot down one of the seven. Follow-up interceptions over the next two days by MiGs against RF-4C reconnaissance aircraft led to a similar mission on a smaller scale on January 6, with another two MiG-21s shot down. VPAF fighter activity diminished to almost nothing for 10 weeks afterwards, thereby accomplishing the main goal of Operation Bolo: to eliminate or diminish the threat of MiGs to the strike formations.[49]

Olds' MiG scoreboard on splitter vane of his F-4C

On May 4, Olds destroyed another MiG-21 over Phuc Yen. Two weeks later, he destroyed two MiG-17s, bringing his total to 16 confirmed kills (12 in World War II and four in Vietnam), making him a triple ace. Several sources claim that Olds intentionally avoided shooting down a fifth MiG, even during at least 10 opportunities to do so, because he had learned that Seventh Air Force would immediately relieve him of command as a publicity asset.[50] He was awarded a third Silver Star for leading a low-level bombing strike on March 30, 1967, and the Air Force Cross for an attack on the Paul Doumer Bridge in Hanoi on August 11, one of five awarded to Air Force pilots for that mission.[51]

His 259 total combat missions included 107 in World War II and 152 in Southeast Asia, 105 of those over North Vietnam. Scat XXVII was retired from operational service and placed on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.[52]

Olds' mustache

Olds was known for the extravagantly waxed (and decidedly non-regulation) handlebar mustache he sported in Vietnam. It was a common superstition among airmen to grow a "bulletproof mustache",[53][54] but Olds also used his as a mark of his individuality. Said Olds:

"Generals visiting Vietnam would kind of laugh at the mustache. I was far away from home. It was a gesture of defiance. The kids on base loved it. Most everybody grew a mustache."[55]

Returning home, however, he discovered not everyone was fond of his flamboyance. When he reported to his first interview with Air Force Chief of Staff General John P. McConnell (a former Strategic Air Command bomber pilot, planner and commander), McConnell walked up to him, stuck a finger under his nose and said, "Take it off." Olds replied, "Yes, sir."

The incident with the mustache is given credit as the impetus for a new Air Force tradition, "Mustache March", in which aircrew, aircraft maintainers, and other Airmen worldwide show solidarity by a symbolic, albeit good-natured "protest" for one month against Air Force facial hair regulations.[56]

Dogfighting advocate

Olds was a strong advocate of the importance of tactical air power and maintaining conventional warfare proficiency during the Cold War, in an era when the Air Force's priority doctrine was on nuclear warfare. In 1962 he was ordered to stop writing a paper on the importance of conventional and tactical air power by his commander.

"We weren't allowed to dogfight. Very little attention was paid to strafing, dive-bombing, rocketry, stuff like that. It was thought to be unnecessary. Yet every confrontation America faced in the Cold War years was a 'bombs and bullets' situation, raging under an uneasy nuclear standoff." The Vietnam War "proved the need to teach tactical warfare and have fighter pilots. It caught us unprepared because we weren't allowed to learn it or practice it in training."[55]

The History Channel, in its series Dogfights, recreated Operation Bolo using a computer animation for an episode entitled "Air Ambush", first telecast on November 10, 2006. Olds, then 84 years old, appeared as a commentator, and as background, dogfights he experienced as a P-38 pilot were also recreated.

Post-Southeast Asia career

Air Force Academy 1967-71

As incoming Commandant of Cadets (center), with outgoing Commandant Louis T. Seith (right) and Cadet Colonel Ralph E. Eberhart (left), 1967.

After relinquishing command of the 8th TFW on September 23, 1967, Olds reported for duty to the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in December 1967. He served as Commandant of Cadets for three years and sought to restore morale in the wake of a major cheating scandal. Olds was promoted to brigadier general on June 1, 1968, with seniority dating from May 28.[52]

Director of Aerospace Safety

In February 1971 he began his last duty assignment as director of aerospace safety in the Office of the Inspector General, Headquarters USAF, and after December 1971 as part of the Air Force Inspection and Safety Center, a newly-activated separate operating agency located at Norton Air Force Base, California. Olds oversaw the creation of policies, standards, and procedures for Air Force accident prevention programs, and dealt with work safety education, workplace accident investigation and analysis, and safety inspections.[52]

1972 inspection tour and retirement

When Operation Linebacker began in May 1972, American fighter jets returned to the offense in the skies over North Vietnam for the first time in nearly four years. Navy and Marine Corps fighters, reaping the benefits of their TOPGUN program, immediately enjoyed considerable success. In contrast, by June, the Air Force's fighter community was struggling with a nearly 1:1 kill-loss ratio. Air Force Inspector General Louis L. Wilson, Jr., a West Point classmate, sent Olds to Southeast Asia to determine why Air Force pilots were less successful.

Olds toured USAF bases in Thailand (flying several unauthorized combat missions in the process) and brought back a blunt assessment. Air Force pilots, he said, "couldn't fight their way out of a wet paper bag." To the surprise of nearly everyone else in the room, Air Force Chief of Staff John D. Ryan (another former SAC general and bomber pilot often at odds with the tactical fighter community), agreed with Olds. Olds later offered to take a voluntary reduction in rank to colonel so he could return to operational command and straighten out the situation. Olds decided to leave the Air Force when the offer was refused and he retired on June 1, 1973.[57]

Awards and decorations

Robin Olds' ribbons as they appeared at retirement.[52]

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Gold star

From top, and from left to right: Command pilot.

Air Force Cross citation

Colonel Robin Olds
U.S. Air Force
Date Of Action: August 11, 1967

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Title 10, Section 8742, United States Code, takes pleasure in presenting the Air Force Cross to Colonel Robin Olds (AFSN: 0-26046), United States Air Force, for extraordinary heroism in military operations against an opposing armed force while serving as Strike Mission Commander in the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing, Udorn Royal Thai Air Base, Thailand, against the Paul Doumer Bridge, a major north-south transportation link on Hanoi's Red River in North Vietnam, on 11 August 1967. On that date, Colonel Olds led his strike force of eight F-4C aircraft against a key railroad and highway bridge in North Vietnam. Despite intense, accurately directed fire, multiple surface-to-air missile attacks on his force, and continuous harassment by MiG fighters defending the target, Colonel Olds, with undaunted determination, indomitable courage, and professional skill, led his force through to help destroy this significant bridge. As a result the flow of war materials into this area was appreciably reduced. Through his extraordinary heroism, superb airmanship, and aggressiveness in the face of hostile forces, Colonel Olds reflected the highest credit upon himself and the United States Air Force.[58]


Olds was briefly a stepbrother of author Gore Vidal after Olds' father married for the fourth time in June 1942, to Nina Gore Auchinloss. His father died of pneumonia on April 28, 1943, after hospitalization for constrictive pericarditis and Libman-Sacks endocarditis,[59][60] at the age of 46, just prior to Olds' graduation from West Point.[61] In 1947, while based at March Air Force Base, Olds met and married Hollywood actress (and "pin-up girl") Ella Raines, and they had two daughters, Susan and Christina. Robin Olds and Ella Raines separated in 1975 and divorced in 1976. Robin married Abigail Morgan Barnett in January 1978.[62] They divorced after 15 year of marriage. In his retirement at Steamboat Springs, Colorado, Olds pursued his love of skiing and served on the city's planning commission. He was active in public speaking, making 21 events as late in his life as 2005 and 13 in 2006.[63]

Olds' fondness for alcohol was well-known. John Darrell Sherwood, in his book Fast Movers: Jet Pilots and the Vietnam Experience,[4] posits that Olds' heavy drinking hurt his post-Vietnam career. On July 12, 2001, Olds was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol and resisting arrest near his home in Steamboat Springs. Olds, briefly hospitalized during the incident for facial cuts, plead guilty in return for charges of weaving and felony vehicular eluding being dropped. Olds was placed on one year probation, and ordered to pay almost $900 in fines and costs, attend an alcohol education course, and perform 72 hours of community service.[64]

Days later, on July 21, 2001, Olds was enshrined at Dayton, Ohio, in the National Aviation Hall of Fame class of 2001, along with test pilot Joseph H. Engle, Marine Corps ace Marion E. Carl, and Albert Lee Ueltschi. He became the only person enshrined in both the National Aviation Hall of Fame and the College Football Hall of Fame.[65]

In March 2007 Olds was hospitalized in Colorado for complications of Stage 4 prostate cancer. On the evening of June 14, 2007, General Olds died from congestive heart failure in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. Olds was honored with a flyover and services at the United States Air Force Academy on June 30,[66] where his ashes will be kept. General Olds will also be remembered as the Class Exemplar of the Academy's Class of 2011, which had begun Basic Cadet Training, the first step towards becoming Air Force officers, two days before Olds' funeral.[67]


  1. ^ a b Zamzow, Major S.L., USAF, (June 2008). Ambassador of American Airpower: Major General Robert Olds, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. SAASS thesis published on-line, 7. The family surname was spelled "Oldys" until 1931, when it was officially changed to "Olds", reverting to the original spelling before Robin's grandfather. Also, Robin Olds was named "Robert Olds, Jr." at birth. Both details sourced by Major Zamzow from AF records.
  2. ^ "Aerial Victory Credits". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 19 June 2007.  Query "name"="contains"="Olds Robin"
  3. ^ Sherwood, John Darrell (1999). "Old Lionheart". Fast Movers: Jet Pilots and the Vietnam Experience. Free Press. ISBN 0312979622. , 42
  4. ^ a b Sherwood, Fast Movers, 42
  5. ^ "Great Aviation Quotes: Robin Olds". Retrieved 7 June 2007. 
  6. ^ Griffith, Charles (1999). The Quest: Haywood Hansell and American Strategic Bombardment in World War II, Air University Press, 41
  7. ^ Lars Anderson (2004). The All-Americans. St. Martins Press. ISBN 0312308876. , 20
  8. ^ Zamzow, (June 2008), 86
  9. ^ Captain Olds was stationed at Luke Field, Hawaii, when Robin was an infant. From 1927 to 1933, and again from 1935 to 1940, Olds was stationed at Langley.
  10. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 5
  11. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 6
  12. ^ Waller, Douglas C. (2004). A Question of Loyalty: Gen. Billy Mitchell and the Court-Martial That Gripped the Nation, Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-050547-8, 176
  13. ^ a b Anderson, The All Americans, 11
  14. ^ a b Anderson, The All Americans, 21
  15. ^ Anderson, The All Americans, 55-66
  16. ^ Wyatt, Hugh. "Chapter Two, Answering the Call". Earl "Red" Blaik. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  17. ^ a b "Hall of Famers: Robin Olds". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 14 May 2007. 
  18. ^ Anderson, The All Americans, 186
  19. ^ Boyne, Walter J. (2001). Aces in Command: Fighter Pilots as Combat Leaders, Brassey's, Inc. ISBN 1-57488-401-8, 147
  20. ^ Broughton, Jack (2007). Rupert Red Two: A Fighter Pilot's Life from Thunderbolts to Thunderchiefs, Zenith Press, ISBN 978-0-7603-3217-7, 141. According to Broughton, a fellow wing commander in Vietnam with Olds and a 1945 USMA graduate, the term "implies that if there is a discussion in progress, the senior (West) Pointer need only knock his large ring on the table and all Pointers present are obliged to rally to his point of view."
  21. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 7
  22. ^ The pre-war original Class of 1943 graduated early as the Class of January 1943.
  23. ^ Anderson, The All Americans, 188
  24. ^ Terry A. Fairfield (2004). The 479th Fighter Group in World War II: In Action over Europe with the P-38 and P-51. Schiffer Military History. ISBN 0764320564. , 25-27
  25. ^ Anderson, The All Americans, 202
  26. ^ Fairfield, The 479th Fighter Group in World War II, 55
  27. ^ Anderson, The All Americans, 219-225
  28. ^ a b "USAF Historical Study 85: USAF Credits for Destruction of Enemy Aircraft, World War II" (PDF). Office of Air Force History, AFHRA. Retrieved 14 October 2006. 
  29. ^ Fairfield, The 479th Fighter Group in World War II, 155
  30. ^ Jerry Scutts (1987). Lion in the Sky: US 8th Air Force Fighter Operations 1942-45, Patrick Stephens, ISBN 0850597889, 73-74
  31. ^ "P-51 combat reports". Spitfire Performance. Retrieved 22 May 2007. 
  32. ^ Roger A. Freeman (1993). The Mighty Eighth: A History of the Units, men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force, Motorbooks International. ISBN 087938638X., 226. Also known variously as "Kommando Elbe", "Rammkommando Elbe", "Schulungslehrgang Elbe", and "Lehrgang Elbe" under Maj. Otto Köhnke.
  33. ^ Fairfield, The 479th Fighter Group in World War II, 384-386
  34. ^ "Robin Olds". AU Gathering of Eagles. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 
  35. ^ Fairfield, The 479th Fighter Group in World War II, 399
  36. ^ a b Sherwood, Fast Movers, 12
  37. ^ a b Sherwood, Fast Movers, 18
  38. ^ "Jet Racing at Reno -Point/Counterpoint". Aero Press. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 
  39. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 13
  40. ^ a b c "Wings/Groups index". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 6 February 2007. 
  41. ^ Boyne, Aces in Command, 160
  42. ^ United States Air Force. "Airman Exemplars: Gen Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr.". Retrieved 2006-11-15. 
  43. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 17
  44. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 27
  45. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 28. The predecessor had been in Olds' P-80 squadron in 1946, and despite this apparent relief from command, soon was promoted to general and held a series of "deputy chief of staff" assignments.
  46. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 28
  47. ^ Jerry Stringer (2006-02-16). "Remembering General James and others". Air Force News Agency. Retrieved 2006-11-15.  A private site asserts that this was a derogatory comment, and that they were usually referred to as "Batman and Robin", after the TV series then airing.[1] James was named 8th TFW Vice Commander in June 1967, succeeding Col. Vermont Garrison, who had completed his tour.
  48. ^ Marshall L. Michel (1997). Clashes: Air Combat Over North Vietnam 1965-1972. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1557505853. , 71
  49. ^ a b c Boyne, Walter J. (Nov 1998). "MiG Sweep". AIR FORCE Magazine. Retrieved 3 Feb 2010. 
  50. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 37. The same sources suggest that in fact he did shoot down a number of them, which went unclaimed for the same reason.
  51. ^ "Hall of Valor - Robin Olds". Military Times. Retrieved 13 June 2009.  Lt. Col. James McInerney, Lt. Col. Harry Schurr, Capt. Fred Shannon, and Col. Robert M. White were the other recipients.
  52. ^ a b c d "Brigadier General Robin Olds". Air Force Link. Retrieved 2006-11-15. 
  53. ^ Brig. Gen. Ken Bell, USAF (ret.) (1993). "Checking In". 100 Missions North: A Fighter Pilot's Story of the Vietnam War. Brassey's (US). ISBN 0028810120. , 39
  54. ^ Ed Rasimus (2003). When Thunder Rolled: An F-105 Pilot Over North Vietnam. Presidio Press. ISBN 0891418547. , 105
  55. ^ a b CMSgt Tom Kuhn (December 1996). "Robin Olds: An Unconventional Man's Fight for Conventional Warfare". Airman:Magazine of America's Air Force. Retrieved 2006-11-15. 
  56. ^ "The facial hair protest is a tradition in the Air Force". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved 25 April 2007. 
  57. ^ Sherwood, Fast Movers, 34-35
  58. ^ "Air Force Cross Col. Robin Olds". Retrieved 9 February 2009. 
  59. ^ Zamzow (2008), 85
  60. ^ Fogerty, Ronald P. (editor, 1953), USAF Historical Study 91: Biographical Data on Air Force General Officers, 1917-1952, Vol II: "L-Z".
  61. ^ Anderson, The All Americans, 187
  62. ^ AIR FORCE Magazine, August 2008, Vol. 91, No. 8, "Letters", per daughter Christina, 6
  63. ^ "Fighter ace Robin Olds dies at 84". Steamboat Pilot. Retrieved 17 June 2007. 
  64. ^ Gary E. Salazar (2002-01-23). "Retired general put on probation". Steamboat Pilot & Today. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  65. ^ "Famed fighter pilot dies". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 19 June 2007. 
  66. ^ Boggie, Dale. "Memorial Service for Brigadier General Robin Olds". KeytLaw (Another Life: Flying the F-4 Phantom in the United States Air Force). Retrieved 7 February 2009. . The flyover included a flight of F-4 Phantoms for a missing man formation.
  67. ^ "Legendary fighter pilot Robin Olds dies". Air Force link. Retrieved 17 June 2007. 


External links

Simple English

Robin Olds (born July 14, 1922, died June 14, 2007) was a member of the United States Air Force. He was one of the first jet fighter pilots. In World War II, he flew a P-38 Lightning and a P-51 Mustang. In the Vietnam War, he was a commander and was angry about lack of dogfight training. He flew an F-4 Phantom II. In 1973, he retired from the Air Force at the rank of brigadier general. He had made 16 kills (12 in World War II, 4 in Vietnam). He had prostate cancer and died of heart failure.


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