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Coordinates: 22°59′19″S 43°14′48″W / 22.98861°S 43.24667°W / -22.98861; -43.24667

View of Rocinha in 2008.

Rocinha (literally, Portuguese for small ranch) is the largest favela in Rio de Janeiro. It has a estimated population of 60000 to 150000. It is located in Rio's South Zone, between the districts of São Conrado and Gávea. It is built on a steep hillside overlooking the city, just one kilometre from the beach.

Contents

Community

Although Rocinha is technically classified as a neighborhood, many still refer to it as a favela. It developed from a shanty town into an urbanized slum. Today, almost all the houses in Rocinha are made from concrete and brick. Some buildings are three and four stories tall and almost all houses have basic sanitation, plumbing, and electricity. Compared to simple shanty towns or slums, Rocinha has a better developed infrastructure and hundreds of businesses such as banks, medicine stores, bus lines, cable television, including locally based channel TV ROC, and, at one time, a McDonalds franchise[1], though it has since closed. These factors help classify Rocinha as a Favela Bairro, or Favela Neighborhood. Most of the favela is on a very steep hill. It is covered around with trees and steep hills.

There are a number of community organizations at work in Rocinha, including three neighborhood associations and numerous NGOs and non-profit educational institutions.

Many celebrities have visited Rocinha, including Mikhail Gorbachev (during the Earth Summit of 1992) and actor Christopher Lambert. Contrary to popular belief Michael Jackson did not shoot the first version of the music video for his single "They Don't Care About Us" there. This video was instead shot in the favela of Dona Marta in Botafogo, another neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro.

Robert Neuwirth discusses Rocinha in his book entitled Shadow Cities.

Rocinha, August 2006

Size

The population of Rocinha is estimated to be anywhere from 60,000 to 150,000[2][3]. It is the largest favela in Brazil and one of the most developed in Latin America. Some episodes of the Brazilian television series Cidade dos Homens (City of Men) were filmed there. The Incredible Hulk 2008 film includes an aerial view, an impressive helicopter footage that gives a fair idea of the enormity of the favela and its complex assortment of seemingly endless chaotic constructions.

References

  1. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/apr/17/brazil.garethchetwynd
  2. ^ Gay, Robert (1994). Popular Organization and Democracy in Rio de Janeiro: A Tale of Two Favelas. Temple University Press. ISBN 1566391202. 
  3. ^ Carpentier, Nico. MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES AND DEMOCRACY IN AN ENLARGED EUROPE: THE INTELLECTUAL WORK OF THE 2007 EUROPEAN MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION DOCTORAL SUMMER SCHOOL. THE RESEARCHING AND TEACHING COMMUNICATION SERIES. Tartu University Press. p. 128. ISBN 9789949114641. http://www.researchingcommunication.eu/. 

External links

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