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Rock and roll
Stylistic origins Blues • Gospel • Folk music • Country music • Jump blues • Chicago blues • Swing music • Boogie-woogie • R&B • Doo Wop
Cultural origins 1940s, United States
Typical instruments Electric guitar, string bass or later bass guitar, drums, piano, saxophone (occasionally)
Mainstream popularity One of the best selling music forms since the 1950s
Derivative forms Rock • Rockabilly • Pop
Other topics
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s,[1][2] primarily from a combination of the blues, country music[3] and gospel music.[4] .Though elements of rock and roll can be heard in country records of the 1930s,[3] and in blues records from the 1920s,[5] rock and roll did not acquire its name until the 1950s.^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ All in all, when its music again and not a produced money tree product rock and roll, country, soul, r&b, and every other type of music will be better off.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Rock and Roll basically just 'sold out' to the easy profits of selling anything that can be recorded (and fining folks for zillions for 'illegal' downloads, etc.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[6][7] .An early form of rock and roll was rockabilly,[8] which combined country and jazz with influences from traditional Appalachian folk music and gospel.^ Students can hear clips of funk, blues, gospel, motown, country and blues music from famous artists.

^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

[9]
.The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage.^ Little Steven is right: rock and roll a craft, and should be tackled with both fervency and skill.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Rock and Roll cover songs from the 50s until the present time have been the mainstain of both bands.
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^ SCC_Skwerl+Now+was+that+a+nose+lick+or+a+chin+lick%3F+Because+we%27ve+established+they%27re+two+different+things...'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

.The American Heritage Dictionary[10] and the Merriam-Webster Dictionary[11] both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music.^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
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^ If you think rock 'n roll's youth is wondering around in a music wasteland then it's because the music industry dictates that.
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^ May 20th, 2009 10:24 pm ET The state of mainstream rock has been in a downward spiral this whole decade...however, this decade has also produced some of the most artistic music, both lyrically and musically.
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Allwords.com, however, refers specifically to the music of the 1950s.[12] For the purpose of differentiation, this article uses the latter definition, while the broader musical genre is discussed in the rock music article.
.In the earliest rock and roll styles of the late 1940s and early 1950s, either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument, but these were generally replaced or supplemented by guitar in the middle to late 1950s.^ I'm either very late or extremely early.
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

^ May 20th, 2009 2:07 pm ET There is definitely a lack of good rock & roll these days.
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^ What really is killing rock and roll are groups forming that don't know how to play an instrument (rap).
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[13] .The beat is essentially a boogie woogie blues rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, the latter almost always provided by a snare drum.^ I'm a drummer and I've always thought of drums as being melodic as well as just to provide a beat.
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[14] .Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm), a string bass or (after the mid-1950s) an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit.^ By his own definition, he should not be allowed to be "rock n roll" because rock is made by and played for the young, right??
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^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ That's the reason that the "AWE" of a guy ripping some great guitar, with another guy actually thumping a bass guitar, with another human being creating beats live (I'm talking about actually playing the drums) capped by an awesome singer has gone away.
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[13]
.Rock and roll began achieving wide popularity in the 1960s.^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
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^ Book 2 - 1960s Rock N Roll Links .

[15] The massive popularity and eventual worldwide view of rock and roll gave it a widespread social impact. .Bobby Gillespie writes that "When Chuck Berry sang "Hail, hail, rock and roll, deliver me from the days of old", that's exactly what the music was doing.^ Rock n' roll is the music of youth, but it's almost 60 years old.
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^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.Chuck Berry started the global psychic jailbreak that is rock'n'roll."^ May 20th, 2009 10:31 pm ET I believe so much in Rock and Roll that I started a festival in Duluth, MN called The Tribute Fest.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Maybe we should STOP CALLING EVERYTHING ROCK. Yes Chuck Berry was rock.
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^ May 20th, 2009 10:31 pm ET I think rock n roll is in cardiac arrest and seriously needs a jump start.
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[16]
.Far beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll, as seen in movies and on television, influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language.^ I know this sounds naive but bring back the simpler times when rock and roll was clean and the only language you heard was good old fashioned lyrics that told a story.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ It's far from it, from what Ive seen it's actually doing quite well, just not in the eyes of the record execs who want to see bank rolls not creativity.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

It went on to spawn various sub-genres, often without the initially characteristic backbeat, that are now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock".

Contents

Origins of the style

.The origins of rock and roll have been fiercely debated by commentators and historians of music.^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ TRUE rock n' roll is about telling stories, spreading messages, all the while adding in some nice beats and killer music.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[17] .There is general agreement that it arose in the southern United States of America - the region which would produce most of the major early rock and roll acts - through the meeting of the different musical traditions which had developed from transatlantic African slavery and largely European immigration in that region.^ The history of rock and roll's most famous offices and the songwriters who inhabited them, including Carole King, Neil Diamond, Neil Sedaka, Burt Bacharach and ...

^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ If you think rock 'n roll's youth is wondering around in a music wasteland then it's because the music industry dictates that.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[18] .The migration of many freed slaves and their descendants to major urban centers like Memphis and north to New York City, Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland and Buffalo meant that black and white residents were living in close proximity in larger numbers than ever before, and as a result heard each other's music and even began to emulate each other's fashions.^ A lot of the new bands don't have a clue on where the music came from and what's really sad is I don't think they care or even realized they should care.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ There are so many good bands that are not even heard of, why ...
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

[19][20] Radio stations that made white and black forms of music available to other groups, the development and spread of the gramophone record, and musical styles such as jazz and swing which were taken up by both black and white musicians, aided this process of "cultural collision".[21]
.The immediate roots of rock and roll lay in the so-called "race music" and hillbilly music (later called rhythm and blues and country and western) of the 1940s and 1950s.^ Something that we can't even call rock and roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Rock and Roll / Rhythm and Blues from 1948 to 1953.

^ Students can hear clips of funk, blues, gospel, motown, country and blues music from famous artists.

[17] .Particularly significant influences were jazz, blues, boogie woogie, country, folk and gospel music.^ Students can hear clips of funk, blues, gospel, motown, country and blues music from famous artists.

^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[17] .Commentators differ in their views of which of these forms were most important and the degree to which the new music was a re-branding of African American rhythm and blues for a white market, or a new hybrid of black and white forms.^ Although all the schools in a given district were supposed to be equal, most black schools were far inferior to their white counterparts..

^ I made a comment to my wife when we were in the car listening to the new format – "your're listening to the new 93.3" – "all whine – all the time".
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ If you look at the biggest successes in the history of music (as in everything else), they are always completely original, new and different and seem to "come out of nowhere".
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[22][23][24]
.In the 1930s jazz, and particularly swing, both in urban based dance bands and blues-influenced country swing, was among the first music to present African American sounds for a predominately white audience.^ The music business talent scouts always choose the safe "white bread choice" which sounds like the last white bread hit record.
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^ They made it okay to package a band based on looks first.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Similarly, the improbable fusion of rodeo music and caribbean folk melodies that came to be known as rock'n'roll was a dance-based form based on the electric guitar.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[23][25] The 1940s saw the increased use of blaring horns (including saxophones), shouted lyrics and boogie woogie beats in jazz based music. During and immediately after World War II, with shortages of fuel and limitations on audiences and available personnel, large jazz bands were less economical and tended to be replaced by smaller combos, using guitars, bass and drums.[17][26] In the same period, particularly on the West Coast and in the Midwest, the development of jump blues, with its guitar riffs, prominent beats and shouted lyrics, prefigured many later developments.[17] Similarly, country boogie and Chicago electric blues supplied many of the elements that would be seen as characteristic of rock and roll.[17]
.Rock and roll arrived at time of considerable technological change, soon after the development of the electric guitar, amplifier and microphone, and the 45 rpm record.^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

^ The story of Sun Records founder Sam Phillips is very much the story of rock 'n' roll.

[17] .There were also changes in the record industry, with the rise of independent labels like Atlantic, Sun and Chess servicing niche audiences and a similar rise of radio stations that played their music.^ The issue is that MTV and the radio stations will not play it.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ If you want to change the music industry you have to speak the language of cash!
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^ Commercial radio does not play the much of the best music that is released, largely due to the fact that they fear it will result in a drop in listeners.
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[17] .It was the realization that relatively affluent white teenagers were listening to this music that led to the development of what was to be defined as rock and roll as a distinct genre.^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ If you think rock 'n roll's youth is wondering around in a music wasteland then it's because the music industry dictates that.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ It's just computer generated & stolen choruses from Real Rock & Roll artists.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[17]

Origins of the phrase

Alan Freed broadcasting in the early 1950s
.In 1951, Cleveland, Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed began broadcasting rhythm, blues, and country music for a multi-racial audience.^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.Freed is credited with first using the phrase "rock and roll" to describe the music he aired; its use is also credited to Freed's sponsor, record store owner Leo Mintz, who encouraged Freed to play the music on the radio.^ The official website of the DJ who coined the phrase 'Rock and Roll'.

^ Rock-n-Roll has always had sex in it but it used to also have an option about the world, it dealt in fantasy, and struggle.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[27] .The phrase had been used in the lyrics of rhythm and blues records since at least the late 1930s, such as in Bob Robinson's "Rock and Rolling" (1939), Buddy Jones's "Rock and Rolling Mamma" (1939) and Joe Turner's "Cherry Red" (1939).^ Rock-n-Roll has always had sex in it but it used to also have an option about the world, it dealt in fantasy, and struggle.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[28] .Three different songs with the title "Rock and Roll" were recorded in the late 1940s; by Paul Bascomb in 1947, Wild Bill Moore in 1948, and by Doles Dickens in 1949.[28] One such record where the phrase was repeated throughout the song was "Rock and Roll Blues", recorded in 1949 by Erline "Rock and Roll" Harris.^ Rock and Roll / Rhythm and Blues from 1948 to 1953.

^ That said, there are some bands within or around the rock and roll neighborhood that merit our appreciation and who may one day rise to the level of esteem of performers such as those listed in djohnson's post.
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^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

[29]
.Before then, the word "rock" had a long history in the English language as a metaphor for "to shake up, to disturb or to incite". "Rocking" was a term used by black gospel singers in the American South to mean something akin to spiritual rapture.^ That being said, it has been a long time since something transcendent came out of rock.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ I completely agree with Little Steven-there is a need in rock to look back, listen to, and absorb the history and music that has come before.
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^ Used vinyl record shops are popping up in towns all over the place with many of the young buying not only rock and Roll but also the Blues which is truly the beginning of Rock and Roll.
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[30] .In 1916, the term "rocking and rolling" was used with a religious connotation, on the phonograph record "The Camp Meeting Jubilee" by an unnamed male "quartette".[31] In 1937, Chick Webb and Ella Fitzgerald recorded "Rock It for Me", which included the lyric, "It's true that once upon a time The opera was the thing, But today the rage is rhythm and rhyme, So won't you satisfy my soul with the rock and roll".[32][33] The verb "roll" was a medieval metaphor which meant "having sex". Writers for hundreds of years have used the phrases "They had a roll in the hay" or "I rolled her in the clover".[34] The phrase "rocking and rolling" was secular black slang for dancing or sex by the early twentieth century,[35] appearing on record for the first time in 1922 on Trixie Smith's "My Man Rocks Me With One Steady Roll",[36] and as a double entendre, ostensibly referring to dancing, but with the subtextual meaning of sex, as in Roy Brown's "Good Rocking Tonight" (1948).^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ They are the only real rock n' roll band today.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ In the mean time, I do other things.
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

[37]
.The terms were often used together ("rocking and rolling") to describe the motion of a ship at sea, for example as used in 1934 by the Boswell Sisters in their song "Rock and Roll",[38] which was featured in the 1934 film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round,[39][40] and in Buddy Jones' "Rockin' Rollin' Mama" (1939).^ Rock-n-Roll has always had sex in it but it used to also have an option about the world, it dealt in fantasy, and struggle.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

.Country singer Tommy Scott was referring to the motion of a railroad train in the 1951 "Rockin and Rollin'".[41] An alternative claim is that the origins of "rocking and rolling" can be traced back to steel driving men working on the railroads in the Reconstruction South.^ But alternative rock, country rock, indie rock.
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^ Corporations don't give a rodent's behind about rock and roll, and if you DO, then you have to support your local musicians and maybe it will come back.
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^ Please, someone, anyone in the Rock & Roll Industry..Bring back the days of the rock band that has Consistency & Originality..And most of all Longevity!
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

These men would sing hammer songs to keep the pace of their hammer swings. .At the end of each line in a song, the men would swing their hammers down to drill a hole into the rock.^ Rock really has crumbled down into a mass-produced festival of generic garbage.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.The shakers — the men who held the steel spikes that the hammer men drilled — would "rock" the spike back and forth to clear rock or "roll", twisting the spike to improve the "bite" of the drill.^ Now, who can explain how my underwear ended up on back to front or why I would waste an extra day of wear?
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

^ The history of rock and roll's most famous offices and the songwriters who inhabited them, including Carole King, Neil Diamond, Neil Sedaka, Burt Bacharach and ...

^ The official website of the DJ who coined the phrase 'Rock and Roll'.

[42]

Early rock and roll records

Original 1954 Decca issue of Bill Haley's Rock Around the Clock
.There is much debate as to what should be considered the first rock & roll record.^ The story of Sun Records founder Sam Phillips is very much the story of rock 'n' roll.

^ Information and photos of Johnny OKeefe, Australias first king of Rock & Roll.

.Big Joe Turner was one of many forerunners and his 1939 recording, "Roll 'Em Pete", is close to '50s rock and roll.^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ Founders of Mersey Beat magazine, Press agents for many rock n roll artists.

^ The story of Sun Records founder Sam Phillips is very much the story of rock 'n' roll.

[43] Sister Rosetta Tharpe was also recording shouting, stomping music in the 1930s and 1940s that in some ways contained major elements of mid-1950s rock and roll. .She scored hits on the pop charts as far back as 1938 with her gospel songs, such as "This Train" and "Rock Me", and in the 1940s with "Strange Things Happenin' Every Day", "Up Above My Head", and "Down by the Riverside".[44] Other significant records of the 1940s and early 1950s included Roy Brown's "Good Rocking Tonight" (1947), Hank Williams' "Move It On Over" (1947), Amos Milburn's "Chicken Shack Boogie" (1947),[45] Jimmy Preston's "Rock the Joint" (1947),[46] Fats Domino's "The Fat Man" (1949),[47] and Les Paul and Mary Ford's "How High the Moon" (1951).^ Now, who can explain how my underwear ended up on back to front or why I would waste an extra day of wear?
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

^ I think I'll get up in an hour or two to hit the gym|love my new hobby and the body imma have with it BAM!!
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

[48]
.A leading contender as the first fully formed rock and roll recording is "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats (which was, in fact, Ike Turner and his band The Kings of Rhythm recording under a different name), recorded by Sam Phillips for Sun Records in 1951.[43] Three years later the first rock and roll song to enter Billboard magazine's main sales and airplay charts was Bill Haley's "Crazy Man, Crazy" and the first to top the charts, in July 1955, was his "Rock Around the Clock" (recorded in 1954), opening the door worldwide for this new wave of popular culture.^ Billboard Magazine Top Hits by year .

^ "First Wave" of Australian rock.

^ The story of Sun Records founder Sam Phillips is very much the story of rock 'n' roll.

[43] .Rolling Stone magazine argued in 2004 that "That's All Right (Mama)" (1954), Elvis Presley's first single for Sun Records in Memphis, was the first rock and roll record,[49] but, at the same time, Big Joe Turner's "Shake, Rattle & Roll", later covered by Haley, was already at the top of the Billboard R&B charts.^ Billboard Magazine Top Hits by year .

^ From the first syllable of recorded time - this is the story of plastic that shook the world, a guide to the key players and events, which shaped the record's development .

^ Information and photos of Johnny OKeefe, Australias first king of Rock & Roll.

[50]
.Early rock and roll used the twelve-bar blues chord progression and shared with boogie woogie the four beats (usually broken down into eight eighth-notes/quavers) to a bar.^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ See short clips of early Rock & Roll Dance Steps .

^ Founders of Mersey Beat magazine, Press agents for many rock n roll artists.

Rock and roll however has a greater emphasis on the backbeat than boogie woogie.[51] .Bo Diddley's 1955 hit "Bo Diddley", with its b-side "I'm A Man", introduced a new beat and unique guitar style that inspired many artists without either side using the 12 bar pattern - they instead played variations on a single chord each.^ Founders of Mersey Beat magazine, Press agents for many rock n roll artists.

^ U? 07/09/09 12:50pm en +...the+Labor+Dept+spin+on+new+jobless+claims+%27dropping%27+to+565K+is+either+comical+or+criminal.'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

[52]
.Also formative in the sound of rock and roll were Little Richard and Chuck Berry.^ Chuck Berry - History-of-Rock .

^ Book 8 Wired for Sound (The Technology) Rock N Roll Links .

From the early 1950s,[53] Little Richard combined gospel with New Orleans R&B, heavy backbeat,[54] pounding piano and wailing vocals.[55] .His music, exemplified by songs such as "Tutti Frutti" (1955), "Long Tall Sally" (1956) and "Good Golly, Miss Molly" (1958), influenced generations of rhythm and blues, rock and soul music artists.^ Face it, rock music as we have long enjoyed it is dead and the need is for the " next big thing".
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ It's just computer generated & stolen choruses from Real Rock & Roll artists.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[56][57][58] .Chuck Berry, with "Maybellene" (1955), "Roll over Beethoven" (1956), "Rock and Roll Music" (1957) and "Johnny B. Goode" (1958), refined and developed the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, focusing on teen life and introducing guitar intros and lead breaks that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music.^ Visit the STACKS Museum of American Soul Music for a special Web Adventures designed programme featuring the development of American Soul Music and all the contributing forms of music which has made soul music what it is today.

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ Information and photos of Johnny OKeefe, Australias first king of Rock & Roll.

[57]
.Soon rock and roll was the major force in American record sales and crooners such as Eddie Fisher, Perry Como, and Patti Page, who had dominated the previous decade of popular music, found their access to the pop charts significantly curtailed.^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ The official website of the DJ who coined the phrase 'Rock and Roll'.

[59]
The cover of Elvis Presley's debut RCA Victor album. Photo taken on January 31, 1955

Rockabilly

."Rockabilly" usually (but not exclusively) refers to the type of rock and roll music which was played and recorded in the mid 1950s by white singers such as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins and Jerry Lee Lewis, who drew mainly on the country roots of the music.^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ This web page attempts to explore the roots of rock in such a way as to illuminate the natural progression of musical styles.

^ The official website of the DJ who coined the phrase 'Rock and Roll'.

[60] Many other popular rock and roll singers of the time, such as Fats Domino and Little Richard, came out of the black rhythm and blues tradition, making the music attractive to white audiences, and are not usually classed as "rockabilly".
.In July 1954, Elvis Presley recorded the regional hit "That's All Right (Mama)" at Sam Phillips' Sun Studio in Memphis.^ The story of Sun Records founder Sam Phillips is very much the story of rock 'n' roll.

^ Listen to early Rock n Roll hits - That's All Right Baby, Around The Clock Blues, Shake, Rattle and Roll .

^ Sam Phillips - Sun Records .

[61] .Two months earlier in May 1954, Bill Haley & His Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock". Although only a minor hit when first released, when used in the opening sequence of the movie Blackboard Jungle, a year later, it really set the rock and roll boom in motion.^ Information about Bill Haley and his Comets.

^ Information and photos of Johnny OKeefe, Australias first king of Rock & Roll.

^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

The song became one of the biggest hits in history, and frenzied teens flocked to see Haley and the Comets perform it, causing riots in some cities. ."Rock Around the Clock" was a breakthrough for both the group and for all of rock and roll music.^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ Listen to early Rock n Roll hits - That's All Right Baby, Around The Clock Blues, Shake, Rattle and Roll .

If everything that came before laid the groundwork, "Clock" introduced the music to a global audience.[61]
In 1956 the arrival of rockabilly was underlined by the success of songs like "Folsom Prison Blues" by Johnny Cash, "Blue Suede Shoes" by Perkins and "Heartbreak Hotel" by Presley.[62] .For a few years it became the most commercially successful form of rock and roll.^ Rock N Roll died years ago.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ The 45rpm single helped form rock'n'roll; can it again?
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ I feel that part of the reason that rock and roll, and most other music for that matter, is suffering is actually about looks.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.Later rockabilly acts, particularly performing songwriters like Buddy Holly, would be a major influence on British Invasion acts and particularly on the song writing of the Beatles and through them on the nature of later rock music.^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

^ This web page attempts to explore the roots of rock in such a way as to illuminate the natural progression of musical styles.

[63]

Doo wop

.Doo wop was one of the most popular forms of 1950s rock and roll, with an emphasis on multi-part vocal harmonies and meaningless backing lyrics (from which the genre later gained its name), which were usually supported with light instrumentation.^ The history of rock and roll's most famous offices and the songwriters who inhabited them, including Carole King, Neil Diamond, Neil Sedaka, Burt Bacharach and ...

^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

[64] Its origins were in African American vocal groups of the 1930s and 40s, like the Inkspots and the Mills Brothers, who had enjoyed considerable commercial success with arrangements based around close harmonies.[65] They were followed by 1940s R&B vocal acts like The Orioles, The Ravens and The Clovers, who injected a strong element of traditional gospel and, increasingly, the energy of Jump blues.[65] .By 1954, as rock and roll was beginning to emerge, a number of similar acts began to cross over from the R&B charts to mainstream success, often with added honking brass and saxophone, with The Crows, The Penguins, The El Dorados and The Turbans all scoring major hits.^ May 20th, 2009 3:04 pm ET Rock and roll began as an offshoot of a type of the blues, with a little bit of folk music and jazz thrown.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ TRUE rock n' roll is about telling stories, spreading messages, all the while adding in some nice beats and killer music.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[65] Despite the subsequent explosion in records from doo wop acts in the later 50s, many failed to chart or were one-hit wonders. Exceptions included The Platters, with songs including "The Great Pretender" (1955) and The Coasters with humorous songs like "Yakety Yak" (1958), both of which ranked among the most successful rock and roll acts of the era.[65] Towards the end of the decade there were increasing numbers of white, particularly Italian American, singers taking up Doo Wop, creating all-white groups like The Mystics and Dion and the Belmonts and racially integrated groups like The Dell Vikings and The Impalas.[65] Doo wop would be a major influence on vocal surf music, soul and early Merseybeat, including the Beatles.[65]

Cover versions

Many of the earliest white rock and roll hits were covers or partial re-writes of earlier rhythm and blues or blues songs. .Through the late 1940s and early 1950s, R&B music had been gaining a stronger beat and a wilder style, with artists such as Fats Domino and Johnny Otis speeding up the tempos and increasing the backbeat to great popularity on the juke joint circuit.^ You%27re+either+up+very+early+or+stayed+up+very+late...+Thanks+for+reading%2C+Jen...'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

[66] Before the efforts of Freed and others, black music was taboo on many white-owned radio outlets, but artists and producers quickly recognized the potential of rock and roll.[67] Most of Presley's early hits were covers, like "That's All Right" (a countrified arrangement of a blues number), its flip side "Blue Moon of Kentucky", "Baby, Let's Play House", "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" and "Hound Dog".[68]
Rock'n'roller Little Richard performing in 2007
Covers were customary in the music industry at the time; it was made particularly easy by the compulsory license provision of United States copyright law (still in effect).[69] .One of the first successful rock and roll covers was Wynonie Harris's transformation of Roy Brown's "Good Rocking Tonight" from a jump blues to a showy rocker[70] and the Louis Prima rocker "Oh Babe" in 1950, as well as Amos Milburn's cover of what may have been the first white rock and roll record, Hardrock Gunter's "Birmingham Bounce" in 1949.[71] The most notable trend, however, was white pop covers of black R&B numbers.^ Slash5150+almost+every+image.+All+the+good+ones%2C+rather+than+like+4+or+5.+As+for+the+first+photographer%2C+no+idea.'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

The more familiar sound of these covers may have been more palatable to white audiences, there may have been an element of prejudice, but labels aimed at the white market also had much better distribution networks and were generally much more profitable.[72] Famously, Pat Boone recorded sanitized versions of Little Richard songs. Later, as those songs became popular, the original artists' recordings received radio play as well.[73]
The cover versions were not necessarily straightforward imitations. .For example, Bill Haley's incompletely bowdlerized cover of "Shake, Rattle and Roll" transformed Big Joe Turner's humorous and racy tale of adult love into an energetic teen dance number,[74] while Georgia Gibbs replaced Etta James's tough, sarcastic vocal in "Roll With Me, Henry" (covered as "Dance With Me, Henry") with a perkier vocal more appropriate for an audience unfamiliar with the song to which James's song was an answer, Hank Ballard's "Work With Me, Annie".[75] Elvis' rock and roll version of "Hound Dog" was very different from the blues shouter that Big Mama Thornton had recorded.^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ See short clips of early Rock & Roll Dance Steps .

^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

[76]

Decline

.Commentators have traditionally perceived a decline of rock and roll in the late 1950s and early 1960s.^ Early North American rock and roll (1953-1963) .

^ See short clips of early Rock & Roll Dance Steps .

^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

[77][78] By 1959, the death of Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper and Richie Valens in a plane crash, the departure of Elvis for the army, the retirement of Little Richard to become a preacher, prosecutions of Jerry Lee Lewis and Chuck Berry and the breaking of the payola scandal (which implicated major figures, including Alan Freed, in bribery and corruption in promoting individual acts or songs), gave a sense that the initial rock and roll era had come to an end.[43] There was also a process that has been described as the "feminisation" of rock and roll, with the charts beginning to be dominated by love ballads, often aimed at a female audience, and the rise of girl groups like The Shirelles and The Crystals.[79] Some historians of music have pointed to important and innovative developments that built on rock and roll in this period, including multitrack recording, developed by Les Paul, the electronic treatment of sound by such innovators as Joe Meek, and the Wall of Sound productions of Phil Spector, continued desegregation of the charts, the rise of surf music, garage rock and the Twist dance craze.[80]

British rock and roll

In the 1950s, Britain was well placed to receive American rock and roll music and culture.[81] It shared a common language, had been exposed to American culture through the stationing of troops in the country, and shared many social developments, including the emergence of distinct youth sub-cultures, which in Britain included the Teddy Boys.[82] Trad Jazz became popular, and many of its musicians were influenced by related American styles, including boogie woogie and the blues.[83] The skiffle craze, led by Lonnie Donegan, utilised amateurish versions of American folk songs and encouraged many of the subsequent generation of rock and roll, folk, R&B and beat musicians to start performing.[84] At the same time British audiences were beginning to encounter American rock and roll, initially through films including Blackboard Jungle (1955) and Rock Around the Clock (1955).[85] .Both films contained the Bill Haley & His Comets hit "Rock Around the Clock", which first entered the British charts in early 1955 - four months before it reached the US pop charts - topped the British charts later that year and again in 1956, and helped identify rock and roll with teenage delinquency.^ Information about Bill Haley and his Comets.

^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ Information and photos of Johnny OKeefe, Australias first king of Rock & Roll.

[86] American rock and roll acts such as Elvis Presley, Little Richard and Buddy Holly thereafter became major forces in the British charts.
The initial response of the British music industry was to attempt to produce copies of American records, recorded with session musicians and often fronted by teen idols.[81] More grassroots British rock and rollers soon began to appear, including Wee Willie Harris and Tommy Steele.[81] During this period American Rock and Roll remained dominant, however, in 1958 Britain produced its first "authentic" rock and roll song and star, when Cliff Richard reached number 2 in the charts with "Move It".[87] At the same time, TV shows such as Six-Five Special and Oh Boy! promoted the careers of British rock and rollers like Marty Wilde and Adam Faith.[81] .Cliff Richard and his backing band The Shadows, were the most successful home grown rock and roll based acts of the era.^ The history of rock and roll's most famous offices and the songwriters who inhabited them, including Carole King, Neil Diamond, Neil Sedaka, Burt Bacharach and ...

[88] .Other leading acts included Billy Fury, Joe Brown, and Johnny Kidd & The Pirates, whose 1960 hit song "Shakin' All Over" became a rock and roll standard.^ Rock 'n' Roll Timeline 1960-1969 .

^ Information and photos of Johnny OKeefe, Australias first king of Rock & Roll.

^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

[81]
.As interest in rock and roll was beginning to subside in America in the late 1950s and early 1960s, it was taken up by groups in major British urban centres like Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham and London.^ You%27re+either+up+very+early+or+stayed+up+very+late...+Thanks+for+reading%2C+Jen...'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

[89] About the same time, a British blues scene developed, initially led by purist blues followers such as Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies who were directly inspired by American musicians such as Robert Johnson, Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf.[90] Many groups moved towards the beat music of rock and roll and rhythm and blues from skiffle, like the Quarrymen who became The Beatles, producing a form of rock and roll revivalism that carried them and many other groups to national success from about 1963 and to international success from 1964, known in America as the British Invasion.[91] Groups that followed the Beatles included the beat-influenced Freddie and the Dreamers, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, Herman's Hermits and the Dave Clark Five, and the more blues-influenced The Animals, The Who, The Rolling Stones and The Yardbirds.[92] As the blues became an increasingly significant influence, leading to the creation of the blues-rock of groups like The Moody Blues, Small Faces, The Move, Traffic and Cream, and developing into rock music, the influence of early rock and roll began to subside.[91]

Cultural impact

The social effects of rock and roll were worldwide and massive. Far beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language.[93] .In addition, rock and roll may have helped the cause of the civil rights movement because both African American teens and white American teens enjoyed the music.^ Story of the post-war Civil Rights era for African Americans.

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ Early North American rock and roll (1953-1963) .

[94] It also gave rise to many other styles, including psychedelic rock, progressive rock, glam rock, alternative rock, punk and heavy metal.
Many early rock and roll songs all dealt with issues of cars, school, dating, and clothing. The rock and roll songs described events and conflicts that most listeners could relate to from some point in their lives. Topics that had never been covered in music, such as sex, began to be introduced in rock and roll music. .This new music tried to break boundaries and express the real emotions that people were feeling, but didn’t talk about.^ Everytime+i+hear+or+see+news+about+mj+i+feel+like+crying+D%3A+i+hope+he+can+be+buried+in+neverland.+I%27m+sure+he+would+have+wanted+to.'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

^ CopperSoul%3A+Some1+u+know+isnt+feeling+well+or+rather+they+refuse+to+talk+to+u+or+they+aren%27t+trying+hard+enuff+to+get+w%2Fu.'
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^ R: "Espera s 07/02/09 11:48pm en +%40oceanUP+It+was+boring.+I+love+her.+But+she+didn%27t+do+anything.+or+talk+about+anything+important.'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

An awakening in the young American culture began to take place.[95]

Race

.Rock and roll appeared at a time when racial tensions in the United States were entering a new phase, with the beginnings of the civil rights movement for desegregation, leading to the Supreme Court ruling that abolished the policy of "separate but equal" in 1954, but leaving a policy which would be extremely difficult to enforce in parts of the United States.^ As one of the early pioneers of the dynamic New York City Punk scene, Patti Smith has been creating her unique blend of poetic rock n' roll for over a quarter .

^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

^ The Victor Talking Machine Company (1901 - 1929) was a United States corporation, the leading American producer of phonographs and phonograph records and one of the leading phonograph companies in the world at the time.

[96] The combination of elements of white and black music in rock and roll, inevitably provoked strong reactions within the US, with many condemning its breaking down of barriers based on colour.[94]
.On the other side of the argument, rock and roll has been seen as both white performers appropriating African American music, and as black performers reaching a white audience.^ A rich powerful old white man or a great musical performer who was only rich and white half of his life.
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

^ I+know+who+I%27d+rather+honour.+A+rich+powerful+old+white+man+or+a+great+musical+performer+who+was+only+rich+and+white+half+of+his+life.'
  • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

[97] Many observers saw rock and roll as heralding the way for desegregation, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience.[98]

Teen culture

Rock and roll is often identified with the emergence of teen culture among the first baby boomer generation, who had both greater relative affluence, leisure and who adopted rock and roll as part of a distinct sub-culture.[99] This involved not just music, absorbed via radio, record buying, jukeboxes and T.V. programmes like American Bandstand, but it also extended to film, clothes, hair, cars and motorbikes, and distinctive language. .The contrast between parental and youth culture exemplified by rock and roll was a recurring source of concern for older generations, who worried about juvenile delinquency and social rebellion, particularly as to a large extent rock and roll culture was shared by different racial and social groups.^ The official website of the DJ who coined the phrase 'Rock and Roll'.

^ The history of rock and roll's most famous offices and the songwriters who inhabited them, including Carole King, Neil Diamond, Neil Sedaka, Burt Bacharach and ...

^ The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame honours the legendary performers, producers, songwriters, disc jockeys and others who have made rock and roll the force in our culture that it is.

[99] In Britain, where post-war prosperity was more limited, rock and roll culture became attached pre-existing to the Teddy Boy movement, largely working class in origins, and eventually to the longer lasting rockers.[100] Rock and roll has been seen as reorientating popular music towards a teen market, often celebrating teen fashions, as in Carl Perkins' "Blue Suede Shoes" (1956), or Dion and the Belmonts "Teenager in Love" (1960).[101]

Dance styles

From its early-1950s inception through the early 1960s, rock and roll music spawned new dance crazes.[102] Teenagers found the irregular rhythm of the backbeat especially suited to reviving the jitterbug dancing of the big-band era. "Sock hops," gym dances, and home basement dance parties became the rage, and American teens watched Dick Clark's American Bandstand to keep up on the latest dance and fashion styles.[103] From the mid-1960s on, as "rock and roll" yielded gradually to "rock," later dance genres followed, starting with the twist, and leading up to funk, disco, house and techno.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Farley, Christopher John, 1946 is similar in style to Elvis Rocks But He's Not the First, July 06, 2004
  2. ^ Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was The First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992), ISBN 0-571-12939-0.
  3. ^ a b Peterson, Richard A. Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity (1999), p. 9, ISBN 0-226-66285-3.
  4. ^ Christ-Janer, Albert, Charles W. Hughes, and Carleton Sprague Smith, American Hymns Old and New (New York: Columbia University Press, 1980), p. 364, ISBN 0-231-03458-X.
  5. ^ Davis, Francis. The History of the Blues (New York: Hyperion, 1995), ISBN 0-786-88124-0.
  6. ^ "The Roots of Rock 'n' Roll 1946-1954" 2004 Universal Music Enterprises
  7. ^ Dawson, Jim & Propes, Steve, What was the first rock ’n’ roll record?, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-12939-0, 1992
  8. ^ Eric Partridge, A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English (2002), cf. Rockabilly, ISBN 0-415-29189-5.
  9. ^ R. Cantwell Bluegrass Breakdown: The Making of the Old Southern Sound (Da Capo Press, 1992), ISBN 0252071174.
  10. ^ "Rock music". The American Heritage Dictionary. Bartleby.com. http://www.bartleby.com/61/92/R0279250.html. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Rock and roll". Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Online. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rock%20and%20roll. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  12. ^ "Rock and roll". AllWords.com. http://www.allwords.com/word-rock+and+roll.html. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b S. Evans, "The development of the Blues" in A. F. Moore, ed., The Cambridge companion to blues and gospel music (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 40-2.
  14. ^ P. Hurry, M. Phillips, and M. Richards, Heinemann advanced music (Heinemann, 2001), pp. 153-4.
  15. ^ Schafer, William J. Rock Music: Where It’s Been, What It Means, Where It’s Going. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1972. Print.
  16. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2010/jan/24/chuck-berry-bobby-gillespie
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra and S. T. Erlewine, All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (Backbeat Books, 2002, 3rd edn., 2002), p. 1303.
  18. ^ M. T. Bertrand, Race, Rock, and Elvis: Music in American Life (University of Illinois Press, 2000), pp. 21-2.
  19. ^ R. Aquila, That old-time rock & roll: a chronicle of an era, 1954-1963 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), pp. 4-6.
  20. ^ J. M. Salem, The late, great Johnny Ace and the transition from R & B to rock 'n' roll Music in American life (University of Illinois Press, 2001), p. 4.
  21. ^ M. T. Bertrand, 'Race, rock, and Elvis Music in American life (University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 99.
  22. ^ A. Bennett, Rock and popular music: politics, policies, institutions (Routledge, 1993), pp. 236-8.
  23. ^ a b K. Keightley, "Reconsidering rock" S. Frith, W. Straw and J. Street, eds, The Cambridge companion to pop and rock (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), p. 116.
  24. ^ N. Kelley, R&B, rhythm and business: the political economy of Black music (Akashic Books, 2005), p. 134.
  25. ^ E. Wald, How the Beatles Destroyed Rock N Roll: An Alternative History of American Popular Music (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 111-25.
  26. ^ P. D. Lopes, The rise of a jazz art world (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), p. 132
  27. ^ Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, Rock'n'Roll
  28. ^ a b R. Aquila, That old-time rock & roll: a chronicle of an era, 1954-1963 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 142.
  29. ^ JammUpp - Issue no. 11, e-magazine, http://home.earthlink.net/~jaymar41/otherfems.html, retrieved 05/08/09.
  30. ^ M. Lhde, 333 Book (Mel Bay Publications, 2008).
  31. ^ http://www.littlewonderrecords.com/music-library.html and click record number 339 to hear it.
  32. ^ J. Cott, Back to a shadow in the night: music writings and interviews, 1968-2001 (Hal Leonard, 2003), p. 194.
  33. ^ http://lyricsplayground.com/alpha/songs/r/rockitforme.shtml
  34. ^ Bill Haley & The Comets
  35. ^ A. DeCurtis, Present tense: rock & roll and culture (Duke University Press, 1992), p. 20.
  36. ^ N. Tosches, Where Dead Voices Gather (Little Brown And Company, 2002), p. 125.
  37. ^ V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra and S. T. Erlewine, All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul (Backbeat Books, 3rd edn., 2002), p. 507.
  38. ^ The Sisters
  39. ^ Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934)
  40. ^ C. Perkins and D. McGee, Go, Cat, Go! (Hyperion, 1996), p. 76, ISBN 0-7868-6073-1.
  41. ^ Scott, Tommy (RCS Artist Discography)
  42. ^ Scott Reynolds Nelson, Steel Drivin' Man, p. 75.
  43. ^ a b c d M. Campbell, ed., Popular Music in America: And the Beat Goes on (Cengage Learning, 3rd edn., 2008), p. 99.
  44. ^ G. F. Wald, Shout, Sister, Shout!: The Untold Story of Rock-and-Roll Trailblazer Sister Rosetta Tharpe (Beacon Press, 2008).
  45. ^ M. Dean, Rock N Roll Gold Rush: A Singles Un-Cyclopedia (Algora Publishing, 2003), pp. 38, 237-8.
  46. ^ A. F. Moore, The Cambridge companion to blues and gospel music (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 71-2.
  47. ^ R. Coleman, Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll (Da Capo Press, 2007), p. 61.
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  53. ^ White, Charles (2003), p. 55 The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Authorised Biography. Omnibus Press.
  54. ^ J. Mowitt, Percussion: drumming, beating, striking (Duke University Press, 2002), p. 26.
  55. ^ "Little Ricahard" All music, http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jifyxqe5ldde, retrieved 25/08/09.
  56. ^ http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/little-richard
  57. ^ a b M. Campbell, ed., Popular Music in America: And the Beat Goes on (Cengage Learning, 3rd edn., 2008), pp. 168-9.
  58. ^ http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/little-richard
  59. ^ R. S. Denisoff, W. L. Schurk, Tarnished gold: the record industry revisited (Transaction Publishers, 3rd edn., 1986), p. 13.
  60. ^ "Rockabilly", Allmusic, http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:187, retrieved 06/08/09.
  61. ^ a b "Elvis", Allmusic, http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jifuxqr5ldhe~T1, retrieved 06/08/09.
  62. ^ "Rockabilly", All Music, http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:187, retrieved 22/09/09.
  63. ^ P. Humphries, The complete guide to the music of the Beatles, Volume 2 (Music Sales Group, 1998), p. 29.
  64. ^ F. W. Hoffmann and H. Ferstler, Encyclopedia of recorded sound, Volume 1 (CRC Press, 2nd edn., 2004), pp. 327-8.
  65. ^ a b c d e f V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra and S. T. Erlewine, All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul (Backbeat Books, 3rd edn., 2002), pp. 1306-7.
  66. ^ Philip H. Ennis, The seventh stream: the emergence of rocknroll in American popular music (Wesleyan University Press, 1992), p. 201.
  67. ^ R. Aquila, That old-time rock & roll: a chronicle of an era, 1954-1963 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 6.
  68. ^ C. Deffaa, Blue rhythms: six lives in rhythm and blues (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1996), pp. 183-4.
  69. ^ J. V. Martin, Copyright: current issues and laws (Nova Publishers, 2002), pp. 86-8.
  70. ^ G. Lichtenstein and L. Dankner. Musical gumbo: the music of New Orleans (W.W. Norton, 1993), p. 775.
  71. ^ R. Carlin. Country music: a biographical dictionary (Taylor & Francis, 2003), p. 164.
  72. ^ R. Aquila, That old-time rock & roll: a chronicle of an era, 1954-1963 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 201.
  73. ^ G. C. Altschuler, All shook up: how rock 'n' roll changed America (Oxford: Oxford University Press US, 2003), pp. 51-2.
  74. ^ R. Coleman, Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll (Da Capo Press, 2007), p. 95.
  75. ^ D. Tyler, Music of the postwar era (Greenwood, 2008), p. 79.
  76. ^ C. L. Harrington, and D. D. Bielby., Popular culture: production and consumption (Wiley-Blackwell, 2001), p. 162.
  77. ^ D. Hatch and S. Millward, From blues to rock: an analytical history of pop music (Manchester: Manchester University Press ND, 1987), p. 110.
  78. ^ M. Campbell, Popular Music in America: And the Beat Goes on: Popular Music in America (Publisher Cengage Learning, 3rd edn., 2008), p. 172.
  79. ^ R.Dale, Education and the State: Politics, patriarchy and practice (Taylor & Francis, 1981), p. 106.
  80. ^ K. Keightley, "Reconsidering rock" S. Frith, W. Straw and J. Street, eds, The Cambridge companion to pop and rock (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), p. 116.
  81. ^ a b c d e R. Unterberger, "British Rock & Roll Before the Beatles", All Music Guides, http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=19:T571, retrieved 24/06/09.
  82. ^ D. O'Sullivan, The Youth Culture London: Taylor & Francis, 1974), pp. 38-9.
  83. ^ J. R. Covach and G. MacDonald Boone, Understanding Rock: Essays in Musical Analysis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), p. 60.
  84. ^ M. Brocken, The British folk revival, 1944-2002 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003), pp. 69-80.
  85. ^ V. Porter, British Cinema of the 1950s: The Decline of Deference (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), p. 192.
  86. ^ T. Gracyk, I Wanna Be Me: Rock Music and the Politics of Identity (Temple University Press, 2001), pp. 117-18.
  87. ^ D. Hatch, S. Millward, From Blues to Rock: an Analytical History of Pop Music (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987), p. 78.
  88. ^ A. J. Millard, The electric guitar: a history of an American icon (JHU Press, 2004), p. 150.
  89. ^ Mersey Beat - the founders' story.
  90. ^ V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, eds, All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues (Backbeat, 3rd edn., 2003), p. 700.
  91. ^ a b "British Invasion", All music guides, http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:379, retrieved 10/08/09.
  92. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/80244/British-Invasion Encyclopedia Britannica Article]
  93. ^ G. C. Altschuler, All shook up: how rock 'n' roll changed America (Oxford: Oxford University Press US, 2003), p. 121.
  94. ^ a b G. C. Altschuler, All shook up: how rock 'n' roll changed America (Oxford: Oxford University Press US, 2003), p. 35.
  95. ^ Schafer, William J. Rock Music: Where It’s Been, What It Means, Where It’s Going. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1972. Print.
  96. ^ H. Zinn, A people's history of the United States: 1492-present (Pearson Education, 3rd edn., 2003), p. 450.
  97. ^ M. Fisher, Something in the air: radio, rock, and the revolution that shaped a generation (Marc Fisher, 2007), p. 53.
  98. ^ M. T. Bertrand, Race, rock, and Elvis (University of Illinois Press, 2000), pp. 95-6.
  99. ^ a b M. Coleman, L. H. Ganong, K. Warzinik, Family life in twentieth-century America (Greenwood, 2007), pp. 216-17.
  100. ^ D. O'Sullivan, The Youth Culture London: Taylor & Francis, 1974), pp. 38-9.
  101. ^ Lisa A. Lewis, The Adoring audience: fan culture and popular media (Routledge, 1992), p. 98.
  102. ^ sixtiescity.com-Sixties Dance and Dance Crazes
  103. ^ R. Aquila, That old-time rock & roll: a chronicle of an era, 1954-1963 (University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 10.

Further reading

  • The Fifties by David Halberstam (1996), Random House (ISBN 0-517-15607-5)
  • The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock and Roll : The Definitive History of the Most Important Artists and Their Music by editors James Henke, Holly George-Warren, Anthony Decurtis, Jim Miller (1992), Random House (ISBN 0-679-73728-6)
  • The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll by Holly George-Warren, Patricia Romanowski, Jon Pareles (2001), Fireside Press (ISBN 0-7432-0120-5)
  • Rock and Roll: A Social History, by Paul Friedlander (1996), Westview Press (ISBN 0-8133-2725-3)
  • The Sound of the City: the Rise of Rock and Roll, by Charlie Gillett (1970), E.P. Dutton
  • "The Rock Window: A Way of Understanding Rock Music" by Paul Friedlander, in Tracking: Popular Music Studies, Volume I, number 1, Spring, 1988

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Rock and Roll is a musical genre and lifestyle which first originated in the 1950's and has since evolved in popular culture throughout the years proceeding.^ Rock n' roll is the music of youth, but it's almost 60 years old.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Culture and music evolve together.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Rock N Roll died years ago.
  • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

Unsourced

.
  • Rock and roll is just, rock and roll.^ It's just computer generated & stolen choruses from Real Rock & Roll artists.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock and Roll basically just 'sold out' to the easy profits of selling anything that can be recorded (and fining folks for zillions for 'illegal' downloads, etc.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ May 25th, 2009 4:42 pm ET I have been a rock and roll chick since I was just a mere toddler...
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • AC/DC
  • It's got a back-beat you can't lose it, any old time you use it...^ I know this sounds naive but bring back the simpler times when rock and roll was clean and the only language you heard was good old fashioned lyrics that told a story.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ They kick it old school like AC/DC. .
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ AC DC - Back in Black (4:12) 14.

    it's got to be rock and roll music if you want to dance with me. .
    • Chuck Berry
  • As I define it, rock and roll is dead.^ Oldies rock n roll isn't dead.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ May 21st, 2009 7:01 pm ET Rock 'n Roll is dead, Punk is dead, blah blah blah.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ May 20th, 2009 9:57 pm ET 1st you need to define :Rock & Roll".
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .The attitude isn't dead, but the music is no longer vital.^ Music is no longer happy.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "Tell me Lies, Sweet Little Lies", the truth is we no longer by the music they produce and force down our throats.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ May 20th, 2009 8:56 pm ET The problem is that the music business is no longer about music it's about dancing singers.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    It doesn't have the same meaning. .The attitude, though, is still very much alive -- and it still informs other kinds of music.^ Rock is very much alive.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The really sad thing is there are still bands making very powerful and passionate music.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Long story short – Rocknroll is alive and well, and regardless of what kind of shape the "music industry" is in, the music isn't suffering.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • If it's illegal to rock and roll, throw my ass in jail!^ Rock and Roll basically just 'sold out' to the easy profits of selling anything that can be recorded (and fining folks for zillions for 'illegal' downloads, etc.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ David Bowie - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame .

    ^ "HEY HEY, MY, MY...ROCK AND ROLL CAN NEVER DIE...."
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

  • Men make angry music and it's called rock-and-roll; women include anger in their vocabulary and suddenly they're angry and militant.^ Something that we can't even call rock and roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you think rock 'n roll's youth is wondering around in a music wasteland then it's because the music industry dictates that.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • Commercial rock 'n' roll music is a brutalization of the stream of contemporary Negro church music an obscene looting of a cultural expression.^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you think rock 'n roll's youth is wondering around in a music wasteland then it's because the music industry dictates that.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I feel that part of the reason that rock and roll, and most other music for that matter, is suffering is actually about looks.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • Rock and Roll is passion, commitment, and spirit.^ May 20th, 2009 9:51 pm ET The struggle for rock and roll to find itself again is not as simple as finding passion.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ With that said until a guy like Doug Sahm is in the Hall of Fame instead of some of the other acts there, the spirit of rock and roll is in trouble.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Mick Fleetwood
  • You've got to be hard, like the rock in that old rock and roll.^ Scorpions , Rock you like a hurricane !
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock today is lame (I am not a metal head or Metallica fan) and like (but am not energized by) old bands like ACDC recycling power chords/riffs.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • Rock and roll used to be for kicks, nowadays it's politics.^ Rock-n-Roll has always had sex in it but it used to also have an option about the world, it dealt in fantasy, and struggle.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Used vinyl record shops are popping up in towns all over the place with many of the young buying not only rock and Roll but also the Blues which is truly the beginning of Rock and Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

  • Rock and Roller cola wars, I can't take it anymore.
  • Videos destroyed the vitality of rock and roll. .Before that, music said, "Listen to me."^ I completely agree with Little Steven-there is a need in rock to look back, listen to, and absorb the history and music that has come before.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    Now it says, "Look at me." .
  • I like rock and roll, and I don't like much else.^ I don't like it but their is music from all periods I don't like.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ And to many people's point, it doesn't all have to be ROCK like Springsteen makes it ..
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • If you tried to give rock and roll another name, you might call it Chuck Berry.^ And when John Lennon died, rock died with him.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Something that we can't even call rock and roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • We're more popular than Jesus now; I don't know which will go first, rock 'n' roll or Christianity.^ And when John Lennon died, rock died with him.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You don't know the first second of it.
    • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You don't know where to go in music if you don't know where the music has been.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

  • Now in the sixties we were naive, like children. .Everybody went back to their rooms and said, 'We didn't get a wonderful world of just flowers and peace and happy chocolate, and it won't be just pretty and beautiful all the time,' and just like babies everyone went back to their rooms and sulked.^ Just like beauty is in the eye of the beholder, so it is that good music is in the ear of the listener.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This time I really will back up all my numbers!!!
    • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But bands like creedence, metalica, the beetles, AC/DC, and even one-hit wonders like Journey, have had an effect on people all over the globe.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .'We're going to stay in our rooms and play rock and roll and not do anything else, because the world's a horrible place, because it didn't give us everything we cried for.'^ After, every time one would catch our eye as we were packing up, they'd say with great energy, "Thanks so much for playing for us.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock-n-Roll has always had sex in it but it used to also have an option about the world, it dealt in fantasy, and struggle.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    Right? .
  • Rock and roll doesn't necessarily mean a band.^ And when John Lennon died, rock died with him.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock n' roll is about each band's Identity.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You wanna change the face of rock 'n roll you get rock 'n roll radio stations to play something else other than the current bands new songs.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    It doesn't mean a singer, and it doesn't mean a lyric, really. It's that question of trying to be immortal.
    • Malcolm McLaren
  • The Blues had a baby. .They call it Rock and Roll.^ Something that we can't even call rock and roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ They are the only real rock n' roll band today.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Twenty-five years after an artist's first record they become eligible for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Brownie McGhee, Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry
  • I'm just a musical prostitute, my dear!^ Maybe we can blame rap for this, but I don't think that people expect rap to be melodic–just rhythmic and, in my opinion, a musical format for less-talented people of all races–another sign of the watering down of talent.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Is Thursday music theme or do many of my tweaches just tweet about music?
    • Set it Free to Compete? : Dale Larson 16 September 2009 1:25 UTC dalelarson.com [Source type: General]

    When I wear leather, I feel like a Black Panther!
  • If you live in rock and roll, as I do, you see the reality of sex, of male lust and women being aroused by male lust.^ Long live rock n' roll!
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock-n-Roll has always had sex in it but it used to also have an option about the world, it dealt in fantasy, and struggle.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Used to be that you had to "Pay your Dues" in Rock & Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    It attracts women. It doesn't repel them. .
  • No, it hasn't, because I was in tanks and they rock and rolled quite a bit.^ I have found the younger generation very receptive to the history of rock but it is hard for them to have any real exposure to it outside of TV and Film because their is little or no discounts given for someone wanting to explore the history of rock and roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock is an ever-evolving genre, and when the radio experiences a lull in good music, it is not because there is no available good music; is because we are in the midst of change.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Is it because there are no new rock bands worth listening too?
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Elvis Presley, when asked if his 2-year stint in the Army changed his thoughts on rock and roll
  • "Rock and Roll" is about me.^ The entire song is a tribute to Buddy Holly and a commentary on how rock and roll changed in the years since his death.

    ^ Elvis Presley: The Early Years...

    .If I hadn't heard rock and roll on the radio, I would have had no idea there was life on this planet.^ Is it because there are so few over the airwaves rock and roll radio stations anymore?
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rock is an ever-evolving genre, and when the radio experiences a lull in good music, it is not because there is no available good music; is because we are in the midst of change.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You wanna change the face of rock 'n roll you get rock 'n roll radio stations to play something else other than the current bands new songs.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    Which would have been devastating to think that everything, everywhere was like it was where I come from. That would have been profoundly discouraging. Movies didn't do it for me. TV didn't do it for me. It was the radio that did it. .
  • Rock and Roll: Music for the neck downwards.^ That's because it's all great music and it's time for American music lovers to embrace it for what it is...Good Rock N' Roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you think rock 'n roll's youth is wondering around in a music wasteland then it's because the music industry dictates that.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I feel that part of the reason that rock and roll, and most other music for that matter, is suffering is actually about looks.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

  • It's only Rock and Roll but I like it. .
    • Rolling Stones
  • Rock and roll is dead, and we don't care.^ Oldies rock n roll isn't dead.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ May 21st, 2009 7:01 pm ET Rock 'n Roll is dead, Punk is dead, blah blah blah.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Corporations don't give a rodent's behind about rock and roll, and if you DO, then you have to support your local musicians and maybe it will come back.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • The Rubinoos
  • Rock and roll music - the music of freedom frightens people and unleashes all manner of conservative defense mechanisms.^ And to many people's point, it doesn't all have to be ROCK like Springsteen makes it ..
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ All the new rock music sounds the same to me.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ McLean seems to be lamenting the lack of "danceable" music in rock and roll and (in part) attributing that lack to the absence of Buddy Holly et.

  • Rock and roll is the hamburger that ate the world.
    • Peter York
  • My my, hey hey... .Rock and roll is here to stay.^ May 20th, 2009 2:42 pm ET The staying power of rock n roll is obvious.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    Hey hey, my my... .Rock and roll will never die.^ May 20th, 2009 7:30 pm ET Let Rock 'n' Roll die.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Golden Age of Rock may be over, but Rock will never die!
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "HEY HEY, MY, MY...ROCK AND ROLL CAN NEVER DIE...."
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • Most rock journalism is people who can't write, interviewing people who can't talk, for people who can't read.^ Most young black men and women don't listen to rock and roll.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The middle ages , the churche prohebited people to learn to read and write to ...
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ May 20th, 2009 4:13 pm ET I recently saw Neil Young in concert........hard for me to believe that rock and roll is in any trouble after that.......still giving everything he's got, and there were a lot of young people there who were just as into it as the "old" fans that grew up with his music.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • No change in musical style will survive unless it is accompanied by a change in clothing style.^ Rock is an ever-evolving genre, and when the radio experiences a lull in good music, it is not because there is no available good music; is because we are in the midst of change.
    • Saving rock 'n' roll – The Marquee Blog - CNN.com Blogs 14 January 2010 20:020 UTC marquee.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

    Rock is to dress up to.
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