Rockingham County, Virginia: Wikis

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Rockingham County, Virginia
Seal of Rockingham County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Rockingham County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Harrisonburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

853 sq mi (2,209 km²)

2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.25%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

67,725
80/sq mi (31/km²)
Founded 1778
Website www.rockinghamcountyva.gov/

Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 67,725. Its county seat is Harrisonburg[1]. Rockingham County is included in the Harrisonburg, Virginia, Metropolitan Statistical Area and is home of the Rockingham County Baseball League.

Contents

History

Settlement of this portion of the Colony of Virginia by Europeans began around 1745. Standing between the Tidewater and Piedmont regions to the east in Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley and the area beyond (known in old Virginia as the "Transmountaine") were the Blue Ridge Mountains. Rather than cross such a formidable physical barrier, most early settlers came southerly up the Valley across the Potomac River from Maryland and Pennsylvania. Many followed the Great Wagon Trail, also known as the Valley Pike (U.S. Route 11 in modern times).

Rockingham County was established in 1778 from Augusta County. Harrisonburg was named as the county seat and incorporated as a town in 1780 (later becoming an independent city, although remaining the county seat).[2]

The county is named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, a British statesman (1730-1782). He was Prime Minister of Great Britain twice, and a keen supporter of constitutional rights for the colonists. During his first term, repealed the Stamp Act of 1765, reducing the tax burden on the colonies. Appointed again in 1782, upon taking office, he backed the claim for the independence of the Thirteen Colonies, initiating an end to British involvement in the American Revolutionary War. However, he died after only 14 weeks in office.

By 1778, it was unusual to honor British officials in Virginia, fighting for its independence. The same year, immediately to the north of Rockingham County, Dunmore County, named for Virginia's last Royal Governor, John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, an unpopular figure was renamed. The new name, Shenandoah County, used a Native American name.

However, long their political supporter in the British Parliament, the Marquess of Rockingham was a popular figure with the citizens of the new United States. Also named in his honor were Rockingham County, New Hampshire, Rockingham County, North Carolina, and the City of Rockingham in Richmond County, North Carolina.

Rockingham County is the birthplace of Thomas Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln’s father.[3]

Geography

Rockingham County is the third largest county in Virginia.[4] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 853 square miles (2,210 km²), of which, 851 square miles (2,204 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) of it (0.25%) is water. Large portions of the county fall within the Shenandoah National Park to the east and George Washington National Forest to the west, and therefore are subject to development restrictions. The county stretches west to east from the peaks of eastern-most Alleghany mountains to the peaks of the Blue Ridge mountains, encompassing the entire width of the Shenandoah Valley. Rockingham is bi-sected by another geographic formation, Massanutten Mountain stretching from just east of Harrisonburg, VA to a few miles southwest of Front Royal, VA in Warren County, VA. Massanutten Mountain splits the central Shenandoah Valley as the German River and the North Fork of the Shenandoah River flow on its western side and the South Fork flows on the eastern.

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Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 67,725 people, 25,355 households, and 18,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 people per square mile (31/km²). There were 27,328 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.58% White, 1.36% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 3.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,355 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,748, and the median income for a family was $46,262. Males had a median income of $30,618 versus $21,896 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,795. About 5.30% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education

For public schools, see Rockingham County Public Schools

Colleges and universities

Points of interest

Two Turkey statues, one at either end of Route 11 signal that you are in the "Turkey Capital." Rockingham County is the leader of Virginia in poultry production. Rockingham County is also home to a large section of the Shenandoah National Park and Skyline Drive with an entrance point at Swift Run Gap. Boasting numerous hiking and walking trails as well as scenic overlooks and waterfalls the park is one of the focal points of Shenandoah Valley tourism. The county also is home to a large section of the George Washington National Forest offering camping and outdoor activity. Massanutten Resort offers two golf courses, an indoor water park, as well as seasonal skiing, mountain biking and river rafting. Two Civil War battles took place in Rockingham County one at Cross Keys just southeast of Harrisonburg, VA and another at Port Republic along the South Fork of the Shenandoah River just north of Grottoes, VA.

Communities

Incorporated Towns

Unincorporated Communities

  • Bergton
  • Berrytown
  • Briery Branch
  • Clover Hill
  • Cootes Store
  • Criders
  • Cross Keys
  • Dale Enterprise
  • Edom
  • Fulks Run
  • Hinton

Independent city

Since it became an independent city, Harrisonburg is no longer politically located in Rockingham County, despite its status as the county seat.

Transportation

Railroads

Rockingham County is principally served by Norfolk Southern Railway, a (major) Class 1 railroad and additionally, by the Shenandoah Valley Railroad, a short-line railroad.

Highways

Interstate 81 runs north-south and meets east-west Interstate 64 near Staunton to the south in adjacent Augusta County.

There are three major Primary State Highways in the county. (A primary road provides service which is relatively continuous and of relatively high traffic volume, long average trip length, high operating speed and high mobility importance).[6] Interstate highways and primary highways in Virginia are maintained by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT).

These primary state highways are:

Secondary roads: As provided by the Byrd Road Act of 1932, secondary roads in Rockingham County are also maintained by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT).

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/
  3. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lincoln
  4. ^ http://www.rockinghamcountyva.gov/showpage.aspx?PageID=6
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ http://www.highlandcova.org/Compplan/Tranverb.htm

External links

Coordinates: 38°31′N 78°53′W / 38.52°N 78.88°W / 38.52; -78.88


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Rockingham County, Virginia
File:Rockingham Seal.gif
Map
File:Map of Virginia highlighting Rockingham County.png
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1778
Seat Harrisonburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,210 km² (853 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
6 km² (2 mi²), 0.25%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

67,725
31/km² 
Website: www.rockinghamcountyva.gov/

Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 67,725. Its county seat is Harrisonburg6. Rockingham County is included in the Harrisonburg, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area and is home of the Rockingham County Baseball League.

Contents

History

Rockingham County was established in 1778 from Augusta County. The county is named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,210 km² (853 mi²). 2,204 km² (851 mi²) of it is land and 6 km² (2 mi²) of it (0.25%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 67,725 people, 25,355 households, and 18,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 31/km² (80/mi²). There were 27,328 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (32/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.58% White, 1.36% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 3.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,355 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,748, and the median income for a family was $46,262. Males had a median income of $30,618 versus $21,896 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,795. About 5.30% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 9.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education

See Rockingham County Public Schools

Bridgewater College

Towns

Incorporated Towns

  • Bridgewater
  • Broadway
  • Dayton
  • Elkton
  • Grottoes
  • Mount Crawford
  • Timberville

Unincorporated Communities

  • Bergton
  • Briery Branch
  • Clover Hill
  • Cootes Store
  • Criders
  • Cross Keys
  • Dale Enterprise
  • Edom
  • Fulks Run
  • Hightown
  • Hinton
  • Keezletown
  • Lacey Spring
  • Linville
  • Lilly
  • Mauzy
  • Mayland
  • McGaheysville
  • Montezuma
  • Mount Clinton
  • Penn Laird
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Port Republic
  • Rawley Springs
  • Singers Glen
  • Stemphleytown
  • Tenth Legion
  • Turleytown
  • Yankeetown

Independent city

As an independent city, Harrisonburg is not a part of Rockingham County, despite its status as the county seat.

Coordinates: 38°31′N 78°53′W / 38.52, -78.88

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County of subdivision1 Virginia  +
Short name Rockingham County  +

This article uses material from the "Rockingham County, Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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