The Full Wiki

Rodez: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 44°21′02″N 2°34′30″E / 44.3506°N 2.5750°E / 44.3506; 2.5750

Commune of Rodez RodezCathedrale1724.jpg
The western façade of Rodez Cathedral

Location
Rodez is located in France
Rodez
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Rodez
Canton 3 cantons
Intercommunality Grand Rodez
Mayor Christian Teyssèdre
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 501–643 m (1,640–2,110 ft)
(avg. 627 m/2,060 ft)
Land area1 11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population2 23,707  (1999)
 - Density 2,120 /km2 (5,500 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 12202/ 12000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rodez (Occitan: Rodés) is a city and commune in southern France, in the Aveyron department, of which it is the capital. Its inhabitants are called Ruthenois.

Contents

History

Existing from at least the 5th century BC, Rodez was founded by the Celts. After the Roman occupation, the oppidum (fortified place) was renamed Segodunum, while in late Imperial times it was known as Civitas Rutenorum, whence the modern name. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was captured by the Visigoths and then by the Franks, being also ravaged by the Arabs in 725. Later it was occupied by the armies of the Dukes of Aquitaine and of the Counts of Toulouse. English troops occupied Rodez during the Hundred Years War.

However, in medieval times the city's history was marked by strong rivalry between the Counts and the Bishops of Rodez, who exerted their authorities in different sectors of the city, divided by a wall. The counts were able to defy the royal French authority until the submission of count John IV by the future King Louis XI in the 15th century. In the following century bishop François d'Estaing built the Rodez Cathedral.

The last count of Rodez, Henry VI of Rodez, who became Henry IV of France, sold his title to Royal Crown in 1589. The city remained a flourishing merchant centre up to the 18th century, but it lost much of its importance when Villefranche-de-Rouergue was made prefecture capital in the wake of the French Revolution.

Main sights

  • The notable Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rodez. One of its features is a completely closed western wall, which was part of the city's defence wall.
  • Chapelle Saint-Martin.
  • Historical and Archaeological Museum
  • Church of Saint-Amans (12th century, rebuilt in 1758-1761). The interior is in Baroque style. In the choir are 6th century tapestries representing the miracles of Saint Amand. The interior houses also a 15th century Pietà and a statue of the Trinity (sixteenth century).
  • The Bishop's Palace.
  • The Musée Denys-Puech

Economy

Rodez is traditionally an agricultural trade center.

Transportation

Rodez is served by the nearby Rodez Marcillac Airport, located on the territory of the commune of Salles-la-Source.

Other

Twin towns

See also

External links

Advertisements

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message