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John Roland Robinson, 1st Baron Martonmere, GBE KCMG PC (22 February 1907 – 3 May 1989), was a British Conservative politician who served as Governor of Bermuda from 1964 to 1972.

The son of Roland Walkden Robinson of Blackpool, Robinson was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1929. In 1931 he was elected Member of Parliament for Widnes, a seat he held until 1935, and then represented Blackpool from 1935 to 1945 and Blackpool South from 1945 to 1964. Robinson never held ministerial office but was Chairman of the Conservative Commonwealth Affairs Committee in the House of Commons from 1954 to 1964. He was knighted in 1954, admitted to the Privy Council in 1962, and in 1964 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Martonmere, of Blackpool in the County Palatine of Lancaster. The latter year he was also appointed Governor of Bermuda, a post he held until 1972. He was further honoured when he was made a KCMG in 1966 and a GBE in 1973.

Lord Martonmere married Maysie Gasque, daughter of Clarence Warren Gasque, in 1930. They had two children, one son and one daughter. Lord Martonmere died in May 1989, aged 82. He was succeeded in the Barony by his grandson, John Stephen Robinson.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Gordon Cameron
Member of Parliament for Widnes
19311935
Succeeded by
Richard Pilkington
Preceded by
Clifford Erskine-Bolst
Member of Parliament for Blackpool
19351945
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
New constituency
Member of Parliament for Blackpool South
19451964
Succeeded by
Peter Blaker
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Julian Gascoigne
Governor of Bermuda
1964–1972
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Sharples
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Martonmere
1964–1989
Succeeded by
John Stephen Robinson
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