Roller hockey: Wikis

  
  
  

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Roller hockey is a form of hockey played on a dry surface using skates with wheels. The term "Roller Hockey" is often used interchangeably to refer to three variant forms chiefly differentiated by the type of skate used. There is traditional "Roller Hockey," played with quad roller skates, "Skater hockey," played originally with quad and later with inline skates and "Inline Hockey," played with inline skates and Puck. Combined, roller hockey is played in nearly 60 countries worldwide.

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Game types

Roller hockey played on Quad skates and Roller Hockey played on Inline skates have different rules and equipment, and they involve different types of skating but share the name Roller Hockey. Roller hockey (Quad) is played using traditional quad roller skates, affording greater maneuverability to the player: as a result, it is more similar to football or basketball while roller Hockey (Inline) bears closer resemblance to ice hockey. The Roller Hockey (Inline) Goalie uses a Glove, called a catcher, to catch the shot on goal, he also has a flat, usually square, mitt which is used to deflect the shot this is called a blocker. The Roller hockey (Quad) Goalie uses a flat batting glove that provides rebound characteristics when blocking a shot on goal.

Quad roller hockey

Rink hockey - Hardball hockey - Hoquei em Patins

Quad roller hockey is a variation of roller hockey. Roller Hockey is the overarching name for a rollersport that has existed long before inline skates were mass produced. Roller Hockey has been played on quad skates, in sixty countries worldwide and so has many names worldwide. Sometimes the sport is called Quad Hockey, Hóquei em Patins (PT), Rolhockey (NL), International Style Ball hockey, Rink Hockey (FR), Hockey Su Pista (IT), Hoquei sobre patins (CA), Hockey sobre Patines (ES), Rulleskøjtehockey (DA), Rullbandy (S), Rulluisuhoki (ET) and Hardball hockey-2008 US adopted Rink Hockey naming convention (US), depending on which region of the world it is played. Roller hockey was a demonstration sport in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.

Inline roller hockey

Inline Hockey is played on inline skates

Inline roller hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey, from which it is derived. The game is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink. The game is played in three 15-minute periods, or similar. The game rules differ from ice hockey in a few simple changes; there is no icing, no body checking, and is played in a 4 on 4 player format instead of 5 on 5. Like ice hockey, roller hockey (inline) is a contact sport. It is similar to ice hockey in that team work, skill and aggressiveness are needed. Excepting the use of inline roller skates in lieu of ice skates, the equipment of inline roller hockey is similar to that of ice hockey. Roller Hockey (Inline) is referred to by many names worldwide, including Ball Hockey, Inline hockey, Roller Hockey, Longstick hockey, Road hockey, and Street hockey depending on which region of the world it is played. Generally speaking, only competitive level inline hockey is strictly bound by governing body's rules. Recreational hockey leagues may make modifications to certain aspects of the rules to suit local requirements (size of rink, length of periods and penalties). The fact that it can be played on almost any dry surface means that it can be played in almost any leisure center.

(Inline) Skater Hockey

Skater hockey is also similar to ice hockey, different to Inline roller hockey with body checking and ball.

Players

A roller hockey team is formed from four players and a goalkeeper. A team roaster may contain no more than 15 players and 2 goalkeepers. At the beginning of the game, each team must have 5 players on the playing surface counting the goalie as well. The absence of the goalkeeper is permitted if the team has no less than five players on the playing surface. A player cannot be listed in two different teams if these are playing in the same league and at the same age division. On the other hand, goalkeepers are allowed to be listed in two different teams.

Each team must have a captain who wears the letter "C" on one of his arms. The "C" letter must be approximately 3 inches in height and in contrasting colors, in a conspicuous position on the front of the jersey. [1] The captain is the only player who may discuss with the referee any matter related to the interpretation of the rules during a game. Any player of the team may be designated as a captain, except for the goalkeeper. If the appointed captain is not able to participate in a game due to injury or penalty, he can be replaced with another player.

The players may be changed at any time of the game if the coach considers it necessary. The player may be substituted by a player from the bench under the condition that the player who leaves the playing field must be situated within 5 feet from the players' bench. Also, the player to be changed must be out of the game when the change occurs. The same rules apply for the goalies that may be replaced by other goalies at any time of the game under the same circumstances.

Positions

The playing positions in a roller hockey game are the centre, left wing, right wing and the right and the left defensemen. The five players from the playing surface, apart from the goaltender, are divided into three forwards and two defensemen. The forward positions imply a centre, a left wing and a right wing. Usually, these positions play together in a line or unit while the defensemen play together but divided between left and right. An entire line may be substituted, action which is known as a line change or line switch.

Roller hockey goalie equipment

The goalie's protective equipment is specially designed to protect the goalie from the pucks or sticks and it is made in such way that it will not offer the goalie any advantages over the rest of the players. The protective equipment is made of hydrophobic artificial leather covered by nylon. Roller hockey goalie equipment is required to protect the player from the numerous pucks that are shot in his direction during practices and games. [2] The roller hockey goalie equipment includes a stick, skates, gloves (catching and blocking gloves), leg guards, helmet, chest protection and padded hockey pants.

The goalie's sticks as well as the other players' sticks can be made of wood, carbon composite, graphite, aluminium or rubber composite materials. Their hollow ends must be entirely covered. The length of the stick is measured from the heel to the end of the shaft. The length of the stick may not be more than 63 inches. The distance from the heel to the end of the blade is no more than 15.5 inches. Also, the blade of the stick has a width of 3.5 inches at any of its points apart from the heel where width may not exceed 4.5 inches. The skates used in roller hockey are different depending on the type of roller hockey player. In quad roller hockey, players use quads while in inline roller hockey, players wear inline skates. Usually, inline skates have no more than five wheels. The usage of quad skates in inline roller hockey is not prohibited but it is not recommended either.

Goalies wear blocker gloves that shall not exceed 16 inches in length nor 8 inches in width, and catching gloves that cannot be longer than 17 inches nor wider than 9 inches. The blocker gloves are worn on the same hand that the goalie uses for holding the stick. The catcher glove is worn on the free hand and it is quite similar to a baseball mitt but with more protection and with a deeper pocket.

The goalies' pants have an extra heavy padding in the thigh area and a lighter padding in the back and sides, being similar to the ones worn by defensemen and forwards. The leg guards or pads are part of the protective goalie gear and they are mandatory because they offer goalie's protection from the pucks and sticks that might be hitting them during the game. The leg guards worn by roller hockey goalies are not wider than 12 inches.

The leg pads may be different depending on the style of playing. The traditional leg pads are designed for standing up, while newer leg pads are designed for goalies that play in the butterfly style. It is also mandatory that goaltenders wear a helmet with a strap properly fastened and a full face mask specially designed for hockey which is usually refer to as the cage. The face mask usually has a chin cup. Most goalies wear masks made of fiberglass, Kevlar, carbon fiber and other composite materials. Some of the modern masks include a steel or titanium cage that covers the eyes and nose area.

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