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RB.162
Type Turbojet
Manufacturer Rolls-Royce Limited
First run January 1962
Major applications Hawker Siddeley Trident
Dornier Do 31
Number built 86

The Rolls-Royce RB.162 was a simply constructed and lightweight British turbojet engine produced by Rolls-Royce Limited. Developed in the early 1960's, it was specially designed for use as a lift engine for VTOL aircraft but was also used in a later variant of the Hawker Siddeley Trident airliner as an auxiliary boost engine. A smaller related variant, the RB.181 remained a design project only, as did a turbofan version designated RB.175.

Contents

Design and development

The RB.162 was designed to meet an anticipated need for a lift engine to power VTOL aircraft with the emphasis on simplicity, durability and lightweight construction. Development costs were shared by Britain, France and Germany after signing a joint memorandum of agreement.[1] The engine featured fibre glass compressor casings and plastic compressor blades to save weight which also had the effect of reducing production costs. Although the RB162 was a successful design the expected large VTOL aircraft market did not materialise and the engine was only produced in limited numbers.[2]

Development for the Trident

In 1966 British European Airways (BEA) had a requirement for an extended range aircraft to serve Mediterranean destinations. Hawker Siddeley offered BEA a stretched and improved performance version of the Trident that they were already operating after a plan to operate a mixed fleet of Boeing 727 and 737 aircraft was not approved by the British Government.[3] This variant, the Trident 3B, used a centrally mounted RB162-86 in addition to its three Rolls-Royce Spey turbofan engines and was used for takeoff and climb in the hot prevailing conditions of the Mediterranean area. The 'boost' engine was shut down for cruising flight. Some conversion was needed for the change from vertical to horizontal installation. With the RB162 fitted the Trident 3B had a 15% increase in thrust over the earlier variants for an engine weight penalty of only 5%.[4]

RB.175 and 181

A design study for a turbofan version of the RB.162 was designated RB.175.[5] Another projected derivative, the RB.181 was to be a scaled down version of the RB.162 producing approximately 2,000lbs of thrust. Seven of these lift engines were to power the unbuilt Lockheed/Short Brothers CL-704 VTOL variant of the F-104 Starfighter.[6]

Applications

Specifications (RB.162-86)

Data from [7][8]

General characteristics

  • Type: Single spool turbojet
  • Length: 51.6 in (1311 mm)
  • Diameter: 25.0 in (635 mm)
  • Dry weight: 280 lbs (127 kg)

Components

  • Compressor: 6-stage axial flow
  • Combustors: Annular
  • Turbine: Single-stage axial flow

Performance

See also

Comparable engines

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ Gunston 1989, p.150.
  2. ^ Gunston 1989, p.150.
  3. ^ Swanborough 1971, p.89.
  4. ^ Swanborough 1971, p.90.
  5. ^ Flight International, 7 January 1965 www.flightglobal.com Retrieved: 31 December 2009
  6. ^ Flightglobal archive - Flight - June 1962 Retrieved: 21 July 2009
  7. ^ Gunston 1989, p.151.
  8. ^ Swanborough 1971, p.88.

Bibliography

  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Cambridge, England. Patrick Stephens Limited, 1989. ISBN 1-85260-163-9
  • Swanborough, Gordon. Air Enthusiast, Volume One. London: Pilot Press, 1971. ISBN 0-385-08171-5.

External links


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