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Roma people: Wikis

  
  

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Roma people may refer to

  • Romani people, an ethnic group with origins in South Asia who are widely dispersed with their largest concentrated populations in Europe, especially Central and Eastern Europe, with more recent diaspora populations in the Americas and, to a lesser extent, in North Africa and the Middle East.
  • Roma (Romani subgroup), a subgroup of the Romani people who live primarily in Central and Eastern Europe.

See also


Simple English

The Roma people are a wandering people found mainly in Eurasia, but also in the rest of the world. They are sometimes called gypsies. The Council of Europe uses the word Roma in all official talks and papers.

This is to stop the use of bad names and to give respect to the name "Roma," which is what they like to call themselves.

The 18th century idea about the Indian birth of the Roma is based on the likeness between Romani[1] and languages spoken in the Indian subcontinent and is supported by genetic evidence. But the lack of close likeness to any given Indian way of speaking has left undecided the question of the original heritage of the proto-Roma, with both single and plural origins proposed by linguists.

Individual groups can be classified into big groups of groups: the Roma of East European birth[2]; the Sinti in Germany and Manouches in France and Catalonia; the Kaló in Spain, Ciganos in Portugal and Gitans of southern France; and the Romanichals of Britain[3].

The Roma language is made official by many countries of Europe under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages[4].

Other websites

Notes and references

  1. glossary
  2. Morar B et al. 2004. Mutation History of the Roma/Gypsies. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 75:596–609.
  3. Kalaydjieva L, Gresham D, and Calafell F. 2001. BMC Medical Genetics , 2:5doi:10.1186/1471-2350-2-5
  4. A Brief History of the Roma (Gypsies).mht

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

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