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Roman civil wars: Wikis


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List of civil wars involving Rome. There were several Roman civil wars, especially during the time of the late Republic.


Early Republic

Late Republic



Augustan interval

After 30 BC, the Republic was unified under leadership of Octavian. In 27 BC Octavian was granted the title of Augustus by the Senate. These two dates are considered to mark the end of the Republic and the birth of the Roman Empire. The period of rule by the Caesars was known as the "Pax Augusti" (peace of Augustus), and was the beginning of the era known as the "Pax Romana" (Roman Peace). The next Roman civil war would not be fought until after Nero's suicide in 68 AD, the year before the year of the four emperors.

Early Empire

From the rule of the Flavian Dynasty until the Year Of The Five Emperors, the Roman Empire experienced an extended period of internal peace and harmony under the rule of The Five Good Emperors - Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius and Marcus Aurelius.

Mid Empire

  • Roman civil war of 284–285 AD, between Diocletian and Carinus - victory to Diocletian.

Late Empire

  • Zealots of Thessalonica (1342-1350) - a break-away anti-aristocratic political group taking control of the city, resisting control from Constantinople.


  • Kohn, George Childs, 'Dictionary of Wars, Revised Edition' (Checkmark Books, New York, 1999)


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