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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Roman holidays generally were celebrated to worship and celebrate a certain god or mythological occurrence, and consisted of religious observances, various festival traditions and usually a large feast. The most important festivals were the Saturnalia, the Consualia, the Lupercalia and the rites of the Bona Dea. Among the most useful sources for Ancient Roman holidays is Ovid's Fasti, a poem that documents in detail the festivals of January to June at the time of Augustus.

The list below is organized by date. Some of these festivals were instituted in different eras. When possible, the initial date is stated.

Contents

Ianuarius

  • January 1 Kalends Ianuarius
  • January 2 Compitalia
  • January 9– the first Agonalia, in honor of the god Janus, after whom the month January is named and to whom the Romans prayed for advice.
  • January 11 and January 15– Carmentalia
  • January 24 to January 26– Sementivae (in the country called Paganalia)

Februarius

Martius

Aprilis

Maius

Iunius

Iulius

Augustus

September

  • September – Septimontium.
  • September 4 to 19– Ludi Romani, games for the people of Rome to the honour of Jupiter, organized by the curule aedile (since 366 BC)
  • September 26– Festival of Venus Genetrix ("Mother Venus") in her role as the ancestress of the Roman people.

October

November

December

See also

References

  1. ^ Fowler, William Warde (1899). The Roman Festivals of the Period of the Republic. Google Book Search: MacMillan and Co. p. 240.  
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