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The Royce Hall (1929), at UCLA, inspired by The Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio in Milan, Italy

Romanesque Revival (or Neo-Romanesque) is a style of building employed in the late 19th century inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. Popular features of these revival buildings are round arches, semi-circular arches on windows, and belt courses. Unlike the historic Romanesque style, however, Romanesque Revival buildings tended to feature more simplified arches and windows than their historic counterparts. The style was quite popular for university campuses in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, especially in the United States; well known examples can be found at the University of California, Los Angeles and University of Southern California. The style was widely used for churches, and occasionally for synagogues such as the Congregation Emanu-El of New York on Fifth Avenue built in 1929.

Neo-Romanesque details in a neo-Renaissance structure:New York State Capitol, Albany, New York

By far the most prominent and influential American architect working in a free "Romanesque" manner was Henry Hobson Richardson. In the United States the style derived from examples set by him are termed Richardsonian Romanesque.

An early variety of Romanesque revival style known as Rundbogenstil (Round-arched style) was popular in German lands and in the German diaspora beginning in the 1830s.

Midwestern storefronts in Romanesque Revival style, Fourth Street, Sioux City, Iowa.

During the 19th Century the architecture selected for Anglican churches depended on the churchmanship of particular congregations. Whereas high churches and Anglo-Catholic, which were influenced by the Oxford Movement, were built in Gothic Revival architecture, low churches and broad churches of the period were often built in the Romanesque Revival style.

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