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Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune
Srrlogo.png
Type Radio network
Country  Romania
Availability National & international (through Radio România Internaţional)
Slogan Romanian: De 80 de ani vorbim serios!
Owner The Romanian state
Key people Maria Ţoghină
Launch date November 1, 1928
Former names Societatea de Difuziune Radiotelefonică (1928-1936)
Official Website http://www.srr.ro/

The Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company (Romanian: Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune), informally referred to as Radio Romania (Romanian: Radio România), is the public radio broadcaster in Romania. It operates four national radio channels, and, under the Radio România Regional umbrella, eleven regional (local) radio stations. The four national radio channels are: Radio România Actualităţi, Radio România Cultural, Radio3Net, Radio Antena Satelor. Radio3Net is the first Romanian radio station to broadcast only on the Internet. There is also a fifth "national" radio channel (that is outside the regional umbrella) that is available only in the counties around Bucharest, called Radio România Muzical.

Radio Romania International is the company's international radio station, broadcasting on three channels in Romanian, English, French, Aromanian, Spanish, German, Italian, Serbian, Russian, Ukrainian, Chinese, and Arabic.[1]

Contents

History

Before 1928, there was a pro-radio movement, led by professor Dragomir Hurmuzescu, who, in March 1925, funded "The Friends of Radio Association".

The first experimental transmission was broadcast in summer 1925, during "Bucharest's month". Periodic broadcasts were made during 1926 and 1927 by "The Friends of Radio Association" and the University Electrotechnical Institute. In 1927 a short wave emitter was installed and were made the first transatlantic experimental broadcasts. "The gramophone recording broadcast through electromagnetic cartridge has been clearly heard in Boston, USA". In March 1928 the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company was legally founded.

The first radio transmission was broadcast on November 1, 1928, 5:00 PM. The first official radio show was inaugurated by the Romanian physicist and professor Dragomir Hurmuzescu, who became the president of the Administration Council of The Radiotelephonic Broadcasting Company.

On December 18, 1928, the first comic radio show was broadcast.

In 1929, the following shows are broadcast:

  • the first show for children: Children's Hour (Ora copiilor, 12 January);
  • the first theater broadcast: the poem "One Autumn" (O toamnă) by Alfred Moşoiu (23 January);
  • the first live broadcast from the Opera: Aida by Giuseppe Verdi (14 April);
  • the first live broadcast from the Romanian Atheneum (28 October).
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1928-1937

The number of broadcasting hours increases consistently, reaching 3,517 hours in 1934.

  • In 1929, 70% of the radio shows are music shows.
  • On 21 March 1930, an opera play from a studio belonging to the RBC is broadcast for the first time (The Barber of Seville).
  • On 11 June 1933 - the first live football broadcast: an international match between Romania and Yugoslavia.
  • On 4 April 1936, the "Radiotelephonic Broadcasting Company" becomes the "Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company".

1938-1944

  • In 1938, the spoken shows held a percentage of 22.37%, and the music shows 52.32%.
  • The first regional studios:
  • On 12 February 1939 - a Romanian Show for the America was broadcast.
  • In 1941, the Radio Chorus was funded.
  • During World War II, although the components of the RRBC were dispersed on 22 April 1944, the broadcasting of the shows continued even during the rough moments of August 1944.
  • 23 August 1944 - King's message and the Government's proclamation after the coup d'état were broadcast.
  • 24 August 1944 - the headquarters of RRBC were destroyed during the German bombing of Bucharest.

1945-1988

The political events after the end of the war affected the institution.

  • 11 June 1948 - the RRBC was fully state controlled
  • in 1952 the new headquarters of RRBC was inaugurated
  • After 1954 the local stations appear:
    • Cluj - 15 March 1954
    • Craiova - 6 June 1954
    • Timişoara - 1955
    • Târgu Mureş - 1958
    • Radio Vacanţa - 1967 (seaside radio station)
  • March 1973 - the 3rd channel (Programul III)
  • 1985 - the local stations stop broadcasting (by a Presidential Decree)

1989-2000

  • 1990 - Radio Constanţa and Antena Bucureştilor started broadcasting
  • Radio Romania International broadcasts in 17 languages on five continents
  • The RRBC becomes member of the European Radio Union.
  • 24 March 1997 - Radio România Muzical begins broadcasting; 16 hours per day
  • 1 December 1998 - Radio Bucureşti begins broadcasting
  • 1999 - Radio Mureş, Antena Braşovului

2000-2004

Logos

These were the logos used by the RRBC until July 2008

2004-2008

In July 2008, the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company changed its logos.[3]

References

  1. ^ The Radio România Internaţional website
  2. ^ (Romanian) Official site
  3. ^ (Romanian) The official press release of the company

External links


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