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Ronda
View in Ronda looking toward the Church of Santa Maria la Mayor

Ronda is a city in the Spanish province of Malaga. It is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the city of M√°laga, within the autonomous community of Andalusia. Its population is 35,512.

Contents

History

Ronda was first settled by the early Celts, but its subsequent Roman and then Moorish rulers are reflected most prominently in its architecture. The forces of Catholic Spain took control of the town in 1485, during the Reconquista. Acinipo is known locally as Ronda la Vieja, Arunda or Old Ronda. But Acinipo and Arunda (Ronda) are really separate towns of Roman origin [1]

Geography

Ronda is situated in a very mountainous area about 750 metres (2,500 ft) above mean sea level. The Guadalev√≠n River runs through the city, dividing it in two and carving out the steep, 100 plus meters deep El Tajo canyon upon which the city perches. The Spanish Fir (Abies pinsapo) is endemic to the mountains surrounding Ronda.

Bridges

Three bridges, Puente Romano ("Roman Bridge", also known as the Puente San Miguel), Puente Viejo ("Old Bridge", also known as the Puente Arabe or "Arab Bridge") and Puente Nuevo ("New Bridge"), span the canyon. The term "nuevo" is a bit of a misnomer, as the building of this bridge commenced in 1751 and took until 1793 to complete. The Puente Nuevo is the tallest of the bridges, towering 120 metres (390 ft) above the canyon floor, and all three serve as some of the city's most impressive features.

Historic sites

Another important site in Ronda is the Plaza de toros de Ronda, the oldest bullfighting ring in Spain that is still used, albeit infrequently. It was built in 1784 in the Neoclassical style by the architect José Martin de Aldehuela, who also designed the Puente Nuevo.

The partially intact ba√Īos √°rabes ("Arab baths") are found below the city and date back to the 13th and 14th centuries. Both the Sufi scholar Salih ben Sharif al-Rundi (1204-1285) and the poet Ibn Abbad al-Rundi (1333-1390) were born in Ronda.

The former town hall, which sits next to the Puente Nuevo, is the site of a parador, and has an impressive view of the Tajo.

Cultural influence

Ernest Hemingway and Orson Welles spent many summers in Ronda as part-time residents of Ronda's old town quarter called La Ciudad. Both wrote about Ronda's beauty and famous bull-fighting traditions. Their collective accounts have contributed to Ronda's popularity over time.

Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls describes the murder of Nationalist sympathizers early in the Spanish Civil War. The Republicans murder the Nationalists by throwing them from cliffs in an Andalusian village, and Hemingway allegedly based the account on killings that took place in Ronda at the cliffs of El Tajo.

Orson Welles said he was inspired by his frequent trips to Spain and Ronda (e.g. Welles' unfinished film about Don Quixote). After Welles died in 1985, his ashes were scattered in a Ronda bull-ring. About Ronda, Welles once said, "A man is not from where he is born, but where he chooses to die."

The fictional hero of novelist George Eliot's book was Daniel Deronda, the story of Spanish Jew brought up as an Englishman in the book of the same name. Eliot was the pen name of Mary Ann (Marian) Evans. There is some 'fun' speculation that Evans' ancestors may have lived in Ronda prior to the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.

Transportation

Ronda is accessible via highways and by rail from Algeciras and from Córdoba.

Sister cities

Gallery

References

External links

Coordinates: 36¬į44‚Ä≤40‚Ä≥N 5¬į9‚Ä≤49‚Ä≥WÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ36.74444¬įN 5.16361¬įWÔĽŅ / 36.74444; -5.16361

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ronda [1] is a town in Malaga in Spain. Set in and around a deep gorge spanned by an impressive bridge, the relaxing atmosphere here is a great break from some of the more tourist-ridden places on the south coast of Spain, however it can still be packed with day-trippers from the Costa del Sol, especially during the peak summer months.

Get in

Ronda is easy to get to by train from Madrid or regional trains and is a good day trip from the Costa del Sol resorts. The main train station, located just just five minutes walk from the central bus station, is just a few blocks from the centre of town.

The easiest way to get to Ronda from Malaga is by bus. Los Amorillos buses cost around ‚ā¨9 and take about two hours to get to Ronda.

Get around

Ronda is a small town, easily navigable on foot.

Puente Nuevo
Puente Nuevo
  • Puente Nuevo. The large and incredible bridge over the gorge (el Tajo), finished in 1793. The height from top to bottom is about 100 m, like a 30 floor building. Inside the bridge there is a small museum.
  • Calle la Bola is the local name for Calle Espinel, the main shopping and strolling street in town. (Trivia: "La bola" means "ball" in Spanish; the street earned its nickname when, after a heavy snowfall, a group of citizens rolled a large snowball down its slope.)
  • Plaza de Toros. The oldest and one of the most highly regarded of Spain's bull rings. You can visit the museum inside (‚ā¨6).
  • La Alameda. A nice park with shady trees and ample walking space. It's right next to the bull ring, and you can see wonderful panoramas from the balconies.
  • La Ciudad. The old district of Ronda, beyond the new bridge. Full of twisting, narrow streets. Located there are the church of Santa Maria la Mayor and the Palacio de Mondragon. The former, on the site of town's main mosque during Moorish rule, is a Gothic style cathedral that, inside, has elements of the Baroque and Rococo as well. The latter is a former Moorish palace with beautiful gardens, a fantastic view, and a small museum. (Small fee).
  • Puente Viejo and Arco de Felipe V. On the eastern side of the old city, down the hill. This small bridge was the means of crossing the Tajo before the completion of the newer, larger one. Also in this area is a beautiful arch, named for Phillip the Fifth.
  • Gorge. A must is to walk to the bottom of the gorge where you'll get the best photo shots. But if there is an extended dry spell, the gorge can stink because they still release sewerage into the river -- you have been warned.

Buy

There are plenty of ATMs dotted about the main commercial district.

Eat

Avoid the restaurants in the tourist area during the day, as they are overpriced and often only full of other tourists! Look for smaller cafes and bars. A quick breakfast usually consists of toast (pan tostada) and coffee (cafe con leche--coffee with milk; be sure to add the pack of sugar always served with it for a real treat.) If you are looking for an inexpensive snack or lunch, any bar will be able to make you a sandwich (bocadillo) with your choice of ham, cheese, or tomato. Also, look for bakeries (pastelerias), as Spain has some of the finest pastries around.

  • Cafe Bar Bodega San Francisco, Calle Ruedo Alameda 32. Good place for eating authentic Andalusian food, just outside the ancient walls of the old town.  edit

Drink

Near Ronda, high quality wines are produced in small wineries. Also you can find "Anis del Tajo".

  • Huskeys This is a bar run by a man who used to live in America and it's decently priced and has a good atmosphere.
  • Hotel Enfrente Arte Ronda , Calle Real, 40 - Ronda Tel. (+34) 95 287 90 88, [2].
  • Hotel Acinipo, C/ Jos√© Aparicio, 7 - Ronda. Tel. (+34) 95216 10 02, [3]. 4 star Hotel in downtown Ronda.
  • Parador de turismo
  • Hotel Maestranza
  • Hotel Victoria
  • Hotel RondaSol. A family-run place; the mother of the family at least speaks fluent French as well as Spanish. ‚ā¨20 (double room with sink). ‚ā¨13 (single room with sink).
  • Hotel Montelirio, Tenorio 8, ‚ėé 952 87 38 55, [4]. Excellent hotel in the old town with an awesome view of the Puente Nuevo for most of the rooms. 130.  edit

Get out

Ronda is a district hub for the bus services to other pueblo blanco towns and villages such as Montejaque, Benaojan and Zahara la Sierra. Most of these villages have at least one weekday service, while others have up to three services a day.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

RONDA, a town of southern Spain, in the province of Malaga; on the river Guadiaro and on the Algeciras-Bobadilla railway. Pop. (1900) 20,995. Ronda is built on a high rock nearly surrounded by the Guadiaro, which flows through an abrupt chasm 530 ft. deep and 300 ft. wide, by which the old town is separated from the new. Of the three bridges, one is said to have been built by the Romans, another by the Moors; the most modern (1761) spans the stream in a single arch at a height of about 255 ft. On the edge of the chasm is the alameda or public promenade, commanding a wide and beautiful prospect of the fertile valley or vega and the sierras beyond. The old part of the town has a Moorish aspect, with narrow, steep and crooked lanes, and still retains some Moorish towers and other medieval buildings. The Ronda bull-ring is one of the finest in Spain, and can accommodate io,000 spectators. Ronda has a considerable trade in leather, saddlery, horses, soap, flour, chocolate, wine and hats.

Some remains of an aqueduct and theatre, about 7 m. N. of Ronda, are supposed to represent the Acinipo or Arunda of ancient geographers. Ronda was taken from the Moors in 1485. It gives its name to the Sierra or Serrania de Ronda, one of the main sections of the coast mountains which rise between the great plain of Andalusia and the Mediterranean.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to ronda article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Ronda

Contents

Hungarian

Adjective

ronda (comparative rond√°bb, superlative legrond√°bb)

  1. ugly

Ido

Adjective

ronda (comparative plu ronda, superlative maxim ronda)

  1. round

Italian

Noun

ronda f. (plural ronde)

  1. rondo
  2. patrol, rounds

Spanish

Noun

ronda f.

  1. round

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