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Root vegetables are plant roots used as vegetables. Here "root" means any underground part of a plant[1] (except that peanuts, which are underground seeds, are seldom called root vegetables).

Root vegetables are generally storage organs, enlarged to store energy in the form of carbohydrates. They differ in the concentration and the balance between sugars, starches, and other types of carbohydrate.

Of particular economic importance are those with a high carbohydrate concentration in the form of starch. These starchy root vegetables are important staple foods, particularly in tropical regions. They overshadow the cereals throughout much of West Africa, Central Africa, and Oceania, where they are used directly or mashed to make foufou or poi.

Some Jains are opposed to eating root vegetables for ethical reasons.

Botany distinguishes true roots such as tuberous roots and taproots from non-roots such as tubers, rhizomes, corms, and bulbs. (Several types contain both taproot and hypocotyl tissue, and it may be difficult to tell some types apart.) In ordinary, agricultural, and culinary use, "root vegetable" can apply to all these types.[2] The following list classifies root vegetables according to anatomy.

List of underground vegetables by anatomical type

Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel), whose root is used in many cuisines.

Carrot roots
Cassava tuberous roots
Taro corms
Ginger rhizomes
Yam tubers
Shallot bulbs

and is red

External links

Notes

  1. ^ "AskOxford.com". http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/root_1?view=uk. Retrieved 2007-05-06.  
  2. ^ For example, "However, in the case of potatoes (Figure 10), sweet potatoes, and other root vegetables, readiness for harvest is based on the percentage of tubers of a specific size." López Camelo, Andrés F. (2004). Manual for the Preparation and Sale of Fruits and Vegetables. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 6. ISBN 9-25-104991-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=DwUdO9hPZ7sC&pg=PA6. Retrieved 2009-07-31.   Potatoes are technically tubers, not roots, and sweet potatoes are tuberous roots.
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