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Røst kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Nordland within
Norway
Røst within Nordland
Coordinates (city): 67°31′12″N 12°5′56″E / 67.52°N 12.09889°E / 67.52; 12.09889Coordinates: 67°31′12″N 12°5′56″E / 67.52°N 12.09889°E / 67.52; 12.09889
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Lofoten
Municipality ID NO-1856
Administrative centre Røst
Government
 - Mayor (2007) Arnfinn Ellingsen (Venstre)
Area (Nr. 430 in Norway)
 - Total 11 km2 (4.2 sq mi)
 - Land 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 622
 Density 60/km2 (155.4/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) -10.3 %
 - Rank in Norway 421
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Bokmål
Norwegian demonym Røstværing[1]
Website www.rost.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Røst is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Lofoten traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Røst. Røst was separated from the municipality of Værøy on 1 July 1928.

Contents

Environment

Atlantic puffins; Røst has the largest sea bird colonies in Norway.

There are 365 islands and skerries in the municipality situated some 100 kilometres (62 mi) off the mainland, off the southwestern tip of the Lofoten chain. The municipality also has one of the biggest birdcliffs in the North Atlantic, with puffin colonies, as well as colonies of shag, kittiwake, and cormorants.

General information

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Name

The municipality is named after the mainland island of Røst (Old Norse: Röst). The name is identical with the word röst which means "maelstrom".

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 28 November 1986. The arms show three cormorants, which play a role in a local legend, in which three brothers can transform themselves into cormorants.[2]

Transportation

The ferry in Røst harbor

Røst is reached by boat and Røst Airport has scheduled flights to Bodø.

History

A vivid description of medieval island life has been delivered by the shipwrecked Venetian sea captain Pietro Querini, who was rescued by the islanders in 1432. He described the society as very harmonious and pious, and described how they made a living from fishing cod and some agriculture. The Norwegian Lundehund originated from this part of Norway, where it natively would have climbed along cliff paths to hunt puffins. Fishing is the main economic activity on Røst.

Economy

During the winter, the population of Røst gets doubled due to the number of boats arriving at Røst to fish. Yearly, the small island of Røst produces fish and fish-related products worth more than $40 million.

Climate

Røst and Værøy are known by meteorologists as the most northern locations in the world with average temperatures above freezing all winter. The winter temperatures in southern Lofoten represent the largest temperature anomaly in the world relative to latitude. The mean annual temperature is 5.4°C (1961-90), and the average annual precipitation is 680 mm. The wettest months are October - December with approximately 90 mm precipitation each month, and the driest is May - June with on average 30 mm each month.[3] Precipitation varies considerably, and June 2009 saw only 1 mm precipitation and July 2009 only 7 mm, while in December 2008 127 mm was registrered.[4]

Climate data for Røst
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 4
(39)
3
(37)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
11
(52)
14
(57)
14
(57)
12
(54)
9
(48)
6
(43)
5
(41)
Average low °C (°F) 0
(32)
-1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
10
(50)
8
(46)
5
(41)
2
(36)
1
(34)
Source: [5] 2009-12-05

Birdlife

Røst is one of the few bird watching localities in Norway that is known world wide. The seabird colonies that are to be found are regarded as internationally important. The island offers a range of habitats, and as one would expect, a stop-over point for many species that are migrating even further north. During the last few years, birders have been showing an interest for Røst during the autumn, producing a whole range of rarities.

See also

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

Noun

Rost m

  1. rust

Related terms


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