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Motto: Within your walls be concordance and public welfare
Rostock
New Market (Neuer Markt) in Rostock
New Market (Neuer Markt) in Rostock
Coat of arms of Rostock
Rostock is located in Germany
Rostock
Coordinates 54°5′0″N 12°8′0″E / 54.083333°N 12.133333°E / 54.083333; 12.133333
Administration
Country Germany
State Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
District Urban district
City subdivisions 21 boroughs
Lord Mayor Roland Methling (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 181.44 km2 (70.05 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m  (43 ft)
Population  200,413  (31 December 2007)[1]
 - Density 1,105 /km2 (2,861 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate HRO
Postal codes 18001–18147
Area code 0381
Website www.rostock.de
Administrative divisions of Rostock
Administrative divisions of Rostock

Rostock (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɔstɔk], from Polabian Roz toc, literally "to flow apart") is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Rostock is located on the Warnow river; the quarter of Warnemünde 12 km north of the city centre lies directly on the coast of the Baltic Sea.

Contents

History

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Early history

Confirmation of Lübeck law city rights, 1218

In the 11th century Polabian Slavs founded a settlement at the Warnow river called Roztoc (which means broadening of a river); the name Rostock is derived from that designation. The Danish king Valdemar I set the town aflame in 1161.

Afterwards the place was settled by German traders. At the beginning there were three separate cities:

  1. Altstadt (Old Town) around the Alter Markt (Old Market) with St. Petri (St. Peter's Church),
  2. Mittelstadt (Middle Town) around the Neuer Markt (New Market) with St. Marien (St. Mary's Church) and
  3. Neustadt (New Town) around the Hopfenmarkt (Hops Market, now University Square) with St. Jakobi (St. James's Church, now demolished).

Hanseatic League

The rise of the city began with its membership in the Hanseatic League. In the 14th century it was a powerful seaport town with 12,000 inhabitants and the biggest city of Mecklenburg. Ships for cruising the Baltic Sea were constructed in Rostock. In 1419 one of the oldest universities in Northern Europe, the University of Rostock, was founded.

15th to 18th century

Rostock 1780-90

At the end of the 15th century the dukes of Mecklenburg succeeded in enforcing their rule over the town of Rostock, which had until then been only nominally subject to their rule and essentially independent. They took advantage of a riot known as Domfehde, a failed uprising of the impoverished population. Subsequent quarrels with the dukes and persistent plundering led ultimately to a loss of economic and political power.

The strategic location of Rostock provoked the envy of its rivals. Danes and Swedes occupied the city twice, first during the Thirty Years' War (1618-48) and again from 1700 to 1721. Later, the French, under Napoleon, occupied the town for about a decade until 1813. It was here that Blücher, who was actually born in Rostock and who was one of few generals to fight on after the battle of Jena, surrendered to the French in 1806. This was only after furious street fighting in which he led some of the cavalry charges himself; the exhausted Prussians had, by the time of the surrender, neither food nor ammunition.

19th century

In the first half of the 19th century Rostock regained much of its economic importance, at first due to the wheat trade, and, from the 1850s, to industry, especially to its shipyards. The first propeller-driven steamers in Germany were constructed here.

The city grew in size and population, with new quarters emerging in the south and west of the ancient borders of the city. Two notable developments were added to house the increasing population at around 1900:

  1. Steintor-Vorstadt in the south, stretching from the old city wall to the facilities of the new Lloydbahnhof Railway Station (now Hauptbahnhof). It was designed as a living quarter and consists mostly of large single houses, once inhabited by wealthy citizens.
  2. Kröpeliner-Tor-Vorstadt in the west, designed to house the working population as well as smaller and larger industrial facilities such as Mahn & Ohlerich's Brewery (now Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock). The main shipyard, Neptun was just nearby at the shore of the river.

20th century

Rostock 1910

In the 20th century, important airplane manufacturing facilities were situated in the city, such as the Arado Flugzeugwerke in Warnemünde and the Heinkel Works with facilities at various places. It was at their facilities in Rostock-Marienehe where the world's pioneering jet plane made its test flights. Aeroplane construction ceased at the end of the Second World War.

Large parts of the central city were destroyed in World War II by Allied bombing in 1942 and 1945. Through reconstruction and subsequent extension, the city became a major industrial centre of the German Democratic Republic with the port being developed as the primary gate to the world.

The destroyed city in 1942

Following the reunification of Germany in 1989/1990, Rostock lost its prior privileged position as the principal overseas port of the former GDR and became one of several German ports, now located in one of the least industrialised regions of reunited Germany. Despite large infrastructure investments, the city's economy declined in the 1990s but is now growing again.

Rostock's population dropped from nearly 260,000 in 1989 to about 200,000 today, primarily due to suburbanisation but also due to emigration to more prosperous western regions of Germany.

Politics

Symbols

Coat of Arms

In Rostock's long history, the city carried three different coat of arms known as the Signum, Secretum and Sigillum. The Signum, which can be traced back to 1367, was developed last and is to this modern day the coat of arms of the city.

The flag depicts a golden griffin on blue background as well as the colours of the Hanseatic League, silver and red.

The coat of arms can not only be seen on flags, houses and bus stops, but also on bridges, gullies, fences, ships and restaurants.

Administration

Since the 13th century, the governing body of the city is the city council (Rat), first consisting of ten, later of 24 aldermen (Ratsherren). The chairman of the city council was the city mayor. In the 19th century there were even three mayors. Since 1925, the head of the city bears the title Lord Mayor. Having been elected for centuries by the city council, he is now elected directly by the citizens of Rostock, after a reform in 2002.

City Hall

The city parliament (Bürgerschaft) represents the citizens. Representative are elected for five years. The number of representatives is currently 53.

The city parliament is presided by the Präsident der Bürgerschaft. He heads and prepares the sessions and, together with the Lord Mayor, represents the city.

Roland Methling (Independent), was elected Lord Mayor of Rostock in the first round by 58,2% of the voters on 27 February 2005.

Partner cities

Rostock has signed partnership agreements with the following cities:

Poland Szczecin, Poland, since 1957 Norway Bergen, Norway, since 1965
Finland Turku, Finland, since 1959 Bulgaria Varna, Bulgaria, since 1966
France Dunkirk, France, since 1960 Croatia Rijeka, Croatia, since 1966
Latvia Riga, Latvia, since 1961[2] Germany Bremen, Germany since 1987
Belgium Antwerpen, Belgium, since 1963 People's Republic of China Dalian, People's Republic of China since 1988
Denmark Århus, Denmark, since 1964 United States Raleigh, USA, since 2001
Sweden Gothenburg, Sweden, since 1965

Moreover, Rostock is a member of the international network New Hanse.

Geography

Rostock is located nearly centrally on Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's Baltic Sea coast. The city is crossed by the Warnow.

The seaside part of Rostock, Rostock-Warnemünde, is about 16 km to the north of the historic city centre. The west and the south-east are the most densely populated parts of town, the overseas port is in the east of Rostock. Rostock stretches 21.6 kilometres from the Baltic Sea to the south and 19.4 km from east to west.

Climate

Climate data for Rostock
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11
(52)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
32
(90)
29
(84)
22
(72)
15
(59)
14
(57)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
7
(45)
11
(52)
17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
21
(70)
18
(64)
12
(54)
7
(45)
3
(37)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F) -2
(28)
-3
(27)
-1
(30)
3
(37)
7
(45)
10
(50)
13
(55)
13
(55)
9
(48)
6
(43)
2
(36)
-1
(30)
5
(41)
Record low °C (°F) -18
(-0)
-20
(-4)
-18
(-0)
-5
(23)
-3
(27)
2
(36)
6
(43)
5
(41)
1
(34)
-5
(23)
-9
(16)
-16
(3)
-20
(-4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.81)
36
(1.42)
30
(1.18)
42
(1.65)
48
(1.89)
60
(2.36)
79
(3.11)
71
(2.8)
69
(2.72)
65
(2.56)
39
(1.54)
45
(1.77)
630
(24.8)
Source: BBC Weather [3] 2009-12-21

Main sights

Rostock

Panorama of Rostock from the bank of the Warnow river during the Hanse Sail
Heiligengeisthof (Holy Spirit Courtyard).

One of the most picturesque places in Rostock is the Neuer Markt (New Market Square), with the Town Hall (originally built in the 13th century in Brick Gothic style, but extensively transformed in the 18th century, with the addition of a Baroque facade and a Banqueting Hall. The square also preserved six original, beautifully restored, gable houses from the 15th and 16th centuries. (The rest of the old houses in Hanseatic style that once bordered the square were destroyed in an Allied air-raid in 1942.)

The 15th-century Kerkhofhaus (at Große Wasserstraße, behind the Town Hall) is considered the best preserved brick Gothic house in Rostock.

St. Mary`s Church Marienkirche, on Ziegenmarkt, is an imposing Brick Gothic church. Built in the 13th century, it was enlarged and modified at the end of the 14th century into the present cross-shaped basilica. The huge tower was not completed until the end of the 18th century. Inside there is an astronomical clock built in 1472 by Hans Düringer.

Kröpeliner Straße - the main shopping street.

The main pedestrian precinct is Kröpeliner Straße, that runs east from the Neuer Markt to the 14th-century Kröpeliner Tor, a former town gate. The main buildings of Rostock University lie at Universitätsplatz, near the middle of the street, in front of the lively fountain of zest for life (Brunnen der Lebensfreude).

The Kloster St Katharinen (Convent of St. Catherine), an old Franciscan monastery founded in 1243, and extended several times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Now used as the seat of the Academy of Music and Theatre (HMT-Rostock).

The Brick Gothic Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas Church), which is the oldest church in Rostock, built in mid-13th century. Heavily damaged during World War II and subsequently restored, the building is now used as an exhibition center and concert hall, due to its outstanding acoustics.

Some parts of the medieval city wall, with four town gates, still remain.

Warnemünde

Alexandrinenstraße in Warnemünde.
Speicher (office buildings) at night.

Warnemünde is the seaside part of Rostock and a major attraction of the city. Locals and tourists alike enjoy the maritime flair of old houses, a large beach, a lighthouse and the old fisherman port.

Economy

The economy is strongly influenced by tourism, the University of Rostock and maritime industries (especially shipbuilding) and the service sector. Major companies include:

Furthermore, Rostock is the seventh-largest port of the Baltic Sea, and among the largest in Germany.

Education

University of Rostock.

Rostock is home to one of the oldest universities in the world. Founded in 1419, the University of Rostock is the third oldest university in Germany in continuous operation, the second oldest in Northern Europe (after St Andrews) and the oldest university in continental northern Europe. It offers graduate and postgraduate programmes in evangelical theology, philosophy and arts, natural sciences and mathematics, law, engineering and naval architecture, agriculture and environmental science, medicine, state, and political and social science, and also maintains a botanical garden (the Botanischer Garten Universität Rostock).

The Academy of Music and Theatre, Hochschule für Musik und Theater, offers graduate degrees in artistic fields. Founded in 1994, the institution combined the former drama school Ernst Busch and the outpost school of the Hanns Eisler Music School Berlin. Today, the school is a member of the Association of Baltic Academies of Music (ABAM), a union of 17 music conservatories at the Baltic Sea and Israel. Unique in Europe is the postgraduate degree in piano duo performance. The school possesses a large opera stage (Katharinensaal) and two chamber music halls. There are concerts every day through the whole year.

Rostock hosts also the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis as well as two branches of Fraunhofer Institutes, one for Computer Graphic and one for Large Structures in Production Technology.

Culture

Theater im Stadthafen

Events

The city is home to the annual Hanse Sail festival, during which many large sailing ships and museum vessels are brought out to sea, drawing over 1.5 million visitors.

There is an annual Jazz festival taking place in June called Ostsee-Jazz.

Further events include:

  • Kurfilmfestival FiSh
  • Rostocker Kulturwoche
  • Sommer der Kulturen
  • Rostocker Hafenfest
  • Boulevardfest
  • Warnemünder Woche

Museums and Zoo

  • Kunsthalle Rostock (art gallery)
  • Kulturhistorisches Museum
  • Dokumentations- und Gedenkstätte der Bundesbeauftragten für die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik
  • Heimatmuseum Warnemünde
  • Schiffbau- und Schifffahrtsmuseum
  • Rostocker Zoo
  • Walter-Kempowski-Archiv

Music and theatre

  • Volkstheater Rostock
    • Norddeutsche Philharmonie
    • Rostocker Singakademie
  • Niederdeutsche Bühne Rostock
  • Compagnie de Comédie
  • Kleine Komödie Warnemünde
  • Mechaje
  • Bühne 602
  • Festspiele Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Ostsee Big Band (Jazz)

Sport

DKB-Arena, home ground of Hansa Rostock
Club Sport Founded League Venue Head Coach
F.C. Hansa Rostock Football 1965 2. Bundesliga DKB-Arena Andreas Zachhuber
HC Empor Rostock Team handball 1954 2. Bundesliga Rostocker Stadthalle Maik Handschke
Rostocker EC - Piranhas Ice hockey 1990 Oberliga (3rd division) Eishalle Rostock Henry Thom

Transport

Rostock Hauptbahnhof (Central Station)
The cruise ship A'Rosa Blu leaving Rostock in summer 2003

Car

Rostock can be reached by motorway (Autobahn) A 1 from Hamburg via Lübeck on A 20 and by A 19 from Berlin and A 20 from Stettin in Poland.

Public transport

Rostock Hauptbahnhof (Rostock Central Station) offers fast track train connections to Hamburg and Berlin and from there to almost any other European city.

Within the city a wide network of trams, buses and ferries is available. The first privately financed tunnel in Germany crosses the Warnow river and thus connects the eastern part of Rostock with the western part.

Ferry / Ship

Rostock harbour at sunset

Rostock's port is Germany's largest Baltic port. Rostock is also home to a large ferry port. It is a main base for ferry operators Scandlines and TT-Line, which both connect Rostock with major Scandinavian destinations. Furthermore, Rostock receives the highest numbers of cruise tourists in Germany per year.

The city is served by major ferry companies such as Scandlines or Tallink. Ferries leave for

Plane

The nearest international airports are in Hamburg and Berlin. There are connecting flights via Munich to Rostock Laage Airport. There are also a number of airfields for smaller aircraft, e.g. Purkshof.

Notable people

This is a, naturally, incomplete list of notable people that were born, lived or contributed to the welfare of the City of Rostock:

References

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Rostock [1] is the largest city in the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Understand

Rostock is near the Baltic Sea and to protect its fishing and access rights it actually annexed Warnemünde.

Get in

By plane

The Airport Rostock-Laage [2] (RLG) lies near Rostock.

Ryanair has a service from Stockholm Skavsta airport (NYO) to Rostock-Laage (RLG) airport. Alternatively you can fly to Hamburg (HAM) or Berlin Schönefeld (SXF) and travel by train to Rostock.

By train

From Hamburg Central Station you can take the train to Rostock. Buy a Mecklenburg-Vorpommern-Ticket (see [3]) for 25,-€. With this MV-Ticket you can travel with 5 Persons from Hamburg to Rostock.

By car

From Hamburg take the motorway A1 to Lübeck and from there take the A20 to Rostock. It's a 1 1/2 hour trip. If starting in Berlin you have to drive along the A24 in the direction of Hamburg until the A19 is crossing the motorway. Following the A19 you reach Rostock. It's a trip of 2 1/2 hours.

The ferry from Denmark arriving in the habour
The ferry from Denmark arriving in the habour

Ferry from Gedser in Denmark every second hour[4]

Ferry form Trelleborg in Sweden several times per day[5]

Superfast Ferries [6] runs ferries from Helsinki to Rostock.

  • Golf courses
  • Zoo, 18059 Rostock, Barnstorfer Ring, [7].  edit
  • beach of Warnemünde. Visit the beach of Warnemünde in the north. Go swimming there.  edit
  • city hall, [8]. city hall has many show and music events  edit
  • Hansa Rostock - The local professional soccer club. who is currently in the 2nd Division after being relegated during the 2007/08 German Soccer Season.
  • KTV. In the district Kröpeliner-Tor-Vorstadt (KTV) live many young people. There are also many bars and cafes.  edit
  • shipping tour on the Warnow, [9].  edit
  • University of Rostock -
  • self-brewed beer at Trotzenburg, Tiergartenallee 6 18059 Rostock, [10]. The Trotzenburg is brewing there own beer.  edit

Sleep

Budget

Hanse Hostel [11] - The first night will cost you €16 but each additional night is charged at €14, breakfast is available for €4, coffee, beer and softdrinks are available for €1. There is free internet, a great kitchen with a dishwasher, microwave, oven, stove and fridge. Bathroom facilities are very good. There is a TV, DVD and VCR downstairs as well as a bunch of board games, books and a dart board. The staff are very friendly and helpful and the place is clean, tidy and modern. Hanse Hostel is located at 136 Doberaner Straße near the corner of Margeretenstraße and Doberaner Straße, if your travelling by tram get off at the Volkstheater stop. (Prices at 2nd of July 2008 for an 8 bed dormitory).

Mid-range

Jugendgästeschiff [12] - According to the Tourist Information Office in Rostock this is the cheapest place in town with prices starting at €30 including breakfast, €20 if you have a discount card. Jugendgästeschiff is on a ship in the harbour basically at the end of Am Kabutzenhof.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ROSTOCK, a town of Germany, in the grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, one of the most important commercial cities on the Baltic. It is situated on the left bank of the estuary of the Warnow, 8 m. from the port of Warnemunde on the Baltic. 177 m. N.W. of Berlin by rail, 80 m. N.E. of Lubeck, and r06 m.

S. of Copenhagen. Pop. (1905) 60,790. It consists of three parts - the old town to the east, and the middle and new towns to the west - of which the first retains some of the antique features of a Hanse town, while the last two are for the most part regularly and handsomely built. There are also several suburbs. The town has four gates, one of them dating from the 14th century, and some fine squares, among them the Blucher Platz, with a statue of Blucher, who was born here, and the Neue Markt. Rostock was a fortress of some strength, but the old fortifications have been razed, and their site is occupied by promenades. Rostock has five old churches: St Mary's, dating from 1398 to 1472, one of the most imposing Gothic buildings in Mecklenburg, with two Romanesque towers and containing a magnificent bronze font and a curious clock; St Nicholas's, begun about 1250 and restored in 1450, and again in 1890-94; St Peter's, with a lofty tower over 4 00 ft. high, built in 1400, which serves as a landmark to ships at sea; St James's, completed in 1588, and the church of the Holy Rood, begun in 1270. St Mary's church contains a monument marking the original tomb of Hugo Grotius, who died in Rostock in 1645, though his remains were afterwards removed to Delft. Among other interesting buildings are the curious 14th-century Gothic town hall, the façade of which is concealed by a Renaissance addition; the palace of the grand duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, built in 1702; the law courts, built in 1878-79; the university buildings, erected in 1867-70; and an assembly hall of the estates of Mecklenburg (Standehaus), a handsome Gothic building erected in 1889-93.

The university of Rostock was founded in 1418 by Dukes Johann III. and Albrecht V. of Mecklenburg. From 1437 till 1443 it had its seat at Greifswald in consequence of commotions at Rostock; and in 1760 it was again removed, on this occasion to Butzow. The professors appointed by the city, however, still taught at Rostock, so that there were practically two universities in the duchy until 1789, when they were reunited at the original. seat. Rostock is the seat of the supreme court for both the duchies of Mecklenburg, and is well equipped with schools, hospitals, and other institutions.

Although the population, commerce and wealth of Rostock have declined since Hanse days, it has a considerable trade, being the chief commercial town of Mecklenburg and owning a considerable fleet. Vessels drawing 16 f t. of water are able to get up to the wharves. By far the most important export is grain, which goes almost entirely to British ports; but wool, flax and cattle are also shipped. The chief imports are coal from Great Britain, herrings from Sweden, petroleum from America, timber, wine and colonial goods. Rostock has an important fair at Whitsuntide, lasting for fourteen days, and also a frequented wool and cattle market. The industries of the town are varied. One of the chief is shipbuilding. Machinery, chemicals, sugar, malt, paper, musical instruments, cotton, straw hats, tobacco, carpets, soap, playing cards, chocolate and dye-stuffs are among the manufactures. The town also contains distilleries, saw-mills, oil-mills, tanneries, breweries and electrical works.

Local historians assert that a village existed on the site of Rostock as early as A.D. 329, but no certain proofs have been traced of any earlier community than that founded here in the 12th century, which is said to have received municipal rights in 1218. The earliest signs of commercial prosperity date from about 1260. For a time Rostock was under the dominion of the kings of Denmark. Soon after returning under the protection of Mecklenburg in the 14th century it joined the Hanseatic League; and was one of the original members of the powerful Wendish Hansa, in which it exercised an influence second only to that of Lubeck. The most prosperous epoch of its commercial history began in the latter half of the 15th century, precisely at the period when its political power began to wane. Rostock, however, never entirely lost the independence which it enjoyed as a Hanse town; and in 1788, as the result of long contentions with the rulers of Mecklenburg, it secured for itself a peculiar and liberal municipal constitution, administered by three burgomasters and three chambers. In 1880 this constitution was somewhat modified, and the city became less like a state within a state. It has belonged to Mecklenburg-Schwerin since 1695; in 1712 it was taken by the Swedes, in 1715 by the Danes and in 1716 by the Russians. The badge of Rostock is the figure 7; and a local rhyme explains that there are 7 doors to St Mary's church, 7 streets from the market-place, 7 gates on the landward side and 7 wharves on the seaward side of the town, 7 turrets on the town-hall, which has 7 bells, and 7 linden trees in the park.

See Reinhold, Chronik der Stadt Rostock (Rostock, 1836); Krabbe, Die Universitat Rostock im 15 and 16 Jahrhundert (2 vols., Rostock, 1854), Koppmann, Geschichte der Stadt Rostock (Rostock, 1887); Volckmann, Fiihrer durch Rostock (3rd ed., 1896); the Geschichtsquellen der Stadt Rostock (Rostock, 1885); and the Beitrdge zur Geschichte der Stadt Rostock (Rostock, 1890).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Rostock

  1. A city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany

Translations

  • Greek: Ροστόκ

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Rostock

Wikipedia de

German

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Rostock

  1. Rostock

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