Rottweil: Wikis

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Rottweil
Main street in Rottweil.
Main street in Rottweil.
Coat of arms of Rottweil
Rottweil is located in Germany
Rottweil
Coordinates 48°10′5″N 8°37′29″E / 48.16806°N 8.62472°E / 48.16806; 8.62472
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Rottweil
Lord Mayor Ralf Broß
Basic statistics
Area 71.76 km2 (27.71 sq mi)
Elevation 557–609 m  (1,828–1,998 ft)
Population 25,691  (31 March 2006)
 - Density 358 /km2 (927 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate RW
Postal codes 78611–78628
Area code 0741
Website www.rottweil.de
Reichsstadt Rottweil
Imperial City of Rottweil
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Swabia
1140–1802 Duchy of Württemberg
Capital Rottweil
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Founded AD 73
 - Reichsfreiheit 1140
 - Treaty with Swiss 1463
 - Swiss associate 1519
 - Mediatised to
    Württemberg
 
1802
Reichskloster Rottenmünster
Imperial abbey of Rottenmünster
Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire
Imperial City of Rottweil
1237–1802 Duchy of Württemberg
Capital Rottenmünster
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Founded 9 May 1224
 - Reichsfreiheit 1237
 - Razed by Württemberg
    in Thirty Years' War
 
1643
 - Secularised to
    Württemberg
 
23 November 1802
 - Abbey abandoned 1850

Rottweil is a town in the south west of Germany and is the oldest town in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg. Located between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb hills, Rottweil has about 25,000 inhabitants. The old town is famous for its medieval center and the community is well-known beyond the local area for its traditional carnival (called Fasnet in the local Swabian dialect).

Contents

History

Rottweil was founded by the Romans in AD 73 as Arae Flaviae and became a municipium, but there are traces of human settlement going back to 2000 BC. Roman baths and a mosaic of Orpheus (ca. AD 180) date from the time of Roman settlement. The present town became a ducal and a royal court before 771 and in the Middle Ages it became a Free Imperial City in 1268.

In 1463 the city joined the Swiss Confederation, with which it was closely aligned for several centuries. Both its status as free city and its alliance with the Swiss Confederacy were eventually lost with the conquest of the region by Napoleon in 1803. The appearance of the town is very little changed from the 16th century.

Main sights

  • The late-Romanesque and Gothic-era Münster Heiliges Kreuz ("Minster of the Holy Cross"), built over a pre-existing church from 1270. It features a crucifix by Veit Stoss and noteworthy Gothic sculptures.
  • Kapellenkirche (1330–1340), a Gothic church with a tower and with three statue-decorated portals.
  • Lorenzkapelle ("Church of St. Lawrence", 16th century), in late Gothic style. It houses some two hundred works by Swabian masters and Gothic altarpieces from the 14th–15th centuries.
  • The City museum, including a notable roman mosaic with the legend of Orpheus.
  • The late-Gothic Town Hall (1521).
  • St. Pelagius, a Romanesque church from the 12th century. Excavations have brought to light Roman baths in the same site.

Other

  • The Rottweiler dog is named after this town; it used to be a butcher's dog in the region.
  • Adam of Rottweil, the 15th-century scholar and printer, was born in Rottweil.

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Rottweil is twinned with:

Images

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Rottweil [1] is a city in the Freiburg regierungsbezirk of Baden-Württemberg.

Get in

By Train

Deutsche Bahn [2] operates daily stops into Rottweil usually from Stuttgart or Freiburg and other major German hubs. Spare about 17 Euro for a train ticket from Stuttgart to Rottweil - which takes just over an hour, though if your travelling in a group take advantage of the Schoene Wochenende ticket in which you can travel anywhere in the State with 5 people for the one price or if you are travelling on a weekend Deutsche Bahn offer several deals. Notes to get from the Hauptbahnhof (Trainstation) to the inner city are in Getting Around below.

By Bus

3 Loewen Takt [3] is the state bus company and if you are coming from a nearby town or city such as Balingen or Tuebingin then bus is a flexible option to use. There is also a direct Busline between Villingen-Schwenningen - Rottweil.

By Plane

The closest major airport to Rottweil is Stuttgart or Friedrichshafen.

By Car

About an hours drive on the Autobahn from Stuttgart or from Freiburg Rottweil is pretty easy to get to. It is the oldest city in this area of Germany so it is well liked to the Autobahn and other road networks.

AUTOBAHN (HIGHWAY NETWORKS TO ROTTWEIL)

Access with the Autobahn:

  • A 81 Stuttgart - Singen, Exiting at Rottweil.

You can also access Rottweil with the Highways:

  • B 27 Stuttgart - Schaffhausen
  • B 14 Herrenberg - Stockach
  • B 462 Schramberg - Rottweil (from the Schwarzwald)

Get around

The city is pretty small so you can practically walk anywhere you need to go. Rottweil has a good bus system so if you need it do use it.

If you are arriving at the Train station (Hauptbahnhof)

Bus:

  • Citybus 9 (Stadtbus 9)
  • 20 Müller-Reisen
  • 7444 SBG and 7478 SBG (SBG the Bus Company's Name)

Foot:

  • 15 Minutes - just follow the roads when leaving the Train station you can see the City Centre up the slight hill

Taxi: There is a Taxistand at the Train station, however here are some numbers should there be no Taxis on the stand.

  • Tel.: 07 41 / 2 35 55 (Taxi Hafa),
  • Tel.: 07 41 / 5 30 04 00 (City-Taxi),
  • Tel.: 07 41 / 1 20 06 (Taxi-Schmidt)
  • South Baden Bus Company/ Südbadenbus GmbH (SBG) [4]
  • V V R - Another Bus Company that operates in Rottweil [5]
  • EFA - is more like the Bahn.de website where you input your destination and date and it searches the main bus companies [6]

See

The heart of Rotweil is its walled old town set high above the valley. The walls are no longer complete, but you can certainly follow their course around three of the four sides of the town. On the fourth side, there was no real need for a wall, as the landscape drops down to a deep river valley.

Within the walls is a main street lined with traditional German town houses. An especially attractive one houses the tourist information. Opposite is the small town museum. At the top os the street is the town gate which still imposes its presence and limits entrance to the town.

The setting of the town can probably best be appreciated in the North East corner. This is where a small chapel and tower remain on the wall at the edge of the valley.

Sleep

Garni - Hotel Sailer

Other

The town website is only available in German and while this is the main source of content on this small humble settlement most of the information found on that site is translated here.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ROTTWEIL, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Wurttemberg, lying on a hill on the left bank of the Neckar, 46 m. S.W. of Tubingen by rail. Pop. (1905) 9008. It is partly surrounded by walls, and contains two fine churches, the Gothic HeiligeKreuz-kirche, built in the 14th century and restored in 1840, and the Capellen-kirche with a Gothic spire 230 ft. high. It has a medieval town hall, several schools and a museum of antiquities. Especially noteworthy is the collection of sculptures and pictures of old German art in the chapel of St Lawrence, where there is also a Roman mosaic, found in the vicinity, portraying Orpheus in the centre and, at the sides, Roman chariot-races and gladiators. The industries of the place embrace the manufacture of powder, locomotives, machinery, cotton, leather and beer. There is also a considerable trade in live stock, agricultural produce and wine.

Rottweil-Altstadt, which lies about 4 m. to the south, was a Roman colony. It has an old church and a Cistercian nunnery founded in 1221 and dissolved in 1838. Near the town is Wilhelmshall, with saline springs. In the 13th century Rottweil became a free imperial city and was subsequently the seat of an imperial court of law, the jurisdiction of which extended over Swabia, the Rhineland and Alsace. The functions of this tribunal came to an end in 1784. In 1803 Rottweil passed into the possession of Wurttemberg.

See Ruckgaber, Geschichte der Stadt Rottweil (3 vols., Rottweil, 1835); and Greiner, Das iiltere Recht der Reichsstadt Rottweil (Stuttgart, 1900).


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