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Coordinates: 50°42′N 3°10′E / 50.7°N 3.17°E / 50.7; 3.17

Commune of Roubaix

Eglise Saint Martin, Roubaix.jpg
Saint Martin
Location
Roubaix is located in France
Roubaix
Administration
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Nord
Arrondissement Lille
Canton 4 cantons
Intercommunality Lille Métropole
Mayor René Vandierendonck
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 17–52 m (56–170 ft)
(avg. 32 m/100 ft)
Land area1 13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Population2 96,984  (1999)
 - Density 7,331 /km2 (18,990 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 59512/ 59100
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Roubaix (Dutch Robaais) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

It is located near the cities of Lille and Tourcoing and the Belgian border.

Contents

Sights

Notable is La Piscine art gallery, which as the name implies, is located in the old municipal swimming pool.

Sport

Roubaix is the finish of the Paris-Roubaix cycling classic from Compiègne to Roubaix over 259.5 km, which includes almost 50 km of cobbles.

One of the longest distance walking races in the world also takes place each year in Roubaix. Since 1953 the televised 'Roubaix 28 hours' regularly sees elite endurance athletes from dozens of countries aiming to complete the longest distance possible within the 28 hour time limit. The current record is over 255 kilometres, with many each year completing more than 200 km.

Notable people

Roubaix was the birthplace of:

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Roubaix is twinned with:

See also

References

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ROUBAIX, a manufacturing town of northern France, in the department of Nord, 6 m. N.E. of Lille on the railway to Ghent. Pop. (1906) 119,955. Roubaix is situated about a mile from the Belgian frontier on the Roubaix Canal, which connects the lower Deule with the Scheldt by way of the Marcq and the Espierre. Tramways connect the town with Lille and with the neighbouring communes of Tourcoing (pop. 62,694), Croix (pop. 16,292) and Wattrelos (pop. 14,618), with which it unites to form one great industrial centre. The chief business of Roubaix is the woollen manufacture, but cotton, silk and other materials are also produced. The chief of these are fancy and figured stuffs for garments, velvet and upholstering fabrics. Wool-combing and wool-dressing works, spinning-mills, weaving establishments, dye-houses and printing-works occupy some 50,000 work-people, and four hundred firms act as commission agents for the sale of raw material and the other requisites for the industry. Power is supplied chiefly by steam, less than 5000 out of 28,000 looms being hand-looms. There are breweries, rubber-works, metal foundries and machinery-works in the town. Tomato and grape growing under glass for the winter market is extensively prosecuted. To maintain the high standard of artistic taste which has made the industry of Roubaix a success, schools have been multiplied. By the co-operation of the town and the state the national school of industrial arts was founded in 1883. This is a small university of art, commerce and industry, the twenty-two courses of which include all the branches of knowledge useful in any of those pursuits. Among the public institutions are the tribunal of commerce and the chamber of commerce, the exchange, a board of trade-arbitration and the establishment (bureau de conditionnement) for determining the nature and weight of silk, wool and cotton.

The prosperity of Roubaix had its origin in the first factory franchise granted in 1469 by Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, to Peter, lord of Roubaix, a descendant of the royal house of Brittany. In the 18th century Roubaix suffered from the jealousy of Lille of which it was a dependency, and it was not till the 19th century that its industries acquired real importance. The population, which in 1804 was only 8700, had risen in 1861 to 40,000, in 1866 to 65,000, and in 1876 to 83,000.


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Simple English

File:Mairie de
Roubaix's mairie

Roubaix is a city in the north France, in the Nord département and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region. It is located near the city of Lille and is close to the Belgian border. Its population is around 97,000 (1999) and its density is 7,330/km².

The city is well-known for its cycling race Paris-Roubaix which is over 259.5 km and includes almost 50 km of cobblestone sections.

Twin towns

Roubaix is twinned with:


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