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Rounders
Governing body: National Rounders Association
Gaelic Athletic Association
Number of teams: 2
Players per team: 5-15
Game length: 5-7 Innings
Country of origin: England
Date of first game: 1884 first with formalised rules

Rounders is a game played between two teams each alternating between batting and fielding. The game originates in England and has been played there since Tudor times, with the earliest reference being in 1745 in A Little Pretty Pocket-Book where it is called "baseball". It is a striking and fielding team game, which involves hitting a small, hard, leather-cased ball with a round wooden, plastic or metal bat and then running around four bases in order to score.[1][2] Especially amongst girls, today the game is popular in the UK and Ireland for schoolchildren.[3] It was once very popular at primary schools in Australia, but now is rarely played.

The first nationally formalised rules were drawn up by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) in Ireland in 1884. The game is regulated by the GAA in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland and the National Rounders Association (NRA) in Great Britain. Both have different, although similar, game-play and culture. Competitions are held between teams from both traditions with games alternating between codes, often one version being played in the morning and the other in the afternoon.

Game-play centres around innings where teams alternate at batting and fielding. A maximum of nine players are allowed to field at one time. Points ('rounders') are scored by the batting team by completing a circuit around the field through four bases or posts without being put 'out'.

After rules were first formalised in Ireland, in 1889 associations were established in Liverpool and Scotland. The NRA was not formed until 1943. Baseball (both the 'New York game' and the now-defunct 'Massachusetts game') as well as softball are likely to share the same historical roots as rounders and bear a resemblance to the GAA version of the game (see origins of baseball). Rounders is linked to British baseball, still played in Liverpool, Cardiff and Newport. Although rounders is assumed to be older than baseball, literary references to early forms of "base-ball" in England pre-date use of the term "rounders". Rounders is now played from school-level to international.

Contents

Common rules

While the GAA and NRA codes differ, they share much in common:

Bowling

The bowler (or "feeder") bowls the ball with an underarm pendulum action to the batter. It is deemed a "good" ball if it passes within reach on the striking side between the batter's knees and the top of the head (NRA). Otherwise, it is called a "no-ball" or "bad" ball. The ball is also "bad" if it is thrown into the batter's body or wide of the batting box. A batter may try to hit a bad ball but is not required to. A player is not out if a "no-ball" is caught

Bases

When a batter leaves home base, each runner on a base may advance to the next and succeeding bases. A base runner cannot be declared out when occupying a base. The batter must keep in contact with the base to prevent them from being declared out.

Scoring

A rounder is scored if a member of the batting team completes a circuit without being out. In NRA, a half rounder is scored if half a circuit is completed without being 'out' or if a batter has not hit the ball but makes it all the way to the fourth base.

A batter is out if

  • a fielder catches the ball cleanly.
  • running to (NRA) or touching (GAA) a base that had been 'stumped' by a fielder.
  • they drop the bat while running.

GAA-specific rules

The rules of rounders (Irish: cluiche corr) are laid-down by the Gaelic Athletic Association in Ireland[2]. GAA rules are the earliest nationally organised rules of play, being formalised in 1884. This version of the game is most like baseball. It is played on a larger pitch compared to the NRA game and consequently uses larger bats and slightly larger balls. A GAA rounders pitch is a 70 metres (77 yards) square field and bases are 25 m (27 yards) apart, compared to 12 m (13 yards) for the NRA game. Foul ground runs along two adjacent sides of the pitch with home base at the intersection of these sides.

Players

Three substitutes may be made during play to the list of field players. A maximum of nine players are allowed to field at one time. There is no limit for the number of batters a team may list.

Equipment

The ball (sliotar) circumference is 22.7-25.5 cm (9"-10") and bats may be 70-110 cm (27"-43") long and up to 22 cm (8.6") in diameter. There is no limit on bat-weight for the GAA game. Bases are normally marked with temporary square mats 64 cm (28") wide for home-base and the pitchers stand and 46 cm (18") wide for all others.

Batting

Each batter is entitled to three good balls. A batter must try to hit good balls bowled but need not run on a hit. If a ball is struck that would otherwise be considered 'bad', the ball is then considered to be 'good.' If, on the first or second good ball a ball is hit into the foul ground, or the ball is hit but no running occurs, it is considered a 'dead' ball and the batter or runners may not advance. If a batter receives three bad balls then a 'walk-on' is called and all runners advance one base. The batter may run on any ball except a 'dead' ball. The batter is not allowed to drop the bat whilst running or he is out and no rounders scored.

A batter is out if

  • on a third good ball, the batter fails to swing
  • on a third good ball, the batter fails to strike the ball and the catcher holds the ball before it touches the ground
  • throwing or tossing the bat in a dangerous manner
  • on a third good ball the batter strikes the ball in to the foul area
  • the bowler or catchers view is obstructed for a second time (a warning will be issued on the first instance)
  • deliberate contact is made with a fielder carrying the ball
  • touching of a base that has been 'tagged' by another fielder carrying the ball (return to the previous base is allowed before touching it, if the previous base is still unoccupied)
  • an attempt to occupy a base occupied by another batter (with the exception of 1st base, which another batter must vacate to make way for the current batter)

Batters must run in straight lines between bases and fielders must not obstruct their way or stand on bases. Not obeying this rule is considered unsporting behaviour and may result in up to two bases being awarded to the batting team or a batter being sent out. Normally, one batter may not overtake another while running between bases, although there are exceptions to this rule.

Five to seven innings constitute a game, depending on the level of the match. Each batting team's inning continues until three outs are made.

NRA-specific rules

The rules of rounders are regulated by the UK National Rounders Association[4]. Games played under these rules use smaller bats, balls and are played on a smaller pitch (see diagram) compared to GAA games. The NRA rules also differ most from baseball or softball: bases are marked with long poles, which batters must keep in contact with and fielders must 'stump,' and only one 'good' ball need normally be thrown before a batter must run. 'Half-rounders' are also counted in scoring.

Players

The fielding team must field at a minimum six players. The total number of players on a team is limited to 9

Equipment

The ball circumference must be 190 mm (7.5 inches) and the bat no more than 460 mm (18") in length and 170 mm (6.75" ) in diameter. The NRA places a weight-limit of 370g (13 ounces) on the bat. The bases are laid out in a manner similar to a baseball diamond, except that home base is a separate base, at right-angles to third base and the batsman's base.[5] Each base is marked with poles, which must be able to support themselves and stand at a minimum of 1m (1 yard).

Batting

If a ball is good, batters must try to hit the ball and must run regardless of whether the ball is hit. If the ball is hit into the backward area, the batter may not pass first post until the ball is returned to the forward area. A batter that hits a no-ball may not be caught-out or stumped at the first post. Batters may run on 'no-balls', but do not have to. Each batter except the last in each inning is entitled to receive one good ball; the last batter is entitled to receive three unless caught out.

A half-rounder is scored if

  • fourth post is reached and touched before the next ball is bowled without hitting the ball
  • second post is reached and touched before next ball is bowled after hitting the ball
  • obstruction by a fielder/batter
  • two consecutive no-balls to the same batter

A batter is out if

  • running inside the posts
  • no contact with a post is made (using either hand or stick) while the bowler is preparing to bowl
  • no contact with a post is made and the next post is stumped
  • a foot is placed outside the front or back of the batting square before swinging at a good ball
  • they are overtaken by another runner

Two innings constitute a game. Each batting team's inning continues until nine outs are made or the numbered innings is over.

Comparison with softball and baseball

The GAA version of the game is very similar to softball. The main difference is that the game is played with baseball-sized bats, balls and field. However, baseball-style gloves are not allowed. The main differences between baseball and the NRA version of the game are that:

  • The bat is much shorter and is usually swung one-handed
  • Misses (or strikes) are not called, so there are no walks or strike-outs; each batter receives only one good ball and must run whether he or she hits it or not.
  • Posts (which should be wooden, and are preferably encased in plastic sheaths) mark the bases.
  • The lay-out of the pitch is different, especially the location of home base.

In rounders, bowlers pitch with an underarm pendulum action as in softball, as distinct from baseball.

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] History of Rounders
  2. ^ Alice Bertha Gomme, Traditional Games of England, Scotland and Ireland. Volume 2, 1898
  3. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/510872/rounders
  4. ^ "Simplified Rules". National rounders association. April 9, 2008. http://www.nra-rounders.co.uk/dyncat.cfm?catid=17178.  
  5. ^ NRA Pitch Diagram

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Rounders (film) article)

From Wikiquote

Rounders is a 1998 film about a reformed gambler who must return to playing big stakes poker to help a friend pay off loan sharks.

Directed by John Dahl. Written by David Levien Brian Koppelman
You've got to play the hand you're dealt. taglines

Contents

Mike McDermott

  • Listen, here's the thing. If you can't spot the sucker in your first half-hour at the table, then YOU are the sucker.
  • We're not playing together. But then again, we're not playing against each other either. It's like the Nature Channel. You don't see piranhas eating each other, do you?

Teddy KGB

  • Kid's got alligator blood.

Dialogue

Worm: Just like the saying says, you know? In the poker game of life, women are the rake. They are the fucking rake.
Mike: What the fuck are you talking about? What saying?
Worm: I don't know. There oughta be one.

[before inviting Worm up to his place]
Mike: All right, listen. Things haven't been so smooth on the home front, so tone it down a little, all right?
Worm: Tone down what, motherfucker?
Mike: Great. Never mind.

Mike: So, uh, Nick the Greek, what's with kiting my checks?
Worm: I'm on empty.
Mike: How much was the hooker?
Worm: Mike, please! "Relaxation therapist!"

Worm: Hey, you know what cheers me up when I'm feeling shitty?
Mike: What?
Worm: Rolled-up aces over kings.
Mike: Is that right?
Worm: Check-raising stupid tourists and taking huge pots off of them.
Mike: Yeah?
Worm: Stacks and towers of checks I can't even see over. Playing all-night, high-limit Hold'em at the Taj, "where the sand turns to gold."
Mike: Fuck it, let's go.
Worm: Don't tease me.
Mike: Let's play some fucking cards!

Mike: Fifteen grand in five days, I can do that. I've gone on rushes like that before.
Worm: Uh, under optimum conditions with a bank roll. Maybe, maybe. But... what do you got on you?
Mike: I got, like, 350.
Worm: Nah, that's only 1200 between us. We might as well play the fucking lotto.

Worm: O yeah, one more thing, I got a feelin.'
Mike: Yeah, what feeling is that?
Worm: I know you know this feeling... You know this feeling very well... I mean, you got your table all set up, your fork, your knife, your A1 sauce...
Mike and Worm: All you need is the steak.

[last lines of the movie]
Taxi Driver: Vegas, huh?
Mike: Yep.
Taxi Driver: Good luck, man.
Mike: [narrating] People insist on calling it luck. [to taxi driver] Thanks. [narrating] First prize at the World Series of Poker is a million dollars. Does it have my name on it? I don't know. But I'm going to find out.

Taglines

  • You've got to play the hand you're dealt.
  • In The Game Of Life... Play The Cards You're Dealt
  • Trust everyone... but always cut the cards
  • Pick a card, any card
  • It's immoral to let a sucker keep his money

Cast

External Links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Rounders (Irish: cluiche corr) is a sport which originated in Great Britain and Ireland. The game is regulated by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) in Ireland and the National Rounders Association (NRA) in the UK. Both have different, although broadly similar, game-play and culture. Competitions are held between teams from both traditions, often with one version being played in the morning and the other being played in the afternoon.

Game-play centers around innings where teams act at turns being batters and fielders. A maximum of nine players are allowed to play in fielding positions at one time. Points ("rounders") are scored by the batting team by completing a circuit around the field through four bases/posts without being put 'out' - for example, by a ball they batted being 'caught-out' or touching a tagged base/post.

The earliest nationally formalised rules of play were devised by the GAA in Ireland in 1884.

Although it is generally considered a school game, rounders is played at international level as well. Currently, teams from Canada, England, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Scotland and Wales compete against each other. Some theories on the origin of baseball claim that baseball is based on rounders.Rounders is a sport played with a bat and ball when the ball is thrown to you the ball is ment to be hit with the bat.

Other websites

Official rules of rounders:








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