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Roy Stone
October 16, 1836(1836-10-16) – August 5, 1905 (aged 68)
Roy Stone.jpg
Brigadier General Roy Stone
Place of birth Plattsburg, New York
Place of death Mendham, New Jersey
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–1865, 1898
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War
Spanish-American War

Roy Stone (October 16, 1836 – August 5, 1905) was an Union Army general during the American Civil War. He is most noted for his stubborn defense of the McPherson Farm during the Battle of Gettysburg.

Contents

Early life and family

Stone was born in Plattsburg, New York, to Ithiel V. and Sarah Stone. His family had been among the early settlers of the region, and his father owned a large estate. As a young man, he was an engineer and lumberman before the Civil War. Stone married Mary Elizabeth Marker at the First Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh on August 14, 1862. They would have two children, a son, Richmond and a daughter, Margaret.

Civil War

Stone first served as major of the 13th Pennsylvania Reserves, a regiment that saw action at several early war battles, including Antietam. Stone returned to Pennsylvania to help recruit new regiments; he was commissioned as colonel of the newly raised 149th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry in 1863. He commanded a brigade in the I Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Gettysburg Campaign. On July 1, 1863, on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, his brigade, composed of green troops that had not seen previous combat, was instrumental in holding back several assaults by the Confederates until the Iron Brigade and other Federal units fell back. Stone's men were the among last to withdraw from their sector. Stone was severely wounded in the hip and arm in the fighting on McPherson's Ridge, and he returned home to recuperate.

After his return to active duty, Stone served briefly as a brigade commander in James Wadsworth's 4th Division, V Corps. He was removed from command during Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign. Stone then commanded the Alton Military Prison in Alton, Illinois, late in the war. He was brevetted brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers, on September 7, 1864, for "gallant services during the war, and especially at Gettysburg."

Postbellum

After the war, Stone became a leading advocate of the Good Roads Movement. His contributions led to major changes and improvements in highway construction and design. Returning to active military duty, he served in the Spanish American War.

Honors

Stone Avenue in the Gettysburg National Military Park is named in his honor and memory. The palm genus Roystonea is named in memory of the work he did in road building in Puerto Rico during the capture of the island.[1]

Cultural references

Stone is mentioned in an article about the Interstate Highway System.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Cook, O.F. (1901). "A Synopsis of the Palms of Puerto Rico". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 28 (10): 525–69. http://www.jstor.org/pss/2478709.  

External links

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