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Royal Academy of Music
Established 1822
Type Public
President HRH The Duchess of Gloucester
Principal Professor Jonathan Freeman-Attwood
Students 730[1]
Undergraduates 310[1]
Postgraduates 420[1]
Location London, England
Campus Urban
Affiliations University of London
Website http://www.ram.ac.uk/

The Royal Academy of Music in London, England, is a conservatoire, Britain's oldest degree-granting music school and a constituent college of the University of London since 1999.[2] The Academy was founded by Lord Burghersh in 1822 with the help and ideas of the French harpist and composer Nicolas Bochsa and in 1830 was granted a Royal Charter by King George IV.[3] It is a registered charity under English law.[4]

Contents

The Academy

Studies

The Royal Academy of Music offers training from infant level (Junior Academy), with the senior Academy awarding the LRAM diploma, BMus and higher degrees to Ph.D.[5] The former Graduate Diploma GRSM, equivalent to a university honours degree and taken by some students, was phased out in the 1990s. All undergraduates now take the University of London degree of BMus.

Most Academy students are classical performers: strings, piano, vocal studies including opera, brass, woodwind, conducting and choral conducting, composition, percussion, harp, organ, accordion, guitar. There are also departments for musical theatre performance and jazz.

The Academy collaborates with other conservatoires worldwide, including participating in the SOCRATES student and staff exchange programme. In 1991, the Academy introduced a fully accredited degree in Performance Studies, and in September 1999, it became a full constituent college of the University of London, in both cases becoming the first UK conservatoire to do so.[6]

The Junior Academy, for pupils under the age of 18, takes place every Saturday.

The building

The Academy’s current facilities are situated on Marylebone Road in central London[7] adjacent to Regent's Park. The Academy’s first building was in Tenterden Street, Hanover Square [8] and in 1911 the institution moved to the current premises (which include the 450-seat Duke's Hall)[8], built at a cost of £51,000 on the site of an orphanage.[9] In the 1976 the Academy acquired the houses situated on the north side and built between them a new opera theatre donated by philanthropist Sir Jack Lyons and named after him and two new recital spaces, a recording studio, an electronic music studio, several practice rooms and office space.[10]

The Academy expanded again its facilities in the late 1990s, with the addition of 1-5 York Gate, designed by John Nash in 1822, [11] to house the new museum, a musical theatre studio and several teaching and practice rooms. To link the main building and 1-5 York Gate a new underground passage and the underground barrel-vaulted 150-seat David Josefowitz recital hall were built on the courtyard between the mentioned structures. [12]

The library

The Academy's library contains over 160,000 items, including significant collections of early printed and manuscript materials and audio facilities. The library also houses archives dedicated to Sir Arthur Sullivan and Sir Henry Wood.[13] Among the Library's most valuable possessions are the manuscripts of Purcell's The Fairy Queen, Sullivan's The Mikado, Vaughan Williams' Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis and Serenade to Music, and the newly-discovered Handel Gloria.[14] A grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund has assisted in the purchase of the Robert Spencer Collection — a set of Early English Song and Lute music, as well as a fine collection of lutes and guitars. The Academy's museum displays many of these items. The Orchestral Library has approximately 4,500 sets of orchestral parts. Other collections include the libraries of Sir Henry Wood and Otto Klemperer.[15]

Harriet Cohen bequeathed a large collection of paintings, some photographs and her gold bracelet to the Academy, with a request that the room in which the paintings were to be housed was named the "Arnold Bax Room". Noted for her performances of Bach and modern English music, she was a friend and advocate of Arnold Bax and also premièred Vaughan Williams' Piano Concerto - a work dedicated to her - in 1933. In 1886, Franz Liszt, performed at the Academy to celebrate the creation of the Franz Liszt Scholarship [16] and in 1843 Mendelssohn was made an honorary member of the Academy.[17]

The Academy has students from over 50 countries, following diverse programmes including instrumental performance, conducting, composition, jazz, musical theatre and opera. The Academy has an established relationship with King's College London, particularly the Department of Music, whose students receive instrumental tuition at the Academy. In return, many students at the Academy take a range of Humanities choices at King's, and its extended academic musicological curriculum.

Student performances and festivals

Academy students perform regularly in the Academy's concert venues, and also nationally and internationally under conductors like Sir Colin Davis, Yan Pascal Tortelier, Christoph von Dohnányi, Sir Charles Mackerras and Trevor Pinnock. In September 2005, Sir Colin Davis conducted an orchestra which combined students from the Academy and New York's Juilliard School at the BBC Proms.[18]

The Academy regularly celebrates the work of a living composer with a festival in the presence of the composer. Previous composer festivals at the Academy have been devoted to the work of Witold Lutosławski, Michael Tippett, Krzysztof Penderecki, Olivier Messiaen, Hans Werner Henze, Luciano Berio, Elliott Carter, as well as Academy graduates, Alfred Schnittke, György Ligeti, British and American film composers, Franco Donatoni, Galina Ustvolskaya, Arvo Pärt, György Kurtág and Mauricio Kagel.

In February-March 2006, an Academy festival celebrated the violin virtuoso Niccolò Paganini, who first visited London 175 years earlier in 1831. The festival included a recital by Academy professor Maxim Vengerov, who performed on Il Cannone Guarnerius, Paganini's favorite violin.[19] Academy instrumentalists and musical theatre students have also performed in a series of concerts with Academy alumnus Sir Elton John.[20]

People

Former students include John Barbirolli, Harrison Birtwistle, Dennis Brain, Clifford Curzon, Lesley Garrett , Evelyn Glennie, Elton John, Annie Lennox, Moura Lympany, Gabriela Montero, Michael Nyman , Maxim Vengerov, Arthur Sullivan , Eva Turner , Henry Wood and Simon Rattle.

The current principal of the Academy is Professor Jonathan Freeman-Attwood, appointed in July 2008[21] and the president is the Duchess of Gloucester.[22] Princess Diana was the was president of the Academy from 1985 until 1996.[23]

See Royal Academy of Music alumni for a list of members of the alumni community.

See Royal Academy of Music past and present teachers for notable members of the faculty.

Museum & Collections

The Academy's public museum, is situated in the York Gate building, which is connected to the Academy's building via a basement link. The museum houses the Academy's collections, including a major collection of Cremonese stringed instruments dated between 1650 and 1740, a selection of historical English pianos from 1790 to 1850, from the famous Mobbs Collection, original manuscripts by Purcell, Mendelssohn, Liszt, Brahms, Sullivan and Vaughan Williams, musical memorabilia and other exhibits.[24]

Honorary Awards of the Royal Academy of Music

The Royal Academy of Music publishes every year a list of persons have been selected to be awarded one of the Royal Academy’s honorary awards. These awards are for alumni who have distinguished themselves within the music profession (Fellow of the Royal Academy of Music (FRAM)), distinguished musicians who are not alumni (Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music (Hon RAM)), alumni who have made a significant contribution to the music profession (Associate of the Royal Academy of Music (ARAM)) and to people who are not alumni but have offered important services to the institution (Honorary Associate of the Royal Academy of Music (Hon ARAM)). The Honorary Fellowship of the Royal Academy of Music (Hon FRAM) is awarded by the Governing Body of the Academy. As a full member of the University of London, the Academy can nominate people to the University of London Honorary Doctor degree (Hon DMus).[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2005/06". Higher Education Statistics Agency online statistics. http://www.hesa.ac.uk/holisdocs/pubinfo/student/institution0506.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-31. 
  2. ^ "Hero, Royal Academy of Music". http://admin.hero.ac.uk/sites/hero/uk/universities___colleges/london/royal_academy_of_music.cfm. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  3. ^ Bernarr Rainbow & Anthony Kemp, 'London (i), §VIII, 3(i): Educational institutions: Royal Academy of Music (RAM)', Grove Music Online (Accessed 19 February 2007), [1]
  4. ^ Royal Academy of Music, Registered Charity no. 310007 at the Charity Commission
  5. ^ "Royal Academy of Music Marshall Scholarships". Marshall Scholarships. http://www.marshallscholarship.org/studyuk/ram. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  6. ^ "University of London Council agrees withdrawal arrangement for Imperial College London". University of London. http://www.london.ac.uk/. Retrieved 2009-13-16. 
  7. ^ "Royal Academy of Music", Oxford Concise Dictionary of Music, ed., Michael Kennedy, (Oxford, 2004) ISBN 978-0-19-860884-4
  8. ^ a b "Key Dates". Royal Academy of Music. http://www.ram.ac.uk/about/History/Pages/Key%20dates.aspx. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  9. ^ Pearl Adam. "The Arts. No. 2. The Royal Academy Of Music". http://chestofbooks.com/food/household/Woman-Encyclopaedia-1/The-Arts-No-2-The-Royal-Academy-Of-Music.html. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  10. ^ "Sir Jack Lyons Theatre". Castingcallpro. http://www.uk.castingcallpro.com/vview.php?uid=25813. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  11. ^ "Royal Academy of Music Museum, Culture 24". http://www.culture24.org.uk/am28105. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  12. ^ "Royal Academy of Music, new recital room, Marylebone Road, London". Oct 2002. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5379/is_200210/ai_n21320366/. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  13. ^ "Royal Academy of Music Library". Copac Academic & National Library Catalogue. http://copac.ac.uk/libraries/ram.html. Retrieved 16 September 2009. 
  14. ^ "Lost Handel set for modern debut". BBC. 12 March, 2001. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1216345.stm. Retrieved 30-01-2010. 
  15. ^ "Otto Klemperer Archive finding aid". http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.music/eadmus.mu2005.wp.0017. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  16. ^ "APOLLO, Academy timeline". http://www.ram.ac.uk/SiteCollectionDocuments/PDFs%20York%20Gate/pictorialtimeline.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  17. ^ "APOLLO, Academy timeline". http://www.ram.ac.uk/SiteCollectionDocuments/PDFs%20York%20Gate/pictorialtimeline.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  18. ^ Nick Breckenfield. "Juilliard & Royal Academy of Music Orchestras". http://www.classicalsource.com/db_control/db_concert_review.php?id=2837. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  19. ^ "Vengerov plays "Paganini In London" festival". tourdates.co.uk. http://www.tourdates.co.uk/news/7112-vengerov-plays-paganini-in-london-festival. Retrieved 3 September 2009. 
  20. ^ "ELTON JOHN & RAY COOPER". Royal Festival Hall. http://www.royalalberthall.com/tickets/elton-john/default.aspx. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  21. ^ "Royal Academy of Music: Principal". http://www.ram.ac.uk/whoswho/senior%20staff/Pages/Principal.aspx. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  22. ^ "Governing Body". http://www.royalacademyofmusic.ac.uk/whoswho/Pages/Governing%20Body.aspx. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  23. ^ "SPECIAL REPORT: PRINCESS DIANA, 1961-1997". SEPTEMBER 18, 1997. http://www.time.com/time/daily/special/diana/timeline/augsept97/18.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  24. ^ David Prudames. "STRADIVARIUS VIOLIN SAVED FOR NATION BY ROYAL ACADEMY OF MUSIC". 24hourmuseum.org.uk. http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/nwh_gfx_en/ART30399.html. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 
  25. ^ "Royal Academy of Music: Honours Committee". Royal Academy of Music. http://www.ram.ac.uk/whoswho/Pages/HonoursCommittee.aspx. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 

External links

Coordinates: 51°31′25″N 0°09′07″W / 51.52361°N 0.15194°W / 51.52361; -0.15194


Simple English

For the institution founded in London in 1719 for putting on performances of operas see George Frideric Handel.

The Royal Academy of Music is a conservatory in London where young people can study music. It was founded in 1822. Many musicians who became famous studied music at the Royal Academy of Music.

The Royal Academy of Music was officially founded (started) in 1822 and was opened the next year. King George IV was the patron of the conservatory. At first it had 21 students.

In 1830 it received its Royal Charter, but for many years it had financial problems and it was not until 1868, when the British Prime Minister Gladstone arranged for it to have a regular grant, that it began to do well. During the 19th century the RAM was in Hanover Square, but in 1912 it moved to St Marylebone Road near Regent’s Park.

Since 1912 many changes and extensions have been made to the building. Many concerts are given in the Duke’s Hall and operas are performed in the Sir Jack Lyons Theatre. Many of the professors (teachers) at the Academy come from other countries. They often get together to decide how the Academy should be run. The Academy works together with King’s College, London where many of the students take a 4 year performance course. In 1997 they won some lottery money which helped them to get a new building for their collection of musical instruments. It has a large library which includes all the books and music which used to belong to the conductors Sir Henry Wood and Otto Klemperer.

Today the students come from over 50 countries. Students from abroad can attend a special “English for Musicians” course. There are over 600 students at the Academy. The students have many opportunities to perform, both in the Academy and in concerts in other places. For example, on 31 August 2007 an orchestra of students from the Academy performed at the service of thanksgiving for the life of Diana, Princess of Wales. Over 90% of the students find a career in music after they leave the Academy.

The principal of the Royal Academy of Music is Sir Curtis Price.

Some famous people who studied at the Royal Academy of Music








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