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Royal Air Force
RAF logotype

Founded 1 April 1918
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Size 46,800 active personnel
83,430 reserve personnel
1,109 aircraft
Part of British Armed Forces
Air Staff Offices MOD Main Building, Whitehall
Motto Latin: Per Ardua ad Astra
"Through Adversity to the Stars"[1]
March Royal Air Force March Past
Commanders
Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton
Notable
commanders
Lord Trenchard
Lord Portal
Insignia
RAF Badge Royal Air Force Badge
RAF roundels The Low visibility roundel The RAF roundel
Fin flash The RAF Fin Flash
RAF TRF Royal Air Force TRF
Aircraft flown
Attack Harrier GR7, Harrier GR9, Tornado GR4,
Electronic
warfare
Sentry
Helicopter Chinook, Merlin, Puma, Sea King, Griffin HAR2
Interceptor Tornado F3, Typhoon
Patrol Nimrod MR2
Reconnaissance Islander, Nimrod R.1, Sentinel R1, Reaper, Tornado GR4A
Trainer Dominie, Hawk, King Air, Squirrel, Tucano, Tutor, Vigilant, Viking
Transport C-17, Hercules C3, Hercules C4 & C5, Tristar, VC10
.The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's air force, the oldest independent air force in the world.^ The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's air force, the oldest independent air force in the world.

^ Other Royal Air Force flags .
  • United Kingdom: Royal Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.crwflags.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • United Kingdom: Royal Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.allstates-flag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royal Air Force (RAF) Officers 1939-1945 .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- R 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: Academic]

[2] .Formed on 1 April 1918,[3] the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history ever since, playing a large part in World War II and in more recent conflicts.^ The RAF was formed on April 1, 1918 and has taken a significant role in British military history since then, playing a large part in World War II , and more recently in conflicts such as the recent war in Iraq.

^ Formed on 1 April 1918, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history ever since, playing a large part in World War II and in more recent conflicts.

^ Related subjects: Military History and War .

.The RAF operates 1,109 aircraft and, as of October 2009, had a total man power strength of 44,300 regular,[4] and 2,500 part time personnel.^ The RAF operates almost 1,100 aircraft and, as of 31 March 2008, had a projected trained strength of 41,440 regular personnel.

^ At the time of its loss the aircraft had accumulated a total of 538 hours on its airframe.

^ A fully aerobatic and improved replacement for the Boulton & Paul Sidestrand day bomber, the Overstrand was the first RAF medium bomber to feature a totally enclosed power operated ( pneumatic ) gun turret.

.These 46,800 active personnel make it the largest air force in the European Union, the second largest in NATO and fifth largest in the world.^ With some 998 aircraft and in 2006, 46,880 personnel, the RAF is the fifth largest air force in the world.

^ The RAF's own mission statement reads as thus, to provide (paraphrase) "An agile, adaptable and capable Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission."

^ The two decades between the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 have been described as the locust years of the Royal Air Force (RAF).

.The majority of the RAF's aircraft and personnel are based in the UK with many others serving on operations (principally Afghanistan, the Middle East and the Balkans) or at long-established overseas bases (Ascension Island, Canada, Cyprus, Diego Garcia, Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands and Germany).^ The majority of the RAF's aircraft and personnel are based in the UK with many others serving on operations (principally Iraq, Afghanistan, Middle East, Balkans, and South Atlantic) or at long-established overseas bases (notably the Falkland Islands, Qatar, Germany, Cyprus, and Gibraltar).

^ A flying squadron is an aircraft unit which carries out the primary tasks of the RAF. RAF squadrons are somewhat analogous to the regiments of the British Army in that they have histories and traditions going back to their formation, regardless of where they are based, which aircraft they are operating, etc.

^ More routine, strategic airlift transport tasks are carried out by the Tristars and VC10s based at RAF Brize Norton, for passengers and cargo, and for air-to-air refuelling of other aircraft.

Contents

Mission

The RAF's mission is to support the objectives of the British Ministry of Defence (MoD), which are to "provide the capabilities needed: to ensure the security and defence of the United Kingdom and overseas territories, including against terrorism; to support the Government’s foreign policy objectives particularly in promoting international peace and security."[5]
.The RAF's own mission statement reads as thus, to provide (paraphrase) "An agile, adaptable and capable Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission."^ The RAF's own mission statement reads as thus, to provide (paraphrase) "An agile, adaptable and capable Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission."

^ Air force clips the wings of UK wind power .
  • Future Energy eNews April 5, 2004 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Group — the Air Combat Group — controls the RAF's combat fast jet aircraft, including Joint Force Harrier, and has seven airfields in the UK in addition to RAF Unit Goose Bay in Canada, which is used extensively as an operational training base.

[6]
.The above statement goes hand in hand with the RAF's definition of air power, the concept that guides the RAF strategy.^ The above statement goes hand in hand with the RAF's definition of air power, the concept that guides the RAF strategy.

^ The RAF's own mission statement reads as thus, to provide (paraphrase) "An agile, adaptable and capable Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission."

^ These include the Royal Air Force Leadership Centre and the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies, both based at RAF Cranwell, and the Air Warfare Centre, based at RAF Waddington and RAF Cranwell.

.Air Power is defined as: "The ability to project military force in air or space by or from a platform or missile operating above the surface of the earth.^ Air Power is defined as thus "The ability to project military force in air or space by or from a platform or missile operating above the surface of the earth.

^ The RMAF will use these new aircraft to modernize its air force and to improve operational capability in coalition operations and exercises, and contribute to a modern air defense network for the legitimate defense of Morocco.” .

^ He chose to pursue a military flying career and began Initial Officer Training at Royal Air Force Cranwell in 2004.

.Air platforms are defined as any aircraft, helicopter or unmanned air vehicle."^ Air platforms are defined as any aircraft, helicopter or unmanned air vehicle."

^ Air Power is defined as thus "The ability to project military force in air or space by or from a platform or missile operating above the surface of the earth.

[7] .Although the RAF is the principal British air power arm, the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm and the British Army's Army Air Corps also deliver air power which is integrated into the maritime, littoral and land environments.^ Although the RAF is the principal British air power arm, the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm and the British Army's Army Air Corps also deliver air power which is integrated into the maritime and land environments respectively.

^ The Air Training Corps still exists and, whilst is no longer officially the cadet arm of the Royal Air Force, it remains affiliated to the Royal Air Force and I believe its members, junior and adult, still wear RAF-style uniforms.
  • United Kingdom: Royal Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.allstates-flag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royal Air Force Ensign Queen's ColourFurther information: Royal Air Force roundels and Royal Air Force uniform Following the tradition of the other British fighting services, the RAF has adopted symbols to represent it and act as a rallying point for its members.

History

Distinctive shape of the Spitfire which played a major part in the Battle of Britain.
.While the British were not the first to make use of heavier-than-air military aircraft, the RAF is the world's oldest independent air force.^ The Badge of the Royal Air Force was first used in August 1918.

^ The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's air force, the oldest independent air force in the world.

^ Airco DH.9While the British were not the first to make use of heavier-than-air military aircraft, the RAF is the world's oldest independent air force of any significant size and the first air force to become independent of army or navy control.

[8] .It was founded on 1 April 1918, during the First World War, by the amalgamation of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.^ By the completion of twenty-five years of existence in the Royal Air Force, Royal Flying Corps or Royal Naval Air Service.
  • United Kingdom: Royal Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.allstates-flag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Badge of the Royal Air Force was first used in August 1918.

^ It was founded on 1 April 1918, during the First World War, by the amalgamation of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.

.After the war, the service was drastically cut and its inter-war years were relatively quiet, with the RAF taking responsibility for the control of Iraq and executing a number of minor actions in other parts of the British Empire.^ After the war, the service was drastically cut and its inter-war years were relatively quiet, with the RAF taking responsibility for the control of Iraq and executing a number of minor actions in other parts of the British Empire.

^ During the Cold War years the main role of the RAF was the defence of the continent of Europe against potential attack by the Soviet Union, including holding the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent for a number of years.

^ Royal Air Force Ensign Queen's ColourFurther information: Royal Air Force roundels and Royal Air Force uniform Following the tradition of the other British fighting services, the RAF has adopted symbols to represent it and act as a rallying point for its members.

.The RAF underwent rapid expansion prior to and during the Second World War.^ The RAF underwent rapid expansion prior to and during the Second World War.

^ The two decades between the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 have been described as the locust years of the Royal Air Force (RAF).

^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
  • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan of December 1939, the air forces of British Commonwealth countries trained and formed "Article XV squadrons" for service with RAF formations.^ Royal Air Force - RAF, British & Commonwealth badges, ties and gifts .
  • Royal Air Force - RAF, British & Commonwealth badges, ties and gifts 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.collectors.demon.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan of December 1939, the air forces of British Commonwealth countries trained and formed "Article XV squadrons" for service with RAF formations.

^ A flying squadron is an aircraft unit which carries out the primary tasks of the RAF. RAF squadrons are somewhat analogous to the regiments of the British Army in that they have histories and traditions going back to their formation, regardless of where they are based, which aircraft they are operating, etc.

.Many individual personnel from these countries, and exiles from occupied Europe, also served with RAF squadrons.^ Many individual personnel from these countries, and exiles from occupied Europe, also served with RAF squadrons.

^ A batch of 14 Tutors was modified to accept twin floats to become Sea Tutors and these served mainly at RAF Calshot as trainers for future maritime RAF crews.

^ The Chinook Display Team is based at RAF Odiham in Hampshire and is made up of personnel from Nos 18 and 27 Squadrons, both of which are based on the station.

.In the Battle of Britain, in the late summer of 1940, the RAF (supplemented by Polish, Czechoslovakian and other multinational pilots and ground personnel) defended the skies over Britain against the German Luftwaffe, helping foil Hitler's plans for an invasion of the United Kingdom, and prompting Prime Minister Winston Churchill to say in the House of Commons on 20 August, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few".^ In the Battle of Britain, in the late summer of 1940, the RAF (consisting greatly of multinational i.e.

^ RAF: The Battle of Britain 1940 (2009) .
  • RAF: The Battle of Britain 1940 | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Polish, Czechoslovakian pilots and ground personnel) defended the skies over Britain against the German Luftwaffe, helping foil Hitler's plans for an invasion of the United Kingdom, and prompting Prime Minister Winston Churchill to say in the House of Commons on 20 August, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few".

[9]
The Avro Vulcan was a strategic bomber used during the Cold War to carry conventional and nuclear bombs.
.The largest RAF effort during the war was the strategic bombing campaign against Germany by Bomber Command.^ The Avro Vulcan was a strategic bomber used during the Cold War to carry conventional and nuclear bombs.The largest RAF effort during the war was the strategic bombing campaign against Germany by Bomber Command.

^ During the Cold War years the main role of the RAF was the defence of the continent of Europe against potential attack by the Soviet Union, including holding the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent for a number of years.

^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
  • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While RAF bombing of Germany began almost immediately upon the outbreak of war, under the leadership of Air Chief Marshal Harris, these attacks became increasingly devastating from 1942 onward as new technology and greater numbers of superior aircraft became available.^ While RAF bombing of Germany began almost immediately upon the outbreak of war, under the leadership of Air Chief Marshal Harris, these attacks became increasingly devastating from 1942 onward as new technology and greater numbers of superior aircraft became available.

^ Group — the Air Combat Group — controls the RAF's combat fast jet aircraft, including Joint Force Harrier, and has seven airfields in the UK in addition to RAF Unit Goose Bay in Canada, which is used extensively as an operational training base.

^ The two decades between the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 have been described as the locust years of the Royal Air Force (RAF).

The RAF adopted night-time area bombing on German cities such as Hamburg and Dresden, and developed precision bombing techniques for specific operations, such as the "Dambusters" raid by No. .617 Squadron,[10] or the Amiens prison raid known as Operation Jericho.^ To mark the occasion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the formation of the RAF the King has signified his intention of awarding a ceremonial flag known as "The Standard" to RAF operational squadrons.
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^ Thirty squadrons immediately qualified, twenty-eight under the 25 year rule, and two (120 and 617) under the outstanding operations rule.
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.During the Cold War years the main role of the RAF was the defence of the continent of Europe against potential attack by the Soviet Union, including holding the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent for a number of years.^ When the war began, around 550 were already in service in the United Kingdom – and 7000 more were sent to the Empire Air Training Scheme in Canada before being posted to RAF squadrons.
  • Notes and questions, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force - war oral history programme | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.nzhistory.net.nz [Source type: General]

^ World War II, and the businessmen of four continents who profited from the 750 corporations he established throughout the world as depositories of money, patents, bearer bonds, and shares in blue chip industries of the United States and Europe.
  • NAZI HISTORY of SEPT 11 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.takeoverworld.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Role of the EGFR/Ras/Raf pathway in specification of photoreceptor cells in the Drosophila retina The Drosophila Egfr receptor is required for differentiation of many cell types during eye development.

.After the Cold War, the RAF was involved in several large scale operations, including the Gulf War, the Kosovo War, operations in Afghanistan, the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the subsequent war.^ Most of the New Zealanders serving in the RAF played a role in operations related to D-Day and the Normandy invasion in June 1944.
  • Notes and questions, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force - war oral history programme | NZHistory.net.nz, New Zealand history online 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.nzhistory.net.nz [Source type: General]

^ Since then he has completed Operational Detachments in Iraq and more recently Afghanistan.

^ Raf activation in mammalian cells involves dephosphorylation of inhibitory sites followed by phosphorylation of activating sites (for review, see Dhillon, 2002; Chong, 2003).

The RAF celebrated its 90th birthday with a flypast of the Red Arrows and four Typhoons over many RAF Stations and Central London on 1 April 2008.[11]

Current overseas deployments

Country Dates Deployment Details
Kenya 2008s– Kenya Air Force Laikipia Air Base Semi permanent detachment involving helicopters giving support to the British Army
Gibraltar 1940s– RAF Gibraltar No permanently stationed aircraft. RAF aircraft, e.g. Hercules transports, make regular visits.
Canada 1940s– RAF Unit Goose Bay, Canada RAF aircraft train in low-level tactical flying at .CFB Goose Bay, a NATO air force base of the Canadian Air Force.^ Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force skip to main .
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The petition to restore the 'Royal' designation to the Canadian navy and Canadian air force in time for the naval centennial (1910-2010) has now surpassed three thousand signatures!
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ G-AADO later became aircraft 250 of the Royal South African Air Force and was based at Zwartkop aerodrome, Valhalla, on photographic duties until 1942 .

Cyprus/Malta 1940– RAF Akrotiri
RAF Nicosia
RAF Luqa
.Operation Musketeer also known as the Suez crisis involved RAF aircraft based on Malta and Cyprus.^ To mark the occasion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the formation of the RAF the King has signified his intention of awarding a ceremonial flag known as "The Standard" to RAF operational squadrons.
  • United Kingdom: Royal Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.allstates-flag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sqn was the RAF Hampden Squadron to incur the most operational losses while operating the type, suffering a total of 109 aircraft lost.

^ Sgt Bartlett was then posted to RAF Shawbury to learn basic rotary operations, tactics and search and rescue techniques in the Griffin HT1 aircraft.

.Although no RAF bases remain on Malta, RAF aircraft continue to be stationed at RAF Akrotiri on Cyprus.^ Continued in action as an APers weapon into WWII. Many FAA and RAF aircraft were fitted for its use (particularly early in WWII).

^ It is used as a multi-engine advanced pilot trainer by No 45(Reserve) Squadron, which is part of No 3 Flying Training School based at RAF Cranwell in Lincolnshire.

^ Based on the civilian Comet airliner, the Nimrod was, and remains, the only jet powered long range maritime patrol aircraft in military service.

Norway 1960s– Bardufoss Air Station RAF fighter and/or helicopter squadrons undergo winter-training here most years.
Ascension Island 1982– RAF Ascension Island Used as an air bridge between the UK and the Falkland Islands. .United States Air Force also stationed at this base.^ The White ensign is not to be flown at any Royal Air Force station or by any Royal Air Force unit.
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^ Royal Air Force - formed in 1918, the United Kingdom's air arm was the first such independent air force.

^ In accordance with AFM 900-2, 1 August 1961, para 28, the following policy concerning the display of the United States flag and the Royal Air Force ensign at United States Air Force installations in Great Britain is established.
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Falkland Islands 1982– RAF Stanley
RAF Mount Pleasant
After initial use of the Airport at Stanley, the airbase/airport at Mount Pleasant was built to allow a fighter and transport facility on the islands, and to strengthen the defence capacity of BFFI (British Forces Falkland Islands).
Bosnia 1995– Various helicopters RAF enforced no-fly zones over the Balkans in the late 1990s and participated in the NATO interventions in Bosnia and Kosovo. Currently, RAF helicopters remain to provide support to the United Nations.
Afghanistan 2001– Operation Veritas
Operation Herrick
Chinooks provided airlift support to coalition forces. Since late 2004 six Harriers provided reconnaissance and close air support to the ISAF. .The Harriers were replaced by an equivalent force of Tornados GR4 in mid 2009. Other support units, such as Hawker-Siddeley Nimrod MR2's, are deployed to Seeb Airport Oman, and Air bases in the UAE and the Kingdom of Bahrain.^ Description and use of the RAF ensign Order in Council (establishing the flag) Constructions details Derivation of the flag Other RAF flags Queen's colours of the RAF RAF Yacht Club Use of the US flag and RAF ensign at US Air Force bases in Britain History of the RAF Royal Air Force rank flags Royal Air Force appointment flags History of the Royal Air Force Royal Air Force proposal Royal Air Force: Timeline for introduction of the flag Royal Flying Corps Royal Air Force Air Support Craft Ensign See also: United Kingdom Civil air ensign of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence and army Royal Navy Belgian section of the Royal Air Force RAF Sailing Association RAF Yacht Club .
  • United Kingdom: Royal Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.allstates-flag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nike Air Force 1 One Leather/mesh low or mid .
  • Nike Air Force 1 One - Solepedia.com | Online Sneaker Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC solepedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Royal Air Force - formed in 1918, the United Kingdom's air arm was the first such independent air force.

[12]

Structure

.The professional head of the RAF is the Chief of the Air Staff (CAS), Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton.^ Air Chief Marshal .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- R 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is flown at RAF airfields, by the Chief of the Air Staff, Air Attaches and Advisors, and also by the Heads OF RAF Missions abroad.
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^ Air Staff - Night Fighters, HQ No 11 Group RAF .
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.The CAS heads the Air Force Board, which is a committee of the Defence Council.^ Royal Chicano Air Force; Physical Description: Site/Location: Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA; fund: Centro de Artistas Chicanos, Inc.
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

^ Royal Chicano Air Force; Physical Description: Site/Location: University of California, Santa Barbara, CA; fund: UCSB; no.
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^ Royal Chicano Air Force; Physical Description: Site/Location: Fairfield, CA; fund: Centro de Artistas Chicanos, Inc.; no.
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

.The Air Force Board is the management board of the RAF and consists of the Commander-in-Chief of Air Command (currently Air Chief Marshal Sir Chris Moran), together with several other high ranking officers.^ Commanding Officer, 29 Squadron RAF .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other Royal Air Force flags .
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^ Royal Air Force (RAF) Officers 1939-1945 .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The CAS also has a deputy known as the Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (ACAS); this post is held by Air Vice-Marshal T M Anderson.^ Air Vice Marshall.
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^ It is flown at RAF airfields, by the Chief of the Air Staff, Air Attaches and Advisors, and also by the Heads OF RAF Missions abroad.
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^ Vice-Admiral Harry G. DeWolf, OBE, DSO, DSC, CD, was Chief of the Naval Staff, leading the RCN from his headquarters in Ottawa.
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

[13]

Commands

.Authority is delegated from the Air Force Board to the RAF's commands.^ View the closing announcement from RAF, Rotary Air Force Marketing, Inc.
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^ Royal Air Force (RAF) Officers 1939-1945 .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The RAF Falcons are the Royal Air Force's parachute display team.

While there were once individual commands responsible for bombers, fighters, training, etc., only one command now exists:
Royal Air Force
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
Components
Royal Air Force
History
History of the Royal Air Force
Timeline of the Royal Air Force
Aircraft
List of RAF aircraft
Structure
Air Command
No. 1 Group
No. 2 Group
JFACHQ
No. 22 Group
List of stations
Personnel
Officer ranks
Other ranks

Groups

.Groups are the subdivisions of operational commands; these are responsible for certain types of operation or for operations in limited geographical areas.^ Gold type in the maroon geometric area below the tree reads: "Operation Christmas Unity, December 17, Sat.
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

^ In addition to these operations the Squadron's responsibilities for search and rescue operations were maintained and aircraft were frequently called out to help shipping in distress.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

As from 1 April 2007, three groups exist:
In addition, No. .83 Group RAF, under the command of the Permanent Joint Headquarters, is active in the Middle East, supporting operations over Iraq and Afghanistan.^ Flight Commander, "B" Flight, 166 Squadron RAF (Kirmington) (finally completed over 30 operations in Lancaster aircraft) .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now the American invasion of Iraq has shown Chinese leaders, dependent on Middle East oil, how vulnerable they could become.
  • Future Energy eNews April 5, 2004 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC users.erols.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PRM South Asia -------------------------------------------------- "Operation Mountain Lion" is a joint Afghan, UK and US operation targeting suspected insurgents in eastern Afghanistan.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/041606.html 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

Stations

An RAF station is ordinarily subordinate to a group and it is administratively sub-divided into wings. .Since the mid to late 1930s RAF stations have controlled a number of flying squadrons or other units at one location by means of a station headquarters.^ At the beginning of 1958 the Squadron headquarters were moved to RAF Changi when being re-armed with Avro Shackleton Mk.1A but this must have been unique in Royal Air Force history when two squadrons were equipped with two completely different type of aircraft,one a land based squadron, the other a shore based squadron at different stations but a handful of miles apart.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the beginning of 1935 the Squadron was re-equipped with Short Singapore flying boats and became the first R.A.F. unit overseas to be re-equipped by air.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Using a gain-of-function mutation it has been shown that D-raf acts to transmit this and other late-acting embryonic Egfr signals.

Wings

A wing is either an operational sub-division of a group or an administrative sub-division of an RAF station.
.Independent Wings are a grouping of two or more squadrons, either flying squadrons or ground support squadrons.^ There was intelligence of a German cruiser squadron operating in the South Pacific and, more urgently, the possibility of two German cruisers operating off the coast of Mexico.
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ So picture your gyro with wings, two counter-rotating rotors and infinitely more complex.
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^ In support of the application are credit card issuers and other groups that believe that more competition will help reduce fees.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/041606.html 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

.In former times, numbered flying wings have existed, but more recently they have been created only when required.^ Seatbelts and ABS are clear wins -they improve safety a lot, and only encourage a bit more dangerous driving.
  • Asymmetrical Information: SUV safety 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: General]

^ They only offer improved mileage if they spend enough time not moving to recover the loss.
  • Asymmetrical Information: SUV safety 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: General]

^ First and foremost, they are far larger and more massive than the use to which they are put requires.
  • Asymmetrical Information: SUV safety 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: General]

.For example during Operation Telic, Tornado GR4 wings were formed to operate from Ali Al Salem and Al Udeid air bases and the Tornado F3 equipped Leuchars Fighter Wing at Prince Sultan Air Base; each of these were made up of aircraft and crews from several squadrons.^ When the R.F.C. and R.N.A.S. were amalgamated on the 01/04/1918 to form the Royal Air Force, in order that the squadrons and wings of the two services should retain their original identity, it was arranged that all R.N.A.S. squadrons should be re-numbered with the prefix 200.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1974 book by Cor-nelius Ryan, "A Bridge Too Far," was based on this operation and was made into the 1977 film.
  • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has also been suggested that the money he made from these dealings helped to establish the Bush family fortune and set up its political dynasty.
  • NAZI HISTORY of SEPT 11 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.takeoverworld.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 31 March 2006, the RAF formed nine Expeditionary Air Wings (EAWs) in order to support operations.^ When the R.F.C. and R.N.A.S. were amalgamated on the 01/04/1918 to form the Royal Air Force, in order that the squadrons and wings of the two services should retain their original identity, it was arranged that all R.N.A.S. squadrons should be re-numbered with the prefix 200.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were 259 members registered on RAF on December 31 2006/January 1 2007.
  • Richard's Animorphs Forum - RAF Blog 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC blog.animorphsforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Headquarters No 395 Expeditionary Combat Support Wing .
  • Defence Annual Report 2002-03 :: ADF Units and Establishments :: Royal Australian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.defence.gov.au [Source type: Reference]

.They have been established at the nine main operating bases; RAF Coningsby, RAF Cottesmore, RAF Kinloss, RAF Leeming, RAF Leuchars, RAF Lossiemouth, RAF Lyneham, RAF Marham and RAF Waddington numbered Nos 121, 122, 325, 135, 125, 140, 38, 138 and 34 EAWs respectively.^ The Shaibah logistics base, once the main center of British military operations in Iraq, was turned over to the Iraqi national army on for use as a training base.
  • Today in History April 24 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

These units are commanded by a group captain who is also the parent unit's Station Commander. The EAW comprises the non-formed unit elements of the station that are required to support a deployed operating base, i.e. the command and control, logistics and administration functions amongst others. They are designed to be flexible and quickly adaptable for differing operations. .They are independent of flying squadrons, Air Combat Support Units (ACSU) and Air Combat Service Support Units (ACSSU) who are attached to the EAW depending on the task it has been assigned.^ At the beginning of 1935 the Squadron was re-equipped with Short Singapore flying boats and became the first R.A.F. unit overseas to be re-equipped by air.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In July, 1941, Squadron Leader Powell Shedden was posted to Malta where he formed the night flying unit which has since performed sterling work in the night defence of Malta.
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Squadron Royal Naval Air Service at Coudekerque, France on 31/12/1916 and was equipped with Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter aircraft.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

[14]
A wing is also an administrative sub-division of an RAF station. .Historically, for a flying station these were normally Operations Wing, Engineering Wing and Administration Wing and each wing was commanded by an officer of wing commander rank.^ Air Officer Commanding, No 38 Wing .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To this, the Officer Commanding RAF Station Kirmington adds (17 November 1943): Throughout his operational tour Squadron Leader Powley has displayed outstanding qualities of courage in the face of the enemy, zeal in the performance of his duties and leadership.
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commanding Officer, No 1 Mobile Operations Room Unit .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 21st century, new names have been used on stations such as Forward Support Wing, Base Support Wing and Logistics Wing etc.^ The Shaibah logistics base, once the main center of British military operations in Iraq, was turned over to the Iraqi national army on for use as a training base.
  • Today in History April 24 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

RAF Ensign
Royal Air Force
RAF Commands
RAF Groups
RAF Wings
RAF Aircraft Squadrons
RAF Aircraft Independent Flights
RAF Heavy Conversion Units
RAF Operational Conversion Units
RAF Operational Training Units
RAF Stations
RAF Regiment Wings
RAF Regiment Squadrons
RAF Balloon Squadrons
RAF Miscellaneous Wings
RAF Aircraft

Squadrons

.A flying squadron is an aircraft unit which carries out the primary tasks of the RAF. RAF squadrons are somewhat analogous to the regiments of the British Army in that they have histories and traditions going back to their formation, regardless of where they are based, which aircraft they are operating, etc.^ We had to go down to the Kai Tak Yacht Club to get the dingy to go out to the aircraft to do our servicing, pre flight, and after flight inspections.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the beginning of 1935 the Squadron was re-equipped with Short Singapore flying boats and became the first R.A.F. unit overseas to be re-equipped by air.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The army was spared the worst of Pearson's wrath, in that army units kept their regimental formation (for example, I was an infantryman with the Essex and Kent Scottish Regiment).
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

They can be awarded standards and battle honours for meritorious service. .Whilst every squadron is different, most flying squadrons are commanded by a wing commander and, for a fast-jet squadron, have an establishment of around 100 personnel and 12 aircraft, but 16 aircraft for Tornado F3 Squadrons.^ His courage and skill as captain of aircraft have proved a source of inspiration to the Flight he commands, and contributed greatly to the success achieved by other crews in the squadron.
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Squadron Royal Naval Air Service at Coudekerque, France on 31/12/1916 and was equipped with Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter aircraft.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Flight Commander, "B" Flight, 166 Squadron RAF (Kirmington) (finally completed over 30 operations in Lancaster aircraft) .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(note that this type is now flown only by 111 Squadron).
.The term squadron can be used to refer to a sub-unit of an administrative wing or small RAF station, e.g.^ Dassault Mirage 5BD , FAB/8 Squadron (3 Wing), take off, Fairford RAF , IAT91 , 22/7/1991 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mikoyan-Guryevich MiG-23ML Flogger-G , Czech AF/2 Squadron, 1 Wing, c/n 17218/24644, static, Fairford RAF , IAT91 , 7/1991 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aero L-39ZA Albatros , Czech AF/1 Squadron, 11 Wing, c/n 232430, static, Fairford RAF , IAT91 , 7/1991 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Air Traffic Control Squadron, Personnel Management Squadron etc.^ Civil Aviation Conference established English as the air traffic control lan-guage.
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There are also Ground Support Squadrons, e.g. .No 2 (Mechanical Transport) Squadron which is located at RAF Wittering.^ Let L-410UVP , Lithuanian AF/Transport Squadron, Fairford RAF , RIAT 2002 , .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Panavia Tornado F.3 , RAF/25 Squadron, no marks, take off, Fairford RAF , RIAT98 , 27/7/1998 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Administrative squadrons are normally commanded by a squadron leader.

Flights

A flight is a sub-division of a squadron. .Flying squadrons are often divided into two flights, e.g.^ Divided into four squares; top two have type that reads: "5 de Mayo Celebración 'Estilo Sacra', Sunday, May 7, Southside Park 12-6."
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

"A" and "B", each under the command of a squadron leader. .Administrative squadrons on a station are also divided into flights and these flights are commanded by a junior officer, often a flight lieutenant.^ Commanding Officer, 29 Squadron RAF .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flight Commander, 258 Squadron RAF .
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His courage and skill as captain of aircraft have proved a source of inspiration to the Flight he commands, and contributed greatly to the success achieved by other crews in the squadron.
  • Royal Air Force Officers 1939-1945 -- P 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.unithistories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because of their small size, there are several flying units formed as flights rather than squadrons.^ At the beginning of 1935 the Squadron was re-equipped with Short Singapore flying boats and became the first R.A.F. unit overseas to be re-equipped by air.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This reminded me of a crash of one of these aircraft at the Royal Air Force base at Seletar in 1961 when I was there flying with the Target Towing Squadron.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because they typically serve actual needs, rather than "because I can afford it" levels of waste?
  • Asymmetrical Information: SUV safety 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.janegalt.net [Source type: General]

For example No. .1435 Flight is based at RAF Mount Pleasant in the Falkland Islands, maintaining air defence cover with four Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft.^ Eurofighter Typhoon DA2 , British Aerospace, displaying, Fairford RAF , IAT95 , 22-23/7/1995 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eurofighter Typhoon DA4 , British Aerospace, displaying, Fairford RAF , RIAT98 , 25-26/7/1998 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the fall of Pelambang the squadron with four remaining aircraft moved to Tjilatap, Java where daily patrols were maintained.
  • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

Personnel

In 2007 the RAF employed 40,370 active duty personnel, 1,450 RAF Volunteer Reserves, and 3,400 regular reservists.[15] .At its height (1944) during the Second World War, more than 1,100,000 personnel were serving at any one time.^ Egyptian President Mubarak commented that the country was both at civil war and that Shias were more loyal to their religion than to their country.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/041606.html 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ Probably , far more significant than the Bush family connections with the Third Reich is the CIA connections with the Third Reich , but these two worlds overlap.
  • NAZI HISTORY of SEPT 11 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.takeoverworld.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
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The longest-lived founding member of the RAF was Henry Allingham, who died in 2009 aged 113.[16]

Officers

Officers hold a commission from the Sovereign, which provides the legal authority for them to issue orders to subordinates. The commission of a regular officer is granted after successfully completing the 32-week-long Initial Officer Training course at the RAF College, Cranwell, Lincolnshire. Other officers also train at RAF Cranwell, but on different courses, such as those for professionally qualified officers.
.The titles and insignia of RAF officers were chiefly derived from those used by the Royal Navy, specifically the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) during World War I.^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
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^ (AP, 10/20/97)(MC, 10/20/01) 1944 Oct 21, During World War II, U.S. troops captured the German city of Aachen.
  • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force skip to main .
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

For example, the rank of Squadron Leader derived its name from the RNAS rank of Squadron Commander. RAF officers fall into three categories: air officers, senior officers and junior officers.

Other ranks

Other ranks attend the Recruit Training Squadron at RAF Halton for basic training, with the exception of the RAF Regiment, which trains its recruits at RAF Honington.
The titles and insignia of other ranks in the RAF was based on that of the Army, with some alterations in terminology. .Over the years, this structure has seen significant changes, for example there was once a separate system for those in technical trades and the ranks of Chief Technician and Junior Technician continue to be held only by personnel in technical trades.^ The CRD also associates with Ras through residues different from those that contact the RBD. Interestingly, it was demonstrated that the CRD:Ras interaction only occurs once the association of RBD with Ras has occurred.

^ There was only once instance of RAF being down.
  • Richard's Animorphs Forum - RAF Blog 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC blog.animorphsforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.RAF other ranks fall into four categories: Warrant Officers, Senior Non-Commissioned Officers, Junior Non-Commissioned Officers and Airmen.^ Essentially those who donate: -less than $50 will fall into the "Donators" category.

Branches and trades

A female Tornado navigator of No. .12 Squadron
  • RAF Pilots and Weapon Systems Officers (WSO) (formerly known as Navigators) are commissioned officers on the General Duties List.
  • Non-commissioned (NCO) Aircrew known as Weapons System Operators (WSOp), fulfil the specialist roles of air engineer (E), air electronics operator (AEOp), air loadmaster (ALM) and air signaller (S).^ List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons .
    • Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Commonwealth, 1918-88 by James J. Halley | LibraryThing 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.librarything.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Airtech CN.235MPA Persuader , Irish Air Corps/Maritime Squadron, landing, Fairford RAF , RIAT96 , 19/7/1996 .
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    ^ General Dynamics F-16A Falcon , KLu/313 Squadron, special c/s, take off, Fairford RAF , RIAT97 , 21/7/1997 .
    • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Though they are now known collectively as weapon systems operators, individual trade specialisations remain.
.The majority of the members of the RAF serve in support roles on the ground.^ This board is available for members, and guests to post suggestions with regards to RAF, and also serves as a support board.

^ The January RAF Party is done; the place is a mess, hung-over members litter the grounds, and records lay tattered, smashed...
  • Richard's Animorphs Forum - RAF Blog 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC blog.animorphsforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Engineering Officers and technicians are employed to maintain and repair the equipment used by the RAF. This includes routine preparation for flight and maintenance on aircraft, arming aircraft with weapons, as well as deeper level repair work on aircraft systems, IT systems, ground based radar, vehicles, ground support equipment, etc.
  • RAF Regiment officers and gunners in the regiment defend RAF airfields from attack.^ It is possible that the experimental systems used could simply not support normal mKSR1 function.

    ^ Using Western analysis it was found that the D-raf Delta315 protein migrated as an ~60-kD band detected at a level equivalent to that of the 90-kD D-raf WT protein at 5 hr.

    ^ The first guided missile to be used in force, the V-1 was powered by a pulse-jet engine and resembled a small aircraft.
    • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .They have infantry and light armoured units to protect against ground attack.
  • RAF Intelligence Officers and Intelligence Analysts of RAF Intelligence support all operational activities by providing timely and accurate indicators & warnings.^ Three lines of evidence support the claim that CNK is essential for RAF activity.

    ^ To allow you to gauge when there is activity in the chat room, I've placed an online notification at the bottom of all RAF Forum pages.

    ^ Thus, all ectodermal signaling pathways dependent on D-raf activity could be fully restored in null embryos by expression of the D-raf WT gene (Radke, 2001).

    .They conduct detailed all source military intelligence fusion and analysis by utilising classified and open source information including imagery, human and communications (signals) intelligence.^ News highlights from the past week are provided in this free email update, but detailed analysis, background information and source documents are only available to subscribers.
    • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/041606.html 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

    ^ They could sit within their boundaries all day speaking the bare minimum, and then go to their community fiestas every night.
    • No Rif-Raf 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.norif-raf.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They all had their own communities on the East Coast, so they didn’t need to leave their comfort zone.
    • No Rif-Raf 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.norif-raf.com [Source type: Original source]

    Intelligence is used to inform commanders of the assessed capabilities and intentions of the enemy for strategic / operational planning and targeting. .They also tailor the information to brief aircrews for mission planning and other tactical units (such as RAF Regiment) for Force Protection.
  • RAF Police are the military police of the RAF.
  • Aerospace Battle Managers (formally Fighter Controllers (FC)) and Air Traffic Controllers (ATC), control RAF and NATO aircraft from the ground.^ Jan 7, The U.S. Air Force announced the production of the first jet-fighter, Bell P-59 Ai-racomet.
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    ^ Others called for butchering Americans they did not like , such as liberals and democrats who opposed Hitler.
    • NAZI HISTORY of SEPT 11 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.takeoverworld.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Civil Aviation Conference established English as the air traffic control lan-guage.
    • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The FC control the interception of enemy aircraft while the ATC provide air traffic services at RAF stations and to the majority of en-route military aircraft in UK airspace.
  • RAF Medical Branch provides healthcare at home and on deployed operations, including aeromedical evacuation services.^ In brief, every major German corporation with an international operation strengthened its branches, subsidiaries, and affiliates with an influx of new money and talent that included scientists and technicians arriving weekly ready to perform laboratory research in Spain and Buenos Aires.” 18.
    • NAZI HISTORY of SEPT 11 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC www.takeoverworld.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Squadron Royal Naval Air Service at Coudekerque, France on 31/12/1916 and was equipped with Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter aircraft.
    • 205/209 Sunderland Squadron RAF Seletar 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC splashdown2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Civil Aviation Conference established English as the air traffic control lan-guage.
    • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Medical officers are the doctors of the RAF and have specialist expertise in aviation medicine to support aircrew and their protective equipment. Medical officers can go on aeromedical evacuations, providing vital assistance on search-and-rescue missions or emergency relief flights worldwide. RAF Medical Officers are either based in primary care on operations or on RAF stations in the UK or in one of six Ministry of Defence Hospital Units (MDHU's) around the UK as specialist practitioners.
  • Administrative Officers and associated Pers Admin trades are involved with human resources management, training management, physical education, catering, infrastructure management, accounts, dress and discipline, personnel and recruitment.
  • Royal Air Force chaplains are trained by the Armed Forces Chaplaincy Centre at Amport House.
  • RAF Legal Branch provides legal advice on discipline / criminal law and operations law.

Reserves

Specialist training and education

.The Royal Air Force operates several units and centres for the provision of non-generic training and education.^ Physical Description: Non-Center Activities and Programs "Cinco de Mayo 83" Celebration; Royal Chicano Air Force Display; 1983; .
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

^ Physical Description: Graphic Arts El Royal Chicano Air Force Poster; 1900a-1977; .
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

^ Comments/Description: Announcement Poster for "RCAF." Blue type reads: "RCAF Royal Chicano Air Force."
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

.These include the Royal Air Force Leadership Centre and the Royal Air Force Centre for Air Power Studies, both based at RAF Cranwell, and the Air Warfare Centre, based at RAF Waddington and RAF Cranwell.^ Physical Description: Non-Center Activities and Programs "Cinco de Mayo 83" Celebration; Royal Chicano Air Force Display; 1983; .
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

^ Comments/Description: Announcement Poster for "RCAF." Blue type reads: "RCAF Royal Chicano Air Force."
  • Royal Chicano Air Force Archives 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: General]

^ Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force skip to main .
  • Petition to Restore the Royal Designation:Royal Canadian Navy-Royal Canadian Air Force 18 January 2010 8:35 UTC rcn-rcaf.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

NCO training and developmental courses occur at RAF Halton and officer courses occur at the Joint Services Command and Staff College at Shrivenham.

Aircraft

British military aircraft designations generally comprise a type name followed by a mark number which includes an alphabetical rôle prefix. For example, the Tornado F3 is designated as a fighter by the 'F', and is the third variant of the type to be produced.

Strike, attack and offensive support aircraft

The mainstay of the offensive support fleet is the Tornado GR4. .This supersonic aircraft can carry a wide range of weaponry, including Storm Shadow cruise missiles, laser-guided bombs and the ALARM anti-radar missile.^ Japanese planes were shot down by U.S. carrier- based planes and anti-aircraft fire from U.S. ships.
  • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first guided missile to be used in force, the V-1 was powered by a pulse-jet engine and resembled a small aircraft.
  • Timeline 1944 22 September 2009 12:35 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Tornado is supplemented by the Harrier GR7/GR7A, which is used in the strike and close air support roles, and to counter enemy air defences. The Harrier is being upgraded to GR9/GR9A standard with newer systems and more powerful Rolls Royce Pegasus engines. The Harrier GR9 was formally accepted into RAF service in late September 2006.
The Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4, has from June 2008 achieved the required standard for multi-role operational deployment.[17]

Air defence and airborne early warning aircraft

.The Panavia Tornado F3 and Eurofighter Typhoon F2 are the RAF's air defence fighter aircraft, based at RAF Leuchars and RAF Coningsby respectively.^ Panavia Tornado ECR , GAF/JBG 32, static, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 17/7/2005 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eurofighter Typhoon DA2 , British Aerospace, displaying, Fairford RAF , IAT95 , 22-23/7/1995 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Panavia Tornado F.3 , RAF/25 Squadron, take off, Fairford RAF , RIAT98 , 25-26/7/1998 .
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Their task is to defend the UK’s airspace. .In October 2007 it was announced that RAF Boscombe Down will become one of a number of quick reaction alert airbase from early 2008, offering around the clock fighter coverage for the South and South West of UK airspace when a direct threat has been identified, otherwise the aircraft will be based at RAF Leuchars and Coningsby as described above.^ Japanese planes were shot down by U.S. carrier- based planes and anti-aircraft fire from U.S. ships.
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[18]
.The Tornado, in service in the air defence role since the late 1980s, is being replaced by the Eurofighter Typhoon F2, based at RAF Coningsby.^ Eurofighter Typhoon DA2 , British Aerospace, displaying, Fairford RAF , IAT95 , 22-23/7/1995 .
  • www.paulnann.com Military Aviation Photo Gallery - Location: Fairford RAF 3 February 2010 17:39 UTC www.paulnann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eurofighter Typhoon DA4 , British Aerospace, displaying, Fairford RAF , RIAT98 , 25-26/7/1998 .
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^ It's exactly one year since I posted about RAF being no more .

The RAF's second operational Typhoon unit, 11 Sqn, reformed on 29 March 2007, joining 3 Sqn, also based at RAF Coningsby. The Tornado F3s at RAF Leuchars will gradually be phased out and replaced with Typhoons, which will also be based at RAF Leuchars.
.The Sentry AEW1, based at RAF Waddington , provides airborne early warning to detect incoming enemy aircraft and to co-ordinate the aerial battlefield.^ Hawker Hunter T.7 , private/Classic Jet Aircraft Co., G-BVGH, RAF/12 Squadron marks, take-off, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 18/7/2005 .
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^ Hawker Hunter T.7 , private/Classic Jet Aircraft co., G-BVGH, landing, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 15/7/2005 .
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Both the Sentry and the Tornado F3 have been involved in recent operations including over Iraq and the Balkans.

Reconnaissance aircraft

The Tornado GR4A is fitted with cameras and sensors in the visual, infra-red and radar ranges of the spectrum.
The Nimrod R1 provides electronic and signals intelligence.
The new Sentinel R1 (also known as ASTOR – Airborne STand-Off Radar) provides a ground radar-surveillance platform based on the Bombardier Global Express long range business jet. These will be supplemented in 2009 by four Beechcraft Shadow R1 aircraft equipped for the ISTAR role over Afghanistan.[19]
A pair of MQ-9 Reaper Unmanned aerial vehicles have been purchased to support operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. They are operated by No. .39 Squadron RAF.^ English-Electric/BAC Canberra T.4 , RAF/39 (1 PRU) Squadron, take off, Fairford RAF , RIAT98 , 27/7/1998 .
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^ English-Electric/BAC Canberra T.4 , RAF/39 (1 PRU) Squadron, prototype marks (really WJ874), take off, Fairford RAF , RIAT99 , 26/7/1999 .
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^ English-Electric/BAC Canberra PR.9 , RAF/39 (1 PRU) Squadron, take off, Fairford RAF , RIAT98 , 25-26/7/1998 .
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A third MQ-9 is in the process of being purchased.[20]

Support helicopters

.An important part of the work of the RAF is to support the British Army by ferrying troops and equipment at the battlefield.^ British and American airborne troops parachuted into Holland to capture the Arnhem bridge as part of Op-eration Market Garden.
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.However, RAF helicopters are also used in a variety of other roles, including support of RAF ground units and heavy-lift support for the Royal Marines.^ Using a gain-of-function mutation it has been shown that D-raf acts to transmit this and other late-acting embryonic Egfr signals.

^ However, it has been found that KSR plays a structural role in modulating Raf/MEK/MAPK signal propagation and it does not appear to phosphorylate Raf-1.

^ In mammalian cells, Raf-1 is regulated by a variety of inputs including the enzymatic function of PKC, Src, and Jnk kinases that upregulate activity.

.The support helicopters are organised into the tri-service Joint Helicopter Command (JHC), along with helicopters of the British Army and Royal Navy.^ Miller persuaded the U.S. Army to accept his service to "put a little more spring into the feet of our marching men and a little more joy into their hearts."
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^ (AP, 10/19/04) 1944 Oct 19, The Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service.
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^ The navy was composed of Atlantic Command in Halifax, N.S., and Pacific Command in Esquimalt, B.C., and the Royal Canadian Navy (Reserve) [RCN(R)] located in 21 cities across the country.
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.The only helicopters not coordinated by the JHC are the search and rescue helicopters of the RAF and RN, and those RN helicopters that are normally based onboard a ship such as a destroyer.^ Using transfection experiments and an RNAi-based rescue assay in Drosophila S2 cells, it has been demonstrated that CNK has antagonistic properties with respect to RAF activity.

^ In those D-raf null embryos lacking ß- gal expression, otd mRNAs were detected only in cells of the head, similar to Egfr embryos (Radke, 2001).

^ He had no high-explosive shells onboard and only half the ship's required complement, a third of these being RNCVRs.
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The large twin-rotor Chinook HC2/HC2A, based at RAF Odiham provides heavy-lift support and is supported by the Merlin HC3 and the smaller Puma HC1 medium-lift helicopters, based at RAF Benson and RAF Aldergrove.
It was announced in March 2007 that the RAF will take delivery of six additional Merlins. .The aircraft were originally ordered by Denmark and six new aircraft will be built for Denmark.^ The Santa Fe Document, which was a sequel to The Rockefeller Report, was originally titled "Inter-American Relations, Shield of the New Order and Sword of the U.S. Ascent to World Power."
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It was also announced that eight Chinook HC3s, that are in storage, will be modified for the battlefield support role.

Maritime patrol

The Nimrod MR2's primary role is that of Anti-Submarine Warfare and Anti-Surface Unit Warfare. .The Nimrod MR2 is additionally used in a Search and Rescue role, where its long range and communications facilities allow it to co-ordinate rescues by acting as a link between rescue helicopters, ships and shore bases.^ Using transfection experiments and an RNAi-based rescue assay in Drosophila S2 cells, it has been demonstrated that CNK has antagonistic properties with respect to RAF activity.

It can also drop pods containing life rafts and survival supplies to people in the sea.

Transport and air-to-air refuelling aircraft

Having replaced the former Queen's Flight in 1995, 32 (The Royal) Squadron uses the BAe 125 CC3, Agusta A109 and BAe 146 CC2 in the VIP transport role, based at RAF Northolt, just west of London.
.More routine, strategic airlift transport tasks are carried out by the Tristars and VC10s based at RAF Brize Norton, for passengers and cargo, and for air-to-air refuelling of other aircraft.^ Ideally, you'd have a basic car that seated two, with maybe two add-ons for more passengers, and another one or two add-ons for cargo.
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^ Maximilian Volke, a German ace pilot, took off from a northern Italian air base with three other fighters to intercept a group of American bombers.
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^ Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo was sunk by US air attack.
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.Shorter range, tactical-airlift transport is provided by the Hercules, the fleet including both older C-130K (Hercules C1/C3) and newer C-130J (Hercules C4/C5) variants, based at RAF Lyneham in Wiltshire.^ Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules , USAF/48 AS, taxing, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 18/7/2005 .
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^ Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules , USAF/48 AS, static, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 17/7/2005 .
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.The RAF has leased four C-17 Globemaster IIIs from Boeing to provide a heavy, strategic airlift capability.^ Boeing Chinook HC.2 , RAF/18 Squadron, displaying, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 17/7/2005 .
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^ Boeing C-17A Globemaster III , RAF/99 Squadron, displaying, Fairford RAF , RIAT2005 , 16/7/2005 .
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^ Boeing C-17A Globemaster III , USAF/437 AW 17 AS, flightline, Fairford RAF , RIAT99 , 25/7/1999 .
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.These will be purchased, as well a fifth C-17 delivered on 7 April 2008. A sixth aircraft, which the MoD announced would bolster operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, was delivered on 8 June 2008. The new aircraft have entered frontline use within days rather than weeks.^ Black type reads: "Native American Indian Alliance, Culture Days, April 17 & 18, Student Union, 12:00-5:00 p.m...Brian Tripp."
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The MoD has said "there is a stated departmental requirement for eight" C-17s and a seventh has been ordered for delivery in December 2010.[21]

Search and rescue aircraft

Three squadrons of helicopters exist with the primary role of military search and rescue; the rescuing of aircrew who have ejected or crash-landed their aircraft. These are 22 Sqn and 202 Sqn with the Sea King HAR.3/HAR3A in the UK and 84 Sqn with the Griffin HAR2 in Cyprus.
Although established with a primary role of military search and rescue, most of their operational missions are spent in their secondary role of conducting civil search and rescue; that is, the rescue of civilians from at sea, on mountains and other locations.
.Both rescue roles are shared with the Sea King helicopters of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm, while the civil search and rescue role is also shared with the helicopters of HM Coastguard.^ Physical Description: Center Activities and Programs "Royal Chicano Air Force Restrospective Poster Art--In Search of Mr. Con Safos" Exhibition; 1989; .
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The Operational Conversion Unit is 203 (Reserve) Squadron RAF based at RAF Valley equipped with the Sea King HAR3.
The related Royal Air Force Mountain Rescue Service comprises four teams of trained mountaineers stationed in the mainland United Kingdom, first established in 1943.

Training aircraft

Elementary flying training is conducted on the Tutor T1. The Tutor is also used, along with the Viking T1 and Vigilant T1 gliders, to provide air experience training and basic pilot training for air cadets.
Basic pilot training for fixed-wing and helicopter pilots is provided on the Tucano T1 and Squirrel HT1, while weapon systems officer and weapon systems operator training is conducted in the Dominie T1.
.Advanced flying training for fast-jet, helicopter and multi-engine pilots is provided using the Hawk T1, Griffin HT1 and B200 King Air respectively.^ The first guided missile to be used in force, the V-1 was powered by a pulse-jet engine and resembled a small aircraft.
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.At the more advanced stage in training, variants of front-line aircraft have been adapted for operational conversion of trained pilots; these include the Harrier T10 and Typhoon T1.^ There is little evidence that these hits were more than accidental collisions or last-minute decisions by pilots in doomed aircraft, of the kind likely to happen in intense sea-air battles [see Oct 21].
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Future aircraft

The UK plans to order 138 F-35s
.The RAF is planning for the introduction of new aircraft.^ Both the move to a new forum system, and the RAF Awards that were recently planned have been cancelled.

These include:
  • The Nimrod MR2 fleet is to be replaced by nine aircraft rebuilt to Nimrod MRA4 standard. Originally scheduled to be in service in 2003, these aircraft are now expected to enter service in late 2010.
  • The Airbus A400M, of which 25 are to be used to replace the remaining Hercules C-130Ks.[22]
  • .
  • An enhanced version of the Chinook, the HC3, with improved avionics and increased range for special forces missions, was ordered in 1995. Due to technical and project management problems, these aircraft have not yet entered service, they are still in storage, but are now due to be downgraded to Support Helicopter configuration and deployed by 2009.
  • The Hawk T2 will replace the existing Hawks in service; the newer model being more similar in equipment and performance to modern front line aircraft.
  • The ageing aerial refuelling fleet of VC10s and Tristars will be replaced with the Airbus A330 MRTT under the Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft programme.
  • The F-35B Lightning II will replace the Harrier GR7 under the Joint Combat Aircraft programme.
  • Project Taranis aiming to provide further Strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle services in both ground attack and reconnaissance roles.
  • A possible sale or lease of three former United States Air Force KC-135R aircraft, converted to RC-135V/W Rivet Joint standard, has been notified to the United States Congress by the American Defense Security Cooperation Agency, these will replace the aging Nimrod R1 Fleet.^ Sullivan+Cromwell+nazi As Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles used Sullivan and Cromwell to help carry on his support for former Nazi businessmen.
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    ^ United States), but also said undeniably loyal Americans of Japanese ancestry could not continue to be detained (Ex parte Endo).
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    ^ Now I'll confess that Detroit has done some amazing things to civilize the handling of the truck since Americans decided that they wanted the least sophisticated design possible for their cars about ten years ago.
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    [23]

Symbols, flags, emblems and uniform

Following the tradition of the other British fighting services, the RAF has adopted symbols to represent it and act as a rallying point for its members.
.The RAF Ensign is flown from the flagstaff on every RAF station during daylight hours.^ (AH, 12/02, p.4) 1944 Mar 4, A squadron of American B-17 bombers hit Berlin for the first time during daylight hours.
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The design was approved by King George V in 1921, after much opposition from the Admiralty, who have the right to approve or veto any flag flown ashore or on board ship.
.British aircraft in the early stages of the First World War carried the Union Flag as an identifying feature, however this was easy to confuse with Germany's Iron Cross motif.^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
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^ Much worse than after the First World War.
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^ By Ronald Reagan on World War Two Reinhard Gehlen and U.S. Intelligence In 1956, control of the Gehlen Org shifted from the CIA to West Germany's ...
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.Therefore in October 1914 the French system of three concentric rings was adopted, with the colours reversed to a red disc surrounded by a white ring and an outer blue ring.^ Red, gold, white, blue and green circles surround the image.
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^ Mesoamerican and personal iconography in yellow, orange, blue, white and red.
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^ Image of a blue and red Jesus with white thorns on a red circular background.
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.The relative sizes of the rings have changed over the years and during World War II an outer yellow ring was added.^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
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^ (AP, 10/20/97)(MC, 10/20/01) 1944 Oct 21, During World War II, U.S. troops captured the German city of Aachen.
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^ (AP, 8/14/07) 1944 Sep 6, During World War II, the British government relaxed blackout restrictions and suspended compulsory training for the Home Guard.
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.Aircraft serving in the Far East during World War II had the red disc removed to prevent confusion with Japanese aircraft.^ (AP, 9/12/06) 1944 Sep 12, During World War II, U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time, near Trier.
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^ (AP, 10/20/97)(MC, 10/20/01) 1944 Oct 21, During World War II, U.S. troops captured the German city of Aachen.
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^ (AP, 8/14/07) 1944 Sep 6, During World War II, the British government relaxed blackout restrictions and suspended compulsory training for the Home Guard.
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.Since the 1970s, camouflaged aircraft carry low-visibility roundels, either red and blue on dark camouflage, or washed-out pink and light blue on light colours.^ Gradation background of red/dark blue/light blue.
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^ Dark blue to light blue gradation background.
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^ Colors: florescent orange, florescent pink, yellow, blue, green, ochre, red, black, and blue.
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.Most uncamouflaged training and transport aircraft retain the traditional red-white-blue roundel.^ Mesoamerican and personal iconography in yellow, orange, blue, white and red.
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^ Image of a blue and red Jesus with white thorns on a red circular background.
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^ On a blue background with white splatters a male figure with metalic gray pants and a blue and red plaid shirt, holds a microphone singing.
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.The Latin motto of the RAF, "Per Ardua ad Astra", is usually translated as "Through Adversity to the Stars",[24][25] but the RAF's official translation is "Through Struggle to the Stars".[1] The choice of motto is attributed to a junior officer named J S Yule, in response to a request from a commander of the RFC, Colonel Sykes, for suggestions.^ Northrop B-2A Spirit , USAF/509 BW 393 BS, displaying, Fairford RAF , RIAT99 , 24-25/7/1999 .
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^ A Suggestions board has been added to RAF for the 2nd time in our almost four year history.

^ Lockheed C-130H Hercules , USAF/302 AW, displaying, Fairford RAF , RIAT99 , 24-25/7/1999 .
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The RAF inherited the motto from the RFC.
The Badge of the Royal Air Force was first used in August 1918. In heraldic terms it is: "In front of a circle inscribed with the motto Per Ardua Ad Astra and ensigned by the Imperial Crown an eagle volant and affronty Head lowered and to the sinister."[25] Although there have been debates among airmen over the years whether the bird was originally meant to be an albatross or an eagle, the consensus is that it was always an eagle.[26]
In 2006 the RAF adopted a logotype featuring a roundel and the Service's unabbreviated name (shown at the top of this article). The logotype is used on all correspondence and publicity material and aims to provide the Service with a single, universally-recognizable brand identity.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b RAF – Frequently Asked Questions
  2. ^ Royal Air Force 90th Anniversary History of the RAF
  3. ^ "RAF History Timeline 1917 to 1918". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). http://www.raf.mod.uk/history_old/line1917.html. Retrieved 2010-January-31. 
  4. ^ Table 2a - Strength of UK Armed Forces - full time trained and untrained personnel. TSP Quarterly Report - Total Strength of UK Armed Forces, 1 October 2009. Accessed 1 January 2010.
  5. ^ Defence Analytical Services Agency The MOD Mission
  6. ^ RAF website
  7. ^ RAF website
  8. ^ Royal Air Force 90th Anniversery History of the RAF
  9. ^ The Churchill Centre – Speeches & Quotes
  10. ^ Paul Brickhill, The Dambusters
  11. ^ BBC, Your Pictures: RAF Flypast
  12. ^ Tornados Bound for Kandahar, Air Forces Monthly, August 2008 issue, p. 8.
  13. ^ "Assistant Chief of the Air Staff (ACAS)". Royal Air Force web site. Royal Air Force. 2008. http://www.raf.mod.uk/structure/acas.cfm. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  14. ^ www.raf.mod.uk 31 March 2006. Command Structure.
  15. ^ "Defence Personnel Totals, armedforces.co.uk". http://www.armedforces.co.uk/mod/listings/l0013.html. 
  16. ^ BBC News Fly-past for Britain's oldest man
  17. ^ AirForcesMonthly.August 2008.p9
  18. ^ Air base in front line fully-armedSalisbury Journal, Monday 29 October 2007
  19. ^ "UK converts King Air 350s into ISTAR platforms". www.defence-solutions.co.uk. 2009-01-13. http://www.defence-solutions.co.uk/Public/News/news_view.aspx?articleid=52. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  20. ^ Air Forces Monthly, December 2007 issue, p.6.
  21. ^ Royal Air Force to Acquire 7th Boeing C-17 Globemaster III
  22. ^ Royal Air Force – A400M
  23. ^ United Kingdom - RC-135V/W Rivet Joint Aircraft
  24. ^ Cranwell Heraldry Part One: The Royal Air Force BadgeThe Heraldry Society, September 2005
  25. ^ a b Air Ministry Orders A.666/49, 15 September 1949
  26. ^ It’s an albatross, it’s an eagle … it’s an eagle

External links

Video clips


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:
Singular
Royal Air Force
Plural
-
Royal Air Force (Abbreviated as: RAF)
  1. The air force of the British armed forces

Simple English

The Royal Air Force (RAF is a short version) is the air force of the United Kingdom. The RAF was started in 1918 by putting the Royal Flying Corps (spoken as 'core') and the Royal Naval Air Service together. The first man to lead the RAF was Hugh Trenchard. The RAF have many bases across the world, including the UK, Falkland Islands, Cyprus and Gibraltar. Some examples of the UK bases are RAF Lossiemouth in Scotland, RAF Valley in Wales, RAF Aldergrove in Northern Ireland and RAF Linton-on Ouse in England. The RAF has very new planes including the Eurofighter Typhoon, Panavia Tornado and the BaE Hawk. The Hawk is used to train fast-jet pilots.

World War II

The RAF was very busy during World War II. A lot of important planes were built for the RAF during that time. The Spitfire, Hawker Hurricaine and Avro Lancaster bomber. The RAF lost a lot of pilots which were shot down by the enemy.

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Royal Air Force, which are similar to those in the above article.








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