Royal Air Maroc: Wikis


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Royal Air Maroc
Founded 1957
Hubs Mohammed V International Airport (CMN), Casablanca
Focus cities
Frequent flyer program Safar Flyer
Member lounge Casablanca Lounge
Fleet size 55 (+ 28 orders)
Destinations 80
Company slogan "The wings of Morocco"
Parent company Moroccan Government
Headquarters Casablanca, Morocco
Key people Driss Benhima (CEO since February 2006)

Royal Air Maroc (commonly called RAM, الخطوط الملكية المغربية Al-Khuṭūṭ al-Malakīyyah al-Maghribīyyah in Arabic) is the flag carrier airline of Morocco, headquartered on the grounds of Casablanca-Anfa Airport in Casablanca. It operates scheduled international flights from Morocco to Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America and a domestic and charter network, (including Hajj flights). Its base is Mohammed V International Airport (CMN), Casablanca.




First days

The company was founded in 1953 as Compagnie Cherifienne des Transports Aeriens (CCTA). Junkers Ju-52 tri-engine aircraft started local services but these aircraft were soon replaced by DC-3s and Lockheed Constellations. The name Royal Air Maroc was adopted after independence and the company began flying international routes in 1957 from its main base in Casablanca.

The jet age

In 1960 RAM introduced its first jets: Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelles. These flew to European routes such as Paris and Madrid until the mid 1970s when they were phased out in favor of Boeing 727s. Simultaneously, Boeing 707s were being introduced for longer or higher capacity routes and Original Series 737s for smaller routes. By the end of the 1970s, Royal Air Maroc was flying to Europe, North America, the Middle East, and finally North Africa.

The 1980s

RAM continued to expand in the 1980s. New routes were opened and routes expanded, frequencies were increased and new aircraft were introduced. Boeing 757s were purchased in 1986 and eventually replaced the oldest 727s. The expansion of Casablanca Mohammed V airport in 1984 provided the company with a more modern base.

The 1990s

In the early days of the decade, the last of the 707s was removed from the fleet. Meanwhile, newer, more efficient, Classic 400 and 500 Series Boeing 737s were introduced to increase the frequency of European routes. By the middle of the decade all 727s had disappeared. To consolidate its North American operations, Royal Air Maroc purchased a single 747-400. As the decade progressed, new routes to previously under-served African airports were opened.


With the increasing number of passengers and newly opened routes as well as increasing oil prices, there was a need to buy new aircraft. In 2000 an order for 20 Next Generation Boeing 737 aircraft and 4 Airbus A321s was placed. Meanwhile more routes to west and central African cities were opened.

RAM was now changing, from providing flights to meet the demands of foreign tourists and Moroccan expatriates, to providing connections between European cities and African cities via the Casablanca hub. In 2002, the company leased two 767s to replace the single 747 in North American routes and in 2004, the low-cost subsidiary, Atlas Blue, was set up with its main base in Marrakesh. Six Boeing 737-400s were transferred to it with the aim of providing tourists with a direct route to Moroccan resort towns. In 2005, the company ordered four Boeing 787s to replace the leased 767s and expand North American, Middle Eastern, and African routes. It was announced in May 2008 that RAM had transported a record-breaking 6.33 million passengers in the previous fiscal year, the year 2007[1].

In 2006 the airline banned staff from praying at their offices and in the corporate headquarters. The airline said that staff abused their prayer times. Islamist groups said that the airline was trying to stop religious freedom.[1]

Royal Air Maroc is the first airline in Africa to operate the Boeing 787 and has the largest 737s fleet in Africa (42)

The future

In late 2005 an Open-Sky agreement was signed between Morocco and the EU. This means that Royal Air Maroc will have to face tough competition from low cost carriers eager to exploit profitable routes between Western Europe and Morocco. A further challenge arises from the high cost of kerosene and the fact that the company may have to drop some of its unprofitable domestic and international routes. The construction of a third terminal and runway began at Mohammed V airport in late 2005.

Stakes and ownership

The Moroccan government owns 95.95% of the airline and Air France 2.86%. The government intends to partially privatise the airline through the sale of a 25% holding. Royal Air Maroc has 5,719 employees. Royal Air Maroc has a 99% holding in Atlas Blue and 51% in Air Senegal International[2][3], see below.

The subsidiaries of The Group Royal Air Maroc are:



RAM has its base at Mohammed V International Airport (CMN) near Casablanca. The company operates short- , medium- and long-haul flights:

  • Short-haul flights are mainly national connections between the Moroccan airports and some flights to other North-African countries.
  • Medium-haul flights are operated between several Moroccan airports and destinations in Europe, Central Africa and the Middle-East.
  • Long-haul flights are the cross-Atlantic flights to Canada and the United States[4]


New Routes 2010

New Routes
New Destination From Start Aircraft Notes
Bangui Casablanca 28 March Boeing 737-800 Vía Douala
Berlin-Tegel Casablanca 21 June Boeing 737-700
Malaga Casablanca 20 June ATR 72 Will operate by Royal Air Maroc Express
Munich Marrakech 04 April Boeing 737-400 Will operate by Atlas Blue
Pointe Noire Casablanca 28 March Boeing 767-300 Vía Brazzaville
Verona Casablanca 28 March Boeing 737-800
Warsaw Casablanca 27 April Boeing 737-800 Will operate by Atlas Blue
Zurich Casablanca 31 March Boeing 737-500


Royal Air Maroc (and Royal Air Maroc Express) operate the following fleet (as of June 2009):[5]

Royal Air Maroc fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Options Passengers
Airbus A321-200 4 1 3 185 (0/185)
158 (20/138)
Two in Atlas Blue colours
Boeing 737-400 6 - - 149 (0/0/149)
Boeing 737-500 6 1 - 134 (0/0/134) One is operating by Atlas Blue
Boeing 737-700 7 - - 131 (0/26/105) Domestic, Africa, Europe
Boeing 737-800 21 5 - 146 (0/44/102)
162 (0/24/138)
Domestic, Africa, Europe
Two are operating by Atlas Blue
Boeing 747-400 1 - - 582 (12/36/534) Europe, Montréal, New York
Boeing 757-200 2 - - 179 (0/18/161) Europe, Middle East
Boeing 767-300(ER) 5 - 8 284 (-/76/208)
254 (18/32/204)
343 (0/0/343)
Europe, Middle-East, North-America, West-Africa
Boeing 787-8 - 5 - TBA Intercontinental-Routes, Entry 2010-2013
Total 52 12 11
Royal Air Maroc Express fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Options Passengers
ATR 42-600 - 6 4 54 (0/0/54) operated by Royal Air Maroc Express
ATR 72-200 4 2 12 66 (0/0/66) operated by Royal Air Maroc Express
ATR 72-600 - 6 2 78 (0/0/78) operated by Royal Air Maroc Express
Total 4 14 18
Royal Air Maroc Cargo fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Options Cargo Capacity
Boeing 737-300F 1 - 2 19.000 Operated by Royal Air Maroc Cargo
In new Royal Air Maroc-livery
Boeing 757-200F - 3 - 50.000 Operated by Royal Air Maroc Cargo
Will be equipped with winglets
Total 1 3 2

Codeshare agreements

Royal Air Maroc has codeshare agreements with the following airlines (as of January 2010):

Head office

Royal Air Maroc has its head office on the grounds of Casablanca-Anfa Airport in Casablanca.[6] In 2004 the airline announced that it would move its head office from Casablanca to the Province of Nouaceur, near Mohammed V International Airport. MAP, the official state news agency, said that the construction of the headquarters and a 500 room conference hotel would take 1 year and 6 months.[7] The agreement to build the head office in Nouaceur was signed in 2009.[8]

Incidents and accidents

This Royal Air Maroc Boeing 767-300, civil registration CN-RNT, was damaged in a hard landing incident at John F. Kennedy International Airport.

Major incidents involving fatalities and/or loss of airplane are:[9]

  • 14 November 1958: A Douglas DC-3 was damaged during landing at Tangier airport. No injuries were reported but the fuselage was damaged beyond repair.
  • 1 April 1970: a Sud Aviation Caravelle crashed on approach to Casablanca Mohammad V airport when it lost control at a height of about 500 feet. Sixty one of the 82 passengers and crew were killed.
  • 21 August 1994: an ATR 42-300 operating Flight 630, the domestic Agadir-Casablanca route lost control at 16000 feet, entered a steep dive, and crashed into nearby mountains. Investigators suspect that the pilot deliberately disengaged the autopilot and directed the aircraft into the ground. All of the 44 passengers and crew members were killed.
  • 20 April 2009: a Boeing 767-300 operating as Flight 200 (registration CN-RNT) from Casablanca encountered wake turbulence during approach into John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York. This resulted in the aircraft making a very hard landing, and further inspections on the ground revealed cracks and wrinkles on the fuselage.[10][11] Rendered unflyable, RAM brought in Boeing and Delta engineers to repair the aircraft on site at JFK.[12]


  1. ^ Hamilton, Richard. "Moroccan airline bans prayer time." BBC. Monday 6 November 2006. Retrieved on 19 October 2009.
  2. ^ "Senegal retakes control of airline from Air Maroc". Reuters. 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  3. ^ "Senegal government takes major stake in its flag carrier". AFP. 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  4. ^ Route maps on company website, visited June 24, 2009
  5. ^ Royal Air Maroc Fleet
  6. ^ "Non-airline partners." Royal Air Maroc. Retrieved on 19 October 2009.
  7. ^ "Royal Air Maroc.(Africa/Middle East)(Brief Article)." Air Transport World. 1 July 2004. Retrieved on 19 October 2009.
  8. ^ "Casablanca: Nouaceur abritera le futur siège de la RAM." L'Économiste. 18 August 2009. Retrieved on 19 October 2009.
  9. ^ accident data from Aviation Safety website on RAM as on 29 June 2009
  10. ^ Additional details from: Aviation Herald on RAM flight 200
  11. ^ Photo of damaged B767 after incident.
  12. ^ "Four Months After Hard Landing at JFK, Crippled RAM 767 Nearly Repaired", NYCAviation, 2009-08-15. Retrieved 2009-08-21.

External links


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