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Cap badge of the Royal Lincolnshire Regiment (bottom), with those of the affiliated Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps (re-named the Bermuda Rifles), which provided it with drafts in both world wars.

The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment was raised on June 20, 1685 as the Earl of Bath's Regiment for its first Colonel, John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath. In 1751 it was numbered like most other Army regiments and named the 10 Regiment of Foot. After the Childers Reforms of 1881 it became the Lincolnshire Regiment after the county where it had been recruiting since 1781. After the Second World War it was honoured with the name Royal Lincolnshire Regiment, before being amalgamated in 1960.

Contents

History

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Eighteenth century

The regiment would see action during the War of the Grand Alliance, the War of the League of Augsburg and the War of the Spanish Succession at the Battle of Blenheim, Battle of Ramillies and the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1751 the regiment was given the title of the 10th Regiment of Foot, as all British regiment were given numbers instead of Colonel's name for identification. The regiment would next see action during the American War of Independence at the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the New York Campaign, the Battle of Germantown, the Battle of Monmouth and the Battle of Rhode Island. In 1778 the 10th returned home to England after 19 years service overseas. In 1781 the regiment was linked to the County of Lincolnshire for recruiting. During the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, the 10th Regiment would see service in Egypt and in Portugal and Spain in the Peninsular War.

Nineteenth century

In 1842 the 10th Foot were sent to India and were involved in the First Anglo-Sikh War and the bloody Battle of Sobraon. The 10th would also see action in the Second Sikh War in the Punjab. They took part in the Battle of Goojerat and the siege of Mooltan. In 1857, at the outbreak of the Sepoy Mutiny the Regiment was stationed at Dinapore and went on to play an important role in the relief of Lucknow.

The 10th Foot, 1st Battalion served in in Japan in from 1868 through 1871. The battalion was charged with protecting the small foreign community in Yokohama. The leader of the battalion's military band, John William Fenton, is honored in Japan as "the first bandmaster in Japan"[1] and as "the father of band music in Japan."[2] He is also credited for initiating the slow process in which Kimi ga Yo came to be accepted as the national anthem of Japan.[3]

In 1881, the 10th Regiment of Foot became known as the Lincolnshire Regiment, when all British regiments were given County names.

During the war in the Sudan, 1st Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment took part in the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. The 2nd Battalion saw action in South Africa during the Boer War (1899-1902).

Twentieth century

The Regiment started the Great War with three regular battalions and two territorial battalions. The 1st Lincolns were stationed in Portsmouth, the 2nd Lincolns on Garrison in Bermuda, and the 3rd in Lincoln. The 4th and 5th Battalions were the Territorial battalions.

The Commanding Officer of 2nd Lincoln's, Lieut.-Col. George B. McAndrew, found himself acting Governor, Commander-In-Chief, and Vice-Admiral of Bermuda in the absence of the Governor, Lieut.-General Sir George Bullock, and oversaw that colony's placement onto a war footing. The battalion returned to England on 3 October, 1914, and was sent to the Western Front soon after. A Contingent from the Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps was detached in December 1914 to train for the Front. It was hoped this could join 2nd Lincolns, but it arrived in England too late and served, with a second Contingent that arrived the following year, on attachment to 1st Lincolns. Both the 1st and 2nd battalions served on the Western Front throughout the War. At the end of the War in 1918, 3rd Lincolns and 1st Lincolns were sent to Ireland to deal with the troubles in the unrecognised Irish Republic. Thirteen other battalions were raised during the course of the War, including the 10th, the Grimsby Chums.

Currently the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Anglian Regiment is the modern unit descended partly from the Lincolnshire Regiment. After forming up as a new squadron in Lincolnshire, 674 Squadron Army Air Corps adopted the Sphynx as the major emblem within its crest in honour of the Royal Lincolnshire Regiment, this honour being bestowed on the squadron by the then Chief of the Defence Staff, General Sir Michael Walker.

Battle honours

Early battle honours

Steenkirk 8 July 1692, War of the Spanish Succession 1702-1713, Blenheim 13 August 1704, Ramillies 23 May 1706, Oudenarde 11 July 1708, Malplaquet 11 September 1709, Bouchain 13 September 1711, Lexington 19 April 1775, Bunker's Hill 17 June 1775, Peninsula 1816, Sobraon 10 February 1846, Mooltan 21 December 1848, Goojuarat 21 February 1849, Punjab 1857, Lucknow 1858, 1863, Atbara 1898, Khartoum 1898, Boer War 1899-1902, Pardeberg 19 February 1899, South Africa 1900-1902,

World War I battle honours

Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons]], Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, '18, La Bassée 1914]], Messines 1914]], 1917, 1918, Armentières 1914]] Ypres 1914]], '15, '17, Nonne Bosschen, Neuve Chapelle, Gravenstafel, St. Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Aubers, Loos, Somme 1916, '18, Albert 1916, '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Ancre 1916, '18, Arras 1917, '18, Scarpe 1917, '18, Arleux, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917, '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Lys, Estaires, Bailleul, Kemmel, Amiens, Drocourt Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, Canal du Nord, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1916,

World War II battle honours

Vist, Norway 1940, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Cambes, Fontenay le Pesnil, Defence of Rauray, Caen, Orne, Bourguébus Ridge, Troarn, Nederrijn, Le Havre, Antwerp-Turnhout Canal, Venraij, Venlo Pocket, Rhineland, Hochwald, Lingen, Bremen, Arnhem 1945, North-West Europe 1940, '44-45, Sedjenane I, Mine de Sedjenane, Argoub Selah, North Africa 1943, Salerno, Vietri Pass, Capture of Naples, Cava di Terreni, Volturno Crossing, Garigliano Crossing, Monte Tuga, Gothic Line, Monte Gridolfo, Gemmano Ridge, Lamone Crossing, San Marino, Italy 1943-45, Donbaik, Point 201 (Arakan), North Arakan, Buthidaung, Ngakyedauk Pass, Ramree, Burma 1943-45

See also

References

  1. ^ Asiatic Society of Japan. (1980). Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, p. 14.
  2. ^ Joyce, Colin and Julian Ryall. "British Soldier who Wrote Japanese National Anthem Honoured." The Telegraph (London). October 14, 2008.
  3. ^ Joyce, Colin. "Briton who gave Japan its anthem," The Telegraph. August 30, 2005; Sabadus, Aura. "Japan Searches for Scot who Modernised Nation," The Scotsman. March 14, 2006.

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