|Royal Malaysian Police
Polis Di-Raja Malaysia
|Abbreviation||RMP / PDRM|
|Logo of the Royal Malaysian Police|
|Flag of the Royal Malaysian Police|
|Motto||Tegas, Adil Dan Berhemah|
|Firm, Fair And Prudent|
|Formed||March 25, 1807|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Size||329, 847 km
127, 355 sq mi
|Population||27, 544, 000|
|Governing body||Government of Malaysia|
|Headquarters||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Elected officer responsible||Dato' Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein, Minister of Home Affairs|
|Agency executive||Musa Hassan, Inspector-General of Police|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Home Affairs|
|Police stations||1, 000|
|Police cars||Proton Waja|
|Police boats||Marine Alutech Watercat M14|
|Helicopters||AS 355 Twin Squirrel|
|Air planes||Cessna 208|
|Planes||Pilatus Porter PC-6|
The Royal Malaysian Police (Abbreviation: RMP; Malay: Polis Diraja Malaysia, PDRM;) is a part of the security forces structure in Malaysia. The force is a centralized organization with responsibilities ranging from traffic control to intelligence gathering. Its headquarters is located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur. The police force is led by an Inspector-General of Police (IGP). The post is currently held by Tan Sri Musa Hassan.
In carrying out its responsibilities, the regular RMP is also assisted by a support group comprising of Extra Police Constables, Police Volunteer Reserves, Auxiliary Police, Police Cadets and a civilian service element.
Rakan Cop is a community outreach programme launched in 9 August 2005.
The RMP constantly co-operates closely with police forces worldwide, which include those from the four neighbouring countries Malaysia shares border with: Indonesian National Police, Royal Brunei Police Force, Royal Thai Police and Singapore Police Force.
The police force has been in existence since the days of the Malacca Sultanate. Malacca's canonical law created the earliest police force in Malaysia through the institution of the Temenggong and Hulubalang or royal warriors. Undeniably, policing institutions have had indeed existed since the Hindu Majapahit and Buddhist Sri Vijaya Empires. During the Sultan absence, Malacca was ruled in the interim by the Bendahara (or Prime Minister) who had absolute power in handing out sentences but it was the Temenggung who acted as the Police Chief or Inspector General of Police. His tasks were to arrest criminals, build jails and sentences implementations. Apart from the Temenggung, there were a number of Penghulu or village chief who incharged with policing their respective villages. Their main tasks included tax collection, law enforcement and preserving village security. Malacca police systems ended when on August 10, 1511, the Portuguese fleet led by Afonso de Albuquerque successfully conquered Malacca.
Police duties were then performed by the Portuguese soldiers. Around 1511, Malacca became a cosmopolitan society. The Portuguese government introduced the "Kapitan" administration. On 14 January 1641, the Portuguese Empire in Malacca ended when Dutch invaded Malacca with the help of several naval soldiers from Johore state, where the Portuguese were at war with Acheh at the same time. The Dutch ruled Malacca using the "Kapitan" system which was first introduced by the Portuguese. A police force, known as "Burgher Guard" was established when inhabitants from Europe increased and it was necessary to set up a police force. Burgher Guard was headed by the Dutch and their subordinates were made up of the local citizens. The Head Villagers also conducted duties of policemen under Dutch rule.
The modern police organisation in Malaysia started in 25 March 1807 after the Charter of Justice in Penang was granted. Most of the officers were of British origin. Later this organisation was developed in the Straits Settlements and other Malay states, particularly the Federated Malay States. At that time, police organisation was limited to their respective states. Only after World War II, a single police organization with maiden administration of the centre was established and it was known as the Civil Affairs Police Force. This organization was formed in Malaya and led by H.B. Longworthy. The British colonial had to stabilize the police organisation after a nationwide anarchy took place during Japanese state time. One of the problems faced by the police then was the rebellion of the communist party. During the confrontations of Malaysia and Indonesia from 1963 to 1965, the police force along with military forces fought against the infiltrations of Indonesian forces in the states of Johore and Sabah.
Almost a year after Independence Day, on July 24, 1958, the King of Malaysia, Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhamad (late) bestowed the Royal title to the Malayan Federations Police Force. In 1963, the Royal Federation Of Malayan Police (RFMP), the North Borneo Armed Constabulary and Sarawak Constabulary was merged and formed the Royal Malaysian Police.
The flag and insignia of the Royal Malaysian Police has a blue coloured background which symbolizes the Malaysian masses. In the centre of the flag is the PDRM symbol within silver or white colored. The police symbol is made up of an intersected Kris and Ilang / Klewang machete. Above of the PDRM symbol, there is a tiger head garlaned by "Paddy Garland" and under it, is "Polis Diraja Malaysia" scroll with the word. Arabic lettering in the Crown includes the words Allah on the right and Muhammad on the left.
The Moon and Star symbolize Islam as the official religion of Malaysia.
The crown, depicted on the Royal Malaysian Police insignia, is a panegyric reference to the King of Malaysia, bestowing the "Royal" title to its name. The words Allah and Muhammad in Arabic, which respectively symbolize God The Al-Mighty and Muhammad as the follower, signifies Islam as the official religion and faith of RMP personnel, who are willing to uphold justice and the security of the people of Malaysia.
The Kris is an important symbol of the Malay Peninsular. This particular weapon was used by Malay warriors in the past. According to Frey (2003), who concluded from Sir Stamford Raffles' (1817) study of the Candi Sukuh, the kris came into existence around AD 1361. Others believe that early forms were inspired by the daggers of the Dong-Son in Vietnam (circa 300 BC). In the temples of Borobudur (825 CE) and Prambanan (850CE), renderings of the Kris have been found.
The traditional machete, Ilang or Klewang is a symbolizes to the states of Sarawak and Sabah in the East Malaysia and it represents the spirit of heroism of a multitude of ethnic tribes such as the Dayak, the Dusun, the Bajau, and the Kadazan.
The tiger head symbolizes courage, strength and spirits of RMP. Previously, RMP used a lion head as the symbol of courage from September 16, 1963, after the formation of Malaysia, until May 15, 1994,it is replaced with the tiger head as the official order of Malaysian government.
The RMP motto represents team spirit and determination.
PDRM flag is called the Blue Perennial or (Sang Saka Biru); each colour has its own distinctive meaning and the flag symbolizes the force pride and integrity.
Section 3 (3) Police Act 1967 stipluates that the duties of the Royal Malaysian Police personnel are as follows:
Apart from the 2 departments involved in the administration viz Management Department and Logistics Department, RMP have 6 departments involved in crime prevention viz Criminal Investigation Division, Narcotics Criminal Investigation Division, Internal Security and Public Order Department (KDN / KA), Special Branch, Commercial Crime Investigation Department and Counter-Terrorism Special Operations Team. All departments are led by the directors with the rank of Commissioner of Police (Army Equivalent rank of Three Stars General or Lieutenant-General)
The Management Department is tasked with the routine of management and administration affairs of the RMP. This department is also the nerve centre of the RMP and acts as the support services platform for the rest of the force.
Logistics Department has the role to provide several equipments needed in RMP.
This department deals with the investigation, arrest and prosecution of hard crimes (murder, robbery, rape etc) and petty crimes (theft, house-breaking etc). This department also specializes in gambling, vice and secret societies (triads).
The Criminal Investigation Division is headed by a Commissioner of Police (CP).
This department's function is to fight against dangerous drugs by enforcing the law to stop and reduce the demand and supply of dangerous drugs.
Narcotics Criminal Investigation Division lead by Police Commissioner (CP).
This department is tasked with the maintenance of public security and order. It is responsible for traffic control and search & rescue (SAR) operations. In this role, this department cooperates with other agencies, such as the Malaysian Armed Forces and Army / Navy Maritime Patrol to prevent piracy and to secure the national borders. In addition, it assists the Transport Ministry and the Public Enterprises Ministry in the enforcement of the Traffic Act.
The main branches under this department are:
The Police Field Force (PFF) organized in battalions, was once the para-military units of the Royal Malaysian Police. The force, which was also known as the Jungle Squad (Pasukan Polis Hutan (PPH) in Malay) was tasked to operate in the jungle fringes in counter-insurgency roles during the Malayan Emergency, Indonesia–Malaysia confrontations and later Communist guerrilla insurgencies along the Malaysian-Thai border and in the jungles of Sabah and Sarawak. When the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) and Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO) finally gave up their armed struggle in 1989 and 1990, PFF lost its role. It was reorganized as the General Operations Force (GOF). The GOF has 19 battalions and the 19th Special Battalion is tasked to provide VIP security.
When established in the year 1948, the PFF had 19 battalions of which two battalions were made up of indigenous people. These battalions were known as Senoi Praaq Battalions. One battalion was a Special Security Battalion.
The 19 battalions are organized into 5 brigades, each headed by a Superintendent of Police. The North Brigade and Sabah Brigade have 4 battalions each, Central Brigade: 5 battalions and South-East Brigade, and Sarawak Brigade: 3 battalions each.
It all began in the year 1948, when Malayan Communist Party murdered 3 European farmers at Sungai Siput, Perak and also murdered the 3 leaders of Kuomintang (the right-wing of China Communist Party).Sir Edward Gent declared an emergency on 7 July 1948 in all Malaya Federations, starting with Perak on 16 June 1948 and Johore on 19 June 1948. To deal with rebellion and to hunt down the Communist terrorists in the jungle, a military based team was formed in 1948 and it was named the Flying Squad and later renamed as Jungle Squad, with their main mission to fight against the Communists. The first Jungle Squad unit was established at Sik, Kedah in 1949. Training centres were opened in Sungai Buluh, Selangor and in Dusun Tua, Hulu Langat, Selangor which was known as Field Force Special Training Centre (SLPPH). In 1964, SLPPH was transferred to Kroh, Perak then changed to Kentonmen, Ulu Kinta, Perak. After being renamed the General Operations Force or Pasukan Gerakan Am in 1997, SLPPH is now known as Sekolah Latihan Pasukan Gerakan Am (General Operations Force Training Centre, SLPGA).
So far, there are two Senoi Praaq battalions specializing in search and rescue operations. After VAT 69 was absorbed into Pasukan Gerakan Khas, along with anti-terrorist police force and Special Action Unit (UTK - Unit Tindakan Khas), a special platoon of PGA, Tiger Platoon was established.
When the seeming threat of global terrorism started to increase after the incident of September 11 in United States, followed up by several series of bombings in Bali and Jakarta, Indonesia and in Malaysia, the RMP has formed 2 anti-terrorism corps. These two elite forces are known as Pasukan Gerakan Khas (PGK) and Unit Gempur Marin (UNGERIN).
Pasukan Gerakan Khas is a major elite force in the Royal Malaysian Police, which is composed of VAT 69 and Special Actions Unit (UTK). This team was first merged in 1997 and became known as the Maroon Berets. However, this integration did not last and in 2003 it was separated. The VAT 69 changed to the Sandy Brown Berets, honored by British 22nd Special Air Service (SAS). However, both units serve under the Pasukan Gerakan Khas and is under the command of a Senior Assistant Commissioner II.
This special counter-terrorism police team is also involved in some operations within Malaysia, including military operations with Malaysian Army 22nd Commando Regiment Grup Gerak Khas against the Al-Ma'unah organization formed in Bukit Jenalik, Sauk, Perak. This team also served under the United Nations in Timor Leste and in the search and rescue operation of 700 officers and members of Indonesian National Police BRIMOB (Brigade Mobil) that were lost and trapped during the tsunami incident in Aceh, Indonesia at the end of 2005. This team also cooperated with Criminal Investigation Division to fight against dangerous crimes, among where the PGK successfully tracked down the notorious 'Gang M16' which comprised several ethnic Chinese criminals, including the group leader who was an ex-serviceman of Singapore, and the leader Gang 13 (Mat Komando), as well as other operations. The motto of VAT 69 is WARISAN DARAH PERWIRA (Literal meaning: English: INHERITANCE OF THE BLOOD OF WARRIORS), while for the UTK it is TANGKAS BANTERAS GANAS (Literal meaning: English: QUICK TO OVERCOME TERROR).
Unit Gempur Marin (UNGERIN) (English: Marine Combat Unit) was established in 2006 and it was fully operational by the end of 2007 with the first name as the Unit Selam Tempur due to the pressing need to suppress the pirate attacks alongside the coastal area of Malacca Straits and open sea area of South China Sea which were continuously widespread from time to time despite various efforts done to overcome the problem. The members received special training from the United States after realizing the need to form a special unit to secure the national waters and riverine fronts from any untoward incidents. This unit is placed under formation Marine Police Branch which is based in the Marine Police Base at Kampung Aceh, Sitiawan, Perak and Lahad Datu, Sabah. It has a big role in handling threats from pirates, robbery, kidnapping and hijacking of ships and terrorist attacks in national waters. The 30 members of UNGERIN are trained by instructors from US Navy SEALs and US Coast Guard in Langkawi and Kota Kinabalu and are armed with special weaponry, such as Glock 19, MP5-Navy and Colt M4A1 (possibly supported by the United States) and utilize maritime anti-terrorist tactics employed by the units of United States Navy commandos. For the unit's restructuring, the name of UST was changed to Unit Gempur Marin or UNGERIN in the year 2008. Its eventual goal is to have 200 operators on standby with UNGERIN.
In the first phase, the 30-personnel strong special force is to undergo training in Langkawi and Kota Kinabalu, by instructors from Navy SEALs. Besides the basic diving training, they will be trained with other basic training, including tactical warfares, marksmanship, sniping, bomb disposal, direct action, sabotage, counter-terrorism, and intelligence gathering and paramedic training, along with special missions which are normally handled by special forces.
The Federal Reserve Unit (Malay: Pasukan Simpanan Persekutuan) is better known with the abbreviation FRU. Their role is riot suppression, crowd control, disaster relief & rescue, as well as special operations assistance. Established in 5 December 1955, it consisted of only 3 troops then. The FRU played a role in resolving some high profile riots, including the racial riots of May 13, 1969 and in the combined operations to catch Ibrahim Libya in the Memali Incident of Baling, Kedah which ended with 16 deaths including Ibrahim and 3 police officers.
The FRU is directly under the Inspector-General Of Police. This unit is independent and is able to be rapidly deployed.
As the premiere RMP public order unit, the FRU is designed, equipped and specially trained for duties in suppressing and dismissing riots and illegal assemblies. Aside from the stated roles above, the unit is also tasked with the following functions:
The FRU is led by a Commander, and assisted by a Deputy Commander. They report to the Director of Public Order. They are aided by a few Staff Officers and known as Commanding Headquarter. FRU each in lead by one Commanding Officer. Every FRU troops in lead by one Troop Officer. FRU training centre presided by a Commandant. Per unit and FRU training centre has a membership to aid the administration and known as group headquarters unit.
FRU was awarded a pennant flags in year 1971 and further replaced in year 1997. These pennants are given by King of Malaysia as an appreciate charity service and FRU service during a unit establishment for maintain a national public order. During official ceremonies where the FRU affect as a parent body or detachment; such as Guard of Honour, Mess Night of FRU or Parade in conjunction with Police Anniversaries and FRU Anniversaries, FRU banner may be issued and am being marched by directing and IGP approval, Internal Security and Public Order Director or FRU Commander.
C4-i Implementation System (abbreviation for Command, Control, Communications, Computer-Integrated) unit is based at Police Control Centre in all police contingents in Malaysia. This unit is assigned to patrol the city and the suburbs. This unit was first established in Bukit Aman and Kuala Lumpur is the first contingent to implement this system. This unit is equipped with the CCTV system which is installed in different parts of the city and monitored by the Contingent Control Centre and each patrol car is also equipped with C4-i's system connected to a laptop. The C-4i also plays a role in forming Rakan Cops in 2006 to foster closer ties with the civilian community. Since then, the crime rates in major towns have decreased and brought about good reviews on the C4-i's and Rakan Cops implementation.
Often stops drivers on expressways for the sake of extorting money (corruption).
Accuses drivers of offences they did not commit. For instance, many drivers are accused of driving at 121 km/h.
The Marine Operations Force or Malay: Pasukan Gerakan Marin is the Marine Police division tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. Its responsibility was to maintain security at the parts in Penang and the Straits of Johor. In 6 February 2009, the name of Malaysian Marine Police was changed and known as Pasukan Gerakan Marin (English: Marine Operations Force). The rename of the organisation was launched by the Minister of Home Affair, Dato' Seri Syed Hamid Albar at PULAMAR (Abbreviation of Pusat Latihan Marin or Marine Police Training Centre), Tampoi, Johor Bahru and witness by Tan Sri Musa Hassan, the Inspector General of Police and all senior police officers and medias.
It operates from five regional bases around the peninsula and East Malaysia. Each of these regional bases are organised similarly to the Neighbourhood Police Centres of the land divisions, and conduct patrols within their respective maritime sectors. The PGM conducts round-the-clock patrols in Malaysian Territorial Waters from its five regional bases, in an area of more than 142, 393 km² and 450, 233 km² for EEZ as well as 4490 km for coastline. It is also responsible for maintaining law and order on most of Malaysia's islands. Currently, the PGM utilised the 15 PZ class patrol boats, 33 PX class, 68 PA/PT/PC/PLC and 4 PSC/PGR/PAR class patrol boats. From two current base during established, currently the branch have 5 the main base, 11 small base and 24 forward base.
Royal Malaysian Police Air Wing Unit or Unit Udara PDRM (UUP) is a special unit of Royal Malaysian Police was a big role in this duties look after national security with through surveillance and patrol from the air and help national security agency another. formally established on 1 February 1979 and the title of the commander units at that time known as Air Wing Chief with turnover four units type aircraft Cessna 206 G In 7 April 1980, UUP commences his flight operation in Peninsula of Malaysia. Currently, UUP owns 6 helicopters, 6 Caravan aircraft types, 5 Pilatus PC-6 aircraft type and 3 Cessna U20G aircraft type. Have a training centre in Ipoh, Perak and three Air Wing base.
The Internal Security and Public Order Department is led by a Commissioner of Police (CP).
This department is responsible for collecting intelligence for national security. Its role is to collect security intelligence related to both domestic and external threats, intercept subversive activities by extremist groups and individuals which could threaten the nation's stability. Also, it is in charge of obtaining, processing, evaluating and disseminating information to other departments and organizations. This department is divided into several branches: Technical Intelligence, Social Intelligence, External Intelligence, Political Intelligence, Economic Intelligence And Security Intelligence.
The Special Branch is headed by a Commissioner of Police (CP).
This department's main function is to investigate, arrest, and prosecute offenders committing white collar crimes such as fraud, breach of trust, cyber-crimes, forgery, counterfeiting etc.
The Commercial Crimes Investigation Department is headed by a Commissioner of Police (CP).
|Directors of Departments|
|Management Department||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Abd Razak Bokhari|
|Logistics Department||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Mashuri Zainal|
|Criminal Investigation Department||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Mohd Bakri Mohd Zinin|
|Narcotics Criminal Investigation Department||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Zul Hasnan Najib Baharudin|
|Internal Security and Public Order Department||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Hussin Haji Ismail|
|Special Branch||Commissioner of Police||Datuk Akhil Bulat|
|Commercial Crimes Investigation Department||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Koh Hung Sun|
|Special Operations Force||Commissioner of Police||Dato' Mohamad Fuzi Harun|
|Gazetted Officers||Commissioners||Inspector-General of Police (IGP)|
|Deputy Inspector-General of Police (DIGP)|
|Commissioner of Police (CP)|
|Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)|
|Senior Assistant Commissioner of Police I (SAC I)|
|Senior Assistant Commissioner of Police II (SAC II)|
|Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP)|
|Superintendents||Superintendent of Police (SP)|
|Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)|
|Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)|
|Non-gazetted Officers||Inspectors||Chief Inspector (C/Insp)|
|Probationary Inspector (P/Insp)|
|Rank In File Officers|
|Subordinate Officers||Sub-Inspector (SI)|
|Sergeant Major (SM)|
|Lance Corporal (L/Cpl)|
Low rank of police officers apart from sub-inspectors wear their rank insignia on the right sleeve of their uniforms. Sub-inspectors and higher ranks wear their rank insignia on epaulettes on both shoulders.
|Beretta 92||Service handguns of RMP (92Compact L / 92FS)||Italy|
|Browning Hi Power||Service handguns of RMP||Belgium|
|Glock pistols||Service handguns (Model 19), PGK (Model 17/18C/26/34)||Austria|
|Heckler & Koch USP||Service handguns (Compact 9mm), PGK (Tactical 9mm)||Germany|
|Sig Sauer P226||Service handguns of RMP||Switzerland|
|Sig Sauer P2022||Service handguns of RMP||Switzerland|
|Smith & Wesson Model 15||Service revolver of RMP (to be retired)||United States|
|Walther P99||New service handguns of RMP||Germany|
|Heckler & Koch MP5||Service SMG (A2/A3/A4), PGK/UNGERIN (A5/Navy/K-A4/SD6)||Germany|
|Remington 870||Service Shotgun||United States|
|Benelli M3 Super 90||PGK||Italy|
|Colt M4A11||PGK/UNGERIN||United States|
|Colt M16A1||Standard service rifle of RMP||United States|
|Heckler & Koch HK416||PGK||Germany|
|Heckler & Koch G36C||VAT 69 PGK||Germany|
|Heckler & Koch PSG-1||PGK/UNGERIN||Germany|
|Accuracy International L96A1||PGK/UNGERIN||United Kingdom|
|Remington 700||PGK||United States|
|FN MAG||Standard machine guns||Belgium|
|Heckler & Koch HK11||Standard machine guns||Germany|
|Heckler & Koch HK69||Standard grenade launcher||Germany|
|M203||Standard grenade launcher||United States|
1M4 Carbine; replacing M16 rifles, the future standard issue rifles supplied by SME Ordnance
In the early morning on 2 July 2000, 21 members of the militant group visited the outpost and camp of Bn 304 Rejimen Askar Wataniah under the guise of a surprise inspection and relieved the soldiers' weapons and carted away weapons from the armoury. They took away a huge cache of firearms and ammunition, including 97 M16 assault rifles, four GPMGs, five grenade launchers, 9,095 rounds of 5.56 mm and 60 rounds of 40 mm ammunition. The group was later cornered in the village of Sauk, Perak and involved in a stand-off the Malaysian Army and Royal Malaysian Police forces. The Malaysian Special Forces threw a containment cordon of Bukit Jenalik Tpr Matthew anak Medan from 21 Commando was murdered by this militant group and was awarded Pahlawan Gagah Berani. The leader and militant group surrendered to the Malaysian Special Forces and later they were handed over to the police.
The Al-Mau'nah group later surrendered, and the leaders were brought to trial for "waging war upon the King". Mohamed Amin Mohamed Razali and his group were brought to trial for charges of "waging war against the King", and became the first group of people convicted of such charges in Malaysia. Mohamed Amin Mohamed Razali and his two lieutenants, Zahit Muslim and Jamaluddin Darus, were sentenced to death. Sixteen others were given life sentences. A police personnel, Detective Korporal Sanghadevan was murdered during the incident. Asisten Superintendan Polis Abdul Razak Mohd. Yusof was awarded the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa for his role in resolving the stand-off.
The Memali Incident occurred in the remote village of Memali, Baling in the Malaysian state of Kedah on 19 November 1985. A task force of 200 policemen under orders from the Acting Prime Minister and Home Minister Musa Hitam, laid siege to kampung (village) houses in Memali. The houses were occupied by an Islamic sect of about 400 people led by Ibrahim Mahmud a.k.a. Ibrahim Libya..
The Bukit Kepong Incident was an armed encounter which took place on 23 February 1950 between the police and the Malayan Communists during pre-independence Malaya. This conflict took place in an area surrounding the Bukit Kepong police station in Bukit Kepong, a wooden station located on the banks of the Muar River, about 59 km from Muar town, Johor.
The escaped terrorist, Mas Selamat bin Kastari, who escaped detention in Singapore last year was nabbed by Bukit Aman and Johore police while he was sound asleep in a secluded village house in Skudai, 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Johor Bahru, Johore. He found a traditional kampung house on stilts in Kampung Tawakal, a tiny village with a population of less than 100. Located about 10 km away from the North-South Expressway near the Kempas exit, it is almost impossible to locate for those not familiar with the area. The Singaporean terrorist who captured world attention when he escaped from the republic’s maximum security Whitley Detention Centre in February last year, could barely put up a fight in his shorts and T-shirt when caught during a dawn raid in April. In 6am, about 30 armed policemen surrounded the kampung house and ordered Mas Selamat to come out. Police broke through two doors and rushed in when he refused to surrender. He was arrest together with two others, Abdul Matin and Johar Hassan by a PGK and police Special Branch officers following intelligence sharing with the police forces of Indonesia and Singapore. Police also seized documents and other paraphernalia that allegedly revealed their planned operation. This report was later confirmed by both the Singapore and Malaysian governments, with the date of capture given as 1 April 2009.
The Home Minister of Malaysia, Dato' Seri Hishammuddin Hussein and Inspector-General of Police Tan Sri Musa Hassan at Putrajaya confirmed Mas Selamat was arrest and detention under the Internal Security Act. Hishammuddin declined to give details, since the case is sensitive as it involves intelligence agencies of Singapore, Indonesia as well as Malaysia. Musa said the arrest was made possible as police in Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia had been sharing intelligence reports over the past year. It is learnt that Special Branch officers had been working on various leads since March and upon confirming his whereabouts planned the dawn raid that resulted in his arrest..
Although the Wanted Lists are already in existence, there is a public feeling that they could be used more extensively to both solve and deter crimes. Apart from being placed more prominently both inside and outside of the police stations, they could be placed in all post offices, local and long-distance bus terminuses, taxi terminuses, airport waiting lounges, outside public lavatories, government and private hospitals and clinics, government and private schools, public park entrances, shopping malls, public phone kiosks, etc. These should be updated at least on a quarterly basis. Special Wanted Lists with greater details than those on posters could be given to bus drivers and conductors, bus ticket sales counter staff, retail travel agents, toll booth staff, domestic airline cabin crew, supermarket checkout staff, petrol station staff, hotel and restaurant staff, canteen drinks stall staff, shopping mall reception and security staff, public attraction staff, private security firm staff, etc who could act as additional eyes and ears for the police. Larger financial incentives should be advertised as being offered to those helping police with their investigations.
Non-governmental organizations continued to press the government to create an Independent Police Complaints and Misconduct Commission (IPCMC). In 2005 a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the police had recommended a wide range of reforms, including the establishment of an IPCMC by May 2006.. Draft legislation to establish an IPCMC remained under consideration by the Attorney General at the end of the year. A range of other reform recommendations, including repeal or review of laws allowing for detention without trial or requiring police permits for public assemblies, were not implemented.