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Royal Scottish National Orchestra
Also known as RSNO
Scottish Orchestra
Scottish National Orchestra
Royal Scottish Orchestra
Origin Glasgow, Scotland
Genres Classical
Occupations Symphony orchestra
Years active 1893-present
Associated acts RSNO Chorus
Website www.rsno.org.uk
Members
Music Director
Stéphane Denève
Assistant Conductor
David Danzmayr
Conductor Laureate
Neeme Järvi
Conductor Emeritus
Alexander Lazarev
Walter Weller
Former members
Founder
George Henschel
Official Royal Scottish National Orchestra logo

The Royal Scottish National Orchestra is Scotland's national symphony orchestra. Based in Glasgow, the 89-strong professional orchestra also regularly performs in Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee, and abroad. Formed in 1891 as the Scottish Orchestra, the company has performed full-time since 1950, when it took the name Scottish National Orchestra. It was awarded royal patronage in 1991. Shortly after the award it briefly used the title Royal Scottish Orchestra before reverting to its present name.

Under its first Scottish-born, and longest serving conductor, Sir Alexander Gibson, the orchestra began to develop an international profile. In line with Gibson's own specialisms, the orchestra became known for its interpretations of Scandinavian composers, notably Jean Sibelius and Carl Nielsen. This was consolidated in the tenure of Neeme Järvi who also led the orchestra through its first complete Gustav Mahler cycle. The second Scot to lead the orchestra, the late Bryden Thomson, maintained the Nordic link with a memorable cycle of Nielsen symphonies, with the recordings of the Fourth and Sixth symphonies generally regarded as amongst the finest available.

The RSNO's base is at Henry Wood Hall in Glasgow and is also used as its recording venue. However the orchestra is committed to performing throughout Scotland and in particular at the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, Usher Hall, Edinburgh (temporarily Edinburgh Festival Theatre), Dundee Caird Hall, Aberdeen Music Hall, Perth Concert Hall and Eden Court Inverness.

The orchestra had a long-standing recording contract with Chandos Records in the 1980s and 1990s which has recently been re-established. Today, it chiefly records for Naxos Records, most notably in a cycle of Anton Bruckner symphonies with the late Georg Tintner, cycles of Arnold Bax symphonies with David Lloyd-Jones, and several recordings of American works (including the complete orchestral works of Samuel Barber) under the baton of Marin Alsop. In May 2007, the RSNO made their first recordings with Stéphane Denève, of music of Albert Roussel, for Naxos. The first recording[1] received the Diapason d'Or de l'année for Symphonic Music. The second disc in the series was released in 2008.[2]

The Orchestra is supported by the RSNO Chorus. The RSNO Chorus evolved from a choir formed in 1843 to sing the first full performance of Handel's Messiah in Scotland, in April 1844. The Chorus performs with the Orchestra throughout the year, and for the RSNO's Season and Prom series in Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee. In addition to its commitment to the RSNO, the Chorus performs independently and has toured worldwide. The current chorus director is Timothy Dean, since 2006.

The RSNO's artistic team is headed by music director Stéphane Denève and assistant conductor David Danzmayr with Simon Woods as its chief executive. Denève began his tenure as music director in 2005, and in April 2007, his contract was extended through 2011.[3] In March 2010, the RSNO announced a 1-year extension of Denève's music directorship through the 2011-2012 season, and the conclusion of his tenure after that season.[4] [5]

In April 2007, the orchestra became one of Scotland's five national performing companies, supported directly by the Scottish Government (previously support came through the Scottish Arts Council).[6]

Tenures of Principal Conductors

References

External links

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