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Seal of the Academy
Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademin ("KVA") is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden. The Academy is an independent, non-governmental scientific organization which acts to promote the sciences, primarily the natural sciences and mathematics.

The Academy was founded on 2 June 1739 by naturalist Carl Linnaeus, mercantilist Jonas Alströmer, mechanical engineer Mårten Triewald, civil servants Sten Carl Bielke and Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm, and politician Anders Johan von Höpken.[1]

The purpose of the academy was to focus on practically useful knowledge, and to publish in Swedish in order to widely disseminate the academy's findings. The academy was intended to be different from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala, which had been founded in 1719 and published in Latin. The location close to the commercial activities in Sweden's capital (which unlike Uppsala did not have a university at this time) was also intentional. The academy was modeled after the Royal Society of London and Academie Royale des Sciences in Paris, France, which some of the founding members were familiar with.

Committees of the Academy act as selection boards for international prizes:

and national prizes:[7]

Contents

List of permanent secretaries

The following persons have served as permanent secretaries of the Academy:

See also

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

References

  1. ^ "History". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/About-the-academy/History/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.  
  2. ^ "Nobel Prizes". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Nobelprises/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.  
  3. ^ "Prize in Economic Sciences". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Prize-in-Economic-Sciences/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.  
  4. ^ "Crafoord Prize". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Crafoord-Prize/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.  
  5. ^ "Rolf Schock Prizes". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Rolf-Shock-prisen/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.  
  6. ^ "Gregori Aminoff Prize". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Gregori-Aminoff-Prize/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.  
  7. ^ "National prizes". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/KVA_Root/eng/awards/national/index.asp?br=ns&ver=6up. Retrieved 2007-10-18.  

External links

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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|Royal Swedish Academy of Science]] The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademin ("KVA") is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden. The Academy is an independent, scientific, non-governmental organization, set up to support the sciences, mainly the natural sciences and mathematics.

The Academy was started on 2 June 1739 by naturalist Carl Linnaeus, economist Jonas Alströmer, mechanical engineer Mårten Triewald, civil servants Sten Carl Bielke and Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm, and politician Anders Johan von Höpken.[1]

The academy was set up to find useful knowledge, and to write about it in Swedish. The academy was meant to be different from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala, which had been started in 1719 and published in Latin. It was built near the main business centre in Stockholm, (which unlike Uppsala did not have a university at this time). The Swedish scientists wanted it to be like the Royal Society in London and Academie Royale des Sciences in Paris, France.

Groups of the Academy meet to give out international prizes:

and national prizes:[7]

File:Kungliga
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

References

  1. "History". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/About-the-academy/History/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  2. "Nobel Prizes". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Nobelprises/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  3. "Prize in Economic Sciences". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Prize-in-Economic-Sciences/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  4. "Crafoord Prize". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Crafoord-Prize/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  5. "Rolf Schock Prizes". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Rolf-Shock-prisen/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  6. "Gregori Aminoff Prize". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/en/Prizes/Gregori-Aminoff-Prize/. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  7. "National prizes". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. http://www.kva.se/KVA_Root/eng/awards/national/index.asp?br=ns&ver=6up. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 

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