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The Royal Typewriter Company
Type Private company
Founded 1904[1]
Founder(s) Edward B. Hess[2]
Headquarters Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
Industry Typewriters
Products See Typewriters section

The Royal Typewriter Company was a manufacturer of typewriters headquartered in Hartford, Connecticut.



Royal typewriter brand incorporating Litton Industries logo

Royal was founded by E.B. Hess in 1904. By 1923 Hess was reported to have collected more than 140 different patents dealing with typewriter technology.

The Royal Typewriter Company (by this time known as the Royal McBee Typewriter Company) was purchased by Litton Industries in the late 1970s and ceased the manufacture of typewriters itself, but marketed Litton's Adler machines under the Adler-Royal brand. The company is now owned by Olivetti and markets Royal, Adler-Royal, and Olivetti brand typewriters. They sell OEM supplies for all three brands they sell, and additionally they sell ROYTYPE aftermarket supplies for other makes, such at IBM and Smith Corona. They also market many other office products including Royal brand cash registers, shredders, PDAs, etc.


A Royal Typewriter from about 1923.
Model Year Introduced Notes
Royal 1 1906 First model
Royal 5 1911
Royal 10 1914 Beveled glass sides
Royal Portable 1926 First portable model
Royal Signet 1932-3 Depression-Era, low-cost portable
Royal KHM 1934
Royal KMM 1939 Hinged Top
Royal KMG 1949


  1. ^ Fenton, Reuven (November 6, 2007). "Last word on typewriter not written yet" (in English). Retrieved 2008-01-04.  
  2. ^ Cortada, James W. (1993) (in English). Before the Computer. Princeton University Press. p. 20. ISBN 0691050457.  

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