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A rubber stamp, as a political metaphor, refers to a person or institution with considerable de jure power but little de facto power, one that rarely disagrees with more powerful organs.[1] For example, in a dictatorship, the legislature may be little more than a "rubber stamp" of approval on the dictator's decrees. Conversely, in a constitutional monarchy, the monarch is typically a "rubber stamp" to an elected parliament, even if he or she legally possesses considerable reserve powers and/or disagrees with the parliament's decisions.

The term itself likely stems from the commonplace practice of subordinate employees or officials being deputized and given the authority to sign the name of their superior or employer.[citation needed] In situations where this superior official's signature may frequently be required for routine paperwork, a literal rubber stamp is used, with a likeness of their hand-written signature. This could also be utilized personally by the individual named on the stamp, to prevent hand fatigue and save time when a large number of documents need to be signed. In essence, the term is meant to convey an endorsement without careful thought or personal investment in the outcome, especially since it is usually expected as the stamper's duty to do so. In the situation where a dictator's legislature is a "rubber stamp," the orders they are meant to endorse are formalities they are expected to legitimize, and are usually done to create the superficial appearance of legislative and dictatorial harmony rather than because they have actual power.

The metaphor can also be used as a verb, to rubber-stamp.[2] Among auditors and military personnel, the synonymous term "pencil whip" is common.


  1. ^ Webster's NewWorld Dictionary, Second College Edition, ISBN 0-671-41809-2 - page 1242 - "*rubber-stamp 2. [Colloq.] to approve or endorse in a routine manner, without thought - *rubber stamp - 2. [Colloq.] a) a person, bureau, legislature, etc., that approves or endorses something in a routine manner, without thought, b) any routine approval"
  2. ^ Webster's NewWorld Dictionary, Second College Edition, ISBN 0-671-41809-2 - page 1242 - "*rubberstamp vt. 1. to put the impression of a rubber stamp on"


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