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Ruben Um Nyobé (1913 – September 13, 1958) was an anti-imperialist Cameroonian leader, slain by the French army on September 13, 1958, near his natal village of Boumnyebel, in the department of Nyong-et-Kellé in the maquis Bassa. He created on April 10, 1948 the Cameroon's People Union (UPC), which used armed struggle to obtain independence. After his death, he was replaced by Félix-Roland Moumié, who was assassinated by the SDECE (French intelligence agency) in Geneva in 1960. Foundation texts for the life and struggle of Ruben Um Nyobe include the following publications by Richard A. Joseph: "Ruben Um Nyobe" and the 'Kamerun' Rebellion", African Affairs, Vol. 73, No. 293 (October 1974); "National Politics in Postwar Carmeroun: The Difficult Birth of the UPC", Journal of African Studies, Vol. 2. No. 2 (Summer, 1975); and Radical Nationalism in Cameroun: Social Origins of the U.P.C. Rebellion (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1977); and, by J.A. Mbembe, Ruben Um Nyobe: Ecrits Sous Maquis (Paris: l'Harmattan, 1989).

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