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Rubio

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Nickname(s): "La Ciudad Pontalida"
(English:"The Bridge City")
Country Venezuela
State Táchira
Municipality Junín
Founded 1794
Government
 - Mayor Mercedes Chapeta (PUSV)
Area
 - Total 315 km2 (121.6 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 - Total 68,869
 - Density 218.63/km2 (566.2/sq mi)
Time zone VST (UTC-4:30)
 - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC-4:30)
Area code(s) 0276
Website junin-tachira.gob.ve
The area and population figures are for the municipality

Rubio is a town in the Venezuelan Andean state of Táchira. Founded in 1794 by Gervasio Rubio, this town is the shire town of the Junín Municipality and, according to the 2001 Venezuelan census, the municipality has a population of 68,869.[1]

Rubio is one of the largest towns in the state of Tachira. Its importance derives from its coffee production and the nearby commerce that exists with Colombia. Venezuela's former president, Carlos Andres Perez, was also born in Rubio.

Rubio has beautiful natural tunnels called La Cueva de los Miagros. There are some rivers and waterfalls on the outskirts of town. The town has many bridges especially in Old Rubio. For this reason it is called "Ciudad Pontalida" or "City of Bridges." Rubio is located in the west of Estado Tachira and is a 40 minute drive from San Cristobal, the capital of Tachira.

Contents

History

Rubio was founded by Gervasio Rubio in 1794.[2] It was then the capital of the Táchira State, before the capital was moved to San Cristóbal. Rubio is sometimes called "La Ciudad Pontalida" ("The City of Bridges") and housed Christiansen Academy, an international school.

Demographics

The Junín Municipality, according to the 2001 Venezuelan census, has a population of 68,869 (up from 53,981 in 1990). This amounts to 6.9% of Táchira's population.[3] The municipality's population density is 566.2 people per square mile (218.63/km²).[1]

Government

Rubio is the shire town of the Junín Municipality in Táchira. The mayor of the Junín Municipality is Juan Peñaloza, elected in 2004 with 42% of the vote.[4] He replaced Luis Valladares shortly after the last municipal elections in October 2004.[5]

Economy

The economy of the city is based on coffee production. The first exploitation of oil in Venezuela (1883) was in La Petrolia by the company "Compañia Nacional Minera Petrolía del Táchira" and the first well was called "Salvador" ("Savior").

Santa Bárbara de Rubio Cathedral

Sites of interest

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Religious buildings

  • Catedral de Santa Bárbara de Rubio

Squares and parks

  • Plaza Simón Bolívar
  • Parque la Petrolia
  • Plaza Urdaneta
  • Plaza Gervasio Rubio

Notable natives

References

External links

Coordinates: 7°42′N 72°21′W / 7.7°N 72.35°W / 7.7; -72.35


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