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.Ruby Ridge was the site of a violent confrontation and siege in northern Idaho in 1992. It involved Randy Weaver, his family, Weaver's friend Kevin Harris, and agents of the United States Marshals Service and Federal Bureau of Investigation.^ FBI 's internal Ruby Ridge investigation ...
  • Article: Official charged with FBI cover-up: Ruby Ridge report trashed, filing says.(A) - The Washington Times | HighBeam Research - FREE trial 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.highbeam.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1992, Rudy Ridge, Idaho, was the site of two of the darkest days in Bureau history.

^ In 1992, at nearby Ruby Ridge, the wife and son of white separatist Randy Weaver were killed during a standoff with federal agents.
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

Contents

Development

Randy Weaver, a former Iowa factory worker and Green Beret, moved his family to northern Idaho during the 1980s in order to "home-school his children and escape what he and his wife Vicki saw as a corrupted world."[1] Vicki, the religious leader of the family, believed that the apocalypse was imminent and had dreams of her family surviving the apocalypse in a remote mountainous area. .They bought twenty acres of land on Ruby Ridge in 1983 and began building a cabin.^ Ruby Ridge to see what they could see.
  • No lesson learned from Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: General]

^ The realtors, they said "Ruby Ridge.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because a woman having a child was considered unclean, Vicki Weaver gave birth to her fourth child in a shed behind their Ruby Ridge cabin.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .The Weaver property was located in northern Idaho in Boundary County, on a hillside between Caribou Ridge and Ruby Creek near Naples.^ It was the stand-off at Ruby Ridge in northern Idaho.
  • The Ruby Ridge Shooting 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.glynn.k12.ga.us [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1992, U.S. Marshals tried to serve a warrant on Randy Weaver, who was on his property at Ruby Ridge in Boundary County, Idaho.
  • FindLaw's Writ - Aronson: Back To Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC writ.news.findlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ruby Ridge, where the Weaver family lived, has become synonymous with high-profile clashes, including the Branch Davidian siege near Waco, Texas, the Freemen standoff and the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ruby Ridge is a portmanteau of these two names.^ Anna Ruby falls is named for the only daughter of Capt Nichol, whom he adored, as she was all he had left after the death of his two infant sons and wife.

^ The owners of Ruby Ridge Dairy, though, say only two workers were fired, one for safety violations and the other for incompetence.
  • Wash. farm workers push for unionization | KOMO News - Breaking News, Sports, Traffic and Weather - Seattle, Washington | News 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.komonews.com [Source type: News]

^ These are the links to keep tabs on for the latest Ruby Ridge news: .
  • Ruby Ridge Updates -- What's Happening & What Can We Do? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.ruby-ridge.com [Source type: Original source]

[3]
.In 1984, Randy Weaver and neighbor Terry Kinnison had a dispute over a $3,000 land deal.^ Randy and Vicki Weaver and their three children moved to Ruby Ridge, Idaho in 1984.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A man named Randy Weaver owned the land and he lived there with his wife, children, and a family friend, Kevin Harris.
  • Remember Ruby Ridge | Tim Lynch | Cato Institute: Daily Commentary 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.cato.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ruby Ridge: Randy Weaver tells his neighbor, "If they want me, they can come and get me".
  • Waco, Ruby Ridge, Iraq || kuro5hin.org 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.kuro5hin.org [Source type: General]

.(Kinnison subsequently lost the lawsuit and was ordered to pay Weaver an additional $2,100 in court costs and damages.^ In court Wednesday, her long red hair loose about her shoulders, she asked that the court appoint an attorney and was ordered held on $100,000 bail.
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The government settled out of court, giving Weaver $100,000 and each of his daughters $1 million.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Standard Shipping charges: $6.00 for orders totaling $0.01-$100.00 Free Standard Shipping for orders over $100.00 $5.00 additional to Expedite Shipping (not available for most items that ship from vendor) $2.00 per additional address (multi-ship orders) .
  • Customer Service- Ruby's Kids | Fine Baby Products and Accessories - Designer Baby Clothes, Hip and Stylish Baby, Fashion Forward Baby, Diaper Bags, Infant Clothing, Toddler Clothing, Baby Boutique, Baby Couture, Baby Furniture, Baby Books, Unique Gifts for Babies, Fashionable Babies, Stylish Moms, Must Have For Baby 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC rubyskids.com [Source type: General]

) .Kinnison wrote letters to the FBI, Secret Service and county sheriff alleging Weaver had threatened to kill the Pope, the President and the governor of Idaho.^ The next day FBI 'sniper' Lon Horiuchi killed Vicki Weaver who was holding her 10 month old baby.
  • Ruby Ridge/Waco (Congress, arsenal, legal, attorney) - Politics and Other Controversies - Democrats, Republicans, Libertarians, Conservatives, Liberals, Third Parties, Left-Wing, Right-Wing, Congress, President - Page 2 - City-Data Forum 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

^ In the second day of a standoff at Randy Weaver's remote northern Idaho cabin, FBI sharpshooter Lon Horiuchi wounds Randy Weaver, Kevin Harrison, and kills Weaver's wife, Vicki.
  • This Day in History 1992: Incident at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ The following day, an FBI sharpshooter shot and killed Randy Weaver’s wife, 42-year-old Vicki Weaver, while she was holding the Weavers’ baby.

.In January 1985, the FBI and the Secret Service started an investigation.^ Interestingly enough, several members of the FBI, Secret Service and Boundary County Sheriff's Office were named in the document.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (He's Secret Service and has a line on the Beltway fed law enforcement intel circle) -- Billy Boy ( Rakkasan101st@Aol.com ), January 17, 2000.
  • OT - FBI/Indian standoff at Pine Ridge Rez! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC hv.greenspun.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Secret Service investigation found he was acquainted with members of the Aryan Nation .
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.In February, Randy and Vicki Weaver met with two FBI agents, two Secret Service agents and the Boundary County sheriff and his chief investigator and were interviewed for hours.^ The next morning, an FBI agent shot and wounded Randy Weaver.
  • Remember Ruby Ridge | Tim Lynch | Cato Institute: Daily Commentary 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.cato.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brett Benton, prosecutor for Boundary County, Idaho, is under investigation by county commissioners for allegedly committing two counts of felony activity, including forgery and falsifying documents, according to a report in a local newspaper.
  • Idaho prosecutor
    under investigation
    6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: News]

^ FBI director Louis Freeh went so far as to promote one of the agents involved, Larry Potts, to the Bureau's number-two position.
  • Remember Ruby Ridge | Tim Lynch | Cato Institute: Daily Commentary 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.cato.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .While the Secret Service was told that Weaver was a member of the Aryan Nations and that he had a large weapons cache at his residence, Weaver denied the allegations and no charges were filed.^ Weaver denied making the threats and told agents he had "no time for Aryan Nation's preachers."
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Secret Service investigation found he was acquainted with members of the Aryan Nation .
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Secret Service investigation showed that Weaver mingled with members of the Aryan Nation, a white supremacist group, and had a cache of weapons including handguns and rifles and access to explosives and "an unlimited amount of ammunition."
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .The investigation noted that, while Weaver denied being a member of the Aryan Nations, he associated with Frank Kumnick who was known to associate with members of the Aryan Nations.^ Interestingly, this award was given to Fadeley for his assistance in the investigation of Frank Kumnick, who was associated withy members of the Aryan Nations and who was associated with members of the Aryan Nations and who was an associate of Weaver.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver was described as a "white supremacist who had been affiliated with the Aryan Nation."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Secret Service investigation found he was acquainted with members of the Aryan Nation .
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.On February 28, 1985 Randy and Vicki Weaver filed an affidavit with the county courthouse alleging that their personal enemies were plotting to provoke the FBI into attacking and killing the Weaver family.^ Randy and Vicki Weaver to the home of friends.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm not going to get into a Randy Weaver thing.''
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ An FBI sniper killed Vicki Weaver the next day.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .On May 6, 1985 Randy and Vicki Weaver sent a letter to President Ronald Reagan claiming that Weaver's enemies may have sent the President a threatening letter under a forged signature.^ Randy and Vicki Weaver to the home of friends.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jack McLamb, an ex-policeman and personal friend of Randy's, corroborates claims that very soon after, Weaver was coerced into selling under-cover agents an illegal sawn-off shotgun.
  • Secret Rulers of the World : Documentary 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC library.digiguide.com [Source type: General]

^ They shot and wounded Randy Weaver and, as she cradled her 11-month-old baby in her arms, they shot and killed his wife, Vicki.
  • No lesson learned from Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: General]

.No evidence of a threatening letter has surfaced; however, the 1985 letter of apology was cited by the prosecutor in 1992 as Overt Act 7 of the Weaver family conspiracy against the federal government.^ No different from the federal government.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Last fall, the federal government settled a series of civil suits brought by Weaver and Harris, but without actually admitting guilt.
  • Idaho prosecutor
    under investigation
    6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: News]

^ In the settlement of the civil suit Weaver brought against the government, each of his three daughters received $1 million, and Weaver received $100,000.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

[6][7]

ATF involvement

.The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms first became aware of Weaver in July 1986 when he was introduced to an ATF informant at a meeting of the Aryan Nations.^ Unfortunately for Weaver, Magisono was actually an informer for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms were the first to turn their attention on Weaver.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1989, while living in Idaho, Weaver was caught selling two shotguns he had sawed off shorter than the legal limit to an informer working for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

.Weaver had been invited by Frank Kumnick, who was the original target of the ATF investigation.^ Spence is the trial lawyer who defended Randy Weaver, the "monster" targeted by our very own Uncle Sam.
  • Memos on the Margin-990916  Remembering Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.polyconomics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Interestingly, this award was given to Fadeley for his assistance in the investigation of Frank Kumnick, who was associated withy members of the Aryan Nations and who was associated with members of the Aryan Nations and who was an associate of Weaver.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ It is disputed between the ATF and Weaver as to who exactly shortened the buttstock to 3/8th inch below the minimum legal overall length of 28 inches.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Over the next three years, Weaver and the informant met several times.^ On August 21, 1992, three U.S. marshals ambushed Weaver's 14-year old son, Sammy, and family friend Kevin Harris.
  • The Justice Department's Other Criminal Cover-Up 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A government informant struck up a relationship with Randy Weaver, and this eventually resulted in Weaver's selling, at the informant's request, several illegally sawed-off shotguns.
  • The Politics of Rage: Militias and the Future of the Far Right 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.religion-online.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even in the best years, mining was limited to the three short summer months of July-September, being covered in snow at other times.
  • Kashmir Sapphire: Ruby & Sapphire from India 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.ruby-sapphire.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .In October 1989, the ATF claimed that Weaver sold the informant two sawed-off shotguns, with the overall length of the guns shorter than the legal limit set by federal law.^ In 1989, while living in Idaho, Weaver was caught selling two shotguns he had sawed off shorter than the legal limit to an informer working for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In October 1989, Randy Weaver sold illegal weapons to a BATF informant.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Magisono, the guns were sawed off 3/8th inch shorter than the legal minimum.
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

.Weaver denied this, claiming that agents purchased legal shotguns from him and later shortened the guns themselves.^ This case began after Randy Weaver was entrapped, as an Idaho jury concluded, by an undercover Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms agent to sell him sawed-off shotguns.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ An undercover agent offered him $700 dollars for two illegal sawed-off shotguns.
  • No lesson learned from Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: General]

^ Weaver's subsequent arrest on these gun charges was intended less to incarcerate him than to induce him to inform on others in the Identity movement.
  • The Politics of Rage: Militias and the Future of the Far Right 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.religion-online.org [Source type: Original source]

.In November 1989 Weaver accused the informant of being a spy for the police; the informant's ATF handler ordered him to have no further contact with Weaver.^ I want no contact with Weaver or any of his kids...
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1989 Kenneth Fadley, a BATF informant, persuaded Weaver to sell him two sawed-off shotguns, carefully pointing out where he wanted the barrels cut - one-quarter of an inch below the legal length.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In October 1989, Randy Weaver sold illegal weapons to a BATF informant.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In June 1990, ATF agents attempted to have Weaver act as an informant for their investigation into the Aryan Nations organization.^ When BATF agents later attempted to enlist Weaver as an informant in their investigation of the Aryan Nations, Weaver refused to cooperate.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The files included information about Weaver's military experience, his stockpiling of weapons and ammunition, the arming of the Weaver family, his Aryan Nations affiliation, and his refusal to surrender.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ruby Ridge tragedy unfolded in August of 1992 as the result of an attempt by the BATF to coerce Randy Weaver into becoming an informant.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

.When Weaver refused, the ATF filed charges in June 1990 accusing Weaver of being a bank robber with criminal convictions (the ATF claims were false: at that time Weaver did not even have traffic tickets and was never a suspect in bank robbery.^ The files included information about Weaver's military experience, his stockpiling of weapons and ammunition, the arming of the Weaver family, his Aryan Nations affiliation, and his refusal to surrender.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also told Willey that the sentence on the weapons offense would be minimal because Weaver did not have a criminal record.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was accused of being a white supremacist, and charged with 'murder, conspiracy and assault'.
  • Secret Rulers of the World : Documentary 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC library.digiguide.com [Source type: General]

[7]) A federal grand jury later indicted him in December 1990 for making and possessing, but not for selling, illegal weapons in October 1989.[5]
.ATF agents posed as broken-down motorists and arrested Randy and Vicki Weaver when they stopped to assist.^ Randy and Vicki stopped to help.
  • Remember Ruby Ridge!: Thus Say The Prophets! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy and Vicki Weaver to the home of friends.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ATF agents arrest Randy Weaver in an ambush on the Ruby Creek bridge.
  • Ruby Ridge Incident 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rotten.com [Source type: Original source]
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Randy Weaver was told of the charges against him, released on bail, and told that his trial would begin on February 19, 1991. On January 22, 1991, the judge in the case notified attorney Everett Hofmeister that he would be serving as Weaver’s attorney; Hofmeister made several unsuccessful attempts to contact Weaver.^ Were you told that you'd get paid after a case was made against a person?
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy Weaver is arraigned on the firearms charges.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I would have told him to forget it."
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] .On that same day, Weaver called U.S. Probation Officer Karl Richins and informed him that Weaver was instructed to contact him on that date.^ But Probation Officer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20 .
  • Remember Ruby Ridge!: Thus Say The Prophets! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A probation officer sent a letter to Weaver with yet another date.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The trial was originally set for February 19, 1991, then changed to February 20 for the convenience of the BATF. But Probation Of ficer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.Richins did not have the case file at that time, so he asked Weaver to leave his contact information and Richins would contact him when he received the paperwork.^ In 1994, the two men filed federal civil rights cases against the FBI and U.S. marshals stemming from the siege, and in 1995 the government settled Weaver's case for $3.1 million.
  • This Day in History 1992: Incident at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ The files included information about Weaver's military experience, his stockpiling of weapons and ammunition, the arming of the Weaver family, his Aryan Nations affiliation, and his refusal to surrender.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eight months later, a couple of BATF agents approached Weaver and asked him to serve as an informant within the Aryan Nation.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to Richins, Weaver did not give him a telephone number.^ Mr Walter tries to come across like he is concerned with the Weaver's but his dimwitted 'right-wing' Presidential Candidate, Bo Gritz', remark gives him...
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Weaver the BATF then threatened him, saying that unless he promised to infiltrate the Aryan Nation and turn informer, they would prosecute.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Weaver said that he did not have access to a machinegun, Magisono asked if Randy could saw off two shotguns for him in exchange for some money.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] (The cabin did not have a telephone.) .Defense counsel Hofmeister sent letters to Weaver on January 19, January 31 and February 5 asking Weaver to contact him to work on his defense.^ The trial was originally set for February 19, 1991, then changed to February 20 for the convenience of the BATF. But Probation Of ficer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This letter, however, contained a serious, perhaps fatal error, the date was wrong; Weaver's court date was actually February 20, 1991.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eight months later, a couple of BATF agents approached Weaver and asked him to serve as an informant within the Aryan Nation.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.On February 5, the trial date was changed from February 19 to February 20 to give participants more travel time following a federal holiday.^ The trial was originally set for February 19, 1991, then changed to February 20 for the convenience of the BATF .
  • Remember Ruby Ridge!: Thus Say The Prophets! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ February 20, 1991 -- The Rescheduled Trial Date d.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ February 20, 1991 -- The Rescheduled Trial Date.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: Academic]
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC elfie.org [Source type: Academic]

.The court clerk sent a letter to the parties informing them of the date change; however, the notice was not sent directly to Weaver, only to his attorney.^ A court date was set, then changed.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver received a letter informing him of his court date, March 20, 1991.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A probation officer sent a letter to Weaver with yet another date.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

.On February 7, U.S. Probation Officer Richins sent Weaver a letter indicating that he now had the case file and needed to talk with Weaver.^ A probation officer sent a letter to Weaver with yet another date.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Probation Officer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20 .
  • Remember Ruby Ridge!: Thus Say The Prophets! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The trial was originally set for February 19, 1991, then changed to February 20 for the convenience of the BATF. But Probation Of ficer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.This letter erroneously indicated that Weavers trial date was set for March 20.[9] On February 8, Hofmeister again attempted to contact Weaver by letter informing him that the trial was to begin on February 20 and Weaver needed to contact him immediately.^ February 20, 1991 -- The Rescheduled Trial Date d.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A trial date was set.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unbeknownst to Weaver, the date is a typo -- it's supposed to say February 20.
  • Ruby Ridge Incident 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rotten.com [Source type: Original source]
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hofmeister also made several calls to individuals who knew Weaver asking them to have Weaver call him.^ Brown confirmed in an interview at his house that Weaver had called him and is coming to Plainfield, but Brown took pains to distinguish between his own situation and that at Ruby Ridge.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ Eight months later, a couple of BATF agents approached Weaver and asked him to serve as an informant within the Aryan Nation.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was Weaver's beliefs that made him an ideal target.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

.Hofmeister did not hear from Weaver before the scheduled court date.^ When Weaver failed to appear in court - he'd been given the wrong date - an arrest warrant was issued.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1992, Weaver was wanted for failing to appear at a court hearing in Idaho.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge icon at Brown home 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ Weaver was to serve 16 months for failing to show up in court, even though he had been given the wrong date on which to appear.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

.When Weaver did not show up in court on February 20, the judge issued a bench warrant for failure to appear in court.^ When Weaver failed to appear in court - he'd been given the wrong date - an arrest warrant was issued.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the failure to appear indictment was returned, Judge Ryan issued a bench warrant and directed the Marshals Service to arrest Weaver.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Weaver failed to appear for trial on February 20, the court issued a bench warrant for his arrest.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On February 26, Ken Keller, a reporter for the Kootenai Valley Times, telephoned the U.S. Probation Office and asked if the reason that Weaver did not show in court on February 20 was because the letter sent to him by Richins had the incorrect date.^ (Weaver did not show for the wrong date, either.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Shortly thereafter, the U.S. Probation Office sent Weaver a letter which incorrectly referenced his trial date as March 20, 1991.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weaver failed to show up in court on February 20, 1991 because the summons the Weavers received in January had the wrong date printed on it.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Upon finding a copy of the letter, the Chief Probation Officer, Terrence Hummel, contacted the judge’s clerk and informed them of the incorrect date in the letter.^ A probation officer sent a letter to Weaver with yet another date.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, according to a December 1995 report in Midwest Today, a deputy court clerk testified that he had informed Idaho Judge Harold Ryan that the date on Weaver's summons was erroneous.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If this, in fact, occurred, then it is much like being a judge -- if the judge does not have all of the facts, or does not have facts that have an impact upon credibility or honesty, the judge's findings will not withstand later scrutiny.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hummel also contacted the U.S. Marshals Service and Weaver’s attorney informing them of the error.^ Another area of investigative inquiry focuses on the efforts of the Marshals Service to apprehend Weaver.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The error in dates was enough to give rise to a memo within the Marshal Service saying the case would be a washout.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It explains how the U.S. Marshall Service and the ATF first noticed Randy Weaver and why they were interested in him.
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.The judge, however, refused to withdraw the bench warrant.^ Before the failure to appear indictment was returned, Judge Ryan issued a bench warrant and directed the Marshals Service to arrest Weaver.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Judge Ryan declined to withdraw the warrant when he learned that the Probation Office had sent Weaver a letter with an incorrect trial date.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When he did not make his court date, the sitting judge issued a bench warrant for his arrest.
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.The U.S. Marshals Service did agree to put off executing the warrant until after March 20 to see if Weaver would show up in court on that day.^ However, the marshals did not arrive until later in the day.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the radio, Weaver said that he would not fly to New Hampshire because he did not want to go through security.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ A government informant struck up a relationship with Randy Weaver, and this eventually resulted in Weaver's selling, at the informant's request, several illegally sawed-off shotguns.
  • The Politics of Rage: Militias and the Future of the Far Right 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.religion-online.org [Source type: Original source]

.If he were to show up on March 20, all indications are that the warrant would be dropped.^ But every time he seemed about to get into trouble, a government official would show up and his problem would just sort of go away.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver failed to show up in court on February 20, 1991 because the summons the Weavers received in January had the wrong date printed on it.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver failed to show up in court on February 20, so the judge declared him a federal fugitive.
  • Ruby Ridge Incident 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rotten.com [Source type: Original source]
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .Instead of waiting to see if Weaver would show up on March 20, however, the U.S. Attorney’s Office (USAO) called a grand jury on March 14. The USAO did not present Richins’ erroneous letter as evidence to the grand jury and the grand jury issued an indictment for failure to appear.^ U.S. Attorney Ron Howen went to the grand jury anyway, and Weaver was indicted for failure to appear.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ On March 14, 1991 a federal grand jury indicted Weaver for failure to appear .
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Decision to Present and Indictment to the Grand Jury 53 f.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: Academic]
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC elfie.org [Source type: Academic]

[5]

US Marshals Service involvement

.As the law enforcement arm of the federal court, it was the duty of the US Marshals to bring in fugitive Randy Weaver.^ Randy Weaver fails to appear in court, and the judge declares him a federal fugitive.
  • Ruby Ridge Incident 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rotten.com [Source type: Original source]
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Weaver failed to appear for his court date, he was declared a federal fugitive.
  • Ruby Ridge - Free Talk Live 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC wiki.freetalklive.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver was acquitted of illegal gun charges and of any involvement in the marshal's death, but he served a 16-month prison sentence for failing to appear in court.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge icon at Brown home 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

.Unlike most federal fugitives, who flee across state lines to avoid arrest, Randy Weaver simply stayed at his remote home, threatening to resist with force any attempt to take him by force.^ Randy Weaver fails to appear in court, and the judge declares him a federal fugitive.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Randy and Vicki Weaver to the home of friends.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Each was sentenced to more than five years in federal prison, but the couple have resisted capture so far, threatening that any attempt to arrest them will end violently.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge icon at Brown home 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

.Weaver negotiated with US Marshals Ron Evans and David Hunt through third parties for over a year.^ A deputy marshal was killed, along with Weaver's 14-year-old son, Samuel, and his wife, Vicki.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ On March 4, 1992, Chief Deputy Marshal Ronald Evans and Deputy Marshal Jack Cluff decided to drive up the mountain road leading to the Weaver cabin.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are you planning to burn us out like they did in Waco, or will you have snipers shoot us through our windows like the Weavers at Ruby Ridge?"
  • Latest News - Siege at Rainbow Farm 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.november.org [Source type: Original source]

.Weaver was known to have an intense distrust of government and it is believed that the erroneous letter intensified his distrust and may have contributed to his reluctance to appear for trial.^ The government notified Weaver by letter that he was to appear March 20, 1991.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The trial was originally set for February 19, 1991, then changed to February 20 for the convenience of the BATF. But Probation Of ficer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On October 12, 1991, Jeppeson gave Mays a letter from the Weavers which stated: "The U.S. Government lied to me - why should I believe anything its servants have to say .
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Weaver was clearly suspicious of what he viewed as inconsistent messages from the government and his own lawyer and this inconsistency further enforced his belief that there was a conspiracy against him.^ When the Weavers learned of the arrest warrant, they were outraged and convinced that it was a government conspiracy against them.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their belief that there was a conspiracy against them could be what prompted Randy to run for Boundary County Sheriff in 1988.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the guy is on his own property, unless there is some sort of imminent danger, where is the justification to shoot him up?
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] .The mixed signals the Weavers received from the various government agencies convinced them that Weaver would not receive a fair trial if he were to appear in court.^ Weaver was acquitted of illegal gun charges and of any involvement in the marshal's death, but he served a 16-month prison sentence for failing to appear in court.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge icon at Brown home 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ In the settlement of the civil suit Weaver brought against the government, each of his three daughters received $1 million, and Weaver received $100,000.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Weaver failed to appear in court - he'd been given the wrong date - an arrest warrant was issued.
  • Survivor Of Ruby Ridge Siege Takes Sympathetic View Of Mcveigh's Motives 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

.Weaver, distrustful of the federal government, refused to leave his cabin.^ The lack of a planned 'call out' as the sniper/observers deployed is significant because the Weavers were known to leave the cabin armed when vehicles or airplanes approached.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1994, the two men filed federal civil rights cases against the FBI and U.S. marshals stemming from the siege, and in 1995 the government settled Weaver's case for $3.1 million.
  • This Day in History 1992: Incident at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ Elaine Brown introduced Weaver as a "hero," someone who stood up to the federal government and revealed its brutish nature.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge icon at Brown home 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

.U.S. Marshals Service officers made a series of attempts to have Weaver surrender peacefully.^ After a standoff that continued for 10 days, Weaver, a friend and his remaining family members surrendered peacefully.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ Another area of investigative inquiry focuses on the efforts of the Marshals Service to apprehend Weaver.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following this shooting incident FBI officials spent the next eight days attempting to convince Weaver and Harris to surrender to federal authorities.
  • DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RUBY RIDGE REPORT 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Marshals exchanged messages with Weaver through intermediaries several times until the US Attorney directed that all negotiations would go through Weaver's court-appointed counsel; however, Weaver did not have any contact with the attorney and refused to talk with him.^ However, the marshals did not arrive until later in the day.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When we told him the price, he asked us to repeat the price several times.
  • Kinkead Ridge Vineyard and Winery, Ripley, Ohio - Exclusively Vinifera 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.kinkeadridge.com [Source type: General]

^ Weaver was acquitted of illegal gun charges and of any involvement in the marshal's death, but he served a 16-month prison sentence for failing to appear in court.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge icon at Brown home 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

.Marshals then began preparing plans to capture Weaver to stand trial on the weapons charges and his failure to appear at the correct trial date.^ Weaver was convicted of failing to appear for trial on the firearms charge.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The trial was originally set for February 19, 1991, then changed to February 20 for the convenience of the BATF. But Probation Of ficer Karl Richins sent Weaver a letter, dated February 7, instructing him to appear on March 20.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver, who was involved in white-separatist causes in the early 1990s, failed to appear for a court appearance in 1992 on charges he'd owned illegally shortened shotguns.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

[5] .At a 27 Mar 1992 USMS HQ meeting, Art Roderick code named the operation "Northern Exposure".[10] Surveillance teams were dispatched and cameras were set up to record activity at Weaver's residence.^ The Weaver case was transferred to the Enforcement Division and was given the name "Operation Northern Exposure."
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the feds had set up and then bungled a sting operation that morning it wouldn't have been the first time.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ [FN450] Hunt was transferred to an open line in the Crisis Center, on which he explained: Initial reports indicate that the USMS surveillance team came under fire from occupants of the Weaver compound and are still pinned down in defensive positions.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Marshals observed that Weaver and his family responded to vehicles and other visitors by taking up armed positions around the cabin until the visitors were recognized.^ He urged them to take up defensive positions.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ He urged them to take up defensive position s."
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But 11 snipers that were positioned around the Weaver cabin were given new ordrs: "If any adult in the compound is observed with a weapon after the surrender announcement is made, deadly force can and should be employed to neutralize the individual."
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

[5]

Threat Source Profile

Beginning Feb 1991, US Marshals had maintained a Threat Source Profile on Randy Weaver that was later criticised in a 1995 report by a subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee:
.The Subcommittee is also concerned that, as Marshals investigating the Weaver case learned facts that contradicted information they previously had been provided, they did not adequately integrate their updated knowledge into their overall assessment of who Randy Weaver was or what threat he might pose.^ I'm not going to get into a Randy Weaver thing.''
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ Randy Weaver, who survived a standoff with U.S. marshals in Idaho that claimed the lives of his wife and son, is driving to New Hampshire this weekend to advise Ed and Elaine Brown on how to manage their own conflict with the marshal service.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ One is in Boundary County, Idaho, where prosecutor Randall Day is investigating the deaths of Vicki Weaver, Sammy Weaver, and Deputy Marshal Degan.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

.If the Marshals made any attempt to assess the credibility of the various people who gave them information about Weaver, they never recorded their assessments.^ However, they continued to receive information about who was visiting the Weaver property.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The files included information about Weaver's military experience, his stockpiling of weapons and ammunition, the arming of the Weaver family, his Aryan Nations affiliation, and his refusal to surrender.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [FN466] Hudson and the others reported that a team of marshals had been attempting to perform reconnaissance in preparation for serving an arrest warrant on Randy Weaver.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus, rather than maintaining the Threat Source Profile as a living document, the Marshals added new reports to an ever-expanding file, and their overall assessment never really changed.^ (Unlike white supremacists, separatists say they simply want to live apart from other races, rather than persecuting or subjugating them.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She also determined that repetition of those exaggerations to the FBI led to a higher threat assessment than otherwise might have been made.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Marshals Service Headquarters files contained information from BATF and other sources during the threat assessment and the eighteen-month fugitive investigation by the Marshals Service.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These problems rendered it difficult for other law enforcement officials to assess the Weaver case accurately without the benefit of first-hand briefings from persons who had continuing involvement with him.^ Hunt also briefed local law enforcement officials.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the Weavers, this was the first formal announcement of the presence of law enforcement.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the Waco incident, the cause celebre for those who feel U.S. federal law enforcement agencies have become worse outlaws than their quarries was the case of Randy Weaver, a white separatist ( not supremacist) living with his family on Ruby Ridge in remote northern Idaho.
  • Amazon.com: Ambush at Ruby Ridge : How Government Agents Set Randy Weaver Up and Took His Family Down (9781880741481): Alan W. Bock: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

[11]
.Many of the people used by the Marshals as third party go-betweens on the Weaver case--Bill and Judy Grider, Alan Jeppeson, Richard Butler--were evaluated by the Marshals as more radical than the Weavers themselves.^ So, dogs have more rights than people?
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or if you have a group of more than 4 people.
  • Ruby's - New York Restaurant - MenuPages Sandwiches, Italian, Australian Restaurant Search 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.menupages.com [Source type: General]

^ James "Bo" Gritz , then a third-party presidential candidate who had formerly been Weaver's commanding officer during the Vietnam War , served as a mediator between Weaver and the government.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

.When DUSM Dave Hunt asked Bill Grider about Randy Weaver: "Why shouldn't I just go up there ...^ But why had the BATF picked Randy Weaver to set up as an informer?
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm not going to get into a Randy Weaver thing.''
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ A government informant struck up a relationship with Randy Weaver, and this eventually resulted in Weaver's selling, at the informant's request, several illegally shotguns.
  • Every Knee Will Bow: The Truth and Tragedy of Ruby Ridge and the Randy Weaver Family. - book reviews | Christian Century | Find Articles at BNET 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC findarticles.com [Source type: News]

and talk to him?" .Bill Grider replied, "Let me put it to you this way.^ Come on, let's put you to work.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reply MR. Bill October 25th, 2007 at 12:47 pm 65 Hey selise, you get the pics?
  • Firedoglake » Waco, Ruby Ridge… San Diego? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where you may put your character's bios, or profiles so you can keep track of them with ease, and let others know your different faces.

.If I was sitting on my property and somebody with a gun comes to do me harm, then I'll probably shoot him."^ Cooper then directed his weapon on Sammy, but did not shoot him because he could not see if Sammy was carrying a gun and because Sammy had not fired at Degan.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy refused negotiations, believing they may try to shoot him with the robot's gun.
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ruby Ridge is a different case, more egregious, but still sadly not surprising, when the Feds come knocking suspecting they'll be greeted with guns.
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

[12] .When this was reported later by the government, Grider's words were attributed to Weaver as a threat.^ When word got back to Washington, it was said that Randy Weaver had government agents "pinned down" by his "compound".
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ The Weavers felt that the government was passing the false reports through the press in order to justify its actions, and that they would be killed so that the truth would never be told.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weaver refused to become a government informer, and--six months later--he was indicted on the shotgun charge.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

[13] .The Threat Source Profile prominently featured incriminatory evidence and buried exculpatory evidence, and attributed statements by third parties to Weaver himself, overall painting Weaver as more dangerous than he was.^ While Randy Weaver was not a member of the Aryan Nations church, he and his wife did share in their beliefs and visited the Aryan Nation church on more than one occasion.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After 45 minutes Dave was within shouting distance though we couldn't see each other and we couldn't make out more than about a third of the words we shouted to each other.
  • Bob Burd's Trip Reports 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.snwburd.com [Source type: General]

^ Even if Weaver had been found guilty on the weapons charge, he would probably have gotten a shorter sentence than the one he imposed on himself by holing up in his cabin.
  • Remember Ruby Ridge!: Thus Say The Prophets! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

The Profile included "a brief psychological profile completed by a person who had conducted no first-hand interviews and was sufficiently unfamiliar with the case that he referred to Weaver as "Mr. Randall" throughout."[14] .A later memo circulated within the DOJ 5 Apr 1995 by Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick opined that: "The assumptions of federal and some state and local law enforcement personnel about Weaver--that he was a Green Beret, that he would shoot on sight anyone who attempted to arrest him, that he had collected certain types of arms, that he had "booby-trapped" and tunnelled his property--exaggerated the threat he posed."^ Shouldn't we fire on anyone who's armed?
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Law enforcement - United States.
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ At no time can state or local law ever override federal law.
  • http://www.unionleader.com/article.aspx?headline=Not+Ruby+Ridge%3a+Browns+have+no+case&articleId=554b7ce2-93ac-4d3a-938a-e18e3b409da4 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.unionleader.com [Source type: Original source]

Rivera Helicopter incident

.Following an 18 Apr 1992 fly-over by a helicopter for the Geraldo Rivera "Now It Can Be Told" TV show, US Marshal Service HQ received media reports that Weaver had fired on the helicopter.^ Smith reported that TV show host Geraldo Rivera had unsuccessfully attempted to interview Weaver and that there were unconfirmed reports that Weaver had fired at Rivera's helicopter.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geraldo Rivera's television show.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That's not what the marshals told us.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

[15] .That day in Idaho, a US Marshals team was installing surveillance cameras overlooking the Weaver property at the time of the fly-over.^ Hidden cameras were installed throughout the Weaver property.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 21, 1992 six U.S. marshals outfitted in full camouflage and painted faces entered Weaver’s property.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 22, 1992 -- during George H. W. Bush's presidency -- an agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shot unarmed Vicki Weaver during an 11-day standoff on her family's property in Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
  • Will media ask if Specter had "conflict of interest" when he led Ruby Ridge investigation? | Media Matters for America 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: News]

.The field report for 18 Apr 1992 filed by Marshal W. Warren Mays reported seeing a helicopter near the Weaver property, but not hearing any shots fired.^ Smith reported that TV show host Geraldo Rivera had unsuccessfully attempted to interview Weaver and that there were unconfirmed reports that Weaver had fired at Rivera's helicopter.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On August 21, 1992 six U.S. marshals outfitted in full camouflage and painted faces entered Weaver’s property.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reader comments: 18 UNH President Mark Huddleston sees his campus running out of money in the near future if expenses and revenues are not brought in line.
  • http://www.unionleader.com/article.aspx?headline=Not+Ruby+Ridge%3a+Browns+have+no+case&articleId=554b7ce2-93ac-4d3a-938a-e18e3b409da4 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.unionleader.com [Source type: Original source]

[16]
.Weaver then granted an interview with a newspaper reporter in which he and family and friends present that day denied firing on the helicopter.^ Smith reported that TV show host Geraldo Rivera had unsuccessfully attempted to interview Weaver and that there were unconfirmed reports that Weaver had fired at Rivera's helicopter.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a standoff that continued for 10 days, Weaver, a friend and his remaining family members surrendered peacefully.
  • Concord Monitor - Ruby Ridge figure coming to Browns 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.concordmonitor.com [Source type: News]

^ Someone at DKos is reporting that there is a rumor that all planes/helicopters that fight the fires are grounded due to Bush’s visit.
  • Firedoglake » Waco, Ruby Ridge… San Diego? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .The helicopter pilot Richard Weiss eventually gave FBI FD-302 interviews denying that Weaver fired on his helicopter.^ FD-302 Interview of Cpt.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Smith reported that TV show host Geraldo Rivera had unsuccessfully attempted to interview Weaver and that there were unconfirmed reports that Weaver had fired at Rivera's helicopter.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FD-302 Interview of Twomey, November 26, 1993.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.The media reports that Weaver had fired on the Rivera helicopter became part of the justification later cited by USMS Wayne "Duke" Smith and FBI HRT Commander Richard Rogers in drawing up the Ruby Ridge Rules of Engagement 21-22 Aug 1992. Also, in spite of Richard Weiss' repeated denials that shots had been fired at his helicopter, US Attorney Ron Howen would charge that, as Overt Act 32 of the Weaver's Conspiracy Against the Federal Government, Randy, Vicki and Harris fired two shots at the Rivera helicopter.^ Weaver was up against.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But now we are told that the FBI commander at Waco, Richard Rogers, was also in command at Ruby Ridge.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only shots were two--from the government's sniper.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

[19]

The incident at the "Y" in the trails

.Operation: Northern Exposure was suspended for three months due to the confirmation hearings for USMS Director Henry Hudson.^ In early August 1992, Hudson was confirmed Director of the Marshals Service and gave oral approval of the undercover operation shortly thereafter.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Weaver case was transferred to the Enforcement Division and was given the name "Operation Northern Exposure."
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ruby's attempts to adjust to the market flucuations but fails in most categories to attract new customers due to it's change of venue every three months.

[20] .The Weavers noticed the lack of USMS activity and began to believe the USMS had dropped the case.^ Snipers and camouflaged agents began crawling out of the woodwork and as the Weavers noticed multiple armored carriers, helicopters flying overhead and a massive tent city at the base of the mountain, they could not believe their eyes.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On August 21, 1992, six marshals were sent to scout the area to determine suitable places away from the cabin to ambush and arrest Weaver.^ Trip of August 21, 1992 to Weaver Property c.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On August 21, 1992 six U.S. marshals outfitted in full camouflage and painted faces entered Weaver’s property.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 22, 1992, 400 Federal agents armed with rifles, choppers and tanks, surrounded the Ruby Ridge, Idaho, cabin of White Supremacist Randy Weaver (Randy Quaid, "Independence Day").
  • Walmart.com: Siege At Ruby Ridge (Full Frame): Movies 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.walmart.com [Source type: General]

[5] .The marshals, dressed in camouflage, were equipped with night-vision goggles and M16 rifles.^ A six-man team from the Special Operations Group of the U.S. Marshals Service came onto the Weavers’ property at 4:30 a.m., dressed in full camouflage and ski masks, carrying night vision goggles and silenced 9-mm M-16 machine guns with laser scopes.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He rushed to Rainbow Farm and found Rohm dressed in camouflage, carrying a Ruger Mini-14 .223 assault rifle.
  • Latest News - Siege at Rainbow Farm 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.november.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Marshal Degan carried one of the SOG M16s; Thomas and Norris each had rifles; Roderick had a M16; and Cooper had the "suppressed”.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .Deputy US Marshals (DUSMs) Art Roderick, Larry Cooper and Bill Degan formed the recon team, while DUSMs David Hunt, Frank Norris and Joseph Thomas formed an OP team (observation post) on the ridge north of the cabin.^ After Deputy Marshals Cooper and Roderick were escorted from Ruby Ridge, they and Deputy Marshals Norris, Hunt and Thomas were taken to a condominium on Schweitzer Mountain to rest.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ By this time, Roderick, Cooper, Thomas, Norris and Hunt had been awake nearly 24 hours.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One is in Boundary County, Idaho, where prosecutor Randall Day is investigating the deaths of Vicki Weaver, Sammy Weaver, and Deputy Marshal Degan.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

.At one point, Roderick threw two rocks at the Weaver cabin to test the reaction of the dogs.^ Somebody threw a rock to test their reaction.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1989 Kenneth Fadley, a BATF informant, persuaded Weaver to sell him two sawed-off shotguns, carefully pointing out where he wanted the barrels cut - one-quarter of an inch below the legal length.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

[21] .The dogs became alerted, and Weaver's friend Kevin Harris, and Weaver's 14 year old son, Samuel, emerged and followed the dog Striker to investigate.^ When the dogs discovered the intruders they raised a ruckus, and Randy his friend Kevin, and Randy's 14-year-old son Sam, grabbed their guns and followed the dogs to investigate.
  • Memos on the Margin-990916  Remembering Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.polyconomics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kevin Harris witnessed the shooting of the dog.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Memos on the Margin-990916  Remembering Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.polyconomics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver’s 14-year-old son, Sammy, and Kevin Harris, a 25-year-old family friend who lived with the Weavers in the cabin, followed.
  • BOVARD » The 1995 Playboy article on Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC jimbovard.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .Harris and the younger Weaver were hoping that the dog had noticed a game animal since the cabin was out of meat.^ The lack of a planned 'call out' as the sniper/observers deployed is significant because the Weavers were known to leave the cabin armed when vehicles or airplanes approached.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Their use of the helicopter near the cabin invited an accusation that the helicopter was intentionally used to draw the Weaver group out of the cabin."
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy came running out of the cabin, followed by Kevin Harris, Sammy Weaver, Sara Weaver, and Rachel Weaver.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .Sammy Weaver told his father he believed the dogs had sensed either a large animal or a man in the woods.^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Sammy Weaver and Kevin Harris, apparently believing the dog had sniffed out a deer or some other game (the family was out of meat), followed the dog along the logging road.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Special Agent Wages told Glenn that it was believed that Randy Weaver, Vicki Weaver, their children, and at least one additional individual, Kevin Harris, were in the cabin.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The recon team marshals (Roderick, Cooper and Degan) initially retreated through the woods in radio contact with the OP team, but later took up hidden defensive positions.^ He urged them to take up defensive position s."
  • Ruby Ridge@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then radioed to Roderick that Degan had been hit and needed help.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He urged them to take up defensive positions.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

.Later the OP team marshals and the Weavers both claimed that the Weaver dogs alerted to the recon team marshals in the woods after neighbors at the foot of the mountain started their pickup truck.^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ [FN466] Hudson and the others reported that a team of marshals had been attempting to perform reconnaissance in preparation for serving an arrest warrant on Randy Weaver.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While federal officials have claimed that the violent confrontation between the Weavers and the government began when the Weavers ambushed federal marshals, the report tells a very different story.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

.The recon team marshals retreated through the woods to the "Y" juncture in the trails 500 yards west of the cabin, out of sight of the cabin.^ Me (Kevin Harris) and Sam followed Striker through the woods until we came out on the road that forks off the one Randy was on.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OP team left the Y and took the left fork of the trail through a canopy of trees and a fern field.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marshall service witnesses told about a series of pre-siege scenarios to root Weaver out of his cabin.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

.Sammy and Harris followed the dog Striker on foot through the woods while Randy also on foot took a separate logging trail.^ The dog chased the Marshals through the woods, and Sam and Harris followed the dog.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sammy Weaver and Kevin Harris, apparently believing the dog had sniffed out a deer or some other game (the family was out of meat), followed the dog along the logging road.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The eight-week trial of Randy Weaver and Kevin Harris grew out of such a bizarre set of circumstances that it’s not surprising it took a while for the jurors to sort things out.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.Vicki, Sara, Rachel, and baby Elisheba remained at the cabin, at first appearing anxious to the OP team, but later appearing relaxed.^ Vicki Weaver stood in the doorway, yelling for the two to hurry, cradling baby Elisheba in her arms.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The three made a dash for the cabin, where Vicki stood with the baby cradled in her arm, holding the door open.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Vicki had heard the shot and Randy cry out for help, so she ran to the cabin door with baby Elisheba in her arms and held it open so that they could make their way inside for cover.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Randy encountered the marshals at the "Y"; Roderick recalled yelling, "Back off!^ Back off, US Marshals!
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sam then yelled "You shot Striker, you sonafabitch!", and fired twice at Marshal Roderick, the leader of the Special Operations Group.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy yelled at Kevin and Sammy to head back for the cabin, that it was an ambush.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

U.S. Marshal!" and Cooper recalled yelling, "Stop! U.S. Marshal!" .Later statements by Roderick, Cooper and Randy agreed that Randy responded by cursing and running away.^ Cooper Sworn Statement, at 12; Roderick Sworn Statement (draft), at 29; Norris Sworn Statement, at 14-15.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sammy was shot in the back and killed while running away from the scene (probably by Marshal Cooper, according to the report), and Marshal Degan was killed by Mr. Harris.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ [FN512] Jurgensen drove Cooper, Roderick, and Hunt to the Boundary County Sheriff's Office for interviews by the FBI later that day.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.About a minute later the dog and the boys came out of the woods and a firefight erupted between the marshals and Sammy and Harris.^ The dog chased the Marshals through the woods, and Sam and Harris followed the dog.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As Sammy Weaver and Kevin Harris came upon the marshals, gunfire erupted.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

[23][24]
.Accounts differ at this point as to who first opened fire[25] but agree that DUSM Roderick shot and killed Weaver's dog and that Samuel Weaver fired at Roderick.^ The first thing Roderick told Neal was, "I shot the dog."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weaver opened fire from his pickup, unprovoked.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It doesn't matter who fired the first shot, the results are the same.
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

.Samuel Weaver was shot in the back while retreating,[26] and DUSM Degan was shot and killed by Harris.^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Agent Horiuchi fired again; his bullet passed through a window in the door, hit Vicki Weaver in the head, killing her instantly, and then hit Mr. Harris in the chest.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi shot Randy Weaver in the back.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

[27]
.The version of the firefight told by DUSMs Roderick and Cooper was that the dog, followed by Harris then Sammy, came out of the woods.^ The dog chased the Marshals through the woods, and Sam and Harris followed the dog.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Sammy Weaver and Kevin Harris, apparently believing the dog had sniffed out a deer or some other game (the family was out of meat), followed the dog along the logging road.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.DUSM Degan challenged Harris, who turned and shot Degan dead without Degan firing a single shot.^ Harris claimed he fired after the boy was shot.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Kevin Harris shot deputy William Degan in the chest.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

.Roderick then shot the dog once, Sammy fired at Roderick twice, and Roderick fired once again.^ When the first shot was fired, the dog stopped and turned its head back toward the marshals.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To clarify this issue, Howen planned to elicit testimony from a few CRT officers which would shot that the Roderick comment did not indicate the sequence of the shots fired, but rather, was simply an admission by Roderick that he had shot the dog.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Neal described his rescue of Roderick and the statement that Roderick made that he had shot the dog.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Roderick and Cooper heard multiple gunshots from the Weaver party.^ [FN514] Cooper and Roderick informed HRT members about the layout of the Weaver complex, the terrain, and weaponry.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cooper fired two three shot bursts at Harris and Cooper saw Harris fall "like a sack of potatoes". An impact caused leaves to fly up in front of Cooper who then sought cover.^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then fired a three-round burst at Harris with the "suppressed”.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like Crosslin, he never fired a shot.
  • Latest News - Siege at Rainbow Farm 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.november.org [Source type: Original source]

.Cooper saw Sammy run away.^ Halley told investigators that this was an error on his part and that Cooper had said that it was Sammy Weaver, not Harris, that he saw going up the trail.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Sammy was shot in the back and killed while running away from the scene (probably by Marshal Cooper, according to the report), and Marshal Degan was killed by Mr. Harris.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ After he took these shots, Cooper saw Sammy running out of view and up the trail leading to the cabin.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Cooper radioed to OP team Dave Hunt that he had wounded or killed Harris.^ As the OP team made its way up the mountain, Roderick led Degan and Cooper further up the trail from the Y toward the Weaver cabin.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the standoff, Horiuchi shot and killed Weaver's wife and wounded family friend Kevin Harris.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sammy was shot in the back and killed while running away from the scene (probably by Marshal Cooper, according to the report), and Marshal Degan was killed by Mr. Harris.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

[28]
.Harris' version was that, when the dog followed by Sammy then Harris came out of the woods, the dog ran up to Cooper and danced about as he did in playing with the children.^ The dog chased the Marshals through the woods, and Sam and Harris followed the dog.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Sammy Weaver and Kevin Harris, apparently believing the dog had sniffed out a deer or some other game (the family was out of meat), followed the dog along the logging road.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.The dog then ran to Roderick, who shot the dog in front of Sammy, who cursed Roderick and shot at him.^ One of the government agents, U.S. Marshal Arthur Roderick, promptly shot the family's dog, Striker, who gave out a yelp, attracting Sammy to the scene just in time to see the dog, which had been shot in the spine, dragging itself around with its front legs, shrieking in pain before falling over dead.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neal described his rescue of Roderick and the statement that Roderick made that he had shot the dog.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ "What are we now going to do about the deaths of Vicki Weaver, a mother who was killed with a baby in her arms, and Sammy Weaver, a boy who was shot in the back?
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.Degan came out of the woods firing his M16 and hit Sammy in the arm.^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then directed his weapon on Sammy, but did not shoot him because he could not see if Sammy was carrying a gun and because Sammy had not fired at Degan.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Harris then fired and hit Degan in the chest knocking him down.^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Kevin Harris shot deputy William Degan in the chest.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then directed his weapon on Sammy, but did not shoot him because he could not see if Sammy was carrying a gun and because Sammy had not fired at Degan.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Cooper fired at Harris who ducked for cover.^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Horiuchi maintains he didn't see Vicki Weaver when he fired at Harris, who was armed and was ducking into the cabin as federal agents attempted to arrest Randy Weaver on a weapons trafficking charge.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then fired a three-round burst at Harris with the "suppressed”.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cooper fired again and Sammy was hit in the back and fell.^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then directed his weapon on Sammy, but did not shoot him because he could not see if Sammy was carrying a gun and because Sammy had not fired at Degan.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Kevin fired his .30-06 at the marshals and believed he had hit Degan, though he insists the marshals started shooting first and he was firing in self-defense after Sammy was hit.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.Harris fired about 6 feet in front of Cooper and forced him to take cover.^ Cooper then directed his weapon on Sammy, but did not shoot him because he could not see if Sammy was carrying a gun and because Sammy had not fired at Degan.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooper then fired a three-round burst at Harris with the "suppressed”.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Harris said he fired one more shot in front of a camouflaged man “to scare him."
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cooper announced that he was a US Marshal.^ Cooper and Roderick told Smith that Degan was shot by Harris after Degan announced "U.S. Marshals."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Harris checked Sammy's body, found him dead, and ran to the cabin.^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ The federal agents ran for cover, giving Harris a chance to slip away to the Weaver cabin.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Kevin made it to the cabin; he went back later to confirm that Sammy was dead.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]
.The ballistics evidence presented at trial (and cartridge counts on the Marshals' guns performed by DUSM Mark Jurgeson) showed: Art Roderick fired one shot from a .223 M16, Sammy Weaver fired three shots from a .223 Mini-14, Bill Degan fired seven shots from an M16 while moving at least 21 feet, Larry Cooper fired six shots from a 9mm Colt submachinegun, and Kevin Harris fired two shots from a .30-06 M1917 Enfield, for a total of nineteen rounds.^ [FN511] One of the marshals mentioned that Sammy Weaver was present, but there was no evidence that he had been injured.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kevin Harris shot deputy William Degan in the chest.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Kevin Harris, present a threat of death...
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.In testimony about the firefight at the 1993 trial, Larry Cooper admitted "You have all these things compressed into a few seconds....^ What do you reckon that's all about?
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Where are you getting all these ideas from?
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yeah, Vicki, she has a real sixth sense about these things.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

It's difficult to remember what went on first." .The ballistics experts called by the prosecution testified on cross examination by defense that the physical evidence did not contradict either the prosecution or defense theories on the firefight (trial testimony, Martin Fackler on 8 June 1993 and Lucien "Luke" Haag on 10 June 1993).^ Rogers Trial Testimony, June 2, 1993, at 189-90.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Roger Trial Testimony, June 2, 1993, at 26.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trial Transcript, May 10, 1993, at 8.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.Fackler testified that Roderick shot and killed the dog, Degan shot Sammy through the right elbow, Harris shot and killed Degan, and Cooper "probably" shot and killed Sammy.^ Harris turned and shot right at him.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [FN510] The marshals told Smith that Harris had shot Degan, that Cooper may have killed Harris, and that Roderick shot the dog after the gunfire had started.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sammy was shot in the back and killed while running away from the scene (probably by Marshal Cooper, according to the report), and Marshal Degan was killed by Mr. Harris.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

.The 1993 trial jury accepted the defense theory of the firefight and acquitted Harris on grounds of self-defense.^ In the end they believed Kevin Harris acted in self-defense.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Following the trial, the jury deliberated for nearly three weeks before finding Kevin Harris not guilty of murder or any of the other charges that had been brought against him.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The jury concluded that Mr. Harris's action was legitimate self-defense; the Justice report concluded it was impossible to know who shot first.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

.In 1997 Boundary County Sheriff Greg Sprungl conducted an independent search of the "Y" and Lucien Haag confirmed that a bullet found in that search matched Cooper's gun and contained fibers that matched Sammy Weaver's shirt.^ In 1997, the Boundary County, Idaho district attorney charged Horiuchi with involuntary manslaughter, but the indictment was removed to federal jurisdiction based on the Supremacy Clause .
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One is in Boundary County, Idaho, where prosecutor Randall Day is investigating the deaths of Vicki Weaver, Sammy Weaver, and Deputy Marshal Degan.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One would think that the desk of the agent responsible for conducting the interview of Cooper would have been one of the first locations that would have been searched.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

[30])
.After the firefight at the "Y", marshals Hunt and Thomas went from the hillside to a neighbor's house in order to request assistance from the USMS Crisis Center while marshals Norris, Cooper and Roderick stayed with Degan's body at the "Y". Randy and Vicki went to the "Y" and retrieved Sammy's body.^ Roderick, Cooper, and Norris waited in the brush with Degan's body, while Hunt and Norris left for help at approximately10:45 a.m.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By this time, Roderick, Cooper, Thomas, Norris and Hunt had been awake nearly 24 hours.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He understood from Hunt that the marshals were not in an ongoing firefight.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Randy, Vicki and Harris placed Samuel's body in a guest cabin near the main cabin.^ Thereafter, the Torrences were invited into the Weaver cabin where Randy and Vicki Weaver explained their religious and political views.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Special Agent Wages told Glenn that it was believed that Randy Weaver, Vicki Weaver, their children, and at least one additional individual, Kevin Harris, were in the cabin.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Weaver, Vicki, their three daughters and Harris holed up in their house.^ Agent Horiuchi fired again; his bullet passed through a window in the door, hit Vicki Weaver in the head, killing her instantly, and then hit Mr. Harris in the chest.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Special Agent Wages told Glenn that it was believed that Randy Weaver, Vicki Weaver, their children, and at least one additional individual, Kevin Harris, were in the cabin.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uh, the fact that those U.S. Citizens are armed to the teeth, holed up in their houses and threatening to kill people?
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

[29] From 11:15 a.m. onward, .Hunt reported to the Crisis Center in Washington D.C. that no further gunfire had been heard.^ This was more than a half hour after Hunt advised the Crisis Center that marshals were "no longer taking fire."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At 1:05 p.m., Hunt again told the Crisis Center: "USMS personnel on mountain are not taking additional fire and detect substantial movement in the woods around them."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Crisis Center Log reports, at 5:15 p.m., that: DUSMs Roderick, Cooper, and Norris are still in position on the mountain.....DUSM Cooper reports that he believes that he wounded on of the two adult suspects.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28]
.The USMS alerted the FBI that a marshal had been killed, and the FBI sent the Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) from Quantico to Idaho.^ A decision was made to deploy the FBI Hostage Rescue Team ("HRT") to Ruby Ridge.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ISBN 0-7432-3321-2 * Randy Weaver The Federal Siege At Ruby Ridge: In Our Own Words ISBN 0966433408 * Cold Zero (Inside the FBI's elite hostage rescue team) Christopher Whitcomb ISBN 0-552-14788-5 .
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the federal law enforcement commanders was Richard Rogers, the head of the FBI's hostage rescue team, which includes its snipers.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

.Special Agent in Charge (SAC) Eugene Glenn of the Salt Lake City FBI office was appointed Site Commander and Idaho State Police, BATF, Marshals Service, FBI, Border Patrol[31] and county sheriff's office were mobilized.^ When Special Agent in Charge Eugene Glenn arrived in Sandpoint, Idaho, about 7:00 p.m.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They got marshals, they got state police.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gore joined Glenn at the briefing, then in progress with the Idaho State Police, Boundary County Sheriff, and Marshals Service personnel.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also on August 21, 1992, Idaho Governor Cecil Andrus declared a state of emergency in Boundary County which allowed the FBI to use the Idaho National Guard Armory at Bonners Ferry and, after an initial delay, to use National Guard armored personnel carriers (APCs).^ In 1997, the Boundary County, Idaho district attorney charged Horiuchi with involuntary manslaughter, but the indictment was removed to federal jurisdiction based on the Supremacy Clause .
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One is in Boundary County, Idaho, where prosecutor Randall Day is investigating the deaths of Vicki Weaver, Sammy Weaver, and Deputy Marshal Degan.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By this time there were officers by the score, troops, armored personnel carriers, helicopters, radios, televisions, robots, and untold armaments surrounding the little house.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Memos on the Margin-990916  Remembering Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.polyconomics.com [Source type: Original source]

[32] .A stand-off ensued for 12 days as several hundred federal agents surrounded the house and negotiations for a surrender were attempted.^ A stand-off ensued for ten days as several hundred federal agents surrounding the house, in which Weaver and his three surviving children remained with Harris and the dead body of Vicki Weaver.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before he could pull out his weapon, several federal agents that had been waiting inside the camper of the truck tackled Randy.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Sunday, federal agents seized paper files and computer records from the Oglala Sioux Housing Authority.
  • OT - FBI/Indian standoff at Pine Ridge Rez! 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC hv.greenspun.com [Source type: Original source]

The siege and controversy

.On August 22, the second day of the siege, the FBI HRT sniper/observer teams were deployed to the cabin to cover the approach of an armored personnel carrier carrying negotiators to make a surrender callout at the cabin.^ The lack of a planned 'call out' as the sniper/observers deployed is significant because the Weavers were known to leave the cabin armed when vehicles or airplanes approached.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the federal law enforcement commanders was Richard Rogers, the head of the FBI's hostage rescue team, which includes its snipers.
  • The Randy Weaver Case - The Lawful Path 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC land.netonecom.net [Source type: Original source]

^ By this time there were officers by the score, troops, armored personnel carriers, helicopters, radios, televisions, robots, and untold armaments surrounding the little house.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Memos on the Margin-990916  Remembering Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.polyconomics.com [Source type: Original source]

Before being deployed, the snipers had been given military style rules of engagement that contradicted standard FBI deadly force policy, what some snipers later described as a "green light" to "shoot on sight".[33]
.The Ruby Ridge Rules of Engagement (ROE) were drawn up on the basis of reports from USMS and FBI headquarters, bolstered by unconfirmed news media accounts accepted by HQ, that exaggerated the threat posed by the Weavers.^ The FBI has learned the lessons of Ruby Ridge.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The report concluded that the FBI Rules of Engagement at Ruby Ridge flagrantly violated the U.S. Constitution: "The Constitution allows no person to become 'fair game' for deadly force without law enforcement evaluating the threat that person poses, even when, as occurred here, the evaluation must be made in a split second."
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ ISBN 0-7432-3321-2 * Randy Weaver The Federal Siege At Ruby Ridge: In Our Own Words ISBN 0966433408 * Cold Zero (Inside the FBI's elite hostage rescue team) Christopher Whitcomb ISBN 0-552-14788-5 .
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

.1. If any adult male is observed with a weapon prior to the announcement, deadly force can and should be employed, if the shot can be taken without endangering any children.^ If any adult in the compound is observed with a weapon after the surrender announcement is made, and is not attempting to surrender, deadly force can and should be employed to neutralize the individual.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If any adult male is observed with a weapon prior to the announcement, deadly force can and should be employed, if the shot can be taken without endangering any children.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much controversy was later generated by the fact that, after the first day's events, the FBI had changed the rules of engagement, specifically that "deadly force could be used against any armed adult male if the shot could be taken without a child being injured."
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]


.2. If any adult in the compound is observed with a weapon after the surrender announcement is made, and is not attempting to surrender, deadly force can and should be employed to neutralize the individual.^ If any adult in the compound is observed with a weapon after the surrender announcement is made, and is not attempting to surrender, deadly force can and should be employed to neutralize the individual.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If any adult male is observed with a weapon prior to the announcement, deadly force can and should be employed, if the shot can be taken without endangering any children.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do we all agree that the new rules of engagement will read: Any agent can and should use deadly force against any armed adult?
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]


.3. If compromised by any animal, particularly the dogs, that animal should be eliminated.^ If compromised by any animal, particularly the dogs, that animal should be eliminated.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


.4. Any subjects other than Randall Weaver, Vicki Weaver, Kevin Harris, presenting threats of death or grievous bodily harm, the FBI rules of deadly force are in effect.^ Kevin Harris, present a threat of death...
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any subjects other than Randall Weaver, Vicki Weaver, Kevin Harris, presenting threats of death or grievous bodily harm, the FBI rules of deadly force are in effect.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FBI rules of deadly force apply.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Deadly force can be utilized to prevent the death or grievous bodily injury to oneself or that of another.^ Deadly force can be utilized to prevent the death or grievous bodily injury to oneself or that of another.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The standard policy only authorizes deadly force when an agent or another is in imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm, however Rogers felt that the situation at hand dictated a serious enough threat to amend temporarily these rules.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any subjects other than Randall Weaver, Vicki Weaver, Kevin Harris, presenting threats of death or grievous bodily harm, the FBI rules of deadly force are in effect.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
.Standard deadly force policy of the FBI was: "Agents are not to use deadly force against any person except as necessary in self-defense or the defense of another, when they have reason to believe they or another are in danger of death or grievous bodily harm.^ Deadly force can only be used against the children...
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FBI rules of deadly force apply.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deadly force can be utilized to prevent the death or grievous bodily injury to oneself or that of another.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whenever feasible, verbal warning should be given before deadly force is applied."^ If any adult in the compound is observed with a weapon after the surrender announcement is made, and is not attempting to surrender, deadly force can and should be employed to neutralize the individual.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The FBI issued Rules of Engagement that declared that its snipers "can and should" use deadly force against armed males outside the cabin.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Those rules said that, under certain circumstances, certain persons "can and should" be the subject of deadly force.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

[35] .Under the Ruby Ridge ROE 3 and 4, the Weaver dogs, the Weaver children and third parties were subject to the standard deadly force policy and could only be shot in self-defense if they presented a danger of death or grievous bodily harm.^ Any subjects other than Randall Weaver, Vicki Weaver, Kevin Harris, presenting threats of death or grievous bodily harm, the FBI rules of deadly force are in effect.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deadly force can be utilized to prevent the death or grievous bodily injury to oneself or that of another.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, some FBI SWAT personnel on-scene interpreted the rules as a "shoot-on-sight" policy -- which they knew was inconsistent with the FBI's deadly force policy.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

.Under the Ruby Ridge ROE 1 any armed Weaver adult man could and should be killed.^ There was one man at Ruby Ridge.
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Written by Randy Weaver's defense attorney, the second chapter of the paperback edition is one of the best accounts of what happened at Ruby Ridge.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the minds of many in the area is the 1992 shootout at nearby Ruby Ridge, where the wife and son of white separatist Randy Weaver were killed during a standoff with federal agents.
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

.Under the Ruby Ridge ROE 2, after the surrender announcement, any armed Weaver adult not attempting to surrender could and should be killed.^ Written by Randy Weaver's defense attorney, the second chapter of the paperback edition is one of the best accounts of what happened at Ruby Ridge.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the minds of many in the area is the 1992 shootout at nearby Ruby Ridge, where the wife and son of white separatist Randy Weaver were killed during a standoff with federal agents.
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The Weaver cabin still stands on Ruby Ridge and, as of this writing, remains unoccupied.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both rules do not require the self-defense condition "danger of death or grievous bodily harm" or any verbal warning whether feasible or not.^ This conclusion leads us to our next area of inquiry, which is whether the delayed disclosure of this information was an effort by Howen to harm the ability of the defendants to prepare their defense.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ The standard policy only authorizes deadly force when an agent or another is in imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm, however Rogers felt that the situation at hand dictated a serious enough threat to amend temporarily these rules.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any subjects other than Randall Weaver, Vicki Weaver, Kevin Harris, presenting threats of death or grievous bodily harm, the FBI rules of deadly force are in effect.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Denver FBI SWAT team assigned to Ruby Ridge thought the ROE were "crazy" and agreed among themselves to follow the FBI deadly force policy.^ FBI rules of deadly force apply.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI has learned the lessons of Ruby Ridge.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, some FBI SWAT personnel on-scene interpreted the rules as a "shoot-on-sight" policy -- which they knew was inconsistent with the FBI's deadly force policy.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, most of the FBI HRT sniper/observers accepted the ROE as modifying the deadly force policy.^ FBI rules of deadly force apply.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, some FBI SWAT personnel on-scene interpreted the rules as a "shoot-on-sight" policy -- which they knew was inconsistent with the FBI's deadly force policy.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Potts and Mr. Coulson, who directed the siege from Washington, denied ordering changes in the bureau's deadly-force policy.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.Examples: HRT sniper Dale Monroe saw the ROE as a "green light" to shoot armed adult males on sight and HRT sniper Edward Wenger believed that if he observed armed adults, he could use deadly force, but he was to follow standard deadly force policy for all other individuals.^ Moreover, some FBI SWAT personnel on-scene interpreted the rules as a "shoot-on-sight" policy -- which they knew was inconsistent with the FBI's deadly force policy.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Much controversy was later generated by the fact that, after the first day's events, the FBI had changed the rules of engagement, specifically that "deadly force could be used against any armed adult male if the shot could be taken without a child being injured."
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The task force concluded in a 1994 report that the FBI's Hostage Rescue Team overreacted to the threat of violence and instituted a shoot-on-sight policy that violated bureau guidelines and Fourth Amendment restrictions on police power.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC elfie.org [Source type: Academic]

.Fred Lanceley, the FBI Hostage Negotiator at Ruby Ridge, was "surprised and shocked" at the ROE, the most severe rules he had ever heard in his over 300 hostage situations and characterized the ROE as inconsistent with standard policy.^ The FBI had described the siege as a "hostage situation."
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI has learned the lessons of Ruby Ridge.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ISBN 0-7432-3321-2 * Randy Weaver The Federal Siege At Ruby Ridge: In Our Own Words ISBN 0966433408 * Cold Zero (Inside the FBI's elite hostage rescue team) Christopher Whitcomb ISBN 0-552-14788-5 .
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

[36] A later Senate report criticized the ROE as "virtual shoot-on-sight orders."[37]
.Before the negotiators arrived at the cabin, an FBI HRT sniper, Lon Horiuchi, shot and wounded Randy Weaver in the back with the bullet exiting his right armpit, while he was lifting the latch on the shed to visit the body of his dead son.^ FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi shot Randy Weaver in the back.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver was shot from behind as he went to lift the latch of the shed.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

[38] .(The sniper testified at the later trial that he had put his crosshairs on Weaver's spine, but Weaver moved at the last second.^ Later, Cooper fired a second three-round burst at no particular target, but in the direction from which he had last received fire.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Jeppeson, Weaver might surrender, if the trial could be moved, and if Jeppeson could remain with Weaver until he was released or sentenced.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

) .Then, as Weaver, his 16-year-old daughter Sara,[39] and Harris ran back toward the house, Horiuchi fired a second bullet, which passed through Vicki Weaver's head, killing her, and wounded Harris in the chest.^ The shot that killed Mrs. Weaver was the second that Special Agent Horiuchi fired.
  • Ruby Ridge Hearing-Director Freeh's Opening Statement 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The bullet penetrated the door window, passed through Vicki Weaver’s head and struck Kevin Harris in the left arm and chest.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Return fire killed on e of Weaver's dogs.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vicki Weaver was standing behind the door through which Harris was entering the house, holding their 10-month-old baby Elisheba[39] in her arms.^ Witnesses have said the sharpshooter fired as Vicki Weaver held open the cabin door, her 10-month-old baby in her arms, to let Randy Weaver, their daughter and Harris in.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The three turned and ran for the house where Vicki, with her 10 month old baby in her arms stood holding the door open.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And later Killing Vickie Weaver with a baby in her arms.
  • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

[40] .The Department of Justice Office of Professional Responsibility Ruby Ridge Task Force Report (10 June 1994) stated in section I. Executive Summary subhead B. Significant Findings that the second shot did not satisfy constitutional standards for legal use of deadly force.^ We call this section Ruby Ridge.
  • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The report concluded that the FBI Rules of Engagement at Ruby Ridge flagrantly violated the U.S. Constitution: "The Constitution allows no person to become 'fair game' for deadly force without law enforcement evaluating the threat that person poses, even when, as occurred here, the evaluation must be made in a split second."
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ The Justice Department's Office of the Inspector General yesterday said in a report the bonuses and promotions went to former FBI Deputy Director Larry A. Potts, later demoted and suspended for improper oversight of the deadly siege; and E. Michael Kahoe, a senior FBI executive sentenced to prison for destroying a critical Ruby Ridge document.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

[41] .The OPR review also found the lack of a request to surrender was "inexcusable", since Harris and the two Weavers were running for cover without returning fire and were not an imminent threat.^ The standoff ended after Harris and Weaver surrendered.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Return fire killed on e of Weaver's dogs.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Agent Horiuchi fired again; his bullet passed through a window in the door, hit Vicki Weaver in the head, killing her instantly, and then hit Mr. Harris in the chest.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

.The task force also specifically blamed Horiuchi for firing through the door, not knowing whether someone was on the other side of it.^ Regarding Agent Horiuchi's killing of Vicki Weaver, the task force concluded, "[B]y fixing his cross hairs on the door when he believed someone was behind it, he placed the children and Vicki Weaver at risk, in violation of even the special Rules of Engagement....
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Agent Horiuchi fired again; his bullet passed through a window in the door, hit Vicki Weaver in the head, killing her instantly, and then hit Mr. Harris in the chest.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

^ Ah, well it must have been the OTHER door that was bowed outward then, you know -- the one that's "missing."
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

.While controversy exists as to who is responsible for approving the ROE that were being followed by the sniper, the task force also condemned the so-called "rules of engagement" allowing shots to be fired with no request for surrender.^ Much controversy was later generated by the fact that, after the first day's events, the FBI had changed the rules of engagement, specifically that "deadly force could be used against any armed adult male if the shot could be taken without a child being injured."
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He consistently maintained that, after Harris had fired the shots that hit Degan, he fired a three-round burst at Harris, who fell to the ground "like a sack of potatoes."
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ But in writing the "rules of engagement" for the siege to follow, Rogers, who had not yet spoken to anyone who had actually been at the cabin, didn’t know aboutthe 14 shots firedby the deputy marshals.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

[38]
.Both FBI HQ and the Site Commanders in Idaho re-evaluated the situation based on information they were receiving from US Marshals Hunt, Cooper and Roderick about what had actually happened 21 Aug.^ On August 17, 1992, a U.S. Marshals “SOG” team consisting of Larry Cooper, William Degan, Arthur Roderick, David Hunt, Larry Thomas, and Frank Norris, arrived in Sandpoint, Idaho to set up a command post on Schweitzer Mountain.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Marshals Service provided the Henthorn certifications for Roderick, Cooper and Degan on May 4, 1993.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Allegations have been made that the deployment of the HRT on August 21 was based on false information about the dangerousness of Randy Weaver, the situation at Ruby Ridge and the August 21 exchange of gunfire.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On about 24 Aug 1992, the fourth day of the siege on the Weaver family, FBI Deputy Assistant Director Danny Coulson wrote a memo:
.OPR 004477
Something to Consider
1. Charge against Weaver is Bull Shit.
^ The actions of the FBI sniper on August 22, 1992 were pertinent to the charges lodged against Weaver and Harris.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy Weaver's principal crime against the government had been his failure to appear in court on a charge of possessing illegal firearms.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The state of Idaho brought involuntary manslaughter charges against Horiuchi for killing Vicki Weaver, only to have them dismissed by a federal court.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]


.2. No one saw Weaver do any shooting.^ [FN511] One of the marshals mentioned that Sammy Weaver was present, but there was no evidence that he had been injured.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The marshals were surprised that Degan's gun had been fired because no one had seen Degan shoot.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No one in our family is a member of the golf club that I know of, yet the service was still very courteous from what I saw of it.
  • Ruby Hill Golf Club - Pleasanton, CA 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]


.3. Vicki has no charges against her.^ The state of Idaho brought involuntary manslaughter charges against Horiuchi for killing Vicki Weaver, only to have them dismissed by a federal court.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]


4. Weaver's defense. .He ran down the hill to see what dog was
barking at.
^ A yellow dog ran up to the vehicle, barking.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When they got to the rock, our yellow dog Striker was down at the pump house barking up into the woods.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some guys in camys shot his dog.
Started shooting at him. Killed his son. .Harris did the
shooting [of Degan].
^ Cooper then directed his weapon on Sammy, but did not shoot him because he could not see if Sammy was carrying a gun and because Sammy had not fired at Degan.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

^ When the dog caught up to Cooper, it began growling and snarling, however Cooper decided not to shoot the dog, as he did not want the killing to invoke a firefight between himself and Harris.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Harris claimed that after he fired at Degan, the shooting came to a halt for a few seconds before he heard another shot.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He [Weaver] is in pretty strong legal position."[42]
.On August 26, 1992, 10:53 a.m., the Rules of Engagement that had been in effect since the arrival of the HRT on August 22 were revoked.^ Conclusion F. FBI's Rules of Engagement and Operations on August 21 and August 22, 1992 1.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ F. FBI's Rules of Engagement and Operations on August 21 and August 22, 1992 155 1.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: Academic]
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC elfie.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Formulation of the Rules of Engagement and Operations Plan on August 22 163 c.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: Academic]
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC elfie.org [Source type: Academic]

[43]
.The stand-off was ultimately resolved by sympathetic civilian negotiators including Bo Gritz, Jack McLamb and Jackie Brown.^ I will tell you that finally Bo Gritz, Randy's former commander in the special forces, came to help in the negotiations.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Gerald McLamb, a retired Phoenix police officer who was assisting Gritz in his campaign for President, returned to the cabin with Gritz to help in the negotiations.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Friday August 28, 1992, the FBI brought in Colonel Bo Gritz, in hopes that he might be able to negotiate with the Weaver family.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44][45] .Harris surrendered August 30 and Randy Weaver and his daughters surrendered the next day.^ The standoff ended after Harris and Weaver surrendered.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The DOJ report corroborates this with a statement dictated by Randy Weaver to his daughter, in which he says that "Approximately 11:30 Friday morning....the dogs started barking like they always do when strangers walk up the driveway.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A few minutes later, Randy Weaver, Kevin Harris, and 13-year-old Sammy Weaver came out of the cabin and began following their dogs.
  • Waco and Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.expreso.co.cr [Source type: Original source]

.Both Harris and Randy Weaver were arrested.^ The eight-week trial of Randy Weaver and Kevin Harris grew out of such a bizarre set of circumstances that it’s not surprising it took a while for the jurors to sort things out.
  • Ambush at Ruby Ridge - Reason Magazine 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [FN466] Hudson and the others reported that a team of marshals had been attempting to perform reconnaissance in preparation for serving an arrest warrant on Randy Weaver.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weaver and Harris were both charged with first-degree murder -- and acquitted.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

.Weaver's daughters were released to the custody of relatives, although some consideration was given to charging Sara, 16, as an adult.^ Weaver was to serve 16 months for failing to show up in court, even though he had been given the wrong date on which to appear.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The resulting failure- to-appear charges were then brought because Randy Weaver was given an incorrect court date and then indicted before that date.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Randy Weaver’s account of the incident comes from a statement he later dictated to his daughter Sara: .
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .Weaver was ultimately acquitted of all charges except missing his original court date and violating his bail conditions, for which he was sentenced to 18 months and fined $10,000. Credited with time served, Weaver spent an additional 4 months in prison.^ Spence successfully argued that Weaver acted in self-defense during the raid and was the victim of entrapment with respect to the weapons charge, winning Weaver's acquittal on all charges except missing his original court date, for which he was sentenced to 18 months and fined $10,000.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Harris was acquitted of all charges.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Randy was then sentenced to 18 months in jail, 14 of which he had already served and fined him $10,000.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Harris was acquitted of all charges.^ Harris was acquitted of all charges.
  • Ruby Ridge at AllExperts 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weaver and Harris were both charged with first-degree murder -- and acquitted.
  • GOVERNMENT TERRORISM 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC ishgooda.org [Source type: Original source]

Aftermath

Timothy McVeigh cited the Ruby Ridge and Waco incidents as motivation for the Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995.[47]
.The surviving members of the Weaver family filed a wrongful death suit.^ The files included information about Weaver's military experience, his stockpiling of weapons and ammunition, the arming of the Weaver family, his Aryan Nations affiliation, and his refusal to surrender.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lawyer handling a wrongful-death civil suit for Rohm's estate says the state police account of Rohm's death is seriously flawed.
  • Latest News - Siege at Rainbow Farm 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.november.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For $3.1 million, the United States government settles the lawsuit filed by the Weaver family for the wrongful death of Vicki Weaver.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To avoid trial and a possibly higher settlement, the federal government awarded Randy Weaver a $100,000 settlement and his three daughters $1 million each in August 1995. In the out-of-court settlement the government did not admit to any wrong-doing in the deaths of Sammy and Vicki Weaver.^ The courts felt the government wrong enough to award a monetary settlement to the Weaver's.
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Randy Weaver 4.5 out of 5 stars ( 13 ) .
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ For $3.1 million, the United States government settles the lawsuit filed by the Weaver family for the wrongful death of Vicki Weaver.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the summer of 1995 a Senate Judiciary Committee held hearings on Ruby Ridge.^ The report said despite Mr. Potts' receipt in January 1995 of a letter of censure in the Ruby Ridge matter, he was named deputy director in May 1995.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ January 6, 2003 By A Customer I was raised in a rural part of Idaho, and was 17 during the summer of the Ruby Ridge siege.
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ A Rare Visit with the Rebel of Ruby Ridge - Report from Time Magazine, May 29, 1995, on their interview with Randy Weaver.
  • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

[48]
.FBI director Louis Freeh disciplined or proposed discipline for twelve FBI employees over their handling of the incident and the later prosecution of Randy Weaver and Harris.^ The FBI disciplined 12 agents and employees, including Larry Potts, then the head of its criminal division and now its deputy director, for their roles in the operation.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC elfie.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The FBI disciplined 12 agents and employees, includingLarry Potts, then the head of its criminal division and now itsdeputy director, for their roles in the operation.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The actions of the FBI sniper on August 22, 1992 were pertinent to the charges lodged against Weaver and Harris.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.mega.nu:8080 [Source type: Original source]

.He described it before the U.S. Senate hearing investigating the incident as "synonymous with the exaggerated application of federal law enforcement" and stated "law enforcement overreacted at Ruby Ridge."^ Law enforcement - United States.
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Investigators used the Ruby Ridge incident as an example.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "It is troubling," he said, to let 50 states "trump" the authority of federal agents by applying their criminal laws.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

[49]
.A CBS mini-series about the Ruby Ridge incident, entitled Ruby Ridge: An American Tragedy, aired on May 19 and May 21, 1996. It was based on the book Every Knee Shall Bow by reporter Jess Walter and starred Laura Dern as Vicki, Kirsten Dunst as Sara and Randy Quaid as Randy.^ Ruby the Mini Dachshund on Tuesday May 19, 2009.
  • May 2009 - Ruby the Mini Dachshund | Dog Time - Dog Blog Network 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC blogs.dogtime.com [Source type: General]

^ Every Knee Shall Bow: The Truth and Tragedy of Ruby Ridge and the Randy Weaver Family 4.7 out of 5 stars ( 14 ) $19.65 .
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ May 2009 - Ruby the Mini Dachshund .
  • May 2009 - Ruby the Mini Dachshund | Dog Time - Dog Blog Network 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC blogs.dogtime.com [Source type: General]

[1] The TV series was edited together in movie form as The Siege at Ruby Ridge.[50]
.FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi was indicted for manslaughter in 1997 by the Boundary County, Idaho prosecutor just prior to expiration of the statute of limitations for the crime of manslaughter, but the trial was removed to federal court and was quickly dismissed on grounds of sovereign immunity.^ A county prosecutor in Bonner's Ferry, Idaho indicts Kevin Harris for murder and FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi for manslaughter.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FBI sniper Lon Horiuchi.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Local prosecutors in Boundary County, Idaho, charged Horiuchi with involuntary manslaughter after the U.S. Department of Justice announced it would not prosecute him or his superiors.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

[51] Kevin Harris was also indicted for the first-degree murder of DUSM Bill Degan; the charge was dismissed on grounds of double jeopardy because he had been acquitted in the federal criminal trial on the same charge in 1993.[52]
.Randy and Sara Weaver wrote a 1998 paperback book, The Federal Siege at Ruby Ridge, about the incident (the appendix of the book is a reprint of the 1995 Report on the U.S. Senate Ruby Ridge Hearing).^ Ruby Ridge, where the Weaver family lived, has become synonymous with high-profile clashes, including the Branch Davidian siege near Waco, Texas, the Freemen standoff and the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CBS television airs its made-for-TV movie Ruby Ridge: An American Tragedy , starring Randy Quaid and Laura Dern.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Written by Randy Weaver's defense attorney, the second chapter of the paperback edition is one of the best accounts of what happened at Ruby Ridge.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.The attorney for Kevin Harris pressed Harris' civil suit for damages, although federal officials vowed they would never pay someone who had killed a U.S. Marshal.^ They vowed that they would never again set foot off their mountain.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There has also been a claim that the federal response was driven by an influential Department of Justice official who had been a close friend of Deputy U.S. Marshal Degan and the Degan family.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They learned that the Marshals Service was reporting that Kevin Harris may have been shot during the shootout.
  • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In September 2000 after persistent appeals, Harris was awarded a $380,000 settlement from the government.^ The courts felt the government wrong enough to award a monetary settlement to the Weaver's.
  • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ The government admitted no wrongdoing, but paid Harris $380,000 to drop his $10 million civil damage suit.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

[53]

See also

Documentaries

.Randy Weaver and the Siege at Ruby Ridge have been the focus of numerous documentaries.^ Ruby Ridge, where the Weaver family lived, has become synonymous with high-profile clashes, including the Branch Davidian siege near Waco, Texas, the Freemen standoff and the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CBS television airs its made-for-TV movie Ruby Ridge: An American Tragedy , starring Randy Quaid and Laura Dern.
  • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Written by Randy Weaver's defense attorney, the second chapter of the paperback edition is one of the best accounts of what happened at Ruby Ridge.
  • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Season 1, Episode 1: The Legend of Ruby Ridge of the British documentary series Secret Rulers of the World.^ Weaver and his family moved to Ruby Ridge in late 1983 to escape what they viewed as a sinful world.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bullet holes in the cabin door, Ruby Ridge (AP/Wide World) .
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ AM If the Ruby Ridge incident happened during Clintons term, much less after the Chinese secrets rhetoric, you might look less ignorant.
    • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

    - .April 2001
  • Atrocities at Ruby Ridge: the Randy Weaver Story
  • A&E Network American Justice series, episode 047 - "Deadly Force": A look at the growing problem of out-of-control law enforcement agents.^ CBS television airs its made-for-TV movie Ruby Ridge: An American Tragedy , starring Randy Quaid and Laura Dern.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Written by Randy Weaver's defense attorney, the second chapter of the paperback edition is one of the best accounts of what happened at Ruby Ridge.
    • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Weaver and his family moved to Ruby Ridge in late 1983 to escape what they viewed as a sinful world.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Features the police bombing of the MOVE headquarters in Philadelphia, which killed 11, and the shootings of Randy Weaver's wife and son at Ruby Ridge.^ In 1992, at nearby Ruby Ridge, the wife and son of white separatist Randy Weaver were killed during a standoff with federal agents.
    • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Ruby Ridge, where the Weaver family lived, has become synonymous with high-profile clashes, including the Branch Davidian siege near Waco, Texas, the Freemen standoff and the Oklahoma City bombing.
    • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ CBS television airs its made-for-TV movie Ruby Ridge: An American Tragedy , starring Randy Quaid and Laura Dern.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Bill Kurtis hosts.
  • "Ruby Ridge Investigation", by Nightline 1995, ABC News; ASIN: B00005BK47
  • Ruby Ridge, Reality Productions Group for TLC (The Learning Channel), television, 2000.

Suggested reading

  • Alan Bock. .Ambush at Ruby Ridge: How Government Agents Set Randy Weaver Up and Took His Family Down.^ Written by Randy Weaver's defense attorney, the second chapter of the paperback edition is one of the best accounts of what happened at Ruby Ridge.
    • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the minds of many in the area is the 1992 shootout at nearby Ruby Ridge, where the wife and son of white separatist Randy Weaver were killed during a standoff with federal agents.
    • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The Weaver cabin still stands on Ruby Ridge and, as of this writing, remains unoccupied.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • OT: So what do you think of Ruby Ridge and Waco? [Archive] - Harmony Central Musician Community Forums 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC acapella.harmony-central.com [Source type: Original source]

    .ISBN 1-880741-48-2.
  • Jess Walter.^ Every Knee Shall Bow , by Jess Walter July 1996, HarperCollins Collins; ISBN: 0061011312 .
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (originally published as Every Knee Shall Bow), The Spokesman-Review received a Pulitzer Prize nomination for its coverage of the story.^ Every Knee Shall Bow: The Truth and Tragedy of Ruby Ridge and the Randy Weaver Family 4.7 out of 5 stars ( 14 ) $19.65 .
    • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family 4.2 out of 5 stars ( 5 ) $13.22 .
    • Amazon.com: Ruby Ridge: The Truth and Tragedy of the Randy Weaver Family (9780060007942): Jess Walter: Books 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ruby Ridge, where the Weaver family lived, has become synonymous with high-profile clashes, including the Branch Davidian siege near Waco, Texas, the Freemen standoff and the Oklahoma City bombing.
    • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-06-000794-X.
  • Jon Ronson (2002). Them: Adventures with Extremists. .ISBN 0-7432-3321-2.
  • Randy and Sara Weaver.^ Randy came running out of the cabin, followed by Kevin Harris, Sammy Weaver, Sara Weaver, and Rachel Weaver.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Randy Weaver’s account of the incident comes from a statement he later dictated to his daughter Sara: .
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Federal Siege At Ruby Ridge: In Our Own Words.^ The Ruby Ridge case is seen as a test of whether federal agents are immune from state prosecution.
    • RUBY RIDGE 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As word of the Ruby Ridge firefight reached the media, it did not take long for small crowds to begin gathering at the base of the mountain.
    • A PROFILE OF RUBY RIDGE SNITCH KENNETH FADELEY / GUS MAGISONO - WhosaRat.com 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC whosarat.websitetoolbox.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ruby Ridge and American ATF Nazism US FEDERALLY PAID KILLERS AT RUBY RIDGE America ...
    • FREE IDAHO - WHERE DO YOUR RIGHTS AND THE SOCIETY LAW MEET? 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

    ISBN 0-9664334-0-8.
  • Christopher Whitcomb. .Cold Zero: Inside the FBI Hostage Rescue Team.^ Use both hostage rescue teams.
    • Siege At Ruby Ridge Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Randy Quaid, Laura Dern, and Kirsten Dunst movie 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A decision was made to deploy the FBI Hostage Rescue Team ("HRT") to Ruby Ridge.
    • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ E. Activation of FBI hostage Rescue Team and SWAT Teams on August 21, 1992 and Initial Intelligence Gathering.
    • The Shooting at Ruby Ridge 6 February 2010 13:21 UTC www.byington.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-552-14788-5.
  • Danny O. Coulson & Elaine Shannon. No Heroes: Inside the FBI's Secret Counter-Terror Force. ISBN 0-671-02062-5
  • Ronald Kessler (2002). "The Bureau: The Secret History of the FBI". ISBN 0-312-98977-6
  • Tony D. and Jackie J. Brown (2000). "The First Canary: The Inside Story of Ruby Ridge and A Decade Of Cover Up". ISBN 0-9710248-0-4

References

  1. ^ a b c d Suprynowicz, Vin (1999). "The Courtesan Press, Eager Lapdogs to Tyranny (Chapter 6)". Send in the Waco Killers -- Essays on the Freedom Movement, 1993-1998. Mountain Media. p. 288. 
  2. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, ReganBooks, HarperCollins Publishers, 2002, pp.50-55.
  3. ^ Jon Ronson. Them: Adventures with Extremists
  4. ^ a b Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, ReganBooks, HarperCollins, 2002, pp.63-65.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g D.O.J. Office of Professional Responsibility Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, [1]
  6. ^ Department of Justice, Office of Professional Responsibility, Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, June 10, 1994., IV. Specific issues Investigated, L. Scope of the Indictment and Alleged Prosecutorial Misconduct Before the Grand Jury
  7. ^ a b Ruby Ridge: Report of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1995.
  8. ^ Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Professional Responsibilty, 10 June 1994. IV. SPECIFIC ISSUES INVESTIGATED B. THE FAILURE OF WEAVER TO APPEAR FOR TRIAL
  9. ^ a b c d Department of Justice Report Regarding Internal Investigation of Shootings at Ruby Ridge, Idaho During Arrest of Randy Weaver, [2]
  10. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, Harper Collins-Regan Books, 2000, p. 151. ISBN: 0-06-000794-X.
  11. ^ Ruby Ridge: Report of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1995.
  12. ^ Jesse Walter, Ruby Ridge, ReganBooks, 2000, p. 132.
  13. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, 10 June 1994, attributes the quote "if a man enters my property with a gun to do me harm, you can bet that I'm going to shoot him to protect myself" to Weaver citing Report of Investigation by Mays, March 6, 1991, at 2, and also notes "Law enforcement regarded the Griders as "more radical and dangerous than Weaver." See Addendum to Enforcement Division Daily Report, February 28, 1991, at 1."
  14. ^ Ruby Ridge: Report of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1995; also, the US DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report 10 June 1994 quotes the report of Dr. Walter J. Stenning, May 13, 1991, (sic)ing all references to "Mr. Randall" and the "Randall" family and noting "Dr. Stenning appears to have relied on information already amassed and did not conduct an independent investigation."
  15. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, 10 Jun 1994, Section VI Chonology of Events.
  16. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, Section IV Specific Issues Investigated, C. Efforts by the Marshals Service to Effect the Arrest of Weaver, foot note 246.
  17. ^ Mike Weland, "An Interview with the Randy Weaver Family", Bonners Ferry Herald, 2 May 1992.
  18. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, 10 Jun 1994, footnote 1196: "Only one of the four people in the helicopter thought he heard shots; the other three heard nothing of were certain that the helicopter had not taken fire. A photographer in the helicopter saw someone gesture at the helicopter and thought he heard two shots on a boom microphone. FD-302 Interview of Dave Marlin, September 16, 1992. However, another passenger said that no shots has been fired and that "it would have been 'grossly unfair' to accuse the Weavers of shooting." FD-302 Interview of Richard Weiss, September 11 & 18, 1992, at 1-2; see FD-302 Interview of Brooke Skulski, September 28, 1992. Weaver denied that shots had been fired at the helicopter. "Fugitive: No Surrender," Cour D'Alene Press, May 3, 1992, at 1. Deputy _____ was on the property on the day of the alleged shooting, but was unaware of any evidence that shots had been fired. See Report of Investigation by Mays, April 18, 1992." (Typos present in download of Task Force Report from Lexis Counsel Connect.)
  19. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, Section IV Specific Issues Investigated, L. Scope of the Indictment and Alleged Prosecutorial Misconduct before the Grand Jury.
  20. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, HarperCollins-ReganBooks, 2000, page 158. ISBN: 0-06-000794-X.
  21. ^ D.O.J. Office of Professional Responsibility Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, Page 121
  22. ^ Ambush at Ruby Ridge: How government agents set Randy Weaver up and took his family down - Reason Magazine
  23. ^ Ruby Ridge: Report of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information, 1995, Section B. United States Marshal Service, 5. August 21, 1992 Firefight, p.38-49
  24. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, ReganBooks, HarperCollins 2002, Chapter Eleven, p.163-180.
  25. ^ All about Randy Weaver and Ruby Ridge, by David Lohr - Crime Library on truTV.com
  26. ^ Suprynowicz, Vin (1999). "The Courtesan Press, Eager Lapdogs to Tyranny (Chapter 6)". Send in the Waco Killers -- Essays on the Freedom Movement, 1993-1998. Mountain Media. p. 291. 
  27. ^ http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=3574, Remember Ruby Ridge, Timothy Lynch
  28. ^ a b Department of Justice, Office of Professional Responsibility, Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, Section IV. Specific Issues Investigated, D. Marshals Service Activities Between August 17 and August 21, 1992.
  29. ^ a b Randy and Sara Weaver, Federal Siege at Ruby Ridge: In Our Own Words, Ruby Ridge Inc. 1998)
  30. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, ReganBooks, HarperCollins 2002, p.390
  31. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report 10 Jun 1994. USMS Crisis Center Log 21 Aug 1992 placed US Border Patrol among respondents at Ruby Ridge.
  32. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report 10 Jun 1994, page 235.
  33. ^ Department of Justice Office of Professional Responsibility Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, (10 June 1994), Section IV. Specific Issues Investigated, F. FBI’S Rules of Engagement and Operations on August 21 and August 22, 1992.
  34. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, Section IV Specific Issues Investigated, F. FBI's Rules of Engagement and Operations on August 21 and August 22, 1992, pp. 156-193, and 200-208.
  35. ^ Jess Walter, Every Knee Shall Bow, HarperCollins, 1998. p. 190.
  36. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, Section IV Specific Issues Investigated, F. FBI's Rules of Engagement and Operations on August 21 and August 22, 1992, pp. 156-193, 200-208.
  37. ^ Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Ruby Ridge Report, 1995.
  38. ^ a b Witkin, Gordon (1995-09-11). "The nightmare of Idaho's Ruby Ridge". US News & World Report. 
  39. ^ a b Bill Hewitt, "A time to heal", People Weekly, September 25, 1995
  40. ^ "STATE OF IDAHO v. LON T. HORIUCHI" (PDF). Findlaw.com. June 5, 2001. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data2/circs/9th/9830149p.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  41. ^ Concurring, the Ruby Ridge: Report of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1995 stated: "Legality of the Second Shot -- The Subcommittee believes that the second shot was inconsistent with the FBI's standard deadly force policy and was unconstitutional. It was even inconsistent with the special Rules of Engagement."
  42. ^ Danny Coulson and Elaine Shannon, No Heroes: Inside the FBI's Secret Counter-Terror Force, Pocket Books, 1999, 2002, ISBN 978-0671020620 .
  43. ^ DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, 10 Jun 1994, Section VI Chronology of Events.
  44. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, ReganBooks HarperCollins, 2002.
  45. ^ Alan W. Bock, Ambush at Ruby Ridge, Diane Books, 1998.
  46. ^ Neiwert, David A. (1999). In God's Country. Washington State University Press. pp. 66. ISBN 0-87422-175-7. 
  47. ^ "McVeigh offers little remorse in letters". Associated Press. The Topeka Capital-Journal. June 10, 2001. http://www.cjonline.com/stories/061001/new_mcveigh.shtml. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  48. ^ Ruby Ridge: Report of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information, 1995, INTRODUCTION: "In the summer of 1995, the Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information announced that it would hold public hearings into allegations that several branches of the Departments of Justice and the Treasury had engaged in serious criminal and professional misconduct in the investigation, apprehension and prosecution of Randall Weaver and Kevin Harris at Ruby Ridge, Idaho."
  49. ^ Opening Statement of Louis J. Freeh, Director Federal Bureau of Investigation, before the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology, and Government Information Committee on the Judiciary- Ruby Ridge Hearing, United States Senate, October 19, 1995
  50. ^ National Geographic Channel Documentary (2007). "Standoff at Ruby Ridge". http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0117523/. 
  51. ^ Suprynowicz, Vin (1999). "The Courtesan Press, Eager Lapdogs to Tyranny (Chapter 6)". Send in the Waco Killers -- Essays on the Freedom Movement, 1993-1998. Mountain Media. p. 290. 
  52. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, HarperCollins ReganBooks, 2002, pp. 389-390.
  53. ^ Jess Walter, Ruby Ridge, HarperCollins ReganBooks, 2002, pp.392-393.

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Ruby Ridge, which are similar to those in the above article.








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