The Full Wiki

Rude: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


(Redirected to Rudeness article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rudeness (also called impudence or effrontery) is the disrespect and failure to behave within the context of a society or a group of people's social laws or etiquette.These laws have already unspokenly been established as the essential boundaries of normally accepted behaviour. To be unable or unwilling to align one's behaviour with these laws known to the general population of what is socially acceptable is to be rude.

Similar terms include: impoliteness, making a faux pas, insensitivity, offensiveness, obscenity, profanity, violating taboos, and deviancy. In some cases, criminal behavior can also be an act of rudeness.


Cultural differences

The specific actions that are considered polite or rude vary dramatically by place, time, and context. Differences in social role, gender, social class, religion, and cultural identity may all affect the appropriateness of a given behavior. Consequently, a behavior that is considered perfectly acceptable by one group of people may be considered clearly rude by another. For example, in medieval and Renaissance Europe, it was rude to indicate that a man wearing a mask in public could be recognized.[1] Instead, polite behavior demanded that the masked person be treated as a completely unknown person and that no one ever attribute the masked person's actions to the individual who performed them. By contrast, in the modern era, greeting a friend by name while he is wearing a mask, or talking to him later about his costume or activities, is not generally regarded as rude.


In every culture, it is possible to act rudely, although what constitutes rude behavior varies. The following are examples of behaviour that many societies would consider rude or a breach of etiquette, though views may vary by culture, setting, or individual circumstances:



Rude things to say
  • Using hate speech or ethnic slurs
  • Insulting a person or group of people, especially for any reason outside his or her immediate control, such as having a medical condition, following a particular religion, or being poor.
  • Using derogatory terms to describe a person (e.g., saying that a person is stupid, fat, or ugly)
  • Asking inappropriate questions or pressing for an answers to a question
Rude ways of speaking
  • Discouraging a person's participation in a conversation with phrases such as "shut up" or excluding someone from a conversation
  • Using a tone of voice that indicates disrespect for the listener. An impolite tone may amplify obviously rude remarks or to contradict nominally polite words.
  • Using profanity or sexual slang
  • Gossiping or spreading rumors
  • Interrupting a speaker or indicating that the speaker is not worth listening to
  • Not responding when asked a question. The response need not answer the question, but some proportionate response must generally be made.
  • Refusing or failing to apologize when appropriate, or apologizing insincerely

Antisocial behaviours

See also


  • Arent, R. (1998). The pragmatics of cross-cultural bargaining in an ammani suq: An exploration of language choice, discourse structure and pragmatic failure in discourse involving Arab and non-Arab participants. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Beebe, L. M. (1993a). The pragmatics of rudeness. Paper presented at AAAL Convention, Atlanta, GA.
  • Beebe, L. M. (1993b). Rudeness: The undervalued skill in communicative competence. Paper presented at TESOL Convention, Atlanta, GA.
  • Beebe, L. M. (1994). Court-related rudeness and trumped-up language to boot. Paper presented at AAAL Convention, Baltimore, MD.
  • Beebe, L. M. (1995). Polite fictions: Instrumental rudeness as pragmatic competence. In J. E. Alatis, C. A. Straehle, B. Gallenberger, & M. Ronkin (Eds.), Georgetown University round table on language teachers: Ethnolinguistic, psycholinguistic, and sociolinguistic aspects (pp. 154-168). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
  • Brown, P., & Levinson, S. (1987). Politeness: Some universals in language use. Cambridge University Press.
  • Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and conversation. In P. Cole & J. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and semantics: Speech acts (Vol. 3, pp. 41-53). New York: Academic Press.
  • Kasper, G. (1990). Linguistic politeness: Current research issues. Journal of Pragmatics, 14, 193-218.
  • Labov, W. (1972). Language in the inner city: Studies in the Black English vernacular. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  • Lakoff, R. (1973). The logic of politeness; or, minding your p’s and q’s. In Paper from the ninth regional meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (pp. 292-305). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Lakoff, R. (1989). The limits of politeness: Therapeutic and courtroom discourse. Multilingua, 8(2/3), 101-129.
  • Senter, L. (2004). Things Rude People Do. Columbus, OH.
  • Senter, L. (2005). The Unbearable Rudeness of Rudeness. Columbus, OH
  • Senter, L. (2007). One Rude Minute: A Memoir of When Rude Was the Rage. Columbus, OH.
  • Tannen, D. (1984). Conversational style: Analyzing talk among friends. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
  • Tannen, D. (1990). You just don’t understand: Men and women in conversation. New York: Ballantine.
  • Thomas, J. A. (1983). Cross-cultural pragmatic failure. Applied Linguistics, 4, 91-112.

There is currently no text in this page. You can search for this page title in other pages, search the related logs, or edit this page.


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address