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Rulers of Tuscany: Wikis

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The rulers of Tuscany have varied over time, sometimes being margraves, the rulers of handfuls of border counties and sometimes the heads of the most important family of the region.

Contents

Margraves of Tuscany, 812–1197

Bonifacii

These were originally counts of Lucca who extended their power over the neighbouring counties.

House of Arles

These were the (mostly illegitimate) relatives of Hugh of Arles, King of Italy, whom he appointed to their post after removing the original dynasty.

Various

House of Canossa

These were the descendants of the Counts of Canossa.

Various

Unofficial Medici Rulers of Florence, 1434-1531

Medici Dukes of Florence, 1531-1569

# Name Started Ended Relationship with predecessor(s)
1 Alessandro 1 May 1532 6 January 1537  
2 Cosimo I 20 September 1537 21 August 1569 fourth cousin of Alessandro

Medici Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1569-1737

# Name Started Ended Relationship with predecessor(s)
1 Cosimo I 21 August 1569 21 April 1574  
2 Francesco I 21 April 1574 19 October 1587 son of Cosimo I
3 Ferdinando I 19 October 1587 7 February 1609 brother of Francesco I
son of Cosimo I
4 Cosimo II 7 February 1609 28 February 1621 son of Ferdinando I
5 Ferdinando II 28 February 1621 23 May 1670 son of Cosimo II
6 Cosimo III 23 May 1670 31 October 1723 son of Ferdinando II
7 Gian Gastone 31 October 1723 9 July 1737 son of Cosimo III

Habsburg-Lorraine Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1737-1801

# Name Started Ended Relationship with predecessor(s)
8 Francesco II Stefano 12 July 1737 18 August 1765 great-great-great-grandson of Francesco I
9 Pietro Leopoldo I 18 August 1765 22 July 1790 second son of Francesco II Stefano
10 Ferdinando III 22 July 1790 3 August 1801 second son of Pietro Leopoldo I

Bourbon Kings of Etruria, 1801-1807

# Name Started Ended Relationship with predecessor(s)
1 Ludovico I 3 August 1801 27 May 1803 Grandson of Francisco II Stefano
2 Carlo Ludovico II 27 May 1803 10 December 1807 son of Ludovico I

Tuscany was annexed by France, 1807-1814. Napoleon's sister Elisa Bonaparte was given the honorary title of Grand Duchess of Tuscany, but did not actually rule over the region.

Habsburg-Lorraine Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1814-1860

# Name Started Ended Relationship with predecessor(s)
10 Ferdinando III 27 April 1814 18 June 1824 (restored)
11 Leopoldo II 18 June 1824 21 July 1859 son of Ferdinando III
12 Ferdinando IV 21 July 1859 22 March 1860 son of Leopoldo II

Leopoldo II was driven from Tuscany by revolution from 21 February to 12 April 1849, and again on 27 April 1859. He abdicated in favor of his son, Ferdinando IV, on 21 July 1859, but Ferdinando IV was never recognized in Tuscany, and was deposed by the provisional government on 16 August. Tuscany was annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia, on 22 March 1860.

Titular Habsburg-Lorraine claimants, 1860-present

See also

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