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Coordinates: 37°39′10″N 122°08′01″W / 37.65278°N 122.13361°W / 37.65278; -122.13361

Russell City
—  Former settlement  —
Russell City is located in California
Russell City
Location in California
Coordinates: 37°39′10″N 122°08′01″W / 37.65278°N 122.13361°W / 37.65278; -122.13361
Country United States
State California
County Alameda County
Elevation [1] 16 ft (5 m)

Russell City (also, Russell) was an unincorporated community in Alameda County, California, United States, about 10 miles (16 km) south of Oakland in present-day Hayward. It existed from 1853 until 1964, when it was burned down. It lay at an elevation of 16 feet (5 m).

It was populated by many different cultural groups, over its history, as it was an arrival point for immigrants to the San Francisco Bay Area. During and after World War II it had its largest growth period. During which, Russell City attracted many African Americans from the Deep South. It is now remembered for its influential Blues scene. Some claim that this is where the West Coast Blues had evolved from Delta Blues.

As of 2001, Calpine, a large energy corporation has sited an enormous power plant (5th largest by emissions in the Bay Area), in the former Russell City. This power plant is to be situated on the border of a National Wildlife Refuge and Regional Parks on the Hayward Shoreline.

The name is in honor of Frederick James Russell, who laid out the town in 1907.[2]

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Russell City, California
  2. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. ISBN 9781884995149.  

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