The Red Banner Northern Fleet (Russian: Северный флот, Severnyy Flot) is the part of the Russian Navy that has access to the Barents and Norwegian Seas, the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, and is responsible for the defense of northwestern Russia. The Soviet Red Banner Northern Fleet was established in 1933. The fleet's headquarters are in Severomorsk where the main base and administrative center for bases located throughout the Kola Gulf are located. During Soviet Era it was the base of more than 200 submarines ranging from diesel-electric attack (SS) to nuclear-powered ballistic missile (SSBN) classes.
During the 1980s Soviet naval strategy shifted to an emphasis on bastion defense, fortifying the southern reaches of the Barents Sea for that purpose, and Russia has continued to employ that strategy.
The Oscar class submarine Kursk was destroyed in a torpedo accident during Fleet exercises in 2000. The submarine was previously based at Ara Bay. The Northern Fleet staged another series of major exercises in January 2004 involving thirteen ships and seven submarines in the Barents Sea. The involvement of Admiral Kuznetsov and Pyotr Velikiy was overshadowed however by two ballistic missile launch failures, made more embarrassing because President Vladimir Putin was afloat aboard the Typhoon class ballistic missile submarine Arkhangelsk to witness the tests. Neither Novomoskovsk nor Karelia were able to successfully launch what were apparently RSM-54 SLBMs.
The flagship of the Northern Fleet, the heavy nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, is named after Peter I of Russia (or Peter the Great). The Northern Fleet is perhaps best known for its many nuclear-powered vessels. In fact, about two thirds of all the Russian Navy's nuclear force is based there.
From 1968 to 2009 the 7th Operational Squadron (Russian: ru:7-я оперативная эскадра) was the main Atlantic operational force of the fleet.
In addition to the main base at Severomorsk, the Northern Fleet has six more naval bases and several shipyards and spent fuel storage sites, according to the Bellona Foundation. The spent fuel storage sites include Murmansk, which is also a shipyard and base for Arktika nuclear-powered icebreakers, Andreyeva Bay, and Severodvinsk, also a shipyard.
This is a partial list of Northern Fleet submarines, ships, and air units currently in service.
This is a list of former Northern Fleet vessels that have Wikipedia articles (not including those who only served in the Soviet Red Banner Northern Fleet).
|Name||Period of command|
|Zakhar Aleksandrovich Zakupnev (Flag Officer First Rank)||29 May 1933-13 March 1935
|Konstantin Ivanovich Dushenov (Flag Officer First Rank)||13 March 1935-11 May 1937
Northern Fleet 11 May 1937-28 May 1938
|Valentin Petrovich Drozd (Vice Admiral)||28 May 1938-26 July 1940|
|Arseniy Grigoryevich Golovko (Admiral)||26 July 1940-4 August 1946|
|Vasiliy Ivanovich Platonov (Admiral)||4 August 1946-23 April 1952|
|Andrey Trofimovich Chabanenko (Admiral)||23 April 1952-28 February 1962|
|Vladimir Afanasyevich Kasatonov (Admiral)||28 February 1962-2 June 1964|
|Semen Mikhaylovich Lobov (Fleet Admiral)||2 June 1964-3 May 1972|
|Georgiy Mikhaylovich Egorov (Fleet Admiral)||3 May 1972-1 July 1977|
|Vladimir Nikolayevich Chernavin (Fleet Admiral)||1 July 1977-16 December 1981|
|Arkadiy Petrovich Mikhaylovskiy (Admiral)||16 December 1981-25 February 1985|
|Ivan Matveyevich Kapitanets (Admiral)||25 February 1985-19 March 1988|
|Feliks Nikolayevich Gromov (Admiral)||19 MArch 1988-14 March 1992|
|Oleg Aleksandrovich Erofeyev (Admiral)||14 March 1992-29 January 1999|
|Vyacheslav Alekseyevich Popov (Admiral)||29 January 1999-15 December 2001|
|Gennady Aleksandrovich Suchkov (Admiral)||16 December 2001-29 May 2004|
|Mikhail Leopoldovich Abramov (Admiral)||29 May 2004-26 September 2005|
|Vladimir Sergeyevich Vysotskiy (Admiral)||26 September 2005-11 September 2007|
|Nikolay Mikhaylovich Maksimov (Vice Admiral)||September 2007-|