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‹ 1984 Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1993
Russian legislative election, 1990
All 1068 seats to the
Congress of Soviets of RSFSR
March 4, 1990

Legislative elections were held in the Russian SFSR on March 4, 1990. It was the first relatively free parliamentary election in Russia since 1917. A total of 1068 deputies were elected to the Congress of People's Deputies of RSFSR for a term of five years, 86% of them from the Communist Party[1], the rest were non-partisan. Parties other than CPSU were not formally allowed to participate in the election, however the elections were competitive and the Democratic Russia movement, an organization uniting many opposition political groups, won about 190 seats. The elected Congress began its first session on May 16. Among the elected deputies from the CPSU was Boris Yeltsin, who was then elected by the Congress as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of RSFSR, effectively the leader of Russia[2]. Many CPSU members, including Yeltsin, subsequently resigned from CPSU. The CPSU was temporarily banned by Yeltsin in August 1991, and the party collapsed completely by December of the same year.

It was the first and only free election to the Congress of People's Deputies. The Congress was dissolved by Yeltsin in October 1993 during the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993 and replaced with Federal Assembly of Russia.

Results

Initial composition of the Congress
Parties and coalitions % Seats
Communist Party of the Soviet Union 86% 920
Independents 14% 148
Total (turnout 77%)[3] 100% 1068

References

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