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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rustenburg, North West is located in North West
Rustenburg is situated in Rustenburg LM, North West Province, South Africa

Coordinates: 25°40′05″S 27°14′19″E / 25.66806°S 27.23861°E / -25.66806; 27.23861

Rustenburg (Afrikaans and Dutch: Town of Rest) is a city of 395,761 inhabitants (2001 National Census) situated in at the foot of the Magaliesberg mountain range in North West Province of South Africa.

  • Name: Rustenburg. The city's name originates from Dutch.
  • Province: North West
  • Population: 395,539
  • Altitude: 1500m
  • Geography: Located on the Highveld Plateau with low mountains and grasslands in the north western part of South Africa.
  • Climate: Rustenburg enjoys a sub-tropical climate with maximum temperatures around 16°C during winter and 31°C during summer.
  • Key Economic Sectors: Mining, Agriculture



The town was established in 1851 as an administrative centre for a fertile farming area producing citrus fruit, tobacco, peanuts, sunflower seeds, maize, wheat and cattle. On 10 February 1859, the local Dutch Reformed Church community was established. In 1863 Paul Kruger, who was later to become the President of the South African Republic, bought a 5 square kilometre farm to the north-west of the town.

Among the first residents of Rustenburg were settlers of Indian origin. One of the first families of Indian origin was the Bhyat family, whose contribution to the City's history was marked by the renaming of a major streetname to "Fatima Bhayat Street"[1] in honour of Fatima Bhyat who arrived in Rustenburg with her husband in 1877.

Rustenburg's population is primarily Batswana. Many belong to the Royal Bafokeng Nation, extensive landowners earning royalties from mining operations. The Royal Bafokeng also own the stadium selected as a World Cup 2010 venue.

Rustenburg is prominent in Afrikaner history. One of the oldest Boer settlements in the north, it was the home of Paul Kruger, president of the South African Republic. The homestead on his farm, Boekenhoutfontein, is now the Paul Kruger Country Museum.

When Boer and British came to blows in the Second Boer War (1899), the territory around Rustenburg became a battlefield. The two sides clashed famously at nearby Mafikeng, where the British garrison found itself under siege for months. These battle sites can be explored from Rustenburg.


The Rustenburg municipality, which encompasses several neighbouring settlements, in particular Phokeng, has a population of 395,539, according to the 2001 Census. Of these, 87.3% were African, 11.6% White, 0.6% Coloured and 0.5% Asian. The white population is likely to have been undercounted, a general problem with the 2001 Census figures.

Platinum Hub

Rustenburg acts as a service centre for the many industries here. These include the agricultural communities surrounding the town, the platinum mining industry and the local manufacturing and product distribution industries.

Due to the mainly dry climatic conditions, agricultural activity consists of the farming of livestock (cattle and game) and small stock (poultry for egg production). There is also large-scale cultivation of citrus and irrigated crops such as tobacco and wheat, flowers and many plant nurseries.

Most of the mining activity in the region is centred around platinum on the Merensky Reef which stretches from west of the Pilanesberg Game Reserve towards Marikana and Brits in the east. The two largest platinum mines in the world are to be found here, and the area also produces asbestos, tin, chrome, lead, marble, granite and slate.

Tourist Hub

The city is located on major highway routes and close to 2 major centres, making it a hub for tourist activities. Within the city are some historic churches, including the Anglican Church (1871) and the Dutch Reformed Church (1898–1903), the historic statue of the Voortrekker girl and the Rustenburg Museum.


Communities and Battlefields

There are a multitude of sites with cultural and historical significance in and around Rustenburg. This is no surprise, given the many different communities in the area, such as the indigenous Bafokeng, Bakgatla and Botswana tribes, whose totemic tribal traditions are of much interest. There is also the German community of Kroondal that traces its origins back to 1857.

Many Anglo-Boer and ethnic war battles took place in the area with the districts of Koster, Swartruggens and Rustenburg featuring prominent battlefields, memorial graves and ruined forts. The area also has archaeological remains from the Iron Age and Stone Age.

Game Parks

By far the best known attractions in this area are the major nature reserves that are all within striking distance of Rustenburg itself.

  • Kgaswane Game Reserve is situated above the town of Rustenburg across a varied habitat of quartzite mountain peaks, it is open to hikers as well as vehicle visitors. It is a 4 257 ha reserve that offers a great range of viewing experiences to wildlife enthusiasts.
  • Madikwe Game Reserve and Groot Marico Park are huge reserves north of the Pilanesberg, almost half the size of Belgium. They are conservation and transition zone between the Kalahari sandveld and the thornveld. Madikwe hosts all the major plains species, including the Big Five and has the second largest concentration of elephants in South Africa. The reserve is one of South Africa's great natural treasures.
  • Pilanesberg Game Reserve is one of the most accessible South African game reserves. It is located a 1.5 hour drive from Johannesburg and Pretoria and right outside Rustenburg. It is the fourth largest National Park in South Africa and is set high in the Pilanesberg range, traversing the floor of an ancient, long-extinct volcano. Pilanesberg conserves all the major mammal species including lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and buffalo.

Holiday Resorts

Sun City and Lost City, located beyond the Pilanesberg Game Reserve, are resorts where visitors can lose themselves in the luxury of an imagined world, with all the modern entertainments one can ask for. The complex is set on the slopes of a picturesque valley in the Pilanesberg Mountains and captures the essence of an ancient African kingdom. Casinos, the Valley of the Waves and two world-renowned championship golf courses are just some of the many attractions.



  • Rustenburg is also reported to be the fastest growing city in South Africa[3].
  • Rustenburg is home to the two largest platinum mines in the world and the world's largest platinum refinery, PMR [4] (Precious Metal Refiners), which processes around 70% of the world's platinum.
  • As a result of the mining activity in the area, there is also an increased focus on social development. Rustenburg is one of only 5 South African cities to have a community foundation, called the Greater Rustenburg Community Foundation (GRCF), that seeks to ensure the regional development reaches all levels of society.

Famous people

Famous people born in Rustenburg include:

External links

Rustenburg Directory


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Royal Bafokeng Stadium

World Cup 2010
FIFA South Africa 2010

Rustenburg (Place of rest) is a city in South Africa's North West Province.


Rustenburg was founded in 1851 and is today mostly known for the platinum that is mined there.

Get in

By plane

Pilanesburg International Airport in Sun City Rustenburg Aerodome

By car

Follow the N4 West from Pretoria. Note that this is a toll road.

By bus

Searched everywhere, there seems to be no bus service from Rustenburg to Pretoria.

  • Kgaswane Mountain Reserve, +27 (0)14 533-2050 (, fax: +27 (0)14 533-0397), [1]. Lots of sable antelope and popular hiking venue. R20.00 per adult, R10 per child (Accommodations pricing start from R40 per camping stand (6 people) and R800 per cottage per night).  edit
  • Kedar Country Hotel, (, fax: +27 (0)11 957-3212), [2].  edit
  • Road Lodge, Cnr Howick & Magaliesburg Rd, +27 (0)14 537-3088 (, fax: +27 (0)14 537-3099), [3]. From R335 per person sharing.  edit
  • Rusthaven B&B, +27 (0)14 592-8627 (+27 (0)83 602-6356, , fax: +27 (0)86 614-6429), [4].  edit
  • Symphony Guesthouse, Second avenue, Waterfall, +27 (0)14 592-2821, [5]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 11AM. Experience our stylish decorated accommodattion in 7 en-suite bedrooms with DSTV, mini-bar and tea and coffee trays. This rustic, characterful lodge offers a country, homely relaxation, back-to-nature experience. You will extend your stay - over and over again R449.  edit
  • Woodridge Palms Boutique Hotel, Woodstock Swartruggens (near Koster Dam), +27 (0)14 544-6911, [6]. checkin: 12 noon; checkout: 10AM. An oasis in the African bushveld, this luxurious private boutique hotel is the perfect get-away destination for those wishing to experience the intimacy of the African bushveld,with secluded comfort and in-obtrusive service. from R1.080.  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

RUSTENBURG, a district and town of the Transvaal, South Africa. The district originally included all the N.W. part of the country, but is now of much smaller dimensions. Its S. border is marked by the Magaliesberg and other hills forming the N. escarpment of the high veld and the watershed between the Vaal and Limpopo. Several of the headstreams of the Limpopo rise within the district on the N. slopes of the Magaliesberg. The climate of the district is sub-tropical and the principal cultivation is that of tobacco, and fruit trees, notably oranges. The opening of the railway to Pretoria in 1906 led to a marked development of trade. In an amphitheatre formed by the hills and 61 m. by rail W. of Pretoria is the town of Rustenburg with a population (1904) of 1815. The town is one of the oldest in the Transvaal, having been founded in 1850 by the Voortrekkers. It was at Rustenburg that the volksraad met in March 1852 to ratify the Sand River Convention granting independence to the Transvaal Boers. At the time it was feared that there would be civil war between Hendrik Potgieter and Andries Pretorius, but they were reconciled in Potgieter's tent. Later Rustenburg became the home of the Kruger family. It was occupied by the British under R. S. Baden Powell in June 1900.

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