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Rutaceae
Skimmia japonica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Juss., 1789
Subfamilies

Aurantioideae
Flindersioideae
Rutoideae
Spathelioideae
Toddalioideae[1]

Diversity
About 160 genera, totaling over 1600 species.

Rutaceae, commonly known as the rue[2] or citrus family[3], is a family of plants, usually placed in the order Sapindales.

Species of the family generally have flowers that divide into four or five parts, usually with strong scents. They range in form and size from herbs to shrubs and small trees.

The most economically important genus in the family is Citrus, which includes the orange (C. sinensis), lemon (C. × limon), grapefruit (C. paradisi), and lime (various, mostly C. aurantifolia, the key lime). Boronia is a large Australian genus, some members of which are plants with highly fragrant flowers and are used in commercial oil production. Other large genera include Zanthoxylum and Agathosma.

Contents

Characteristics

Most species are trees or shrubs, a few are herbs (Boenninghausenia), frequently aromatic with glands on the leaves, sometimes with thorns. The leaves are usually opposed and compound, and without stipules. On the leaves can be found pellucid glands which are responsible for the aromatic smell of the members of Rutaceae.

Flowers are bractless, solitary or in cyme, rarely in raceme, and mainly pollinated by insects. They are radially or (rarely) laterally symmetric, and generally hermaphroditic. They have four or five petals and sepals, sometimes three, mostly separate, eight to ten stamen (five in Skimmia, many in Citrus), usually separate on in several groups. Usually a single stigma with 2 to 5 united carpels, sometimes ovaries separate and styles combined.

The fruit of Rutaceae are very variable: berries, drupes, hesperidiums, samara, capsules and follicles all occur. Seed number also varies widely.

Classification

The family is closely related to Sapindaceae, Simaroubaceae and Meliaceae, and all are usually placed into the same order, although some systems separate that order into Rutales and Sapindales. The families Flindersiaceae and Ptaeroxylaceae are sometimes kept separate, but nowadays generally placed in Rutaceae, as are the former Cneoraceae. The subfamilial organization has not been fully resolved, but the subfamilies Citroideae (=Aurantioideae) and Rutoideae are well supported; the placement of several genera remains unclear.

Notable species

various Citrus fruits

The family is of great economic importance under tropical climates for its numerous edible fruits of the Citrus genus, such as the orange, lemon, lime, kumquat, mandarine and grapefruit. Non-citrus fruits include the White sapote (Casimiroa edulis), Orangeberry (Glycosmis pentaphylla), Clymenia (Clymenia polyandra), Limeberry (Triphasia trifoliata), and the bael (Aegle marmelos). Other plants are grown in horticulture: Murraya species, for example. Ruta, Zanthoxylum and Casimiroa species are medicinals. Several plants are also used by the perfume industry, such as the Western Australian Boronia megastigma.

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Rutaceae

  1. (botany) A taxonomic family, within order Sapindales — many shrubs and trees including those that bear citrus fruits.
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Wikispecies

See also

  • Citroideae
  • Dictyolomatoideae
  • Flindersioideae
  • Rutoideae
  • Spathelioideae
  • Toddalioideae

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Ruta graveolens, a species of familia Rutaceae

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales
Familia: Rutaceae
Subfamiliae: Citroideae - Dictyolomatoideae - Flindersioideae - Rutoideae - Spathelioideae - Toddalioideae


Genera: Acmadenia - Acradenia - Acronychia - Adenandra - Adiscanthus - Aegle - Aeglopsis - Afraegle - Agathosma - Almeidea - Amyris - Angostura - Apocaulon - Araliopsis - Asterolasia - Atalantia - Balfourodendron - Balsomocitrus - Bergera - Boenninghausenia - Boninia - Boronia - Bosistoa - Bouchardatia - Bouzetia - Brombya - Burkillanthus - Calodendrum - Casimiroa - Choisya - Chorilaena - Citropsis - Citrus - Clausena - Clymenia - Cneoridium - Coleonema - Comptonella - Correa - Crowea - Cusparia - Decagonocarpus - Decatropis - Decazyx - Dictamnus - Dictyoloma - Diosma - Diphasia - Diphasiopsis - Diplolaena - Drummondita - Dutaillyea - Empleurum - Eremocitrus - Eriostemon - Erythrochiton - Esenbeckia - Euchaetis - Euodia - Euxylophora - Evodiella - Fagaria - Fagaropsis - Feronia - Feroniella - Fortunella - Galipea - Geijera - Geleznowia - Glycosmis - Halfordia - Haplophyllum - Helietta - Hortia - Ivodea - Kodalyodendron - Leptothyrsa - Limnocitrus - Limonia - Lubaria - Lunasia - Luvunga - Maclurodendron - Macrostylis - Medicosma - Megastigma - Melicope - Merope - Merrillia - Metrodorea - Microcitrus - Microcybe - Micromelum - Monanthocitrus - Monnieria - Muiriantha - Murraya - Myrtopsis - Naringi - Naudinia - Nematolepis - Neobyrnesia - Neoraputia - Nycticalanthus - Oricia - Oriciopsis - Orixa - Oxanthera - Pamburus - Paramignya - Peltostigma - Pentaceras - Phebalium - Phellodendron - Philotheca - Phyllosma - Pilocarpus - Pitavia - Platydesma - Pleiospermium - Plethadenia - Polyaster - Poncirus - Pseudiosma - Psilopeganum - Ptelea - Raputia - Raputiarana - Rauia - Raulinosa - Ravenia - Raveniopsis - Rhadinothamnus - Ruta - Rutaneblina - Sarcomelicope - Sargentia - Severinia - Sheilanthera - Sigmatanthus - Skimmia - Spathelia - Spiranthera - Stauranthus - Swinglea - Teclea - Tetractomia - Tetradium - Thamnosma - Ticorea - Toddalia - Toddaliopsis - Tractocopevodia - Triphasia - Vepris - Wenzelia - Zanthoxylum - Zieria - Zieridium

Hybrid genus: ×Citrofortunella - ×Citroncirus

Name

Rutaceae Juss.

References

  • Friedrich A. Lohmueller: The Botanical System of the Plants[1]
  • American Journal of Botany (PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF RUTACEAE: A CLADISTIC ANALYSIS OF THE SUBFAMILIES USING EVIDENCE FROM RBCL AND ATPB SEQUENCE VARIATION1 MARK W. CHASE,2 CYNTHIA M. MORTON,3,5 AND JACQUELYN A. KALLUNKI4)[2]

Vernacular name

Nederlands: Ruitachtigen
Suomi: Ruutakasvit
Svenska: Vinruteväxter
Tiếng Việt: Họ Cửu lý hương
Türkçe: Turunçgiller
Українська: Рутові
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Rutaceae on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Rutaceae
File:Skimmia
Skimmia reevesiana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Juss., 1789
Genera

About 160, totaling over 1600 species.

Rutaceae is a commonly known as the Rue or Citrus family, is a family of flowering plants, usually placed in the order Sapindales.








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