S: Wikis

  
  

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

S
Basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd    
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

S is the nineteenth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /ˈɛs/) is spelled ess, or usually es- when part of a compound word; the plural is esses.[1]

Contents

History

Proto-Semitic š Phoenician
shin
Etruscan S Greek
Sigma
Proto-semiticS-01.png PhoenicianS-01.png EtruscanS-01.png Sigma uc lc.svg

Semitic Šîn ("teeth") represented a voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ (as in ship). Greek did not have this sound, so the Greek sigma (Σ) came to represent /s/. In Etruscan and Latin, the /s/ value was maintained, and only in modern languages has the letter been used to represent other sounds.

The minuscule form of s was ſ, called the long s, up to the fifteen century or so, and the form 'S' was used then only as upper case, just like 'G' and 'A' where only upper case. With the introduction of printing, the modern form s began to be used at the end of words by some printers. Later, it was used everywhere and eventually spread to manuscript letters as well. For example, "sinfulness" would be rendered as "ſinfulneſſ" in all medieval hands, later it was "ſinfulneſs" in some blackletter hands and in print. The modern usage "sinfulness" didn't become widespread in print until the beginning of the 19th century, largely to prevent confusion of 'ſ' with the lower case f in typefaces which had a very short horizontal stroke in their lowercase 'f'. The ligature of ſs (or ſz) became the German ess-tsett, ß.

Usage

S represents the voiceless alveolar fricative /s/ in most languages; it also commonly represents the voiced alveolar fricative /z/, as in the Portuguese mesa or the English does. It is often used at the end of an English word to denote the plural, such as in dogs or pages. It may also represent the voiceless postalveolar fricative [ʃ], as in Portuguese, Hungarian, English and German (before p, t).

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of S
NATO phonetic Morse code
Sierra ···
ICS Sierra.svg Semaphore Sierra.svg ⠎
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode, the capital S is U+0053 and the lower case s is U+0073.

The ASCII code for capital S is 83 and for lowercase s is 115; or in binary 01010011 and 01110011, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital S is 226 and the code for lowercase s is 162.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "S" and "s" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ "S" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "ess," op. cit.
The basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter S with diacritics

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646



Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
LetterS.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER S
Basic Latin U+0053
See also s, 's, -s, Տ, , , and Appendix:Variations of "s"

Contents

Translingual

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Letter

S upper case (lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

S

  1. (chemistry) symbol for sulfur / sulphur
  2. (metrology) symbol for siemens, a measure of electrical conductance.
  3. (metrology) symbol for spat.
  4. (metrology) symbol for svedberg (unit of sedimentation rate in ultracentrifugation).
  5. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for serine

See also

Other representations of S:


English

Pronunciation

  • (letter) IPA: /ɛs/, SAMPA: /Es/
  • (phoneme) IPA: /s/, /z/, /ʒ/

Noun

Singular
S

Plural
Ss

S (plural Ss)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the English alphabet, preceded by R and followed by T.
  2. American Library Association Abbreviation for sextodecimo, a book size, 15-17.5 cm in height.

American Sign Language

Letter

S (Stokoe S)

  1. The letter S

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ɛs/

Letter

S (capital, lowercase s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: R
  • Next letter: T

Galician

Abbreviation

S

  1. sur (south)

Antonyms

  • (south): N

Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
S

Wikipedia it

S m. and f. inv.

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Italian alphabet
  2. The nineteenth letter of the Latin alphabet

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /se/, /es/

Letter

S (capital, lowercase s)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /s/. Preceded by R and followed by Ş.

Slovene

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Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
S

Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

S (capital, lowercase s)

  1. The 19th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by R and followed by Š.

Spanish

Letter

S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The 22nd letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

S is the nineteenth (number 19) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for S








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